Parliamentary Questions

BooksIndicative of increasing attention is the rise in number of questions asked by Parliamentarians. We track and analyse all drones-related Parliamentary Questions.

The table below is regularly updated.  Further information can be found at Hansard.

 

 

DATE
QUESTION
ASKED BY
RESPONSE
URL
Coding
Location
15, July, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether she has received any requests for security partnerships or assistance from the Government of Togo in the last year.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
The UK remains concerned by the deteriorating situation across the Sahel, and the tangible impact this has on security across West Africa. The Minister for Armed Forces was pleased to visit Togo last month and have the opportunity to reiterate the UK's continued commitment to the region, as well as our support for the African Union, Economic Community of West African States and the Accra Initiative.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-07-15/37469Counter-TerrorismTogo
13, July, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, whether she has had discussions with her US counterpart on that country’s designation of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps as a foreign terrorist organisation.Robert Jenrick, Conservative, Newark
Whilst the Government keeps the list of proscribed organisations under review, we do not routinely comment on whether an organisation is or is not being considered for proscription.

The Home Secretary routinely discusses counter-terrorism and state threat issues with her counterparts in the United States. It is not appropriate for the Government to provide a running commentary on those discussions.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-07-13/35967Counter-Terrorism
13, July, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether his Department has made an assessment of the potential merits of (a) expanding Operation NEWCOMBE and (b) increasing British armed forces presence in Mali in the context of levels of extremism.Mr Tobias Ellwood, Conservative, Bournemouth East
West Africa has strategic importance to the United Kingdom; from our enduring partnership with a number of countries in the region – notably Ghana and Nigeria, to insecurity and instability in the Sahel, to countering piracy, smuggling and illegal fishing in the Gulf of Guinea.

The UK constantly reviews our contribution to international missions to ensure that the military instrument is being effectively used alongside political and economic efforts. As the Malian government has chosen to work more closely with a Russian private military company and the violence has spread to Burkina Faso causing a direct threat to the UK interest in the littoral states, the Ministry of Defence is currently working across Whitehall to consider whether our interest in West Africa might be better pursued through a different mission with regional partners.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-07-13/35888Counter-TerrorismMali
13, July, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps she is taking to help ensure the security of (a) Israel, (b) the United Arab Emirates, (c) Saudi Arabia and (d) Bahrain if Iran achieves nuclear weapons capability.Robert Jenrick, Conservative, Newark
We continue to have regular discussions with a range of regional and international partners, including Israel, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia and the UAE on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action and Iran's nuclear escalation. We are clear that our priority is to see Iran return to compliance with its commitments and the US to return to the deal. Our commitment to the security of our allies is unwavering.   The UK is committed to working with the international community to ensure Iran abides by international laws and norms and is held to account for its destabilising activity in the region.

It is for this reason that we currently have over 200 sanctions designations in place against Iran, including the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps in its entirety, and support the enforcement of UN prohibitions on the proliferation of weapons to non-state actors in the region, including to Lebanese Hizballah (UNSCR 1701) and the Houthis in Yemen (UNSCR 2216).
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-07-13/35965Counter-TerrorismIran
11, July, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment she has made of the implications for her policies on UN MINUSMA of the arrest of 49 Ivorian soldiers linked to MINUSMA in Mali on 10 July 2022.
Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
We are concerned about the reported arrest of personnel from Cote d'Ivoire linked to the UN Peacekeeping mission, MINUSMA. We are in touch with MINUSMA to verify the reports. We continue to urge the transitional authorities of Mali to respect MINUSMA's freedom of movement, as we did during last month's renewal of MINUSMA's mandate by the UN Security Council. Restrictions impact on the mission's ability to deliver its mandate and on the safety and security of peacekeepers. Following reports of a massacre in Moura, central Mali, in March this year, I called on the transitional authorities to ensure unfettered access to MINUSMA to carry out an investigation into the allegations.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-07-11/33740Counter-TerrorismMali
11, July, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, if he will make an assessment of the potential impact of leaving the European Convention on Human Rights on the Belfast Agreement.Peter Kyle, Labour, Hove
The Belfast/Good Friday Agreement contains safeguards to protect the rights of all sections of the community. The Agreement also requires domestic incorporation of the ECHR into Northern Ireland law which is enacted through the Human Rights Act 1998.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-07-11/33872Law domestic & InternationalNorthern Ireland
6, July, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many armed forces personnel are deployed abroad to fulfil the UK's NATO obligations; and which countries those personnel have been deployed to.John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, Labour
As the leading European Ally, the UK sends Armed Forces personnel to participate in every NATO operation and mission. At present, 936 are deployed on NATO activity in Estonia, 198 in Romania, 129 in Poland, 37 in Kosovo, and 24 in Iraq. This month the UK also has approximately 700 additional personnel on NATO exercises and operations contributing across Land, Air, and Sea.

In addition, UK personnel are engaged in other NATO activity in countries across the Alliance: the table below details those personnel. Country
Number of Personnel
Belgium
243
France
11
USA
54
Italy
174
Spain
18
Germany
156
Norway
34
Turkey
40
Portugal
20
Netherlands
111
Bulgaria
1
Estonia
1
Latvia
4
Lithuania
1
Romania
3
Poland
6
Greece
1
Slovakia
1
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-07-06/31718Counter-Terrorism
5, July, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to address the humanitarian crisis in Yemen.Baroness Lister of Burtersett, Labour, Life peer
The UK has played a leading role in responding to the humanitarian crisis, committing over £1 billion in aid since the conflict began. Over the course of our coming financial year, the UK will provide at least £88 million in aid to the people of Yemen. UK funding will be provided through multiple agencies, including the World Food Programme and United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund. This will help feed at least 200,000 people every month, provide lifesaving health care for 800,000 women and children and treat 85,000 severely malnourished children. We will work with our delivery partners to ensure aid is disbursed quickly and effectively.

The UK is playing a leading role in supporting UN led efforts to sustain, extend and expand the UN brokered truce which came into effect on 2 April. An inclusive political settlement is the only way to bring long-term stability to Yemen and to address the worsening humanitarian crisis.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-07-05/hl1499Protection of CiviliansYemen
5, July, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent discussions she has had with (a) NATO and (b) her other international counterparts on the detention and prosecution of British prisoners of war by Russian forces in Ukraine.Abena Oppong-Asare, Labour, Erith and Thamesmead
The Government of Ukraine is responsible for negotiations with Russia on the exchange of Prisoners of War and we are working closely with the Ukrainians to secure the release of all British National Prisoners of War held by Russian proxies in eastern Ukraine. The UK Government is also in regular contact with international partners, including NATO Allies, about violations of International Humanitarian Law by Russia and Russian proxies, including their treatment of Prisoners of War and civilian detainees. British Nationals detained by Russian forces and its proxies must be treated in accordance with International Humanitarian Law, including the Geneva Conventions. The UK Government has raised this issue with the Russian authorities and reminded them of their obligations under International Humanitarian Law.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-07-05/31241Law domestic & InternationalUkraine
4, July, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent assessment she has made of the (a) humanitarian, (b) political and (c) human rights situation in Togo.Ruth Jones, Labour, Newport West
The UK was pleased to welcome Togo to the Commonwealth last month; as the organisation continues to grow it will remain a champion of shared values of peace, democracy and stability. The UK welcomed the Presidential election in Togo in February 2020, which was assessed as predominantly free and fair, although not without some irregularities. We noted Togo's progress highlighted in the 2022 UN universal periodic review, in particular on constitutional and institutional reforms, the adoption of core instruments relating to the promotion of international human rights and dialogue with political actors. However, progress on LGBT+ rights remains a concern and we continue to monitor developments. The UK is also following closely the impact on West African states of deteriorating security in the Sahel and of Russia's invasion of Ukraine.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-07-04/30134Counter-TerrorismTogo
4, July, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps she is taking to help tackle the impact of the humanitarian situation in Gaza on children.Andy Mcdonald, Labour, Middlesbrough
I [Minister Milling] recently visited Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPTs) where I saw first-hand the challenges of the prolonged conflict and the impact of the occupation. I reiterated UK support for a two-state solution and the need to improve conditions for ordinary Palestinians in my meetings with Israeli Deputy Foreign Minister Roll, and with the Palestinian leadership, including Prime Minister Shtayyeh. The UK continues to urge the parties to prioritise progress towards reaching a durable solution for Gaza and to take the necessary practical steps to ensure Gaza's reconstruction and economic recovery. We repeatedly call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and have a regular dialogue on legal issues relating to the occupation, including the treatment of Palestinian children.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-07-04/30026Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
4, July, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what representations she has made to her Israeli counterpart on ending the blockade of Gaza in compliance with UN Security Council Resolution 1860 (2009).Andy Mcdonald, Labour, Middlesbrough
I [Minister Milling] recently visited Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPTs) where I saw first-hand the challenges of the prolonged conflict and the impact of the occupation. I reiterated UK support for a two-state solution and the need to improve conditions for ordinary Palestinians in my meetings with Israeli Deputy Foreign Minister Roll, and with the Palestinian leadership, including Prime Minister Shtayyeh. The UK continues to urge the parties to prioritise progress towards reaching a durable solution for Gaza and to take the necessary practical steps to ensure Gaza's reconstruction and economic recovery. We repeatedly call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and have a regular dialogue on legal issues relating to the occupation, including the treatment of Palestinian children.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-07-04/30027Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
4, July, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many investigations have (a) been launched, (b) completed and (c) led to prosecutions by Service Police and the Service Prosecuting Authority into allegations against British personnel in Afghanistan since the closure of Operation Northmoor.John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, Labour
Since the closure of Operation Northmoor, a total of 52 investigations have been launched by the Service Police into allegations against British personnel in Afghanistan. All 52 investigations have been completed, none of which have led to prosecutions by the Service Prosecuting Authority.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-07-04/29870Law domestic & InternationalAfghanistan
4, July, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they will take (1) to prevent the sale of Yazidi women and girls in Turkey and territory controlled by Turkey, and (2) to ensure that the perpetrators of any such sales are brought to justice.Lord Alton of Liverpool, Crossbench, Life peer
UK Ministers and officials encourage the Turkish authorities to safeguard the welfare of all minority groups in Turkey and respect their human rights, in line with the Turkish constitution. We also regularly emphasise to the Turkish government the need to respect human rights and avoid civilian casualties in its operations in Iraq. We will continue to monitor these issues closely.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-07-04/hl1416Protection of CiviliansTurkey
4, July, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had, or are planning to have, with the government of Turkey to locate and return kidnapped Yazidi women and children.
Lord Alton of Liverpool, Crossbench, Life peer
UK Ministers and officials encourage the Turkish authorities to safeguard the welfare of all minority groups in Turkey and respect their human rights, in line with the Turkish constitution. We also regularly emphasise to the Turkish government the need to respect human rights and avoid civilian casualties in its operations in Iraq. We will continue to monitor these issues closely.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-07-04/hl1414Protection of CiviliansTurkey
4, July, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what representations she has made to her Israeli counterpart on protecting children in Gaza.John McDonnell, Labour, Hayes and Harlington
We are aware of Save the Children's report into the wellbeing of Gazan children. In 2021, the UK contributed £2 million to UNICEF, which provided child-sensitive grants to vulnerable households in Gaza reaching 4,311 boys and girls. This support met the essential needs of vulnerable children, with the majority of it being spent on food, education, and healthcare. The UK also contributes annually to UNRWA, supporting their Mental Health and Psychosocial Support interventions, especially for children, which included summer school activities targeting 98,595 children in Gaza in 2021.

I recently visited Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPTs) where I saw first-hand the challenges of the prolonged conflict and the impact of the occupation. I reiterated UK support for a two-state solution and the need to improve conditions for ordinary Palestinians in my meetings with Israeli Deputy Foreign Minister Roll, and with the Palestinian leadership, including Prime Minister Shtayyeh.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-07-04/29859Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
4, July, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment she has made of the implications for her Department’s policies of Save the Children’s report entitled Trapped: The impact of 15 years of blockade on the mental health of Gaza’s children, published on 15 June 2022.John McDonnell, Labour, Hayes and Harlington
We are aware of Save the Children's report into the wellbeing of Gazan children. In 2021, the UK contributed £2 million to UNICEF, which provided child-sensitive grants to vulnerable households in Gaza reaching 4,311 boys and girls. This support met the essential needs of vulnerable children, with the majority of it being spent on food, education, and healthcare. The UK also contributes annually to UNRWA, supporting their Mental Health and Psychosocial Support interventions, especially for children, which included summer school activities targeting 98,595 children in Gaza in 2021.

I recently visited Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPTs) where I saw first-hand the challenges of the prolonged conflict and the impact of the occupation. I reiterated UK support for a two-state solution and the need to improve conditions for ordinary Palestinians in my meetings with Israeli Deputy Foreign Minister Roll, and with the Palestinian leadership, including Prime Minister Shtayyeh.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-07-04/29857Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
1, July, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent assessment she has made of the conflict in Myanmar; and what steps her Department is taking to support Myanmar nationals.Stephen Farry, Alliance, North Down
The UK is deeply concerned about the conflict in Myanmar, where over 14 million people are in humanitarian need, more than one million people have been displaced and violence is escalating across the country. The UK is working with international partners to call for an end to the violence, unhindered humanitarian access and the protection of civilians.

In 2021/22, the UK provided £49.4 million in aid to Myanmar. We are looking to increase our humanitarian assistance, including to the most vulnerable internally displaced persons, by providing food, water, hygiene and sanitation services, shelter and medical equipment. The UK also secured strong language on the protection of civilians at the UN Security Council on 2nd February 2022. We consistently raise the situation in Myanmar with counterparts, including at the UN, G7 and ASEAN, to try and bring an end to the crisis.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-07-01/28941Protection of CiviliansMyanmar
30, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if she will urgently increase funding for (a) child protection and (b) mental health and psychosocial support as part of her Department's humanitarian and development assistance to Gaza.Ian Lavery, Labour, Wansbeck
I [Minister Milling] met with UNRWA staff during my visit to the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPTs) on 23 June where I heard first-hand about the vital work the agency undertakes to provide core services to Palestinian refugees. In 2021, the UK provided £2 million to UNICEF to help them provide child-sensitive grants to vulnerable households in Gaza reaching 4,311 boys and girls. This support enabled families to meet the essential needs of their children, with the majority of the support spent on food, education, and healthcare. Through our annual support to UNRWA, the UK supports their Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) interventions, especially for children, which included summer school activities targeting 98,595 children (52,236 girls and 46,359 boys) in Gaza in 2021.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-30/28422Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
30, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment he has made of the potential impact of changes to the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Maliand (MINUSMA) mandate and other parameters in relation to the (a) availability of air support within MINUSMA with cooperation from authorities in Mali and (b) adequacy of human rights due diligence processes on the (i) safety of UK personnel taking part in missions within MINUSMA and (ii) efficacy in increasing security and preventing abuses of future UK participation in MINUSMA.
Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
We dynamically review the UK's deployment to MINUSMA including on the basis of risk to personnel, continued ability to deliver against our mission, and issues such as restrictions on movement imposed by the Malian Transitional Authorities. On the basis of those assessments the UK deployment continues. Support from MINUSMA to non-UN security forces in Mali must comply with the UN's Human Rights Due Diligence Policy (HRDDP). We flag consistently with the UN the importance of strict compliance and regular reporting on its implementation. UK forces are not providing support to the Malian Transitional Authorities, and any potential plans to do so would need to be HRDDP compliant.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-30/28408Counter-TerrorismMali
30, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they have taken, if any, towards designating the Sudanese Rapid Forces as a terrorist organisation.The Earl of Sandwich, Crossbench, Expected Hereditary
Whilst the Government keeps the list of proscribed organisations under review, we do not routinely comment on whether an organisation is or is not under consideration for proscription.

We remain concerned at the behaviour of Sudan’s Rapid Support Forces, including internal repression and human rights violations across the country. We have raised our concerns, including with the RSF leadership.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-30/hl1405Counter-TerrorismSudan
30, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to support the government of Somalia to end its conflict with the Al-Shabaab Islamist insurgency.The Marquess of Lothian, Conservative, Life peer
As we seek to keep the UK and our interests at home and overseas safe from the threat of terrorism, tackling Al-Shabaab is one of our top counter-terrorism priorities. With international allies, regional partners, and with the Federal Government of Somalia and our international partners, we are pursuing a comprehensive effort to address the Al-Shabaab threat and the conditions through which Al-Shabaab has become entrenched in Somalia, as well as working with the new government in Somalia to improve governance, economic reform, security and justice, and humanitarian resilience in the country.

The UK continues to play an important role in strengthening Somalia's security capabilities and supporting the transition towards Somali-led security. The UK has provided training to the Somali National Army and Somali Police, and provided technical advice to civilian institutions to help improve operational effectiveness. As penholder at the UN we helped to secure authorisation for a reconfigured African Union Transition Mission in Somalia. We are supporting efforts to weaken Al-Shabaab and restrict its financial flows, including through UN sanctions.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-30/hl1394Counter-TerrorismSomalia
30, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to support the government of Somalia to end its conflict with the Al-Shabaab Islamist insurgency.The Marquess of Lothian, Conservative, Life peer
As we seek to keep the UK and our interests at home and overseas safe from the threat of terrorism, tackling Al-Shabaab is one of our top counter-terrorism priorities. With international allies, regional partners, and with the Federal Government of Somalia and our international partners, we are pursuing a comprehensive effort to address the Al-Shabaab threat and the conditions through which Al-Shabaab has become entrenched in Somalia, as well as working with the new government in Somalia to improve governance, economic reform, security and justice, and humanitarian resilience in the country.

The UK continues to play an important role in strengthening Somalia's security capabilities and supporting the transition towards Somali-led security. The UK has provided training to the Somali National Army and Somali Police, and provided technical advice to civilian institutions to help improve operational effectiveness. As penholder at the UN we helped to secure authorisation for a reconfigured African Union Transition Mission in Somalia. We are supporting efforts to weaken Al-Shabaab and restrict its financial flows, including through UN sanctions.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-30/hl1394Counter-Terrorism
30, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, pursuant to the Answers of 21 June and 29 June 2022 to Questions 16876 and 24563, on Ukraine: British Nationals Abroad, whether the Memorandum of Understanding between her Department, the National Police Chiefs Council and the Chief Coroner of England and Wales currently applies to the deaths of British citizens killed in the Russian war on Ukraine as (a) civilian casualties and (b) combatants.
Emily Thornberry, Labour, Islington South and Finsbury
The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) of September 2020 applies when a British national dies as a result of murder, manslaughter or infanticide overseas and for which jurisdiction for the investigation is likely to remain with the authorities in that country. In these circumstances, a coronial investigation in England and Wales will only take place if the body is repatriated, reported to the coroner, and the death is violent, unnatural, or of unknown cause.

The Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office has a role in supporting bereaved families - including families of civilians or combatants who die in Ukraine - and providing information about customs, procedures and support services. Any deaths overseas (including those of combatants) that are not being investigated as a potential homicide fall outside the scope of this MoU. However, the signatories seek to apply the principles set out within it to offer support to bereaved families of combatants where possible.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-30/28404Protection of CiviliansUkraine
29, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent discussions she has had with her international counterparts on providing support for Nigeria following recent attacks on people practicing religion in that country.Jim Shannon, Democratic Unionist Party, Strangford
Increasing insecurity across Nigeria is having a devastating impact on affected communities. All communities should be able to practise their religion or faith without fear. I have discussed insecurity with the Nigerian authorities on a number of occasions, most recently in February this year. At the first dialogue of our Security and Defence partnership in February, the UK Government committed to support Nigeria as it responds to growing security challenges in different parts of the country, including serious and organised crime, kidnap and terrorism.

Promoting the right to freedom of religion or belief (FoRB) is one of the UK's longstanding human rights priorities. We remain committed to working with international partners to promote freedom and openness. On 5-6 July, we hosted an International Ministerial Conference on FoRB and brought together over 500 delegates from more than 60 countries around the world to increase global action to protect this right.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-29/27607Counter-TerrorismNigeria
29, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have made to the government of Israel concerning reports that several family members in Jenin were used as human shields by Israeli forces on 13 May.Baroness Janke, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
We repeatedly call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and have a regular dialogue with Israel on legal issues relating to the occupation, including the treatment of Palestinian children. We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population, particularly the need to protect children. We also regularly raise the importance of the Israeli security force's adherence to the principles of necessity and proportionality when defending its legitimate security interest.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-29/hl1348Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalPalestine/Israel
29, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to support the humanitarian resettlement of Guantanamo Bay detainees, including by signalling support for countries willing to receive those detainees cleared for transfer.The Lord Bishop of Coventry, Bishops, Bishops
The UK Government's long-standing position remains that the detention facility at Guantanamo Bay should close. We will continue to engage with the US Government on this issue, as we do on a range of national security issues, and in the context of our joint determination to tackle international terrorism and combat violent extremism.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-29/hl1339Counter-Terrorism
29, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government, what representations they have made to the government of Israel regarding reports of Israeli authorities not intervening when Mr Ali Hasan Harb was attacked in the West Bank by an Israeli settler.Baroness Janke, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
We are aware of this case and are monitoring closely. The UK regularly raises the issue of settler violence with the Government of Israel. We welcome discussion by the Israeli authorities on how to address this issue, and urge Israel to bring those responsible to justice. We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-29/hl1349Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
28, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent assessment she has made of the strength of the bilateral relationship between the UK and the Kurdistan region in Iraq; and if she will make a statement.Alicia Kearns, Conservative, Rutland and Melton
We have a close and strategic relationship with the Kurdistan Regional Government in Iraq. The Kurdistan Regional Government is a close ally in the fight against Daesh and we continue to cooperate closely on security and wider issues. UK Ministerial engagement is strong. The President of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, Nechirvan Barzani, visited the UK in September 2021. In April 2022, the Prime Minister of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, Masrour Barzani, visited the UK. Both met the Prime Minister and Foreign Secretary, amongst others.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-28/26879Counter-TerrorismIraq
28, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 20 June 2022 to Question 17870, on Agnes Wanjiru, (a) how many requests to undertake investigative actions the Royal Military Police (RMP) have received from the Kenyan authorities and (b) how many investigative actions the RMP have undertaken in response to such requests.John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, Labour
I refer back to previous answers that I have provided in relation to this case. Jurisdiction for the investigation lies with the Kenyan authorities. The Royal Military Police (RMP) are proactively engaged with the Kenyan Police Service (KPS) to support and assist their investigation and, where appropriate and requested to do so, undertake investigative actions on behalf of the KPS. A number of formal and informal discussions have taken place, however, to protect the sanctity of the investigation and the interest of justice, we will not comment in detail on activity.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-28/26692Protection of CiviliansKenya
28, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have made to the government of Iran about the execution of prisoners held in Ilam, Kirmanshah and Urmia; and what assessment they have made of (1) the murders in 2018 and 2021 of Qadir Qadiri and Mousa Babakhani, and (2) the car-bombing of Akbar Sinjabi in Erbil, all members of the Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran.Lord Hylton, Crossbench, Expected Hereditary
The British Government opposes the use of the death penalty in all circumstances and we have repeatedly condemned its use, including in Iran. Representations are also frequently made to the Iranian government with regards to Human Rights more broadly. We continue to take action with the international community to urge Iran to improve its poor human rights record.

On the deaths of the KDP-I members, we understand the relevant Iraqi authorities secured convictions in the case of Qadir Qadiri and have initiated an investigation into the car explosion in Erbil on 6 June 2022. The British Government takes any allegations of extrajudicial killings extremely seriously.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-28/hl1312Protection of CiviliansIran
28, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 20 June 2022 to Question 17870, on Agnes Wanjiru, (a) how many requests to undertake investigative actions the Royal Military Police (RMP) have received from the Kenyan authorities and (b) how many investigative actions the RMP have undertaken in response to such requests.John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, Labour
I refer back to previous answers that I have provided in relation to this case. Jurisdiction for the investigation lies with the Kenyan authorities. The Royal Military Police (RMP) are proactively engaged with the Kenyan Police Service (KPS) to support and assist their investigation and, where appropriate and requested to do so, undertake investigative actions on behalf of the KPS. A number of formal and informal discussions have taken place, however, to protect the sanctity of the investigation and the interest of justice, we will not comment in detail on activity.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-28/26692Law domestic & InternationalKenya
27, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, in the context of the killing of church worshippers in the town of Owo, Ondo State on 5 June, what discussions she has had with the Nigerian authorities on steps they are taking to prevent further similar incidents in (a) the Christian-majority south and (b) other areas of Nigeria.Carla Lockhart, Democratic Unionist Party, Upper Bann
Increasing insecurity across Nigeria is having a devastating impact on affected communities. I [the Minister for Africa] publicly condemned the attack on a church in Owo, Ondo State, stressing the importance of those responsible being brought to justice. All religious communities should be able to practise their faith without fear. It is clear that religious identity can be a factor in incidents of violence in Nigeria. Both Christian and Muslim communities have been victims of violence. The root causes of violence are complex, and in the case of intercommunal violence, frequently relate to competition over resources, historical grievances and criminality.

I [the Minister for Africa] regularly discuss insecurity in Nigeria with the Nigerian authorities, and we are committed to working with Nigeria to help them respond. At the first dialogue of our Security and Defence partnership in February, we agreed to work together to respond to security challenges across the country, including serious and organised crime, kidnaps and terrorism. The UK Government will continue to encourage the Nigerian Government to take urgent action to implement long-term solutions that address the root causes of violence, whilst also ensuring Freedom of Religion or Belief for all.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-27/26052Counter-TerrrorismNigeria
27, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment she has made of the implications for her policies of the debate which took place at the Council of Europe on 22 June 2022 entitled Justice and security for women in peace reconciliation.John Howell, Conservative, Henley
The UK has played a leading role in taking forward justice and security for women in peace reconciliation through our diplomatic, defence and development efforts, by formulating detailed National Action Plans (NAP) and through the Preventing Sexual Violence Initiative (PSVI). The UK's fifth Women, Peace and Security NAP is currently being developed and will launch in the end of 2022. Violence Against Women and Girls can dramatically increase in scale and severity during conflict and crisis and we recognise the Council of Europe, in particular the role of Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, for their work in this sphere. We note that the recommendations will go to the Committee of Ministers in due course.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-27/25804Protection of Civilians
24, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what progress has been made by the Royal Military Police on supporting Kenyan detectives investigating the potential involvement of British soldiers in the death of Agnes Wanjiru in Kenya in 2012; and if he will make a statement.Dan Jarvis, Labour, Barnsley Central
Jurisdiction for the investigation lies with the Kenyan authorities. The Royal Military Police (RMP) are proactively engaged with the Kenyan Police Service (KPS) to support and assist their investigation and, where appropriate and requested to do so, undertake investigative actions on behalf of the KPS. A number of formal and informal discussions have taken place, however, to protect the sanctity of the investigation and the interest of justice, we will not comment in detail on activity.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-24/24594Protection of civiliansKenya
27, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if she will make an assessment of the efficacy of UK Government support for Nigerian policing and security services over the last 12 months in (a) preventing killings, kidnappings, and robberies, (b) protecting religious figures and sites from targeted attacks (c) preventing the arming of civilians by state governments, and (d) preventing vigilantism and revenge attacks.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
I [Minister Ford] regularly raise rising insecurity and its impact on the Nigerian people with the Nigerian authorities. During my February visit, I discussed this issue with the Vice President, Foreign Minister and several State Governors. I [Minister Ford] also discussed insecurity with National Security Advisor General Monguno, at our Security and Defence Dialogue in February.

Through our Security and Defence Partnership with Nigeria, we are working together to respond to rising insecurity, including kidnappings, criminality, and intercommunal violence. Examples of our support over the past 12 months include: supporting the training of approximately 1100 members of the Nigerian Army on prevention of Sexual Exploitation and Abuse; supporting the delivery of a Protection of Civilians course for 30 officers from the Nigerian Army; and provision of mentoring and capacity-building support to 40 officers from the Anti-Kidnap Coordination Unit. We have also launched a UK supported "Strengthening the Delivery of Peace and Security in Nigeria" initiative, to support dialogue and peacebuilding efforts in conflict-affected areas of Northern and Southern Nigeria.

We will continue to encourage and support the Nigerian Government to take urgent action to implement long-term solutions that address the root causes of violence.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-27/25786Protection of CiviliansNigeria
24, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what progress has been made by the Royal Military Police on supporting Kenyan detectives investigating the potential involvement of British soldiers in the death of Agnes Wanjiru in Kenya in 2012; and if he will make a statement.
Dan Jarvis, Labour, Barnsley Central
Jurisdiction for the investigation lies with the Kenyan authorities. The Royal Military Police (RMP) are proactively engaged with the Kenyan Police Service (KPS) to support and assist their investigation and, where appropriate and requested to do so, undertake investigative actions on behalf of the KPS. A number of formal and informal discussions have taken place, however, to protect the sanctity of the investigation and the interest of justice, we will not comment in detail on activity.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-24/24594Law domestic & International Kenya
24, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, pursuant to the Answers of 21 June to Questions 16866 and 16870, what assessment she has made of the impact of the UK’s reliance on Ukrainian authorities for (a) the collection of antemortem records of missing or at risk UK citizens in Ukraine and (b) the identification of deceased UK citizens in Ukraine, on the effectiveness of future investigations into Russian war crimes in Ukraine.Emily Thornberry, Labour, Islington South and Finsbury
It is for the Ukrainian authorities to maintain any necessary records of those missing or at risk in Ukraine and to identify British nationals that pass away on Ukrainian territory. We will be guided by the Ukrainian authorities on their ability to do this within the context of the conflict and for their liaison with relevant HMG departments for such support as they require. The Attorney General led a scoping mission to the region from 8-11 May, to assess how UK Government Departments can work with the Ukrainian Prosecutor General to identify and collect evidence of atrocity crimes, in order to support the effectiveness of future investigations into Russian war crimes.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-24/24564Protection of CiviliansUkraine
24, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what the status of the Muslim brotherhood is in the UK as of 23 June 2022.Ian Paisley, Democratic Unionist Party, North Antrim
The Government keeps under review the views promoted and activities undertaken by the Muslim Brother-hood’s associates in the UK in accordance with the five commitments included in the former Prime Minister’s statement to Parliament.

The Government will consider any new evidence on the Muslim Brotherhood’s activities against the UK’s legal thresholds, including whether they meet the test for proscription under the Terrorism Act 2000.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-24/24587Counter-Terrorism
24, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if she will hold discussions with her Israeli counterpart on that Government's obligations under international law to stop forced (a) evictions and (b) demolitions in the Occupied Territories.Sam Tarry, Labour, Iford South
The UK is clear that in all but the most exceptional of circumstances, demolitions and evictions are contrary to International Humanitarian Law. The practice causes unnecessary suffering to Palestinians and is harmful to efforts to promote peace. I met with Palestinian families affected by the ongoing demolition and eviction orders at Masafer Yatta during my recent visit to the Occupied Palestinian Territories, and raised our concerns with Israeli Deputy Foreign Minister Roll on 22 June.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-24/24700Law domestic & InternationalPalestine/Israel
23, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have to make representations to the World Health Organisation to (1) collect, and (2) publish, health statistics for Gaza, East Jerusalem, and the West Bank; and for Palestinians living in camps outside of these areas.Lord Hylton, Crossbench, Expected Hereditary
We do not collect this data. The World Health Organisation Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean regularly share health data on the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPTs). The UK is a major donor of the World Health Organisation globally. We remain a key supporter of United Nations Relief and Works Agency, who help provide basic education to more than 533,000 children a year (half of whom are girls), and access to health services for 3.5 million Palestinian refugees.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-23/hl1235Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
22, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government, when pursuing diplomatic relations with the government of France, what consideration they have given to "Fashoda syndrome", a concept describing the priority given by the government of France to asserting French influence in parts of Africa which are perceived to be susceptible to British influence.
Lord Blencathra, Conservative, Life peer
We work very closely with France on key global challenges, both bilaterally and in multilateral fora. This includes in Africa, where the UK and France are committed to cooperating to support peace, stability, resilience and economic development across the continent. For example, we have both been involved in the regional effort against Boko Haram, and our forces operate side-by-side to combat extremism in the Sahel, where UK Chinooks provide support to French troops.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-22/hl1180Counter-Terrorism
22, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what support they are providing to Cameroonian civil society organisations working in Anglophone regions in Cameroon focusing on (1) the needs and empowerment of women and girls, (2) the needs of internally displaced persons, (3) access to education, (4) peace-building, and (5) human rights monitoring.Baroness Stern, Crossbench, Life peer
Over the last three years, we have provided over £20 million in humanitarian support across Cameroon, including the North-West and South-West regions. This funding is providing support to the most vulnerable people to improve food security, healthcare, water access and sanitation. We have also delivered Conflict, Stability and Security Fund programming, with the aim of increasing respect for human rights; including training of human rights monitors and improving the quality of human rights reporting, as well as delivering training to better protect human rights defenders. Finally, we have funded capacity building to enhance the technical skills of women to better participate in peace processes and support survivors of sexual and gender based violence (SGBV).
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-22/hl1209Protection of CiviliansCameroon
21, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether she is taking steps to help support an independent investigation by the International Commission of Human Rights Experts on Ethiopia into allegations of civilians being killed by Oromia Liberation Army forces in the Welega zone of Ethiopia on 18 June 2022.
Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West HamThe UK is a strong supporter of the work of the International Commission of Human Rights Experts on Ethiopia, having co-sponsored the resolution mandating its creation at the Special Session of the Human Rights Council (HRC) in December 2021, and is urging all parties to help facilitate its investigations. It is for the Commission to interpret the scope of its mandate and decide whether it can investigate these events. The UK will continue to support the work of the Commission and of the wider UN in its efforts to ensure that those responsible for these atrocities are held to account.

The British Embassy in Addis Ababa will continue to engage with the Government of Ethiopia to highlight the importance of processes to deliver accountability and justice for all incidents of human rights abuses or violations. The UK's Human Rights and Peacebuilding Programme (HARP) is providing support, including to enhance the investigative capacity of the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-21/22379Protection of CiviliansEthiopia
21, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of recent reports from Save the Children and Medical Aid for Palestine, which found that (1) four out of five children living in Gaza are suffering from depression, grief and fear following 15 years of Israeli blockade, and (2) those children and young people’s mental health was also linked to a lack of access to services, such as healthcare.Baroness Sheehan, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
The UK continues to monitor the humanitarian situation in Gaza and the impact of Israel's movement and access restrictions on civilians. The UK has provided £2 million to UNICEF and over £27 million to United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) in 2021 to help the most vulnerable people in Gaza, especially children to continue their education, meet their basic needs, and hopefully to fulfil their potential. We must continue to address immediate humanitarian needs in Gaza, and work towards a longer-term solution for recovery and reconstruction.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-21/hl1167Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
21, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether she has plans to publish an updated strategy on the Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict.Wendy Chamberlain, Liberal Democrat, North East Fife
The UK is firmly committed to promoting the Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict and has been at the forefront of initiatives in recent years promoting the issue. The UK Government's policy paper on the UK's Approach to Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict was finalised in March 2020 and reaffirms our commitment to the importance of the protection of civilians in armed conflict. The policy paper provides an update to the UK's national strategy on the Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict, launched in March 2010. The 2010 Strategy continues to guide our approach to the protection of civilians.

In addition, the recently launched International Development Strategy commits the UK to protecting the most at risk in situations of conflict and crisis, including civilians.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-21/22536Protection of Civilians
21, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) report UNOCHA Protection of Civilians Report 31 May – 13 June 2022, published on 17 June, which lists the (1) killings, (2) injuries, (3) raids, and (4) displacement, of Palestinian people by Israeli (a) forces, and (b) settlers, in the West Bank.Baroness Sheehan, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
We are aware of the report. We continue to urge thorough and transparent investigations into the deaths of Palestinian civilians, and call for restraint in the use of force. We are clear that in all but the most exceptional of circumstances, demolitions and forced evictions are contrary to International Humanitarian Law and we condemn any incidence of violence by settlers against Palestinians. On 22 June Minister Milling travelled to Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPTs) where she discussed the increasing level of violence in the OPTs with Israeli Deputy Foreign Minister Roll.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-21/hl1168Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
21, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, how many and what proportion of attempted deportations of foreign national offenders by her Department have been successfully challenged on Article 8 ECHR grounds in each year over the last 10 years.Tom Pursglove, Conservative, CorbyThe British public should be in no doubt of this Government’s determination to remove criminals to protect both their victims and to make our streets safer and is fully committed to discharging the obligation under the UK Borders Act 2007, which is that a non-British citizen convicted of an offence in the United Kingdom and sentenced to 12 months or more imprisonment, and to whom an exception does not apply, be deported from the UK. All FNOs are provided an opportunity to make submissions against their deportation which are fully considered and determined upon before deportation, including, where applicable, via the Courts. We have recently brought forward the Nationality and Borders Act to help end the cycle of last-minute claims and appeals that can delay removals

The Ministry of Justice routinely publishes data relating to all appeals lodged with the First-tier Tribunal Immigration and Asylum Chamber (FTTIAC). The latest statistical quarterly release can be found here:

Tribunal Statistics Quarterly: January to March 2022 - GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)(opens in a new tab)

Additionally, the Home Office published a one-off statistical note release on 22 February 2022, which relates to human rights appeals brought by foreign national offenders (FNOs) and specifically those allowed on human rights grounds at the First-tier Tribunal. The data includes information management between April 2008 and June 2021.

Statistical note: FNO appeals lodged and allowed on human rights grounds, 2008 to 2021 - GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)(opens in a new tab)

Published research shows that most FNOs who left detention in 2017, having claimed asylum while in immigration detention, did not have their claim upheld - only 2% of asylum applicants were granted leave to remain at the initial decision, whereas 92% were not and 5% are awaiting a decision.

Issues raised by people facing return in immigration detention - GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)(opens in a new tab) These figures reveal a system open to abuse and are clear evidence of the need for reform. That is why the Nationality and Borders Act makes provisions to streamline the appeals process by introducing an expanded one stop process aimed at reducing the extent to which people can frustrate removals through sequential or unmeritorious claims, appeals or legal action.

Further information can be found in the New Plan for Immigration: policy statement (accessible) - GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)(opens in a new tab) and the factsheet Nationality and Borders Bill: factsheet - GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-21/22367Law domestic & International
21, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether his Department is (a) taking steps and (b) plans to take steps to make it easier for people to apply for a War Pensioner’s Mobility Supplement.Stephanie Peacock, Labour, Barnsley East
Any veteran wishing to apply for the War Pension Mobility Supplement (WPMS) can do so via the following link available on GOV.UK: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/war-pension-scheme-mobility-supplement-wpms

The Transformation Programme to digitise existing paper-based processes and create a single customer portal for Veterans is underway. An online Armed Forces Compensation and War Pension Scheme application service has been developed and is currently being tested in a beta phase.

The circa £40 million Transformation Programme will expand the on-line claim service to other types of claims under the Compensation Schemes.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-21/22501Law domestic & International
21, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) report UNOCHA Protection of Civilians Report 31 May – 13 June 2022, published on 17 June, which lists the (1) killings, (2) injuries, (3) raids, and (4) displacement, of Palestinian people by Israeli (a) forces, and (b) settlers, in the West Bank.Baroness Sheehan, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
We are aware of the report. We continue to urge thorough and transparent investigations into the deaths of Palestinian civilians, and call for restraint in the use of force. We are clear that in all but the most exceptional of circumstances, demolitions and forced evictions are contrary to International Humanitarian Law and we condemn any incidence of violence by settlers against Palestinians. On 22 June Minister Milling travelled to Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPTs) where she discussed the increasing level of violence in the OPTs with Israeli Deputy Foreign Minister Roll.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-21/hl1168Law domestic & InternationalPalestine/Israel
20, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what her policy is on application of restrictive measures against states acting in serious breach of an obligation arising under a peremptory norm of general international law.Sarah Champion, Labour, Rotherham
The Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018 (the Sanctions Act) provides the legal framework for the UK to impose, update and lift sanctions autonomously. We use our sanctions regimes as part of an integrated approach to promote our values and interests and to combat state threats, terrorism, cyber-attacks, and the use and proliferation of chemical weapons. Regimes can be either thematic and relate to a particular issue, or geographic relating to a particular country or region.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-20/21200Counter-Terrorism, Law domestic & International
20, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps she plans to take to minimise the impact of reductions to UK Aid in Yemen.Wendy Chamberlain, Liberal Democrat, North East Fife
In Yemen, the UK has spent more than £1 billion in aid since the conflict began. This year, the UK will provide at least £88 million in aid to the people of Yemen, which will help feed at least 200,000 people every month, provide lifesaving health care for 800,000 women and children, and treat 85,000 severely malnourished children.

We will ensure that we continue to prioritise protecting those most in need and will work with our delivery partners to ensure aid is disbursed quickly and effectively.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-20/21284Protection of CivilainsYemen
20, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with prosecutors at the International Criminal Court at The Hague regarding (1) investigations, and (2) potential prosecutions, of (a) President Putin, (b) other members of the Russian government, and (c) members of the Russian military, for (i) crimes of aggression, (ii) crimes against humanity, and (iii) genocide.Lord Selkirk of Douglas, Conservative, Life peer
It is for the International Criminal Court (ICC) Prosecutor to independently determine who should be prosecuted for crimes committed in Ukraine, including those that ordered them, in accordance with his mandate under the Rome Statute. The ICC does not have jurisdiction to prosecute the Crime of Aggression in Ukraine because neither Russia nor Ukraine are States party to the Rome Statute. We respect the jurisdiction of competent national or international courts, such as the ICC, to determine if the crime of genocide has occurred in Ukraine. The UK will continue to provide the necessary assistance to the ICC to support its investigations, including an additional £1 million contribution funded through the cross-Government Conflict, Stability and Security Fund.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-20/hl1114Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalUkraine, Russia
20, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to work with European allies to condemn President Putin’s policy of aggression in Ukraine and the detrimental effect on the people of that country, including injuries and fatalities.Lord Selkirk of Douglas, Conservative, Life peer
The Foreign Secretary continues to ensure the UK is playing a leading role driving the international response to Russia's illegal invasion of Ukraine, regularly meeting and speaking with Foreign Minister counterparts, including our European allies. We are working with international partners to support Ukraine across a range of areas, including: strengthening their military capabilities; providing economic support; sharing expertise and experience on recovery and reconstruction; unlocking routes to export grain from Ukraine; humanitarian support; and investigations of war crimes and crimes against humanity. We will continue to support the Ukrainian Government in the face of this assault on their sovereignty and territorial integrity.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-20/hl1115Protection of CiviliansUkraine, Russia
16, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what her Department's policy was on UK citizens travelling to fight in Libya during the war in that country which began in 2011, including the placing of restrictions on people wishing to travel there.Kenny MacAskill, Alba Party, East Lothian
The Government’s priority is the safety and security of the UK and the people who live here.

The Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO) advise against all travel to Libya. This advice has been in place consistently since 2014. During the 2011 conflict, FCDO clearly advised against all travel to Libya, however, in light of the improving security situation between September 2011 and 2014, the FCDO downgraded advice in some areas, including Tripoli and Benghazi, to advise against all but essential travel. A range of tools are available to disrupt those who wish to engage in criminal activity abroad. Since 2013, royal prerogative powers can be exercised against British passport holders to refuse to issue or cancel a British passport on public interest grounds.

To counter the threat we face from people travelling for terrorism-related purposes, schedule 1 to the Counter-Terrorism and Security Act 2015 enables police officers at ports to seize and temporarily retain travel documents to disrupt immediate travel, when they reasonably suspect that a person intends to travel to engage in terrorism related activity outside of the UK.

Depending on the nature of activity and the circumstances in which it was carried out, travel to engage in overseas conflict could potentially give rise to offences under UK law, including terrorism offences, and war crimes. Where individuals do return, they should expect to be investigated and, where there is evidence that crimes have been committed, they should expect to face prosecution. Any decision to prosecute will be a matter for the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) - both the police and CPS are operationally independent of Government.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-16/19701Counter-TerrorismLibya
16, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many civil claims against his Department were rejected on the basis of Part 2 of the Overseas Operations (Service Personnel and Veterans) Act 2021 since the commencement of that legislation.John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, Labour
The decision about whether a claim should be rejected because of Part 2 of the Overseas Operations (Service Personnel and Veterans) Act 2021 is ultimately a matter for the court hearing that claim. No civil claims brought against the Ministry of Defence have been rejected as a result of the operation of Part 2 of that Act since its commencement on 30 June 2021.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-16/19558Law domestic & International
16, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment she has made of the prevalence of the use of cluster munitions being used by Russian forces in Ukraine; and whether she has had discussions with her international counterparts on the compatibility of such munitions with international law.Luke Pollard, Labour, Plymouth, Sutton, and Devonport
The UK Government condemns the indiscriminate or disproportionate use of any weapon, including incendiary weapons or those that have an incendiary effect. The targeting of civilians and civilian objects is not only abhorrent, but also a blatant violation of international law, and should not continue under any circumstances. The UK has been at the forefront of efforts to support the investigation of atrocities being committed in Ukraine, and welcomed the publication of the OSCE's Moscow Mechanism report in April, which found multiple instances of clear violations of international law by Russian forces in Ukraine, including credible evidence of war crimes.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-16/19839Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalUkraine, Russia
16, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent representations she has made to the International Criminal Court on conflict-related sexual violence during the Russian invasion of Ukraine.James Cleverly, Conservative, Braintree
We welcome the decision of the International Criminal Court (ICC) Prosecutor to open an investigation and to include allegations of sexual violence. We stand ready to provide the necessary technical assistance to the ICC to support successful convictions. In coordination with the ICC, The Attorney General led a scoping mission to the region from 8 - 11 May to identify options for further UK support. The team included war crimes and conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV) experts and Sir Howard Morrison QC, who was appointed by the Attorney General to help advise the Ukrainian Prosecutor General with her investigations, and cooperation with the ICC. The UK is collaborating closely with the Ukrainian Prosecutor General (UPG) to ensure an effective and coordinated response. We are taking steps to ensure the Murad Code, a UK-funded tool on best practice for documenting CRSV survivors' experiences, is widely adopted.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-16/19575Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalUkraine, Russia
16, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations the Prime Minister made, if any, to Bahrain’s Sheikh Nasser bin Hamad Al’Khalida at their meeting on 27 May concerning the Sheikh’s reported implication in the torture of political dissidents in Bahrain.Lord Scriven, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
The UK Government unreservedly condemns the use of torture. The UK does not participate in, solicit, encourage or condone the use of torture for any purpose. We take allegations or concerns of torture and mistreatment very seriously and will follow up with action, as appropriate.

We urge all allegations of torture or mistreatment to be reported to the appropriate national oversight body whose duty it is to carry out full and independent investigations. We continue to encourage the oversight bodies to carry out swift and thorough investigations into any such claims.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-16/hl1052Protection of CiviliansBahrain
16, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of reports that more than 2,500 civilians have been abducted or forcibly removed from Ukraine by Russian forces.Lord Selkirk of Douglas, Conservative, Life peer
We condemn Russian atrocities, including the alleged abduction and deportation of innocent Ukrainians. The UK has supported multilateral mechanisms to assess the situation in Ukraine, including the OSCE's Moscow Mechanism report, which found multiple instances of clear violations of international law by Russian forces in Ukraine. The Attorney General also led a scoping mission to the region from 8-11 May, to assess how the UK can help the Ukrainian Prosecutor General to identify and collect evidence of atrocity crimes. Alongside international partners, the UK is committed to assisting Ukraine's domestic investigation into war crimes, in addition to the International Criminal Court investigation. We also continue to hold the Russian Government to account. On 16 June, the UK announced a new wave of sanctions including against the Russian Children's Rights Commissioner Maria Lvova-Belova for her alleged involvement in the forced transfer and adoption of Ukrainian children.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-16/hl1057Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalUkraine, Russia
16, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what discussions he has had with representatives of the International Criminal Court on his Department's human rights obligations under the Overseas Operations (Service Personnel and Veterans) Act 2021.John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, Labour
The Secretary of State for Defence had an exchange of correspondence with representatives of the International Criminal Court between January and April 2021, providing clarification on provisions contained within the Overseas Operations (Service Personnel and Veterans) Bill.

The Defence Secretary initiated the correspondence, writing two letters, dated 21 January and 21 April 2021, and the International Criminal Court responded to the 21 January 2021 letter on 3 March 2021.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-16/19559Law domestic & Internatinoal
15, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the reports that the bombing of Damascus International airport was directed by the government of Israel; and what representations, if any, they plan to make to the government of Israel about the incident.Baroness Janke, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
All countries, including Israel, have a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend their citizens from attack. In doing so, it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and are calibrated to avoid civilian casualties. We call on Israel to adhere to the principles of necessity and proportionality when defending its legitimate security interest.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-15/hl994Law domestic & InternationalIsrael
To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many British armed forces personnel who served in the (a) Gulf war in 1991, (b) Iraq war in 2003 and (c) Operation Herrick (i) died on active service during those conflicts or (ii) subsequently took their own lives due to (A) post-traumatic stress disorder and (B) other causes.Crispin Blunt, Conservative, ReigateThe number of UK Armed Forces personnel who died during active service in each of the specified conflicts is presented in the following table:

UK Armed Forces deaths as a result of operations in Gulf 1, Iraq and Afghanistan, as of 28 February 2022

Conflict
Date
Number of deaths
Gulf 1
2 August 1990 to 7 March 1991
45
Iraq (Op TELIC)
20 January 2003 to 22 May 2011
178
Afghanistan1,2
11 September 2001 to 28 August 2021
457
Table Notes:

As part of an ongoing commitment to report deaths for all operations overseas led by the Permanent Joint Headquarters, deaths as a result of these operations are published biannually: https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/uk-armed-forces-and-uk-civilian-operational-casualty-and-fatality-statistics(opens in a new tab).
Includes deaths on Operation VERITAS, Operation HERRICK and Operation TORAL.
The number of UK Armed Forces personnel who served during Gulf 1 who subsequently took their own lives was 216 as of 31 December 2015 (source: 1990/1991 Gulf Conflict UK Gulf Veterans Mortality Data: Causes of Death). This includes both coroner-confirmed suicides and open verdict deaths, in line with the definition used by the Office for National Statistics. Information is not held on the numbers of former serving personnel who deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan who subsequently took their own lives. However, Defence Statistics are in the process of setting up a new project to understand the long-term consequences of military service (including all deaths) for all personnel who have served since 2001, including recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan.

In 2018, the then Secretary of State for Defence directed that, going forward, the study should include all personnel to understand the impact of continued deployments overseas, and it should provide near real time surveillance of causes of death in Serving personnel and veterans. The study is currently going through MOD Ethics and the NHS Health Research Authority Confidentiality Advisory Group ahead of the data flows starting between NHS Digital and MOD. Defence Statistics expect to start reporting for England and Wales later this year with data for Scotland and Northern Ireland following. The first report is expected in 2022.

Information is not held by the Ministry of Defence (MOD) on whether subsequent deaths for former serving personnel were due to post-traumatic stress disorder or other causes. Cause of death information is collated from the death certificate; this source of information does not provide any insight into the life factors and medical conditions that may have resulted in individuals taking their own lives.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-15/18758Counter-TerrorismIraq, Afghanistan
15, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether her Department is taking steps to encourage regional partners to demand Hamas renounce the use of violence and terrorism.Steve McCabe, Labour, Birmingham, Selly Oak
Our position on Hamas is clear: we condemn Hamas' continued attacks against civilians which are unacceptable and unjustifiable. We continue to call upon Hamas and other terrorist groups to permanently end their incitement and indiscriminate rocket fire against Israel. Hamas must renounce violence, recognise Israel and accept previously signed agreements.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-15/18766Counter-TerrorismPalestine
15, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how much the Government has paid in compensation for civilian harm since 2001 in respect of (a) Afghanistan, (b) Iraq and (c) Syria.Alyn Smith, Scottish National party, Stirling
In respect of Afghanistan, both the compensation and claimants' legal fees paid by the Ministry of Defence (MOD) for unlawful detention and mistreatment claims by Afghan nationals are subject to a confidentiality undertaking between the MOD and the claimants' solicitors and we are unable to disclose the information at this time.

In respect of Iraq, the MOD has previously disclosed that £19.66 million was paid in compensation to an early tranche of claims by Iraqi nationals alleging unlawful detention and mistreatment. Further similar claims and the claimants' legal costs are subject to a confidentiality undertaking and we are unable to disclose the information at this time.

The MOD's legal and administration costs of dealing with these claims are not centrally recorded.

In respect of Syria, no claims have been received.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-15/18983Law domestic & InternationalAfghanistan, Iraq, Syria
14, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many meetings have taken place between representatives of the Royal Military Police and Kenyan authorities in respect of the Agnes Wanjiru case.John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, Labour
Jurisdiction for the investigation lies with the Kenyan authorities. The Royal Military Police (RMP) are proactively engaged with the Kenyan Police Service (KPS) to support and assist their investigation and, where appropriate and requested to do so, undertake investigative actions on behalf of the KPS. A number of formal and informal discussions have taken place, however, to protect the sanctity of the investigation and the interest of justice, we will not wish to comment in detail on activity.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-14/17870Law domestic & InternationalKenya
14, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent assessment she has made of the risks to the life and health presented by unexploded ordnance in Gaza for (a) civilians and (b) children.Caroline Lucas, Green Party, Brighton, Pavilion
We do not collect this information. The UK will continue to urge the parties to prioritise progress towards reaching a durable solution for Gaza and to take the necessary practical steps to ensure Gaza's reconstruction and economic recovery. We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population, particularly the need to protect children, and urge restraint in the use of live fire.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-14/17911Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
14, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, on what dates officials in his Department have held discussions with Kenyan officials on the ongoing investigation into the killing of Agnes Wanjiru.John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, Labour
A number of formal and informal discussions on the investigation into the alleged murder of Agnes Wanjiru have taken place between Kenyan and UK officials. This is an ongoing investigation under Kenyan jurisdiction. In the interests of protecting an active investigation and in the interest of justice, we cannot comment in detail on activity.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-08/14430Protection of CiviliansKenya
14, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many meetings have taken place between representatives of the Royal Military Police and Kenyan authorities in respect of the Agnes Wanjiru case.John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, Labour
Jurisdiction for the investigation lies with the Kenyan authorities. The Royal Military Police (RMP) are proactively engaged with the Kenyan Police Service (KPS) to support and assist their investigation and, where appropriate and requested to do so, undertake investigative actions on behalf of the KPS. A number of formal and informal discussions have taken place, however, to protect the sanctity of the investigation and the interest of justice, we will not wish to comment in detail on activity.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-14/17870Protection of CiviliansKenya
14, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what role the Royal Military Police has in relation to the case of Agnes Wanjiru.John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, Labour
Jurisdiction for the investigation lies with the Kenyan authorities. The Royal Military Police (RMP) are proactively engaged with the Kenyan Police Service (KPS) to support and assist their investigation and, where appropriate and requested to do so, undertake investigative actions on behalf of the KPS. A number of formal and informal discussions have taken place, however, to protect the sanctity of the investigation and the interest of justice, we will not wish to comment in detail on activity.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-14/17872Law domestic & International, Protection of CiviliansKenya
14, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many personnel of the Royal Military Police are currently working on the case of Agnes Wanjiru.John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, Labour
Jurisdiction for the investigation lies with the Kenyan authorities. The Royal Military Police (RMP) are proactively engaged with the Kenyan Police Service (KPS) to support and assist their investigation and, where appropriate and requested to do so, undertake investigative actions on behalf of the KPS. A number of formal and informal discussions have taken place, however, to protect the sanctity of the investigation and the interest of justice, we will not wish to comment in detail on activity.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-14/17869Law domestic & International, Protection of CiviliansKenya
14, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether his Department has conducted an internal investigation into the actions of British personnel in the case of Agnes Wanjiru.John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, Labour
The Department is very concerned that this serious case should receive a full and robust investigation. The Ministry of Defence is working closely with Kenyan authorities to ascertain the facts of the case and we share Kenya's commitment to ensuring there is a full and robust investigation. Should evidence of criminal or disciplinary offences by Service Personnel come to light during the course of the investigation into Agnes Wanjiru's murder then the Royal Military Police will take appropriate action.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-14/17871Law domestic & International, Protection of CiviliansKenya
14, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if she will increase the resources the UK is providing to international investigations into Russian war crimes committed in Ukraine.Jim Shannon, Democratic Unionist Party, Strangford
The UK supports the International Criminal Court (ICC) investigation into the situation in Ukraine, in its role as the primary international institution with the mandate to investigate and prosecute war crimes and other international crimes of the most serious concern. The UK will provide the necessary assistance to the ICC to support its investigation into all allegations of war crimes, including through £1 million in funding and technical assistance. The Attorney General led a scoping mission to the region from 8-11 May, to assess how UK Government Departments can assist Ukraine's domestic investigation into war crimes, in addition to the ICC investigation. We are working with international allies to ensure that our resources are coordinated. On 25 May, the UK, European Union, the United States, announced the creation of the Atrocity Crimes Advisory Group (ACA), a mechanism aimed at ensuring efficient coordination of their respective support to accountability efforts on the ground.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-14/17938Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalUkraine
14, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent assessment she has made of the risks to the life and health presented by unexploded ordnance in Gaza for (a) civilians and (b) children.Caroline Lucas, Green Party, Brighton, Pavilion
We do not collect this information. The UK will continue to urge the parties to prioritise progress towards reaching a durable solution for Gaza and to take the necessary practical steps to ensure Gaza's reconstruction and economic recovery. We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population, particularly the need to protect children, and urge restraint in the use of live fire.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-14/17911Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
14, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent assessment she has made of the political and security situation in Ghana.Ruth Jones, Labour, Newport West
Ghana has a strong reputation for democratic rule. Since the beginning of the Fourth Republic there have been eight successful elections in Ghana. Through the Economic Community of West African States Ghana has led the response to recent coups elsewhere in the region - including in Mali, Guinea and Burkina Faso. The deteriorating situation across West Africa and the Sahel is concerning and we are committed to strengthening our defence partnership with Ghana as the Prime Minister and President Akufo-Addo set out in their meeting in April. In my own visit to Ghana last month I took forward those discussions, and we look forward to further progress at the upcoming UK-Ghana Security Dialogue.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-14/18035Counter-TerrorismGhana
13, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they have taken, in conjunction with allied countries, to establish a global early-warning system for (1) pandemics, and (2) terror attacks using biological or chemical weapons.Lord Hylton, Crossbench, Expected Hereditary
The UK plays a leading role in strengthening pandemic early warning systems including the development of the new International Pathogen Surveillance Network (IPSN). The UK is working with G7 members on the development of WHO's Hub for Pandemic and Epidemic Intelligence. Through bilateral and multilateral health investments, the UK also supports low- and middle-income countries to strengthen their routine disease surveillance systems.

The UK opposes any use of chemical or biological weapons. We are committed to upholding the effective global implementation of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention and Chemical Weapons Convention. We work closely with the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons to ensure readiness to respond to any use of chemical weapons, including by non-state actors. In 2021, under the UK's Presidency, the G7 Global Partnership Against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction launched its Signature Initiative working with partner countries to promote the development of detection and early warning systems for chemical and biological attacks.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-13/hl882Counter-Terrorism
13, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with the government of Israel over continuing reports of the killing of Palestinians, including children, by Israeli military personnel.Lord Jones of Cheltenham, Liberal Democrat, Life peerWe regularly raise the issue of the high numbers of Palestinians killed and injured by Israeli Defense Forces in the West Bank and Gaza with the Israeli authorities, encouraging them to carry out swift, transparent and thorough investigations and, if wrongdoing is found, that those responsible be held to account. We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population, particularly the need to protect children, and urge restraint in the use of live fire.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-13/hl891Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
13, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the safety of, and freedom of religion for, Christians in NigeriaLord Patten, Conservative, Life peer
Nigeria's Constitution guarantees freedom of religion or belief. The security situation in Nigeria, and its impact on Christians and other religious or belief minorities is complex.

In the North East, terrorist groups such as Islamic State West Africa (ISWA) and Boko Haram have caused immense suffering to both Christian and Muslim communities. These groups seek to undermine the right to freedom of religion or belief (FoRB) by indiscriminately attacking those of all faiths or beliefs who do not subscribe to their extremist views.

Elsewhere in Nigeria, intercommunal violence has had a devastating impact on both Christian and Muslim communities. Our assessment is that religious identity can be a factor in incidents of intercommunal violence, but the underlying drivers are more complex. These include competition over land and natural resources, which has been exacerbated by climate change, historical grievances, and criminality.

We will continue to make clear to the Nigerian authorities at the highest levels the importance of protecting civilians, including religious or belief minorities, and human rights for all Nigerians.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-13/hl909Counter-TerrorismNigeria
13, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if she will (a) raise the killing of 16-year-old Justin Lisok Lomuresuk and his brother by soldiers in South Sudan with the authorities in that country and (b) monitor the credibility of any investigation into the killings.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
South Sudan is an FCDO human rights priority country. As such we have raised our concerns at reports of extrajudicial killings, wider abuses and a lack of accountability in South Sudan within the FCDO Annual Human Rights Report and directly with the Government of South Sudan. We have also ensured continued attention on the situation at the UN Human Rights Council and UN Security Council. We will continue to raise concerns and to press the South Sudanese authorities on their responsibility to protect civilians, and for investigations into killings such as that of Justin Lomuresuk. Most recently, alongside partners, we released a statement on 18 May calling for the authorities to take additional measures to protect civilians and address the root causes of conflict.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-13/16898Protection of CiviliansSouth Sudan
13, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if she will take steps to support (a) dialogue between the Governments of Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo, (b) a roadmap for negotiations with armed groups in the region and (c) community led conflict resolution projects in North and South Kivu regions of the Democratic Republic of Congo.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
The security situation in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is concerning. The recent increase in violence risks efforts to pursue peace; we fully support further diplomatic outreach and dialogue between Rwanda and DRC. We have raised our concerns about the increase in violence, protection of civilians and increased movement of armed groups with the governments in the region, as well as the leadership of the UN Peacekeeping Mission, MONUSCO. The UK engages frequently and at a senior level with the Governments of Rwanda and DRC. Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon raised our concerns about the escalating violence in the region most recently with the Rwandan Foreign Minister on 14 June 2022 and I intend to raise these concerns with my counterparts in Rwanda and DRC over the coming days.

The UK is committed to supporting efforts to build stability and reduce violence in DRC. The UK continues to be a major funder of MONUSCO and to liaise extensively on their deployments to improve security and ensure the protection of civilians and the safety and security of UN personnel and humanitarian workers.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-13/16893Protection of CiviliansDemocratic Republic of Congo
13, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they have taken, in conjunction with allied countries, to establish a global early-warning system for (1) pandemics, and (2) terror attacks using biological or chemical weapons.Lord Hylton, Crossbench, Expected HereditaryThe UK plays a leading role in strengthening pandemic early warning systems including the development of the new International Pathogen Surveillance Network (IPSN). The UK is working with G7 members on the development of WHO's Hub for Pandemic and Epidemic Intelligence. Through bilateral and multilateral health investments, the UK also supports low- and middle-income countries to strengthen their routine disease surveillance systems.

The UK opposes any use of chemical or biological weapons. We are committed to upholding the effective global implementation of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention and Chemical Weapons Convention. We work closely with the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons to ensure readiness to respond to any use of chemical weapons, including by non-state actors. In 2021, under the UK's Presidency, the G7 Global Partnership Against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction launched its Signature Initiative working with partner countries to promote the development of detection and early warning systems for chemical and biological attacks.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-13/hl882Counter-Terrorism
13, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with the government of Israel over continuing reports of the killing of Palestinians, including children, by Israeli military personnel.Lord Jones of Cheltenham, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
We regularly raise the issue of the high numbers of Palestinians killed and injured by Israeli Defense Forces in the West Bank and Gaza with the Israeli authorities, encouraging them to carry out swift, transparent and thorough investigations and, if wrongdoing is found, that those responsible be held to account. We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population, particularly the need to protect children, and urge restraint in the use of live fire.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-13/hl891Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
9, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have made to the International Criminal Court (ICC) regarding alleged recent atrocities committed in Nigeria by jihadist groups and organisations targeting minorities; and what assistance they are providing to the ICC in proceeding with any formal investigations.
Lord Alton of Liverpool, Crossbench, Life peer
Support for international criminal justice and accountability is a fundamental element of our foreign policy. The UK has always been, and remains, a strong supporter of the mission of the International Criminal Court (ICC), in line with its founding Statute. It is important for the stabilisation of North East Nigeria that victims and the families of those affected by the conflict see that justice has been done.

On 11 December 2020 the Prosecutor announced that she had concluded her preliminary examination stating there was a reasonable basis to believe that war crimes and crimes against humanity were committed in Nigeria. The Prosecutor is now seeking judicial authorisation to open an ICC investigation. The UK has not been asked by the ICC to provide assistance.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-09/hl805Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalNigeria
9, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment she has made of the implications for her policies of the killing of six civilians in Sagaing Region’s Myinmu Township by the military in Myanmar.Catherine West, Labour, Hornsey and Wood Green
The UK is deeply concerned about the continuing conflict in Sagaing Region, where thousands have been displaced and many killed. The UK Government strongly condemns reported incidences, based on credible reports of torture, sexual violence and village burnings. The UK is supporting human rights monitoring and verification on the ground.

Since the coup, the UK has had no senior bilateral engagement with the military regime but we continue to call out their actions publicly, most recently in a statement to the UN General Assembly on 13 June 2022. We also secured strong language on the protection of civilians at the UN Security Council (UNSC) on 2 February. On 26 November, the UK coordinated a joint statement which raised concern at the risk of mass atrocities in Sagaing Region and elsewhere in Myanmar, and which urged the military to end the violence. We will continue to use all available multilateral fora, including the UNSC, to raise our concerns at the targeting of civilians by the military.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-09/15327Protection of CiviliansMyanmar
9, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps she is taking to support journalists in Myanmar who have experienced physical violence and threats of imprisonment for their media work.Catherine West, Labour, Hornsey and Wood Green
Since the military coup on 1 February 2021, Myanmar's military and police continue to undermine and violate media freedom. We condemn the targeting, detention and killing of journalists and media workers. We call on the military regime to immediately stop all violence, release those unjustly detained and end its obstruction of the Myanmar people's right to information and freedom of expression. We are also providing emergency funding to help journalists and media organisations continue reporting what is happening in Myanmar.

We have called and continued to call for the protection of civilians, including journalists, and the release of all those in arbitrary detention, including at the UN Security Council and Human Rights Council.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-09/15324Protection of CiviliansMyanmar
9, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what discussions she has had with her counterparts in Myanmar following the killing of six civilians in Sagaing Region’s Myinmu Township by the military in Myanmar on 8 June 2022.Catherine West, Labour, Hornsey and Wood Green
Since the coup, the UK has had no senior bilateral engagement with the military regime but we continue to call out their actions publicly, most recently in a statement to the UN General Assembly on 13 June 2022. We also secured strong language on the protection of civilians at the UN Security Council (UNSC) on 2 February. On 26 November, the UK coordinated a joint statement which raised concern at the risk of mass atrocities in Sagaing Region and elsewhere in Myanmar, and which urged the military to end the violence. We will continue to use all available multilateral fora, including the UNSC, to raise our concerns at the targeting of civilians by the military.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-09/15326Protection of CiviliansMyanmar
9, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they have provided (1) aid, and (2) diplomatic support, in response to recent attacks on Massalit communities in Darfur, Sudan, by the Janjaweed militia.
The Earl of Sandwich, Crossbench, Expected Hereditary
We issued a statement on 25 April, setting out our concerns and the need for the Sudanese authorities to deliver their responsibilities to protect civilians. We underscored the importance of an independent investigation into the violence at the UN Security Council (UNSC) on 27 April and helped to secure a UNSC statement condemning the violence on 29 April. We are also in contact with the UN over providing humanitarian assistance to those affected. We have frequently raised our concerns at violence in Darfur with the Sudanese authorities, including the leadership of the Rapid Support Forces, during a visit by the UK Special Envoy for the Horn of Africa and the Red Sea on 27-29 April. We will continue to do so.

The fragile security situation across Sudan has been exacerbated by the ongoing political crisis. Since the military coup in October 2021, we have encouraged all Sudanese political actors to engage in talks to restore a civilian-led government. Our Special Envoy for the Horn of Africa and the Red Sea delivered this message directly to Sudan's military leadership during his 27-29 April visit.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-09/hl838Protection of CiviliansSudan
9, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment she has made of the implications for her policies of the killing of six civilians in Sagaing Region’s Myinmu Township by the military in Myanmar.Catherine West, Labour, Hornsey and Wood Green
The UK is deeply concerned about the continuing conflict in Sagaing Region, where thousands have been displaced and many killed. The UK Government strongly condemns reported incidences, based on credible reports of torture, sexual violence and village burnings. The UK is supporting human rights monitoring and verification on the ground.

Since the coup, the UK has had no senior bilateral engagement with the military regime but we continue to call out their actions publicly, most recently in a statement to the UN General Assembly on 13 June 2022. We also secured strong language on the protection of civilians at the UN Security Council (UNSC) on 2 February. On 26 November, the UK coordinated a joint statement which raised concern at the risk of mass atrocities in Sagaing Region and elsewhere in Myanmar, and which urged the military to end the violence. We will continue to use all available multilateral fora, including the UNSC, to raise our concerns at the targeting of civilians by the military.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-09/15327Protection of CiviliansMyanmar
8, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to support embedding (1) conflict-related sexual violence expertise, and (2) child-specific expertise, in all international mechanisms currently investigating violations of international humanitarian law and human rights in Ukraine.Governess Helic, Conservative, Life peer
The UK condemns all conflict related sexual violence (CRSV) and crimes committed against children (CAH) in Ukraine. We are working with international partners to strengthen Ukraine's domestic investigations into war crimes, including through deployments of specialist UK expertise such as the Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict Initiative Team of Experts. The first Mobile Justice Team (MJT) under the ACA initiative is being set up on the ground. We expect tackling conflict-related sexual violence and crimes against children to be a key feature of the ACA's work to support Ukrainian authorities. As such, we are planning specific capacity and technical expertise to support increased understanding, identification, investigation, and prosecution of CRSV and crimes against children. We are also taking steps to ensure the Murad Code, a UK-funded tool on best practice approaches for CRSV investigations is widely adopted.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-08/hl778Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalUkraine
8, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government whether the Atrocity Crimes Advisory Group for Ukraine includes dedicated expertise in the investigation of (1) crimes of sexual violence in conflict, and (2) crimes against children.Governess Helic, Conservative, Life peer
The UK condemns all conflict related sexual violence (CRSV) and crimes committed against children (CAH) in Ukraine. We are working with international partners to strengthen Ukraine's domestic investigations into war crimes, including through deployments of specialist UK expertise such as the Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict Initiative Team of Experts. The first Mobile Justice Team (MJT) under the ACA initiative is being set up on the ground. We expect tackling conflict-related sexual violence and crimes against children to be a key feature of the ACA's work to support Ukrainian authorities. As such, we are planning specific capacity and technical expertise to support increased understanding, identification, investigation, and prosecution of CRSV and crimes against children. We are also taking steps to ensure the Murad Code, a UK-funded tool on best practice approaches for CRSV investigations is widely adopted.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-08/hl777Protection of CiviliansUkraine
8, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of reports that an Israeli airstrike on an agrochemical warehouse in Gaza in May 2021 constituted the use of chemical weapons.Baroness Janke, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
We recognise Israel's legitimate need to deploy security measures and we encourage them to deploy these in a way that minimises tension and uses appropriate force. We call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and have a regular dialogue with Israel on legal issues relating to the occupation.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-08/hl784Law domestic & International, Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
8, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, on what dates officials in his Department have held discussions with Kenyan officials on the ongoing investigation into the killing of Agnes Wanjiru.John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, Labour
A number of formal and informal discussions on the investigation into the alleged murder of Agnes Wanjiru have taken place between Kenyan and UK officials. This is an ongoing investigation under Kenyan jurisdiction. In the interests of protecting an active investigation and in the interest of justice, we cannot comment in detail on activity.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-08/14430Law domestic & InternationalKenya
8, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to support calls for Ukraine to be listed as ‘a situation of concern’ in the UN Secretary General’s Annual Report on Children and Armed Conflict.Baroness Helic, Conservative, Life peer
The UK strongly recommends that the UN Secretary-General includes Ukraine as a 'situation of concern' in his upcoming annual report on children and armed conflict (CAAC) next month. This would enable greater scrutiny of grave violations against children in the region, ensuring that all credible allegations of crimes in the territory of Ukraine are investigated.

The UK is an active member of the UN Security Council (UNSC) CAAC Working Group where we have been working closely with the United States to push the Special Representative of the UN Secretary General on Children and Armed Conflict (SRSG-CAAC) for regular reporting during meetings on the situation of children in Ukraine.

The UK will continue these efforts to bring the situation to the attention of the Working Group and the wider UNSC, and to support all efforts to improve our collective understanding of the situation on the ground, through evidence and data collection.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-08/hl779Protection of CiviliansUkraine
7, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps the Government is taking to help tackle food insecurity faced by Northern and East African states.Sir Robert Buckland, Conservative, South Swindon
We are aware that the inability to export grain from Ukraine is having a detrimental impact on food security in some North African countries. We are engaging with the relevant authorities to understand what challenges they are facing, and working with international partners to find ways to get grain out of Ukraine.

East Africa is experiencing one of its most severe droughts in history with more than 15 million people in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia assessed to be acutely food insecure, according to the UN. The UK is a major humanitarian donor to the East Africa region. In 2022 to support communities affected by drought plus flooding and conflict the UK has provided £72 million to Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and South Sudan. Across the region UK funded humanitarian activities are making a difference and saving lives. In Kenya the UK is providing 26,000 children with life-saving nutritional support. In Ethiopia a further 200,000 children and pregnant and lactating women in southern and eastern regions will receive similar aid.

The UK also played a critical role in convening the recent UN Horn of Africa Drought Roundtable which took place in late April in Geneva. This included working with states in the region and the UN to ensure appropriate levels of participation. It helped to bring much needed focus on the drought and it mobilised roughly US$400 million in new funding.

Our response to the drought builds on long-established resilience building programmes in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia. In Kenya this includes support to the Hunger Safety Programme, which has provided 600,000 people in drought prone areas with regular financial assistance. In Ethiopia, the UK funded Productive Safety Net Programme has benefitted some 8 million people via financial welfare provision and community public works projects. In Somalia the UK has been supporting over 220 rural communities in three large urban cities with durable solutions initiatives for internally displaced persons. These programmes, coupled with additional investments, have enabled the UK to reach nearly 8 million individuals as a part of its emergency humanitarian response.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-07/13701Protection of CiviliansNorthern and East Africa
6, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, pursuant to the Answer of 26 May 2022 to Question 4477 on Afghanistan: Military Aid, if he will publish a list of the equipment recovered from Afghanistan (a) before and (b) during Operation Pitting that was gifted to partner nations.
John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, Labour
Between July and the UK's full military withdrawal in Afghanistan in August 2021, the UK gifted the United States five minibuses, one locally acquired coach, one forked-lift vehicle and 40 public order kits. All sensitive equipment and anything considered attractive to criminal and terrorist organisations was recovered or denied.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-06/13036Counter-TerrorismAfghanistan
6, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if the Government will (a) support a peace dividend for Yemen, (b) allocate funding to that county to restore public infrastructure, including health, education, roads, water supplies and sewerage systems, and (c) encourage regional powers to take similar steps in the context of the recent truce.Paula Barker, Labour, Liverpool, Wavertree
The UK welcomes the extension on 2 June of the UN-brokered truce in Yemen. We urge the parties to continue dialogue towards a durable ceasefire and an inclusive political settlement under UN auspices. After over seven long years of conflict, a negotiated political settlement is the only way to bring long-term stability to Yemen, end humanitarian suffering and enable the conditions for the sustainable recovery of public services. We continue to use our diplomatic relations and role as penholder on Yemen in the UN Security Council to support efforts towards political dialogue and peace.

The UK supports health, water and sanitation institutions across Yemen as part of our £88 million aid commitment this financial year. The UK is active in engaging regional partners on UN-led peace efforts and humanitarian issues and welcomes the recent announcement by Saudi Arabia and the UAE of the $3 billion economic support package for Yemen. The UK will continue to work with regional partners to help address both the immediate and longer term needs of vulnerable Yemenis.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-06/13270Protection of CiviliansYemen
6, June, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with the government of Israel, if any, about the reported fatal shooting of Odeh Mohammad Odeh Sadaqa by Israeli forces in the occupied West Bank.Baroness Sheehan, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
We regularly raise the issue of the high numbers of Palestinians killed and injured by Israeli Defense Forces in the West Bank and Gaza with the Israeli authorities, encouraging them to carry out swift, transparent and thorough investigations. We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population, particularly the need to protect children, and urge restraint in the use of live fire.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-06/hl681Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
1, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps her Department has taken on implementing recommendation 21B of the Bishop of Truro’s Review into Christian persecution catalyst for action.Derek Thomas, Conservative, St Ives
The Bishop of Truro's review provided recommendations for a Government response to support members of all faiths, beliefs, and those of no religious belief. We have taken forward the 22 recommendations in a way that makes a real change for everyone persecuted for their religion or belief.

Recommendation 21 focuses on sharing lessons across Government from implementing the recommendations of the Truro Review, and proposes agenda items for a Cabinet discussion. Proposed agenda item b focuses on championing the prosecution of ISIS perpetrators of sex crimes against Yazidi and Christian women, not only as terrorists. The UK was the driving force behind the establishment of the UN Investigative Team for Accountability of Daesh (UNITAD), providing £2 million to support investigations into violence against minority communities and developing a platform for witnesses and survivors to submit information securely in relation to Daesh crimes. In May 2022, the Minister of State responsible for human rights, Lord (Tariq) Ahmad of Wimbledon, sent an update note to his ministerial counterparts in Government outlining the UK's support for Yazidi and other minority communities in Iraq to rebuild their lives after Daesh, secure justice, and exercise the right to freedom of religion or belief.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-01/11789Counter-Terrroism
1, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether her Department plans to provide support to the Democratic Republic of Congo to help combat rebels in that country.Daniel Kawczynski, Conservative, Shrewsbury and Atcham
The fragile security situation in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is concerning. The recent increase in violence risks efforts to pursue peace. In recent weeks we have raised our concerns about the increase in violence, protection of civilians and increased movement of armed groups with the governments of DRC, Uganda and Rwanda, as well as the leadership of the UN Peacekeeping Mission, MONUSCO.

The UK is committed to supporting efforts to build stability and reduce violence in DRC. At the recent UN Security Council session on DRC, the UK urged leaders of the region to re-double their efforts to pursue dialogue, de-escalation and the use of effective regional mechanisms to resolve disputes. The UK continues to be a major funder of MONUSCO and to liaise extensively on their deployments to improve security and ensure the protection of civilians and the safety and security of UN personnel and humanitarian workers. We will continue to closely monitor the situation and engage with all governments in the region to improve the security situation.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-01/11619Protection of CiviliansDemocratic Republic of Congo
1, June, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what representations she has made to the Government of Rwanda on that country's support for rebels fighting in the Democratic Republic of Congo.Daniel Kawczynski, Conservative, Shrewsbury and Atcham
The fragile security situation in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is concerning. The recent increase in violence risks efforts to pursue peace. In recent weeks we have raised our concerns about the increase in violence, protection of civilians and increased movement of armed groups with the governments of DRC, Uganda and Rwanda, as well as the leadership of the UN Peacekeeping Mission, MONUSCO. The UK engages frequently and at a senior level with the governments of Rwanda and DRC through our missions on the ground, and in the UK. I [the Minister for Africa] raised our concerns about the escalating violence in the region most recently with the Rwandan Foreign Minister on 18 May 2022.

The UK is committed to supporting efforts to build stability and reduce violence in DRC. At the recent UN Security Council session on DRC, the UK urged leaders of the region to re-double their efforts to pursue dialogue, de-escalation and the use of effective regional mechanisms to resolve disputes. The UK continues to be a major funder of MONUSCO and to liaise extensively on their deployments to improve security and ensure the protection of civilians and the safety and security of UN personnel and humanitarian workers. We will continue to closely monitor the situation and engage with all governments in the region to improve the security situation.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-06-01/11618Protection of CiviliansDemocratic Republic of Congo
26, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, when (a) she and (b) her Ministers last visited Afghanistan.Preet Kaur Gill, Birmingham, Edgbaston, Labour
The Foreign Secretary and FCDO Ministers have not visited Afghanistan in their current roles. Officials are engaging pragmatically with the Taliban to further UK objectives, including human rights and counter-terrorism.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-26/9955Counter-TerrorismAfghanistan
26, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what discussions she has had with her Israeli counterpart on holding an independent investigation into the killing of Shireen Abu Aqleh.Abena Oppong-Asare, Labour, Erith and Thamesmead
During a call with the Israeli Ambassador on 19 May, I made clear the UK's sadness at the recent death of Shireen Abu Aqleh and the disturbing scenes at her funeral in Jerusalem. I urged a thorough, impartial and transparent investigation into the events. The UK Ambassador to Israel has reiterated the importance of an investigation with the Israeli authorities. We call for urgent steps to de-escalate tensions and for restraint in the use of force. The safety of journalists across the globe is vital and they must be protected when carrying out their critical work.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-26/10029Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
24, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps her Department is taking to help resolve the humanitarian crisis in Yemen.Damien Moore, Conservative, Southport
The UK has played a leading role in responding to the humanitarian crisis, committing over £1 billion in aid since the conflict began. Over the course of our coming financial year, the UK will provide at least £88 million in aid to the people of Yemen. UK funding will be provided through multiple agencies, including the World Food Programme and UNICEF. This will help feed at least 200,000 people every month, provide lifesaving health care for 800,000 women and children, and treat 85,000 severely malnourished children. We will work with our delivery partners to ensure aid is disbursed quickly and effectively to avoid further suffering. An inclusive political settlement is the only way to bring long-term stability to Yemen and to address the worsening humanitarian crisis. The UK fully supports the work of the UN Special Envoy, and welcomes his plans to propose an extension to the current truce in Yemen.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-24/8152Protection of Civilians Yemen
23, May, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government whether UK financial aid is being diverted from (1) Afghanistan, and (2) Yemen, because of the conflict in Ukraine.The Marquess of Lothian, Conservative, Life peer
No UK financial aid is being diverted from Afghanistan or Yemen because of the conflict in Ukraine. We doubled our assistance for Afghanistan for 2021/2022 to £286 million. The full amount was disbursed for life-saving humanitarian support, including for emergency food, health, nutrition, shelter, water and sanitation, and de-mining. In Yemen, the UK has played a leading role in responding to the humanitarian crisis, committing over £1 billion in aid since the conflict began. We will spend at least £88 million in UK aid over the course of this financial year.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-23/hl428Protection of CiviliansYemen, Afghanistan
23, May, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of (1) the presence of armed Israeli forces at St Joseph's hospital on 13 May, (2) the actions of the Israeli forces towards attendees of the funeral of Shireen Abu Aqleh, and (3) the confiscation of Palestinian flags by Israeli forces at the funeral.Baroness Janke, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
During a call with the Israeli Ambassador on 19 May, Minister Milling made clear the UK's sadness at the recent death of Shireen Abu Aqleh and the deeply disturbing scenes at her funeral in Jerusalem. She urged a thorough, impartial and transparent investigation into the events. The UK Ambassador to Israel has reiterated the importance of an investigation with the Israeli authorities. We call for urgent steps to de-escalate tensions and for restraint in the use of force. The safety of journalists across the globe is vital and they must be protected when carrying out their critical work.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-23/hl422Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
23, May, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the statement by Catholic leaders on 16 May regarding the actions of the Israeli police at St Joseph Hospital during Shireen Abu Aqleh's funeral, what representations they have made to the government of Israel, including to Prime Minister Naftali Bennet on this matter.The Marquess of Lothian, Conservative, Life peer
During a call with the Israeli Ambassador on 19 May, Minister Milling made clear the UK's sadness at the recent death of Shireen Abu Aqleh and the deeply disturbing scenes at her funeral in Jerusalem. She urged a thorough, impartial and transparent investigation into the events. The UK Ambassador to Israel has reiterated the importance of an investigation with the Israeli authorities. We call for urgent steps to de-escalate tensions and for restraint in the use of force. The safety of journalists across the globe is vital and they must be protected when carrying out their critical work.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-23/hl431Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
23, May, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have made to the government of Israel concerning reports of Israeli forces using a girl as a human shield, and then bombing her home in Jenin, on 13 May.Baroness Sheehan, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
We repeatedly call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and have a regular dialogue with Israel on legal issues relating to the occupation, including the treatment of Palestinian children. We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population, particularly the need to protect children. We also regularly raise the importance of the Israeli security force's adherence to the principles of necessity and proportionality when defending its legitimate security interest.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-23/hl453Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalPalestine/Israel
19, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment he has made of the level of Islamic extremist groups in Mali.John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, Labour
The UK is concerned about the deteriorating security situation in Mali, with violent attacks being perpetrated by Islamic extremists. We are committed to building peace and stability in the Sahel through our deployment to the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali (MINUSMA) which is a clear illustration of how our defence and security capabilities can contribute to regional stability.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-19/5340Counter-TerrorismMali
19, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment he made of the impact on the UK’s MINUSMA deployment in Mali following the decision of the Malian Government to withdraw from the G5 Sahel Force.John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, Labour
We dynamically review the political and security situation in Mali, and we are aware of the recent decision of the Malian Government to withdraw from the G5 Sahel Force. The UK's continued support to the United Nations MINUSMA mission is still under review. Some enablers for the UK's continuation sit with the departing French force. We are in discussions with the UN and key allies to determine how these can be replaced.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-19/5339Counter-TerrorismMali
19, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what discussions he has had with his French counterpart on the impact on the UK’s MINUSMA deployment in Mali following the French withdrawal from that country in summer 2022.John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, Labour
The UK has regular dialogue with the French on Mali as the French Counter Terrorism Operation BARKHANE draws to a close, and as we continue to support their withdrawal through the provision of a CH47 Support Helicopter detachment. The UK's continued support to the United Nations MINUSMA mission is still under constant review.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-19/5337Counter-TerrorismMali
19, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what (a) guidance and (b) policy Veterans UK staff follow on veterans suffering from migraines.Owen Thompson, Scottish National Party, MidlothianI can confirm that there is no specific guidance or policy which Veterans UK staff follow regarding veterans suffering from migraines as a result of Service.

Claims made in respect of migraines would be considered in the same way as any other claim under either the Armed Forces Compensation Scheme (AFCS) or the War Pension Scheme (WPS). AFCS and WPS decisions are evidence-based and, taking account of the risk factors or causes of an injury or illness, decisions on entitlement are made based on whether the injury or illness was caused, or made worse by an individual's service.

Information regarding both schemes and how to contact the veterans' welfare service is also available on gov.uk at the following link: https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/veterans-uk/about

MOD Veterans UK encourages anyone who wishes to discuss making a claim for a service-related condition under the Armed Forces Compensation Scheme or War Pensions Scheme to contact the Veterans UK Helpline on 0808 1914 218.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-19/5466Law domestic & International
18, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many UK armed forces personnel are currently deployed as part of the NATO Mission in Iraq.John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, Labour
At present, the UK has 22 Armed Forces personnel and two civilians deployed to the NATO Mission in Iraq.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-18/4474Counter-TerrorismIraq
18, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment he has made of the threat posed to UK security by Islamic extremism in Afghanistan.John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, Labour
The Government's objective remains to prevent Afghanistan from becoming a place where terrorism flourishes, from which terrorist groups are able to threaten the West and our interests. The Joint Terrorism Analysis Centre (JTAC) is the UK's independent centre for analysis and assessment of terrorism. JTAC keeps the UK national threat level under constant review. This is a systematic, comprehensive, and rigorous process, based on the very latest intelligence and analysis of internal and external factors which drive the threat, including Al Qaeda, its affiliates, and other international terrorist groups or individuals.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-18/4479Counter-TerrorismAfghanistna
17, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps she is taking to help support (a) security coordination and (b) conflict resolution and prevention efforts across the Sahel region following the announcement by the coup authorities in Mali of their withdrawal from the G5 Sahel joint force.
Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
The UK is following developments across the Sahel closely, including the impacts of the recent decision by the Malian transitional authorities to withdraw from the G5 Sahel grouping and the G5 Sahel Joint Force. In close coordination with international, regional and UN partners, we continue to work towards building long-term peace and stability across the Sahel through our deployment to the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali (MINUSMA) and our programmatic support for stabilisation, enhancing civil-military coordination and strengthening local conflict resolution mechanisms.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-17/3535Counter-TerrorismMali
17, May, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the report by Reporters Without Borders that there have been more than 140 instances of violence by Israeli security forces against journalists in Friday protests since March 2018.The Lord Bishop of Southwark, Bishops, BishopsThe UK is committed to the protection of media freedom around the world. The safety of journalists across the globe is vital and they must be protected when carrying out their critical work. We continue to reiterate the importance of a free and open press, and freedom of expression to the Israeli Government and Palestinian Authority. We also continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-17/hl324Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
17, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent estimate she has made of the number of people classified as (a) militants and (b) families of militants who have surrendered to the Multinational Joint Task Force in the Lake Chad region in the last three months; and what engagement she has had with the Multinational Joint Task Force on the (i) criteria they are using for the classification of militants and families of militants and (ii) the tactics used for engagement and detention of those classified as militants or families of militants.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
Since August 2021, the Nigerian Defence Headquarters have recorded that more than 53,262 individuals, who are either ex-associates of Violent Extremist Organisations (VEOs), families of ex-associates, or civilians resident in areas of VEO control, have handed themselves in to civil and military authorities in North East Nigeria and Far North Cameroon. The majority of these surrendered either to civilian authorities or to Nigerian and Cameroonian Security Forces, rather than the Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF). The Nigerian authorities have informed us that 2701 individuals have been assessed as potential active combatants. Those that have handed themselves over to the Nigerian authorities are being held in three camps in Borno State; Hajj Camp, Bulumkutu and Shokari Transitional Centres. We regularly engage the Borno State Government on the provision of security and services to these camps. Those that surrendered in Cameroon have either been transferred to Nigeria (Nigerian Nationals) or are being held at a centre in Meri (Cameroonian Nationals). We have also engaged the Cameroonian security services on detention conditions.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-17/3534Counter-TerrorismLake Chad Basin
16, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps her Department is taking to ensure press freedoms are being upheld in the Middle East and across the world in the context of the recent killing of Al Jazeera journalist, Shireen Abu Akleh; and whether the Government plans to call for an independent inquiry into Shireen Abu Akleh's death.Sarah Owen, Labour, Luton North
On 11 May, I publicly expressed my sadness upon hearing news of the tragic death of veteran Palestinian Al Jazeera journalist Shireen Abu Aqleh, and called for a thorough investigation. The Foreign Secretary also made this clear in a statement on 12 May. On 19 May, I also spoke to the Israeli Ambassador to the UK and reiterated the importance of a thorough, transparent and impartial investigation. The UK is committed to the protection of media freedom around the world. The safety of journalists across the globe is vital and they must be protected when carrying out their critical work. We continue to reiterate the importance of a free and open press, and freedom of expression to the Israeli Government and Palestinian Authority.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-16/2661Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
16, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what representations she has made to her Israeli counterpart on the violence at the funeral of Shireen Abu Akleh.Mr David Jones, Conservative, Clwyd West
On 11 May, I publicly expressed my sadness upon hearing news of the tragic death of veteran Palestinian Al Jazeera journalist Shireen Abu Aqleh, and called for a thorough investigation. The Foreign Secretary also made this clear in a statement on 12 May. We were also deeply disturbed by the scenes in Jerusalem at her funeral. Her death was a tragedy and those mourning must be treated with respect and dignity. We call for urgent steps to de-escalate tensions and for restraint in the use of force. The UK Ambassador to Israel has reiterated the importance of an investigation with the Israeli authorities. The safety of journalists across the globe is vital and they must be protected when carrying out their critical work.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-16/2402Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
16, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what representations she has made to her Israeli counterpart on the killing of the journalist Shireen Abu Akleh in the West Bank; and what steps she is taking to ensure that there is an independent international investigation into her death.Marsha De Cordova, Labour, Battersea
On 11 May, I publicly expressed my sadness upon hearing news of the tragic death of veteran Palestinian Al Jazeera journalist Shireen Abu Aqleh, and called for a thorough investigation. The Foreign Secretary also made this clear in a statement on 12 May. On 19 May, I also spoke to the Israeli Ambassador to the UK and reiterated the importance of a thorough, transparent and impartial investigation. The safety of journalists across the globe is vital and they must be protected when carrying out their critical work.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-16/2643Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
16, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what representations the Government has made to the Israeli Government on its treatment of journalists.Afzhal Khan, Labour, Manchester, Gorton
The UK is committed to the protection of media freedom around the world. The safety of journalists across the globe is vital and they must be protected when carrying out their critical work. During a call with the Israeli Ambassador on 19 May, I made clear the UK's sadness at the recent death of Shireen Abu Aqleh whilst working in the Occupied Palestinian Territories. I also urged a thorough and transparent investigation and pushed for action to safeguard the work of journalists.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-16/2641Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
16, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment she has made of the (a) fatal shooting of Palestinian journalist Shireen Abu Akleh in the West Bank and (b) attack on pallbearers as they carried her coffin; and what steps the Government is taking in response to these events.Claire Hanna, Social Democratic and Labour Party, Belfast South
On 11 May, I publicly expressed my sadness upon hearing news of the tragic death of veteran Palestinian Al Jazeera journalist Shireen Abu Aqleh, and called for a thorough investigation. The Foreign Secretary also made this clear in a statement on 12 May. We were also deeply disturbed by the scenes in Jerusalem at her funeral. Her death was a tragedy and those mourning must be treated with respect and dignity. We call for urgent steps to de-escalate tensions and for restraint in the use of force. The UK Ambassador to Israel has reiterated the importance of an investigation with the Israeli authorities. The safety of journalists across the globe is vital and they must be protected when carrying out their critical work.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-16/2697Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
16, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps the Government is taking in its role as penholder on Yemen at the UN Security Council to support the creation of an international mechanism to ensure accountability for human rights violations and war crimes.Deidre Brock, Scottish National Party, Edinburgh North and Leith
We are concerned about reports of serious and wide-ranging human rights violations and abuses by parties to the Yemen conflict. In March we co-sponsored a joint statement at the Human Rights Council recognizing the collective effort needed to respond to these allegations. The statement called for all parties to comply with their obligations under international human rights law and international humanitarian law.

We regret that the mandate of the UN Group of Eminent Experts on Yemen was not renewed last October. The UK voted in favour of renewing the mandate.

We are discussing with international partners the potential for a follow-up mechanism to support human rights accountability in Yemen. Justice and accountability are key for inclusive and durable peace.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-16/2525Protection of CiviliansYemen
16, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, with reference to the UN's prediction of extreme hunger in Sudan in the remaining months of 2022, what assessment she has made of the need to provide aid to that country.Sir Mark Hendrick, Labour, Preston
We are concerned at the food insecurity situation in Sudan as highlighted by the 21 March Food and Agriculture Organization report. The World Food Programme (WFP) has subsequently estimated that up to 20 million people will face "emergency" or "crisis" levels of acute food insecurity in 2022. The UK continues to provide humanitarian support to those most in need in Sudan. In 2021, we contributed £27 million to humanitarian assistance, via partners including the WFP, the UN-led Sudan Humanitarian Fund, the International Committee of the Red Cross and other non-governmental organisations. This 2021 funding provided approximately 1.2 million people with lifesaving assistance (such as food, cash and voucher support, safe drinking water, shelter and sanitation), including providing over 500,000 vulnerable children with free school meals.

The overwhelming driver of current food insecurity in Sudan is the political and economic crisis. Since the military coup in October 2021, we have encouraged all Sudanese political actors to engage in the talks facilitated by the UN, African Union and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development to resolve the political crisis. Most recently, our Special Envoy for the Horn of Africa and the Red Sea delivered this message directly to Sudan's military leadership on 28 April in Khartoum.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-16/2374Protection of CiviliansSudan
16, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what discussions he (a) has had and (b) will have any civil society organisations on the Political Declaration on the Use of Explosive Weapons in Populated Areas prior to the final round of negotiations on that declaration.Stewart Malcolm McDonald, Scottish National Party, Glasgow South
UK Government officials have held numerous discussions with multiple civil society organisations on the Political Declaration on the Use of Explosive Weapons in Populated Areas and will continue to do so ahead of the final round of negotiations.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-16/2535Protection of Civilians
13, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether she has made any representations to her Israeli counterpart on the murder of Al Jazeera journalist Shireen Abu Aqleh.Afzhal Khan, Labour, Manchester, Gorton
On 11 May, I publicly expressed my sadness upon hearing news of the tragic death of veteran Palestinian Al Jazeera journalist Shireen Abu Aqleh, and called for a thorough investigation. The Foreign Secretary also made this clear in a statement on 12 May. The UK Ambassador to Israel has reiterated the importance of an investigation with the Israeli authorities. The safety of journalists across the globe is vital and they must be protected when carrying out their critical work.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-13/1542Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
13, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if her Department will take steps to encourage an independent inquiry by the parties involved into the death of Al Jazeera journalist Shireen Abu Aqleh.Afzhal Khan, Labour, Manchester, Gorton
On 11 May, I publicly expressed my sadness upon hearing news of the tragic death of veteran Palestinian Al Jazeera journalist Shireen Abu Aqleh, and called for a thorough investigation. The Foreign Secretary also made this clear in a statement on 12 May. The UK Ambassador to Israel has reiterated the importance of an investigation with the Israeli authorities. The safety of journalists across the globe is vital and they must be protected when carrying out their critical work.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-13/1541Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
12, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment her Department has made of (a) the number of Palestinians injured by Israeli forces since the beginning of 2022 and (b) the adequacy of local healthcare resources to treat the wounded.Sarah Champion, Labour, Rotherham
We regularly raise Palestinians injured by Israeli Defense Forces in the Occupied Palestinian Territories with the Israeli authorities, encouraging them to carry out swift, transparent and thorough investigations. Our Embassy in Tel Aviv regularly raises the importance of the Israel security force's adherence to the principles of necessity and proportionality when defending its legitimate security interest. The wounded should be able to access urgent medical care they need.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-12/1178Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
12, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent estimate her Department has made of (a) the number of Palestinian (i) homes and (ii) healthcare centres that were Gaza damaged or destroyed during Israel’s military offensive in May 2021, and (b) how many of these have been fully rebuilt or rehabilitated.Sarah Champion, Labour, Rotherham
The UK continues to monitor closely the ongoing humanitarian situation in Gaza. We continue to work with key partners, including the World Bank and the UN to understand the ongoing reconstruction efforts in Gaza. The World Bank issued a Rapid Damage and Needs Assessment report in July 2021 to assess the damage which is publicly available. We continue to urge access into and out of Gaza, in accordance with International Humanitarian Law, for humanitarian actors, reconstruction materials and those, including Palestinians, travelling for medical purposes.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-12/1181Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
12, May, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government who represented the UK government at the Ministerial Meeting of the Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS in Marrakesh on Wednesday 11 May; and what conclusions the meeting reached with regard to Coalition action against ISIS in Africa, Iraq, Syria and Afghanistan.The Marquess of Lothian, Conservative, Life peer
The British Ambassador to Morocco, Simon Martin, represented the UK government at the Global Coalition to Defeat Daesh Ministerial meeting in Marrakesh on Wednesday 11 May. I [Lord Ahmad, Minister for South Asia and Central Asia, North Africa, the United Nations and the Commonwealth] was unable to attend. The conclusions regarding Coalition action against Daesh in Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan and Africa are available in the Ministerial Communique. This is available at https://theglobalcoalition.org/en/communique-global-coalition-morocco/
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-12/hl208Counter-Terrorism
12, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment she has made of the implications for her policies of the killing of Al Jazeera journalist Shireen Abu Akleh.Afzhal Khan, Labour, Manchester, Gorton
On 11 May, I publicly expressed my sadness upon hearing news of the tragic death of veteran Palestinian Al Jazeera journalist Shireen Abu Aqleh and called for a thorough investigation. The Foreign Secretary also made this clear in a statement on 12 May. The UK Ambassador to Israel has reiterated the importance of an investigation with the Israeli authorities. The safety of journalists across the globe is vital and they must be protected when carrying out their critical work.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-12/1324Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
12, May, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have made to the government of Israel and the Palestinian authorities on the need for a full, independent, transparent and accountable investigation into the killing of the Al Jazeera journalist Shireen Abu Akleh on 11 May.The Marquess of Lothian, Conservative, Life peer
On 11 May, the Minister of State for Asia and the Middle East [Amanda Milling] publicly expressed her sadness upon hearing news of the tragic death of veteran Palestinian Al Jazeera journalist Shireen Abu Aqleh, and called for a thorough investigation. The Foreign Secretary also made this clear in a statement on 12 May. Officials from the British Embassy in Tel Aviv have reiterated the importance of an investigation with the Israeli authorities. The safety of journalists across the globe is vital and they must be protected when carrying out their critical work.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-12/hl210Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
12, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps she is taking to help prevent destruction of any evidence of (a) ethnic cleansing and (b) other war crimes, crimes against humanity, and human rights abuses in (i) western Tigray, and (ii) other areas of Ethiopia;, and what steps she will take to support accountability for any actions of destruction of such evidence that have already taken place.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
Reports of widespread human rights violations and abuses in Ethiopia committed by all sides to the conflict are very disturbing. These include extrajudicial killings, torture, sexual and gender-based violence, ethnic targeting, and the looting and destruction of civilian infrastructure. In my statement of 28 April, I [Minister Ford] reiterated the need for justice and accountability for the survivors and victims of crimes committed in Tigray, Amhara and Afar during this conflict. It is imperative that those who have committed or commanded human rights violations and abuses are held to account.

We have supported the Joint Investigation into human rights abuses and violations during the conflict, conducted by the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission and the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, and we welcome the Ethiopian Government's creation of an Inter-Ministerial Taskforce to take forward recommendations of the Joint Investigation report. At a Special Session of the Human Rights Council (HRC) in December 2021, the UK co-sponsored a resolution mandating the creation of an International Commission of Human Rights Experts to investigate human rights abuses and violations committed during the conflict. I [Minister Ford] have urged all parties to cooperate with this International Commission.

The UK's new Human Rights and Peacebuilding programme (HARP) is providing £4.5 million support to help build the capacity of the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission (including through enhanced investigative capacity), improve the availability and accessibility of services for survivors of gender-based violence, support peacebuilding initiatives and establish a national conflict research facility.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-12/1143Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalEthiopia
12, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment he has made of the effectiveness of Veterans UK accepting diagnoses letters from clinical psychologists, rather than psychiatrists of consultant grade, when applying for compensation for mental ill health from AFCS or War Pensions.Stephanie Peacock, Labour, Barnsley East
For mental health awards under the Armed Forces Compensation Scheme (AFCS), the Ministry of Defence (MOD) requires evidence of the diagnosis by either a psychiatrist or a clinical psychologist, at the consultant grade. This was a recommendation of the 2013 report by the Independent Medical Expert Group (IMEG), the Advisory Non-Departmental Public Body sponsored by MOD that provides assurance that AFCS policy and decision-making reflect contemporary medical understanding on causation and progress of disorders and injuries. The Department accepted this recommendation. This approach was reviewed by the IMEG again in their report of 2020, which maintained its recommendation that diagnosis is made at the consultant level by either a clinical psychologist or psychiatrist. The next IMEG report, expected to be published in June of this year, will make any new recommendations to the Department on the approach to mental health awards under the AFCS.

No such requirement exists under the War Pension Scheme, which predates the AFCS and operates under a different burden of proof and award system.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-12/1270Law domestic & International
11, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what representations she has made to her counterpart in the Israeli Government on the death of Shireen Abu Akleh.Mr David Jones, Conservative, Clwyd West
On 11 May, I publicly expressed my sadness upon hearing news of the tragic death of veteran Palestinian Al Jazeera journalist Shireen Abu Aqleh, and called for a thorough investigation. The Foreign Secretary also made this clear in a statement on 12 May. Officials from the British Embassy Tel Aviv have reiterated the importance of an investigation with the Israeli authorities. The safety of journalists across the globe is vital and they must be protected when carrying out their critical work.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-11/651Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
11, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps she is taking to (a) support investigations into the killings in the Krink region of West Darfur, Sudan on 24 April 2022, including reports of the complicity of Rapid Support Forces, and (b) help prevent further violence in that region.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
I [Minister Ford] am concerned at ongoing violence and destruction in West Darfur, including the Krink region. We issued a statement on 25 April, setting out our concerns and the need for the Sudanese authorities to deliver their responsibilities to protect civilians. We then underscored the importance of an independent investigation into the violence at the UN Security Council (UNSC) on 27 April and helped to secure a UNSC statement condemning the violence on 29 April. We are also in contact with the UN about providing humanitarian assistance to those affected. We have frequently raised our concerns at levels of violence in Darfur with a range of actors in Sudan, including the leadership of the Rapid Support Forces, most recently during a visit by the UK Envoy for the Horn of Africa and the Red Sea and other envoys on 27-29 April, and will continue to do so.

The UK has repeatedly called for the Sudanese authorities to accelerate implementation of the Juba Peace Agreement to help address violence and instability in Darfur and other historically marginalised areas in Sudan. The fragile security situation across the country has been exacerbated by the ongoing political crisis and underlines the urgent need for an agreement which re-establishes a civilian-led government. Since the coup, we have encouraged all Sudanese political actors to engage in the talks facilitated by the UN and the African Union to resolve the political crisis; a message our Ambassador in Khartoum delivered to Sudan's military leadership on 6 April.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-11/673Protection of CiviliansSudan
11, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps she is taking to support investigations into the involvement of (a) Russian mercenary groups, and (b) Russian military personnel in reported attacks on civilians in (i) Moura, (ii) Nioni, and (iii) Hombori in Mali during March and April 2022.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
The presence of the Wagner Group in Mali risks destabilising the wider region and undermining security for local populations. Following a CT operation carried out by the Malian Armed Forces in Moura, with the alleged involvement of Wagner Group, the Minister for Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, Vicky Ford, called for an urgent, transparent and impartial investigation to bring those responsible for these attacks to justice. She drew attention to the surge in alleged human rights abuses since the deployment of Wagner Group to Mali and urged the Malian authorities to end all ties with the mercenary group, to facilitate unfettered access for the UN's peacekeeping mission in Mali (MINUSMA) to conduct an independent investigation.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-11/674Protection of Civilians, Counter-TerrorismMali
11, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to the Answer of 27 April 2022 to Question 156379 on Russia: Defence Equipment, what steps his Department is taking to help ensure that UK-manufactured dual-use equipment is not used by the Russian military.John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, Labour
The Government reviews all licence applications for the export of UK-manufactured military and dual-use equipment against the Strategic Export Licensing Criteria, including an assessment of risk that the items will be diverted to an undesirable end-user or for an undesirable end-use. In addition, the UK ensures its arms exports are compliant with the Arms Trade Treaty, and international trade sanctions. Additional sanctions on the export of dual-use goods to Russia came into force on 1 March 2022.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-11/611Law domestic & InternationalRussia
11, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent steps her Department has taken to help prevent of sexual violence against women and girls during in the conflict in Ukraine.Mr Tanmanjeet Singh Dhesi, Labour, Slough
In response to reports of atrocities, the UK worked with partners to refer the situation to the International Criminal Court (ICC), establish a Commission of Inquiry through the UN Human Rights Council and establish an OSCE Mission. In addition to our support to the ICC, we deployed specialist UK war crimes and sexual violence expertise to the region to support investigations.

The UK has pledged £220 million of humanitarian assistance. This is supporting life-saving assistance, targeted services, legal support and crisis accommodation. Funding through UN Populations Fund is helping the Ukrainian Government set up support mechanisms for gender-based violence (GBV) survivors. We are also supporting the effective documentation of GBV cases. We have dedicated funding supporting the critical needs of women and children. Our new two-year £10 million civil society fund will support local organisations, including those gathering evidence of war crimes such as conflict-related sexual violence.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-11/926Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalUkraine
10, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment she has made of the implications for her policies of the debate entitled The Russian Federation’s aggression against Ukraine: ensuring accountability for serious violations of international humanitarian law and other international crimes, which took place at the Council of Europe on 28 April 2022.John Howell, Conservative, Henley
We want to hold accountable those responsible for the atrocities that have been committed in Ukraine. The UK supports the International Criminal Court investigation into the situation in Ukraine, in its role as the primary international institution with the mandate to investigate and prosecute war crimes and other international crimes. The UK also welcomed the publication of the OSCE's Moscow Mechanism independent report, which found evidence of multiple instances of clear violations of international law by Russian forces in Ukraine, and supports the UN Human Rights Council Commission of Inquiry. We recognise the important work of the Council of Europe and in particular PACE in this sphere, including at the 14-15 March session where the UK Delegation played a pivotal role in ensuring Russia's expulsion from the organisation as a result of its invasion of Ukraine. We note that recommendations from PACE will go to the Committee of Ministers in due course for appropriate review.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-10/152Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalUkraine, Russia
10, May, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with the government of Cameroon to protect journalists at risk of (1) persecution, (2) arbitrary detention, (3) kidnapping, and (4) abuse, for reporting on the continuing conflict in the Anglophone regions; and what steps they will take to provide support for media freedom in that country.Baroness Stern, Crossbench, Life peer
Reports of human rights abuses and violations in Cameroon by both armed separatists and the security forces are disturbing, including against activists and journalists. We continue to regularly raise specific human rights concerns with the Government of Cameroon. We have consistently called for an end to arbitrary detentions and media infringements. Journalists should be protected and have the right to report freely without fear of violence. We also continue to urge the Cameroonian Government to remain engaged with the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. Finally, we are working with international partners, including France and the United States, to raise the North-West and South-West crisis in multilateral fora. At the UN Human Rights Council in September 2021, the UK called for an end to violence and impartial investigations to hold the perpetrators of human rights violations and abuses to account.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-10/hl108Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalCameroon
10, May, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the remarks by the Executive Director of the World Food Programme that there will be increased demand for global humanitarian assistance as a result of the conflict in Ukraine; and what plans they have to increase the UK's humanitarian assistance over the next 12 months.Baroness Hodgson of Abinger, Conservative, Life peer
Global humanitarian need and acute food insecurity is at an all-time high, driven by covid-19, climate change and conflict - with over 300 million people in need of assistance in 2022 and 43 million people living a step away from famine. Until Russia's invasion Ukraine's exports of food and fertiliser were feeding up to 400 million people worldwide. Russia's war is preventing these exports and causing food, energy and other commodity prices to rise, as well as diverting humanitarian resources from pre-existing crises. This is hitting the world's poorest hardest, and increasing global humanitarian needs.

The UK is a major humanitarian donor. We have announced a package to address critical rising food insecurity in the Horn of Africa including £25 million to Somalia, £88 million in Yemen, and pledged £286 million to meet needs in Afghanistan. The UK and our partners secured the largest ever World Bank financial commitment to developing countries affected by Russia's invasion - $170 billion over the next 15 months. The UK has also increased support through the Bank with approximately £730 million in financial guarantees so the Bank can lend more to Ukraine without taking resources from the rest of the world.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-10/hl66Protection of Civilians
10, May, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have made to the government of Cameroon about the death in custody of journalist Samuel Abuwe Ajieka, in August 2019.Baroness Stern, Crossbench, Life peer
Reports of human rights abuses and violations in Cameroon by both armed separatists and the security forces are disturbing, including against activists and journalists. We continue to regularly raise specific human rights concerns with the Government of Cameroon. We have consistently called for an end to arbitrary detentions and media infringements. Journalists should be protected and have the right to report freely without fear of violence. We also continue to urge the Cameroonian Government to remain engaged with the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. Finally, we are working with international partners, including France and the United States, to raise the North-West and South-West crisis in multilateral fora. At the UN Human Rights Council in September 2021, the UK called for an end to violence and impartial investigations to hold the perpetrators of human rights violations and abuses to account.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-10/hl107Protection of CiviliansCameroon
10, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if she or her officials have raised concerns with the Cameroonian Government about reports of sexual violence in the Anglophone regions of Cameroon, including rapes allegedly carried out during an attack involving Cameroonian Government soldiers on the village of Ebam in the South West region on 1 March 2020, as documented in a Human Rights Watch report of 26 February 2021.Dame Diana Johnson, Labour, Kingston upon Hull North
We are appalled by reports of sexual and gender-based violence in the Anglophone regions of Cameroon by both armed separatists and the security forces. The Foreign Secretary has made sexual violence in conflict one of her top priorities. We are working to promote justice for survivors of sexual violence, to provide support to survivors and to prevent sexual violence from occurring.

The UK continues to call for a peaceful resolution to the crisis and for the violence to end. We work with international partners, including France and the United States, to raise the crisis in multilateral fora. At the UN Human Rights Council in March 2022, the UK called for impartial investigations to hold the perpetrators of human rights violations and abuses to account. We continue to raise human rights concerns with the Government of Cameroon.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-10/111Protection of CiviliansCameroon
10, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment her Department has made of the need for independent human rights monitoring in Cameroon, particularly in areas of on-going armed conflict.Dame Diana Johnson, Labour, Kingston upon Hull North
Reports of human rights abuses and violations within Cameroon are disturbing. At the UN Human Rights Council in March 2022, the UK called for impartial investigations to hold the perpetrators of human rights violations and abuses to account.

We welcome that the findings from the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)'s visit to Cameroon in 2019 have finally been published. The recommendations on independent investigations into human rights violations, and ensuring access to healthcare are particularly important. We encourage the OHCHR and Government of Cameroon to continue their engagement to follow-up on their visit findings.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-10/113Protection of CiviliansCameroon
10, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps her Department has taken to assist survivors of sexual violence allegedly carried out by Cameroonian Government forces or armed separatist groups in the Anglophone regions of Cameroon; and what steps her Department has taken to help ensure the perpetrators of those crimes are held to account.Dame Diana Johnson, Labour, Kingston upon Hull NorthWe are appalled by reports of sexual and gender-based violence in the Anglophone regions of Cameroon by both armed separatists and the security forces. The Foreign Secretary has made sexual violence in conflict one of her top priorities. We are working to promote justice for survivors of sexual violence, to provide support to survivors and to prevent sexual violence from occurring.

The UK continues to call for a peaceful resolution to the crisis and for the violence to end. We work with international partners, including France and the United States, to raise the crisis in multilateral fora. At the UN Human Rights Council in March 2022, the UK called for impartial investigations to hold the perpetrators of human rights violations and abuses to account. We continue to raise human rights concerns with the Government of Cameroon.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-10/112Protection of CiviliansCameroon
10, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment her Department has made of the impact on the humanitarian situation in South West Cameroon of the suspension in late March of the activities of the charity Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF), further to the ongoing detention of four MSF staff members by the Cameroonian Government.Harriett Baldwin, Conservative, West Worcestershire
The humanitarian situation in the North West and South West (Anglophone) regions of Cameroon continues to have a tragic impact on civilians. Violence between separatist groups and Government forces has displaced 1.1 million people; over 2 million people require humanitarian support and 850,000 children are without safe access to school. MSF is an important health actor in the North West and South West regions and its temporary withdrawal has left gaps in health service provision which will disproportionately impact vulnerable populations. The UN is trying to manage these gaps; for example in April it allocated $1.7 million Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) funds to address a cholera outbreak in the South West, which typically the MSF would have been well placed to cover.

We have allocated over £21 million of humanitarian support for needs in Cameroon over the last five years, and regularly call for continued humanitarian access. We continue to engage with UN and other humanitarian actors active across Cameroon to ensure that urgent needs are met, including most recently with the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) on 29 April, on the impact of the suspension of humanitarian activities.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-10/236Protection of CiviliansCameroon
10, May, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the remarks by the Executive Director of the World Food Programme that there will be increased demand for global humanitarian assistance as a result of the conflict in Ukraine; and what plans they have to increase the UK's humanitarian assistance over the next 12 months.Baroness Hodgson of Abinger, Conservative, Life peer
Global humanitarian need and acute food insecurity is at an all-time high, driven by covid-19, climate change and conflict - with over 300 million people in need of assistance in 2022 and 43 million people living a step away from famine. Until Russia's invasion Ukraine's exports of food and fertiliser were feeding up to 400 million people worldwide. Russia's war is preventing these exports and causing food, energy and other commodity prices to rise, as well as diverting humanitarian resources from pre-existing crises. This is hitting the world's poorest hardest, and increasing global humanitarian needs.

The UK is a major humanitarian donor. We have announced a package to address critical rising food insecurity in the Horn of Africa including £25 million to Somalia, £88 million in Yemen, and pledged £286 million to meet needs in Afghanistan. The UK and our partners secured the largest ever World Bank financial commitment to developing countries affected by Russia's invasion - $170 billion over the next 15 months. The UK has also increased support through the Bank with approximately £730 million in financial guarantees so the Bank can lend more to Ukraine without taking resources from the rest of the world.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-10/hl66Protection of CiviliansUkraine, Russia
10, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment she has made about the current impact of UK humanitarian aid on (a) malnourished Yemeni children and (b) Yemen.Dr Luke Evans, Conservative, Bonsworth
The UK will spend at least £88 million on aid in Yemen over the course of the current financial year. This will help feed at least 200,000 people every month, provide lifesaving health care for 800,000 women and children, and treat 85,000 severely malnourished children. The UK plays a leading role in the Yemen humanitarian response and has spent over £1 billion on aid since the conflict began.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-10/503Protection of CiviliansYemen
10, May, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of reports of recent incidents of (1) gender-based violence, and (2) missing children, in the Abyei Administrative Area.Baroness Cox, Crossbench, Life peer
The Minister for Africa is concerned at recent violence in Abyei, including reports of gender-based violence and missing children. We expressed our concerns at the violence at the UN Security Council on 21 April and underscored the continued need for the UN Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA), mandated to provide protection of civilians and facilitate delivery of humanitarian aid. Over the past year, the UN Security Council has ensured that UNISFA's mandate better equips the mission to respond quickly to security incidents and to place greater emphasis on community engagement.

We are working with the UN and the humanitarian community in Sudan and South Sudan to address humanitarian needs in Abyei. As part of this, in 2021 we contributed £27 million to the humanitarian response in Sudan via partners, including the World Food Programme. This year in South Sudan we will reach 2 million people with some form of humanitarian assistance and support 400,000 girls to access education, including in the Abyei region. We also continue to call on the Governments of Sudan and South Sudan to allow humanitarian actors to deliver aid to those in need in all parts of Abyei, without hindrance.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-10/hl48Protection of CiviliansSudan
10, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment she has made about the current impact of UK humanitarian aid to Sudan.Dr. Luke Evans, Conservative, BosworthWe are concerned at the levels of humanitarian need in Sudan, with almost half the population expected to face hunger this year and the World Food Programme (WFP) estimates up to 20 million people will face "emergency" or "crisis" levels of acute food insecurity in 2022. This situation is driven by the ongoing political and economic crisis. As a leading donor, the UK continues to deliver lifesaving support to those who need it most. In 2021 we contributed £27 million to humanitarian response via partners, including the World Food Programme, the UN-led Sudan Humanitarian Fund, and the International Committee of the Red Cross. This provided approximately 1.2 million people with urgent assistance such as food, cash and voucher support, safe drinking water, shelter, and sanitation, with over 500,000 vulnerable children receiving free school meals.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-10/501Protection of CiviliansSudan
10, May, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they have taken to address the resource constraints of major aid organisations, including the World Food Programme, operating in the Abyei Administrative Area.Baroness Cox, Crossbench, Life peer
The Minister for Africa is concerned at recent violence in Abyei, including reports of gender-based violence and missing children. We expressed our concerns at the violence at the UN Security Council on 21 April and underscored the continued need for the UN Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA), mandated to provide protection of civilians and facilitate delivery of humanitarian aid. Over the past year, the UN Security Council has ensured that UNISFA's mandate better equips the mission to respond quickly to security incidents and to place greater emphasis on community engagement.

We are working with the UN and the humanitarian community in Sudan and South Sudan to address humanitarian needs in Abyei. As part of this, in 2021 we contributed £27 million to the humanitarian response in Sudan via partners, including the World Food Programme. This year in South Sudan we will reach 2 million people with some form of humanitarian assistance and support 400,000 girls to access education, including in the Abyei region. We also continue to call on the Governments of Sudan and South Sudan to allow humanitarian actors to deliver aid to those in need in all parts of Abyei, without hindrance.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-10/hl49Protection of CiviliansSudan
10, May, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to provide humanitarian assistance to the 5.7 million children in the Horn of Africa who are expected to suffer acute malnourishment by June this year as a result of the ongoing drought.
Lord Alton of Liverpool, Crossbench, Life peer
The UK is a major humanitarian donor to the East Africa region. In 2022 to support communities affected by drought plus flooding and conflict the UK has provided £72.25 million to Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and South Sudan. Across the region UK funded humanitarian activities are making a difference and saving lives. For example, in Kenya to respond to the ongoing drought, 26,000 children will receive life-saving food assistance thanks to the UK's support. In Ethiopia a further 200,000 children and pregnant and lactating women in southern and eastern regions will receive similar urgent aid.

Countries across the Horn of Africa will also be impacted by Russia's invasion of Ukraine due to the increase in the costs of food commodities and fuel on global markets. We are exploring how we can help lessen the impact of rising food prices caused by the war in Ukraine on vulnerable communities in East Africa. This includes assessing alternate markets for procurement of food supplies and working with UN partners to promote effective prioritisation so assistance reaches the most needy.

The UK also played a critical role in convening the recent 'UN Horn of Africa Drought Roundtable' which took place in late April in Geneva. This included working with states in the region and the UN to ensure appropriate levels of participation. It helped to bring much needed focus to the drought and importantly it mobilised roughly US$400 million in new funding.

Our response to the drought builds on long-established resilience building programmes in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia. In Kenya this includes support to the Hunger Safety Programme, which has provided 600,000 people in drought prone areas with regular financial assistance. In Ethiopia, the UK funded Productive Safety Net Programme has benefitted some 8 million people via financial welfare provision and community public works projects. In Somalia the UK has been supporting over 220 rural communities in three large urban cities with durable solutions initiatives for internally displaced persons. These programmes, coupled with additional investments, have enabled the UK to reach nearly 8 million individuals as a part of its emergency humanitarian response.

The UK remains committed to promoting peace and security across the Horn of Africa.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-10/hl9Protection of CiviliansHorn of Africa
10, May, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the drought in the East and Horn of Africa; and what steps they are taking to increase humanitarian assistance for the region.Lord Alton of Liverpool, Crossbench, Life peer
East Africa is experiencing one of its most severe droughts in history with more than 15 million people in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia, according to the UN, assessed to be acutely food insecure. Needs are particularly grave in Somalia where an estimated 81,000 people are now experiencing catastrophic famine-like conditions. A fourth consecutive - and unprecedented - season of failed rains is pushing millions of people to the brink and is contributing to growing water scarcity, alarming rates of malnutrition and huge numbers of livestock deaths.

The UK is a major humanitarian donor to the East Africa region. In 2022 to support communities affected by drought plus flooding and conflict the UK has provided £72.25 million to Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and South Sudan. Across the region UK funded humanitarian activities are making a difference and saving lives. For example, in Kenya to respond to the ongoing drought, 26,000 children will receive life-saving food assistance thanks to the UK's support. In Ethiopia a further 200,000 children and pregnant and lactating women in southern and eastern regions will receive similar urgent aid.

The UK also played a critical role in convening the recent 'UN Horn of Africa Drought Roundtable' which took place in late April in Geneva. This included working with states in the region and the UN to ensure appropriate levels of participation.It helped to bring much needed focus to the drought and importantly it mobilised roughly US$400 million in new funding.

Our response to the drought builds on long-established resilience building programmes in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia. In Kenya this includes support to the Hunger Safety Programme, which has provided 600,000 people in drought prone areas with regular financial assistance. In Ethiopia, the UK funded Productive Safety Net Programme has benefitted some 8 million people via financial welfare provision and community public works projects. In Somalia the UK has been supporting over 220 rural communities in three large urban cities with durable solutions initiatives for internally displaced persons. These programmes, coupled with additional investments, have enabled the UK to reach nearly 8 million individuals as a part of its emergency humanitarian response.

The UK remains committed to promoting peace and security across the Horn of Africa.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-10/hl7Protection of CiviliansEast Africa
10, May, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to ensure that the rising global food prices caused by the war in Ukraine do not exacerbate food insecurity in the East and Horn of Africa.Lord Alton of Liverpool, Crossbench, Life peer
The UK is a major humanitarian donor to the East Africa region. In 2022 to support communities affected by drought plus flooding and conflict the UK has provided £72.25 million to Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and South Sudan. Across the region UK funded humanitarian activities are making a difference and saving lives. For example, in Kenya to respond to the ongoing drought, 26,000 children will receive life-saving food assistance thanks to the UK's support. In Ethiopia a further 200,000 children and pregnant and lactating women in southern and eastern regions will receive similar urgent aid.

The UK also played a critical role in convening the recent 'UN Horn of Africa Drought Roundtable' which took place in late April in Geneva. This included working with states in the region and the UN to ensure appropriate levels of participation. It helped to bring much needed focus to the drought and importantly it mobilised roughly US$400 million in new funding.

Countries across the Horn of Africa will also be impacted by Russia's invasion of Ukraine due to the increase in the costs of food commodities and fuel on global markets. We are exploring how we can help lessen the impact of rising food prices caused by the war in Ukraine on vulnerable communities in East Africa. This includes assessing alternate markets for procurement of food supplies and working with UN partners to promote effective prioritisation so assistance reaches the neediest.

Our response to the drought builds on long-established resilience building programmes in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia. In Kenya this includes support to the Hunger Safety Programme, which has provided 600,000 people in drought prone areas with regular financial assistance. In Ethiopia, the UK funded Productive Safety Net Programme has benefitted some 8 million people via financial welfare provision and community public works projects. In Somalia the UK has been supporting over 220 rural communities in three large urban cities with durable solutions initiatives for internally displaced persons. These programmes, coupled with additional investments, have enabled the UK to reach nearly 8 million individuals as a part of its emergency humanitarian response.

The UK remains committed to promoting peace and security across the Horn of Africa.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-10/hl8Protection of CiviliansEast Africa
10, May, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to support the East and Horn of Africa in preparing for future droughts by (1) building more resilient systems, and (2) ending exacerbating factors such as conflict.
Lord Alton of Liverpool, Crossbench, Life peer
The UK is a major humanitarian donor to the East Africa region. In 2022 to support communities affected by drought plus flooding and conflict the UK has provided £72.25 million to Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and South Sudan. Across the region UK funded humanitarian activities are making a difference and saving lives. For example, in Kenya to respond to the ongoing drought, 26,000 children will receive life-saving food assistance thanks to the UK's support. In Ethiopia a further 200,000 children and pregnant and lactating women in southern and eastern regions will receive similar urgent aid.

The UK also played a critical role in convening the recent 'UN Horn of Africa Drought Roundtable' which took place in late April in Geneva. This included working with states in the region and the UN to ensure appropriate levels of participation. It helped to bring much needed focus to the drought and importantly it mobilised roughly US$400 million in new funding.

Countries across the Horn of Africa will also be impacted by Russia's invasion of Ukraine due to the increase in the costs of food commodities and fuel on global markets. We are exploring how we can help lessen the impact of rising food prices caused by the war in Ukraine on vulnerable communities in East Africa. This includes assessing alternate markets for procurement of food supplies and working with UN partners to promote effective prioritisation so assistance reaches the most needy.

Our response to the drought builds on long-established resilience building programmes in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia. In Kenya this includes support to the Hunger Safety Programme, which has provided 600,000 people in drought prone areas with regular financial assistance. In Ethiopia, the UK funded Productive Safety Net Programme has benefitted some 8 million people via financial welfare provision and community public works projects. In Somalia the UK has been supporting over 220 rural communities in three large urban cities with durable solutions initiatives for internally displaced persons. These programmes, coupled with additional investments, have enabled the UK to reach nearly 8 million individuals as a part of its emergency humanitarian response.

The UK remains committed to promoting peace and security across the Horn of Africa.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-10/hl10Protection of CiviliansEast Africa
10, May, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the escalation of conflict in the Abyei Administrative Area since March.Baroness Cox, Crossbench, Life peer
The Minister for Africa is concerned at recent violence in Abyei, including reports of gender-based violence and missing children. We expressed our concerns at the violence at the UN Security Council on 21 April and underscored the continued need for the UN Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA), mandated to provide protection of civilians and facilitate delivery of humanitarian aid. Over the past year, the UN Security Council has ensured that UNISFA's mandate better equips the mission to respond quickly to security incidents and to place greater emphasis on community engagement.

We are working with the UN and the humanitarian community in Sudan and South Sudan to address humanitarian needs in Abyei. As part of this, in 2021 we contributed £27 million to the humanitarian response in Sudan via partners, including the World Food Programme. This year in South Sudan we will reach 2 million people with some form of humanitarian assistance and support 400,000 girls to access education, including in the Abyei region. We also continue to call on the Governments of Sudan and South Sudan to allow humanitarian actors to deliver aid to those in need in all parts of Abyei, without hindrance.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-10/hl47Protection of CiviliansSudan
10, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what humanitarian assistance the Government is providing to Anglophone regions in Cameroon, including to those internally displaced by continuing armed conflict, in 2022.Harriett Baldwin, Conservative, West Worcestershire
The crisis in the North-West and South-West regions of Cameroon has had tragic impacts on the lives of civilians. The UK has called for continued humanitarian access, and on 14 April, alongside the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in Cameroon and other UN Member States, we joined the launch of the 2022 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP). The HRP outlines how humanitarian actors will support 2.6 million people living in crisis areas with multi-sectoral humanitarian assistance. Over the last five years, we have allocated over £21 million aid to Cameroon, which has included food supplies, sanitation, healthcare and social protection. This is supporting the World Food Programme and International Committee for the Red Cross to assist those affected in the North-West and South-West regions.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-10/237Protection of CiviliansCameroon
10, May, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government whether it remains their policy to only provide defensive military assistance to Ukraine.Lord Coaker, Labour, Life peer
The UK intends to continue to provide military aid to Ukraine so that it can defend itself against Russian aggression. This will include forms of lethal and non-lethal equipment; weapons have been provided to the Armed Forces of Ukraine on the understanding that they will be used in accordance with international humanitarian law.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-05-10/hl46Law domestic & InternationalUkraine, Russia
25, April, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps she is taking to (a) support investigations into the killings in the Krink region of West Darfur, Sudan, on 24 April 2022, including reports of the complicity of Rapid Support Forces, and (b) help prevent further violence in that region.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
It has not proved possible to respond to the hon. Member in the time available before Prorogation.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-25/158907Protection of CivilainsSudan
25, April, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what discussions she has had with her (a) Turkish and (b) Iraqi counterpart on Turkey's Operation Claw Lock.Tommy Sheppard, Scottish National Party, Edinburgh East
We are following closely the situation in northern Iraq, including monitoring of Turkey's Operation Claw Lock. We reiterate to all parties the need for dialogue and cooperation between Turkey and Iraq, including the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, to combat terrorism, ensure regional security, and protect civilians. Our diplomatic missions are in regular contact with Turkish and Iraqi authorities.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-25/158990Counter-TerrorismTurkey
25, April, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have to support an international Political Declaration on the use of explosive weapons in populated areas.Baroness Bennett of Manor Castle, Green Party, Life peer
The UK will take a view on our support of the international Political Declaration on the use of explosive weapons in populated areas once its final form is known.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-25/hl7911Protection of Civilians
25, April, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what discussions his Department has had with (a) NATO allies and (b) Cabinet colleagues on the sale of military jets to Serbia in the context of the (i) level of risk of escalation in Bosnia and (ii) failure of Serbia to sanction Russia.
Alicia Kearns, Conservative, Rutland and Melton
The Government carefully considers its support to Defence exports given the range of opportunities they can provide to support the UK industrial base and expand our global economic and security partnerships. Export licences are granted only in accordance with the UK’s robust Strategic Export Licensing Criteria, which provide a thorough risk assessment framework and require us to consider the possible impact of providing equipment and capabilities. We do not issue licences where we determine there is a clear risk that the items would, overall, undermine peace and security.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-25/159101Law domestic & InternationalSerbia
21, April, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether she has made recent representations to the Taliban to uphold international human rights standards.Sir Mark Hendrick, Labour, Preston
FCDO officials continue to regularly raise human rights in their meetings with the Taliban including during visits by senior officials to Kabul in October 2021 and February 2022, and in other meetings with Taliban leaders. We are pressing them on key issues, including to ensure that women play a full, equal role in national life, girls of all ages can go to school, there is freedom of expression and rights of members of ethnic and religious minorities are respected.

The Foreign Secretary and other Ministers raise the importance of upholding human rights in Afghanistan in international fora. The UK Government made clear our condemnation of the Taliban's 23 March decision not to re-open girls secondary schools, including through statements from the G7+, women foreign ministers and the UN Security Council. The Foreign Secretary raised the importance of upholding human rights, including the rights of women and girls and ethnic and religious minorities, in her speech at the Afghanistan pledging conference that the UK co-hosted on 31 March.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-21/157280Counter-TerrorismAfghanistan
21, April, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment she has made of the implications for her policies of recent violence perpetrated by the Taliban in Afghanistan.Rachael Maskell, Labour, York Central
We condemn all violence in Afghanistan. We are aware of an increase in reprisals against former security forces and government officials, attacks against minority groups and detentions of civil society, as well as a recent uptick in terrorist attacks.

As the Prime Minister and Foreign Secretary have said, we are working to hold the Taliban to account to ensure that they live up to the promises they have made. We call on the Taliban to respect the amnesty they issued in August for all Afghans and to carry out transparent investigations into all allegations of human rights abuses. All Afghans deserve to live in peace and safety.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-21/157430Counter-TerrorismAfghanistan
21, April, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment she has made of the implications for her policies of recent violence perpetrated by the Taliban in Afghanistan.Rachael Maskell, Labour, York Central
We condemn all violence in Afghanistan. We are aware of an increase in reprisals against former security forces and government officials, attacks against minority groups and detentions of civil society, as well as a recent uptick in terrorist attacks.

As the Prime Minister and Foreign Secretary have said, we are working to hold the Taliban to account to ensure that they live up to the promises they have made. We call on the Taliban to respect the amnesty they issued in August for all Afghans and to carry out transparent investigations into all allegations of human rights abuses. All Afghans deserve to live in peace and safety.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-21/157430Protection of CiviliansAfghanistan
21, April, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps she is taking to further the UK's contribution to the humanitarian situation in Afghanistan.Rachael Maskell, Labour, York Central
Our commitment to Afghanistan is enduring and work on priority areas, including responding to the humanitarian crisis remains one of our highest priorities. Last financial year the UK disbursed £286 million to partners to deliver lifesaving services to more than 6 million people. We have also been at the forefront of efforts to repurpose existing funds to support the Afghan people. In January, we successfully worked with the Asian Development Bank to make $405 million available. In March the World Bank Board agreed to make over $1 billion in the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund available for health, education, livelihoods and food security. The UK co-hosted the Afghanistan Pledging Conference with the UN, Qatar and Germany on 31 March which raised $2.4 billion which will provide further humanitarian support to the Afghan people during 2022.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-21/157431Counter-TerrorismAfghanistan
21, April, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 19 July 2021 to Question 32462 on Prisoners: Torture, if she will instruct her Department to start collating statistics on (a) the proportion of allegations of torture of British citizens including dual nationals overseas raised with local authorities, (b) whether such allegations raised by her Department resulted in overseas prosecutions of overseas officials, (c) whether allegations would constitute torture or whether they would constitute other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, (d) the number and type of referrals made to the pro-bono medical panel in cases of torture or ill-treatment, (e) the number of British citizens including dual nationals who request the Government to formally espouse their legal claims for damages following allegations of torture or ill-treatment by officials or agents of foreign governments and (f) the number of such claims that have been formally espoused.Tulip Siddiq, Labour, Hampstead and Kilburn
The FCDO records all information about allegations of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment (mistreatment) reported to us by British nationals, and the action taken in response to those allegations, within individual case files.

The FCDO collates statistics on the number of cases which are included in FCDO Consular Transparency Data published on gov.uk.

Specific support and action is taken with the consent of the individual concerned and will vary according to the specific circumstances and local context.

The FCDO condemns the use of torture and mistreatment and takes all allegations of human rights violations seriously. We call on the responsible authorities to carry out a prompt and impartial investigation into all allegations to determine the facts and circumstances of each case.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-21/157468Protection of Civilians
20, April, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what discussions she has had with her international counterparts following recent missile strikes in Gaza.Mr David Lammy, Labour, TottenhamWe condemn in the strongest terms the firing of rockets by militants in Gaza into Israel over the past week and the threat such attacks pose. Israel has a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend its citizens from attack. In doing so, it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and make every effort to avoid civilian casualties.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-20/156355Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalPalestine/Israel
20, April, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment she has made of the implications for her policies of the recent terrorist attacks in Israel.Mr David Lammy, Labour, Tottenham
We are appalled at the recent terror attacks in Israel and unequivocally condemn rocket attacks against Israel by militants in Gaza. We are also concerned by ongoing tensions across the West Bank and recent violence on Haram Al Sharif/Temple Mount.

We urge all parties to work to de-escalate the situation, avoid provocative acts and respect the historic Status Quo, which provides the most appropriate means of managing access to holy sites. All religious sites must be treated with utmost respect. Officials in our Embassy in Tel Aviv and our Consulate General in Jerusalem have been engaging with the Israeli and Palestinian leadership to support them in restoring calm. We expressed our concerns and reiterated our call for calm at a UN Security Council emergency meeting on 19 April.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-20/156361Counter-TerrorismPalestine/Israel
20, April, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent representations she has made to the International Criminal Court on ensuring that President Putin and his regime are held to account for any war crimes committed in Ukraine.Sir Mark Hendrick, Labour, Preston
We have led efforts to refer the situation in Ukraine to the International Criminal Court (ICC), which has now secured the support of over 40 other countries. The UK will provide assistance to the ICC to support its Ukraine investigations, including an additional £1 million contribution.  We have mobilised UK expertise, including through deployments of specialist UK expertise such as the Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict Initiative Team of Experts, to support Ukraine's domestic investigations into war crimes and to recommend how the UK can further add value to the response.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-20/156385Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalUkraine, Russia
20, April, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether she has made representations to her Sri Lankan counterpart regarding recent reports of unlawful violence being perpetrated by police authorities against civilians in Sri Lanka.Dr Rupa Huq, Labour, Ealing Central and Acton
The UK Government is concerned by recent reports of violence during protests in Sri Lanka and encourages all sides to find a peaceful, democratic and inclusive approach to resolve Sri Lanka's political and economic challenges.

The Minister of State for South Asia, Lord (Tariq) Ahmad of Wimbledon, has urged for the right to protest peacefully to be protected and for violence to cease.

The UK High Commissioner to Sri Lanka met the Human Rights Commission of Sri Lanka on 20 April. The High Commissioner has called for an independent and transparent investigation into the loss of life during protests in Rambukkana on 19 April.

We regularly discuss our concerns about human rights with the Government of Sri Lanka. Lord Ahmad raised the need to improve human rights and deliver justice and accountability with the Sri Lankan President and Foreign Minister when he visited Sri Lanka. The Foreign Secretary raised the importance of upholding human rights when she met Foreign Minister Peiris.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-20/156561Protection of CiviliansSri Lanka
19, April, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent discussions she has had with her West African counterparts on tackling (a) terrorism, (b) climate change and (c) piracy in those countries; and what steps the Government is taking to support West African countries to tackle those threats.
Dr. Rupa Huq, Labour, Ealing Central and Acton
Regional security was a core focus of my recent visits to Senegal, Nigeria and Ghana, during which I met with the Foreign Minister of each country to discuss insecurity and how the UK can support. I was able to see first-hand the training offered by UK military personnel to Senegal, Nigeria and Ghana, including support to tackle the growing threats of terrorism and piracy. For example, in Nigeria, I observed Royal Navy personnel training Nigerian counterparts on counter-piracy. Earlier this month I met for a second time with the Vice President of the Economic Community of West African States to discuss insecurity across West Africa, including in the Sahel. On 5 April, the Prime Minister met with the President of Ghana, Nana Akufo-Addo, to discuss how the UK and Ghana can strengthen our security partnership.

At the UK-Nigeria Security and Defence dialogue in February, we agreed future cooperation to respond to shared threats, and to support Nigerian efforts to tackle a range of security challenges. Last year we also committed £12.6 million to support efforts to counter terrorist groups in the Lake Chad Basin. We are also committed to building counter-piracy and maritime security capabilities in the region through the implementation of the Yaoundé maritime security architecture. In 2021, the UK was co-chair with Senegal of the maritime security group, the G7++ Friends of the Gulf of Guinea, and supported the launch of the Gulf of Guinea Maritime Collaboration Forum, to help build capacity and collaboration between regional navies. We also deployed HMS Trent to the region during our G7 Presidency.

On climate change, at COP26 the UK committed £143.5 million to support African countries to adapt to the impact of extreme weather and changing climate. During my visit to Nigeria, I was pleased to announce substantial new UK investments to support renewable and climate change projects. Our COP26 Regional Ambassador visited Senegal and the Gambia in March this year, to take part in the World Water Forum and further our ambitions from COP26.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-19/155850Counter-TerrorismWest Africa
19, April, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what criteria she will use to determine when to apply sanctions to countries in breach of international law.
Dan Carden, Labour, Liverpool, Walton
The Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018 (the Sanctions Act) provides the legal framework for the UK to impose, update and lift sanctions autonomously. The UK makes decisions on whether or not to designate each individual or entity under powers provided by the Sanctions Act and the relevant sanctions regulations. We will use our sanctions regimes as part of an integrated approach to promote our values and interests, and to combat state threats, terrorism, cyber-attacks, and the use and proliferation of chemical weapons.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-19/155897Counter-Terrorism
19, April, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to the debate on War Pensions and Armed Forces Compensation Scheme Payments, on 28 March 2022, Official Report, c 654-74, whether he has taken steps to establish an independent inquiry into the process for War Pensions and Armed Forces Compensation payments.Owen Thompson, Scottish National Party, Midlothian
There are no plans for an inquiry into the process for War Pensions or Armed Forces Compensation payments. The existing process remains effective, fit for purpose, and functioning satisfactorily. Where issues are identified, the Ministry of Defence is committed to addressing these and remedial action is taken swiftly to ensure the process remains as efficient, transparent, and empathic as possible.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-19/155830Law domestic & International
14, April, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, whether the policy intention of the proscription of Hamas was to leave unrestricted the scope for public bodies to support UK-based civil society organisations to conduct (a) cultural, (b) educational, (c) commercial or (d) humanitarian work in Gaza.Tommy Sheppard, Scottish National Party, Edinburgh East
Hamas’ proscription was extended to cover the organisation in its entirety in November 2021 because it was assessed that the distinction previously maintained between the military and political wings could no longer be maintained. Hamas is a single, complex organisation which commits and participates in acts of, prepares for, and promotes terrorism.

Hamas is designated in its entirety by a number of the UK’s international partners, including the EU, US, Canada and Australia.

The Terrorism Act (TACT) 2000 does not prevent organisations operating overseas in high-risk jurisdictions from carrying out legitimate activities. In October 2020, the Government published on GOV.UK an information note on operating within counter-terrorism legislation, sanctions and export controls. The note directs users to the guidance available to support the delivery of legitimate activities and addresses concerns about the risk of prosecution.

The note provides information on the defence provided by section 12(4) of TACT 2000, which is intended to permit the arrangement of genuinely benign meetings with a proscribed organisation; and information on section 21ZA of TACT 2000, which allows organisations to seek a defence to carry out a transaction that would otherwise be a terrorist financing offence by seeking prior consent from the National Crime Agency.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-14/154132Counter-TerrrorismPalestine
14, April, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what discussions she has had with the Secretary of State for the Home Department on the potential (a) proscription of Ansar Allah as a terrorist organisation and (b) humanitarian consequences of that proscription on civilians in Yemen.Kim Johnson, Labour, Liverpool, Riverside
It is HMG policy to not comment on whether we are considering a group for proscription. The Home Secretary will consider the national security case, as well as a range of discretionary factors such as the impact on UK communities, the humanitarian impact, and the impact on our ability to assist our allies around the world in the global fight against terrorism when making any decision.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-14/154478Counter-TerrorismYemen
14, April, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if she will make representations to the Taliban leadership on allowing all girls to return to school immediately.Hilary Benn, Labour, Leeds Central
The Government has made clear its condemnation of the Taliban's decision not to re-open girls' secondary schools, including through statements from the G7+, female Foreign Ministers and the UN Security Council. Women in Afghanistan, and Afghan women in the UK diaspora, demand that girls' right to education be upheld, and we stand with them. As the Prime Minister has said several times, we are working to hold the Taliban to account to ensure that they live up to the promises they have made. With our international partners, we continue to press the Taliban to reverse this decision.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-14/153757Counter-TerrorismAfghanistan
14, April, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what discussions she has had with the Nigerian Government on the violations and abuses of human rights committed by Boko Haram; and what assessment has she made of the effectiveness of the Nigerian government at bringing the perpetrators of these abuses and violations to justice.Carla Lockhart, Democratic Unionist Party, Upper Bann
Boko Haram and Islamic State West Africa have caused immense suffering to local communities in the Lake Chad Basin region. We condemn all incidents of violence against civilians in Nigeria. During my visit to Nigeria in February, I raised rising insecurity and its impact on the Nigerian people with the Vice-President and Foreign Minister. I also discussed insecurity with Nigeria's National Security Advisor during the first dialogue of our Security and Defence Partnership in February. During the dialogue, the UK and Nigerian Governments discussed and reaffirmed our commitment to work together to respond to the shared threat of terrorism, and agreed on the importance of an efficient, fair and effective justice system for victims of conflict. The Nigerian Government committed to take steps to progress cases promptly, including trials of those accused of terrorism offences, to provide justice for victims, and the UK Government offered to share technical advice and experience, in support.

We will continue to urge and support the Nigerian Government to take action to implement long-term solutions that address the root causes of violence. We will also continue to make clear to the Nigerian authorities at the highest levels the importance of protecting civilians and will continue to encourage the Nigerian Government to take action to bring perpetrators to justice.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-14/154501Counter-TerrorismNigeria
14, April, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps she is taking with international counterparts to ensure the documentation of alleged war crimes committed by Russian combatants in Mariupol.Steve McCabe, Labour, Birmingham, Selly OakWe have led efforts to refer the situation in Ukraine to the International Criminal Court (ICC), which has now secured the support of over 40 other countries. The UK will provide assistance to the ICC to support its Ukraine investigations, including an additional £1 million contribution.  We are also looking to support Ukraine's domestic investigations into war crimes, including through deployments of specialist UK expertise such as the Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict Initiative Team of Experts. We welcome the publication of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) Moscow Mechanism report which found credible evidence of war crimes. The UK also supported the creation of the UN Commission of Inquiry to investigate violations of international law. UK Government departments are working closely together to identify and collate evidence of crimes so that we, alongside international partners, can assist with these investigations.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-14/153739Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalUkraine, Russia
14, April, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps she is taking with international counterparts to help ensure that the documentation of war crimes committed by Russia in Ukraine is not compromised by Russian combatants’ use of mobile crematoriums.Steve McCabe, Labour, Birmingham, Selly Oak
We have led efforts to refer the situation in Ukraine to the International Criminal Court (ICC), which has now secured the support of over 40 other countries. The UK will provide assistance to the ICC to support its Ukraine investigations, including an additional £1 million contribution.  We are also looking to support Ukraine's domestic investigations into war crimes, including through deployments of specialist UK expertise such as the Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict Initiative Team of Experts. We welcome the publication of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) Moscow Mechanism report which found credible evidence of war crimes. The UK also supported the creation of the UN Commission of Inquiry to investigate violations of international law. UK Government departments are working closely together to identify and collate evidence of crimes so that we, alongside international partners, can assist with these investigations.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-14/153738Protection of CiviliansUkraine, Russia
14, April, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what assessment her Department has made of the potential consequences of proscribing Ansar Allah as a terrorist organisation on providing humanitarian assistance.Alison Thewliss, Scottish National Party, Glasgow Central
The Government condemns the recent attacks by the Houthis, and maintains that there is no military solution to the conflict. An inclusive political settlement is the only way to bring long-term stability to Yemen and to address the worsening humanitarian crisis, and the UK is using its position as the Yemen penholder at the United Nations to further this cause.

Any decision to proscribe a group is only ever made after careful consideration is given to whether the statutory test – whether the group is concerned in terrorism – is met, and whether the exercise of discretion to proscribe is proportionate.

The Government does not routinely comment on intelligence matters, including whether an organisation is under consideration for proscription. The Government keeps the list of proscribed organisations under review.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-14/154095Counter-TerrorismYemen
14, April, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what assessment her Department has made of the potential consequences of proscribing Ansar Allah as a terrorist organisation on providing humanitarian assistance.Alison Thewliss, Scottish National Party, Glasgow Central
The Government condemns the recent attacks by the Houthis, and maintains that there is no military solution to the conflict. An inclusive political settlement is the only way to bring long-term stability to Yemen and to address the worsening humanitarian crisis, and the UK is using its position as the Yemen penholder at the United Nations to further this cause.

Any decision to proscribe a group is only ever made after careful consideration is given to whether the statutory test – whether the group is concerned in terrorism – is met, and whether the exercise of discretion to proscribe is proportionate.

The Government does not routinely comment on intelligence matters, including whether an organisation is under consideration for proscription. The Government keeps the list of proscribed organisations under review.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-14/154095Protection of Civilians, Counter-TerrorismYemen
14, April, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, with reference to Call for bids: supporting Women, Peace and Security in Ukraine under the Conflict, Security and Stability Fund Programme 2022 to 2023, published on 8 March 2022, how much ODA is planned to be allocated to those projects; and whether that ODA will be part of the Government's announced £220 million of aid to Ukraine.Preet Kaur Gill, Birmingham, Edgbaston, Labour
On 8 March 2022, International Women's Day, the UK launched new funding for women's rights organisations and civil society actors working to support the critical needs of women and children both inside and displaced outside of Ukraine. The fund will support Ukrainian women leaders and women's rights organisations serving their communities at the forefront of the crisis.

These are ODA funds totalling £750,000. This new funding is distinct from the £220 million of humanitarian assistance pledged by the UK to help partners stand up their response to the deteriorating situation in Ukraine and the region, ensuring Ukrainians have access to basic necessities and medical supplies.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-14/154270Protection of CiviliansUkraine
14, April, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what (a) recent assessment she has made of human rights in Angola, (b) steps she is taking to support organisations advocating for accountability for abuses in that country and (c) representations she has made to the government of Angola in relation to accountability in relation to the deaths in Cafunfo in Lunda Norte province in January 2021.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
The Government of Angola is working to improve its human rights record. On 20 April 2020, the Government approved a National Human Rights Strategy which is part of the Universal Periodic Review response and recommendations from the last two sessions of 2014 and 2020 of the UN Human Rights Council. The country's most significant, recent advances on Human Rights include the approval of a religious freedom law (Jan 2019), ratification of the UN Conventions Against Torture (UNCAT) and Racial Discrimination (CERD) and of the Optional Protocol on the Abolition of the Death Penalty (all deposited in Oct 2019). In October 2020, the Government approved a new Penal Code, which came into effect February 2021. The new Penal Code prohibits discrimination based on sexual orientation, granting to homosexual individuals the same liberties as any other Angolan citizen.

The British Ambassador joined like-minded partners in seeking clarification over the incident in Cafunfo in Lunda Sul province last year. Following an investigation by the Angolan authorities, shortfalls were identified in the crowd control strategies of the Angolan police force. Remedial training was provided by the authorities to avoid a repetition and ensure appropriate and proportionate action will be taken in future.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-14/153850Protection of CiviliansAngola
14, April, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent representations she has made to the government of Cameroon on enabling humanitarian access to the South-West and North-West regions of Cameroon for (a) Medecins Sans Frontieres and (b) other humanitarian NGOs.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
The crisis in the North-West and South-West regions of Cameroon has had tragic impacts on the lives of civilians. The UK has called for continued humanitarian access, and on 14 April, alongside the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in Cameroon, and other UN Member States, we joined the launch of the 2022 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP). The HRP outlines how humanitarian actors will support 2.6 million people living in crisis areas with multi-sectoral humanitarian assistance.

Over the last five years, we have allocated over £21 million aid to Cameroon, which has included food supplies, sanitation, healthcare and social protection. This is supporting the World Food Programme and International Committee for the Red Cross to assist those affected in the North-West and South-West regions.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-14/153849Protection of CiviliansCameroon
14, April, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, with reference to We Will Erase You from This Land: Crimes Against Humanity and Ethnic Cleansing in Ethiopia’s Western Tigray Zone published by Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International on 6 April 2022, what assessment she has made of the implications for her policies of the recommendations of that report.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
We note the report published on 6 April by Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International. Its findings and other reports of widespread human rights violations and abuses committed by all parties to the conflict are extremely worrying. These include mass detentions, extrajudicial killings, torture, sexual and gender-based violence. UK Ministers and senior officials have underscored to the warring parties - at the highest levels - their obligations towards civilians. The protection of all civilians needs to be prioritised, human rights respected and those responsible for human rights abuses and violations held to account.

At a Special Session of the Human Rights Council (HRC) on 17 December 2021, the UK supported and voted in favour of an EU-led resolution on Ethiopia which created an International Commission of Experts to investigate human rights abuses and violations committed during the conflict, and have pushed for this to be properly resourced. We urge all sides in the conflict to cooperate with this Commission of International Experts.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-14/153846Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalTigray
7, April, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with the government of Israel about its reasons for (1) refusing, and (2) delaying, permits for medical treatment for children in Gaza.Baroness Sheehan, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
The UK continues to monitor closely the ongoing humanitarian situation in Gaza. We are a longstanding supporter to the UN Relief and Works Agency, which provides core services, including healthcare to Palestinian refugees in Gaza and across the wider region. The British Embassy in Tel Aviv recently raised the importance of access to healthcare, including for children, with the Israeli authorities.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-07/hl7832Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
7, April, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon on 15 March (HL6555), whether they will now answer the question put, namely, what representations they have made, if any, to the government of Israel regarding the killing of 13-year-old Mohammad Rezq Shehadeh Salah by Israeli forces near Bethlehem.Baroness Sheehan, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population, particularly the need to protect children, and urge restraint in the use of live fire.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-07/hl7834Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
7, April, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon on 15 March (HL6555), what assessment they have made of the findings by the Defence for Children in Palestine report on 31 March, which found that (1) five Palestinian children have been killed by Israeli forces this year, and (2) that 2021 was the deadliest year for Palestinian children since 2014 with 78 children killed by Israeli forces and armed Israeli civilians.Baroness Sheehan, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
We regularly raise the issue of the high numbers of Palestinians killed and injured by Israeli Defense Forces in the West Bank and Gaza with the Israeli authorities, encouraging them to carry out swift, transparent and thorough investigations. We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population, particularly the need to protect children, and urge restraint in the use of live fire.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-04-07/hl7835Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
31, May, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, whether her Department is reviewing the designation of the Houthi movement as a terrorist organisation; and what assessment she has made of the impact of the designation of that movement as a terrorist organisation on Yemeni citizens.Harriett Baldwin, Conservative, West Worcestershire
The Government condemns the recent attacks by the Houthis.

The Government does not routinely comment on intelligence matters, including whether an organisation is under consideration for proscription. The Government keeps the list of proscribed organisations under review.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-31/151095Counter-TerrorismYemen
31, March, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to ensure that (1) funding, and (2) diplomatic support, in respect of the war in Ukraine does not distract from efforts to help vulnerable people affected by crises in the rest of the world.Baroness Goudie, Labour, Life peer
The UK is one of the leading humanitarian donors to Ukraine, pledging £394 million in Aid, including £220 million of humanitarian assistance. These funds will be used to save lives, protect vulnerable people inside the country and in the wider region. In addition to funding, the UK has deployed field teams of humanitarian experts to Poland, Moldova and Romania to provide logistics advice and analyse the evolving refugee situation.

The UK remains committed to the pledges it has made in response to other humanitarian crises, including Yemen and Afghanistan. In Yemen, the total amount of UK funding since the conflict began is approximately £970 million. In Afghanistan, the UK will have disbursed approximately £286 million in aid, in the last financial year.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-31/hl7552Protection of CiviliansUkraine
30, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment her Department has made of the potential merits of offering Ukrainian authorities support and provision for (a) specialist medical services for victims of sexual violence during the war in Ukraine and (b) a dedicated specialist prosecution service to ensure justice for victims of sexual violence used as a weapon during the war in Ukraine.Drew Hendry, Scottish National Party, Iverness, Nairn, Badenoch and Strathspey
The UK is supporting survivors through our humanitarian funding. We have worked with partners to refer the situation in Ukraine to the International Criminal Court and to establish a Commission of Inquiry through the UN Human Rights Council. The UK is funding the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, to gather evidence of human rights violations and abuses. We are deploying specialist UK expertise to strengthen the response to sexual violence in Ukraine. On 13 April at the UN Security Council, Lord Ahmad launched the Murad Code, which sets out how those collecting evidence of conflict-related sexual violence can respect survivors' rights and ensure investigations are safer, more ethical, and more effective.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-30/150203Protection of CiviliansUkraine
30, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent discussions she has had with representatives of the governments of (a) Democratic Republic of the Congo, (b) Uganda, (c) Rwanda, (d) other states neighbouring the Democratic Republic of the Congo and (e) UN MONUSCO in relation to (i) recent violence within the Democratic Republic of the Congo and (ii) allegations of destabilising support for rebel groups within the Democratic Republic of the Congo by neighbouring states.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
The security situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is concerning. The UK is committed to supporting efforts to build stability and reduce violence in the country. In recent weeks our regional network has raised our concerns about the recent increase in violence, protection of civilians and increased movement of armed groups with the governments of DRC, Uganda and Rwanda, as well as the leadership of the UN Peacekeeping Mission, MONUSCO.

Our Heads of Mission to DRC and Rwanda have met with DRC President Tshisikedi and the acting Rwandan Foreign Minister respectively, and the Minister for Africa has met with the Ugandan Foreign Minister. At the UN Security Council on 29 March, we urged the Governments of DRC and Uganda to increase their coordination with MONUSCO, to ensure the protection of civilians and the safety and security of UN personnel and humanitarian workers. We will continue to closely monitor the situation and engage bilaterally to improve the security situation.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-30/150131Protection of CiviliansDemocratic Republic of Congo
29, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether her Department plans to formulate and publish a UK atrocity prevention strategy in response to human rights violations in Ukraine.Alyn Smith, Scottish National party, StirlingWe are closely monitoring the situation in Ukraine and have already dedicated significant resources to conflict prevention. The UK has pledged military, policing and financial support to the International Criminal Court (ICC)'s investigation into the situation in Ukraine. We will hold accountable those responsible for the atrocities that have been and are being committed in Ukraine, including both military commanders and individuals in the Putin regime.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-29/149386Protection of CiviliansUkraine
28, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment his Department has made of potential steps that could be undertaken to support and facilitate (a) the transfer of airframes that are immediately usable by the Ukrainian Airforce from NATO allies and (b) the provision of drones for the Ukrainian military.Drew Hendry, Scottish National Party, Iverness, Nairn, Badenoch and Strathspey
The UK is committed to supporting Ukraine to defend itself against Russia's ongoing aggression. Defence continues to pursue options to meet the requirements of the Ukrainian Armed Forces, including by actively convening our global partners. Decisions on what defensive air support to provide rests with individual governments.

We welcome the donations made by allies to date and the UK will host the second International Defence Donor Conference this week to encourage the international community to provide further aid to Ukraine.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-28/148261Policy (and Declarations)Ukraine, Russia
28, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent assessment she has made of the security situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.Ruth Jones, Labour, Newport West
The security situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is concerning. The UK is committed to supporting efforts to build stability and reduce violence in the country. Particularly concerning is the protection of civilians in the East, especially following recent attacks on the Internally Displaced People (IDP) camps in Ituri and the recent increase in killings by the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF), as well as the recent re-emergence of the armed group the M23 in the Rwanda/Uganda/DRC border zone. We continue to liaise extensively with MONUSCO on their deployments to improve security, and engage bilaterally with the Government of DRC and regionally on the security situation in the East.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-28/148384Protection of CiviliansDemocratic Republic of Congo
24, March, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the funding of (1) the Iranian Foundation Bonyad Taavon Basij, and (2) the Basij Resistance force; and what assessment they have made of the reported use of child soldiers by that force.Baroness Deech, Crossbench, Life peer
Should the deal in Vienna be concluded, the UK would not lift any sanctions. The UK maintains a number of sanctions consistent with the nuclear deal, including sanctions related to human rights, proliferation and terrorism. The full UK Sanctions List is available on the GOV.UK website (www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-uk-sanctions-list), which provides details of those individuals and entities designated under sanctions regulations made under the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act. We keep all regimes and designations under close review.

The UK will continue to condemn the IRGC's destabilising regional activities and maintains a range of sanctions aimed at deterring such behaviour. This includes IRGC political, financial and military support to a number of militant and proscribed groups including Hizballah in Lebanon and Syria, and militias in Iraq. The UK stands firmly against recruitment and use of child soldiers in conflict, as outlined by the Paris Principles which the government has endorsed.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-24/hl7325Counter-TerrorismIran
24, March, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what sanctions, if any, they have placed on the Central Bank of Iran and the National Development Fund; what assessment they have made of the effectiveness of those sanctions; what assessment they have made of the possibility of lifting those sanctions in a re-negotiated Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action with Iran (JCPOA); and what assessment they have made of the reported funding by those entities of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, the Quds Force, and Hezbollah.Baroness Deech, Crossbench, Life peer
Should the deal in Vienna be concluded, the UK would not lift any sanctions. The UK maintains a number of sanctions consistent with the nuclear deal, including sanctions related to human rights, proliferation and terrorism. The full UK Sanctions List is available on the GOV.UK website (www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-uk-sanctions-list), which provides details of those individuals and entities designated under sanctions regulations made under the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act. We keep all regimes and designations under close review.

The UK will continue to condemn the IRGC's destabilising regional activities and maintains a range of sanctions aimed at deterring such behaviour. This includes IRGC political, financial and military support to a number of militant and proscribed groups including Hizballah in Lebanon and Syria, and militias in Iraq. The UK stands firmly against recruitment and use of child soldiers in conflict, as outlined by the Paris Principles which the government has endorsed.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-24/hl7324Counter-TerrorismIran
24, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps her Department is taking to help ensure that the humanitarian crises in and around Ukraine receives adequate (a) support and (b) funding, whilst ensuring that other humanitarian crises including those in Afghanistan and Yemen, do not lose the support and funding they require.Sarah Champion, Labour, Rotherham
The UK is one of the leading humanitarian donors to Ukraine, pledging almost £400 million in aid, including £220 million of humanitarian assistance. These funds will be used to save lives, protect vulnerable people inside the country and in the wider region. In addition to funding, the UK has deployed a field team of 13 humanitarian experts to Poland, Moldova and Romania to provide logistics advice and analyse the evolving refugee situation.

The UK remains committed to the pledges it has made in response to other humanitarian crises, including Yemen and Afghanistan. In Yemen, the total amount of UK funding since the conflict began is approximately £970 million. In Afghanistan, the UK will have disbursed approximately £286 million in aid, by the end of this financial year.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-24/146634Protection of Civilians
24, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what support she plans to provide to the International Criminal Court in its investigation in respect of the situation in Palestine in the context of the findings of report of the UN Special Rapporteur on human rights in the Occupied Palestinian Territories.Crispin Blunt, Conservative, Reigate
The UK is a strong supporter of the International Criminal Court (ICC) and we respect the independence of the Court. In this instance, we do not consider that the ICC has jurisdiction as the UK does not currently recognise Palestinian statehood.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-24/146751Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalPalestine
23, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, how many of the 52 control orders issued under the Prevention of Terrorism Act 2005 were related to the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group.Kenny MacAskill, Alba Party, East Lothian
Of the 52 control orders issued under the Prevention of Terrorism Act 2005, six were related to the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-23/145979Counter-TerrorismLibya
22, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether she has had recent discussions with the Qatari Government on ISIS terrorist attacks in that country.Jim Shannon, Democratic Unionist Party, Strangford
Qatar is a longstanding partner of the UK in the fight against terrorism. Ensuring the enduring defeat of Daesh and countering the terrorist threat posed in Syria, Iraq and beyond is a core priority for the UK Government.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-22/144903Counter-TerrorismQatar
22, March, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have to assist in international efforts to gather evidence of Russian war crimes in Ukraine, and to identify those responsible, including (1) individual perpetrators, and (2) those in command.Lord Birt, Crossbench, Life peer
The UK led efforts to refer the situation in Ukraine to the International Criminal Court (ICC). On 4 March, the Metropolitan Police's War Crimes Team announced it was gathering evidence in relation to alleged war crimes in Ukraine in support of the ICC investigation. The Government has also made clear that we are willing to provide the necessary technical assistance to support successful convictions.

It is for the ICC Prosecutor to independently determine who should be prosecuted for war crimes committed in Ukraine, including those that ordered them, in accordance with his mandate under the Rome Statute.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-22/hl7193Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalUkraine, Russia
21, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether enhanced blast variants of the AGM-114N Hellfire missile used by UK armed forces in Afghanistan were assessed to have caused any civilian casualties.Kenny MacAskill, Alba Party, East Lothian
It is policy that we do not release details of Hellfire missile employment by sub-variant as to do so could provide details of our capabilities and tactics. Consequently, I am withholding the information as its disclosure would, or would be likely to prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the Armed Forces.

The UK does everything it can to mitigate the risk to civilian life from UK strikes through our rigorous targeting processes and the professionalism of the RAF crews. All missions are meticulously planned, and every care is taken to ensure we minimise civilian casualties.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-21/143807Policy (and Declarations)Afghanistan
21, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many times enhanced blast variants of the AGM-114N Hellfire missile have been used by UK armed forces since June 2009.Kenny MacAskill, Alba Party, East Lothian
It is policy that we do not release details of Hellfire missile employment by sub-variant as to do so could provide details of our capabilities and tactics. Consequently, I am withholding the information as its disclosure would, or would be likely to prejudice the capability, effectiveness or security of the Armed Forces.

The UK does everything it can to mitigate the risk to civilian life from UK strikes through our rigorous targeting processes and the professionalism of the RAF crews. All missions are meticulously planned, and every care is taken to ensure we minimise civilian casualties.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-21/143806Policy (and Declarations)
21, March, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of reports that an art school in Ukraine, sheltering 400 people has been destroyed by Russian forces; and what progress they have made in discussions with the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court for ensuring that such reports and available evidence will be considered by that body in pursuit of prosecutions.Lord Alton of Liverpool, Crossbench, Life peer
Russia's use of indiscriminate force against innocent civilians is clear. It must be investigated and those responsible held to account.

That is why the UK led efforts to refer the situation in Ukraine to the International Criminal Court (ICC). We welcome the decision of the ICC Prosecutor to open an investigation. We stand ready to provide the necessary technical assistance to the ICC to support successful convictions.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-21/hl7104Protection of CiviliansUkraine
17, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, whether she has had discussions with Cabinet colleagues on the ethical implications of supplying weapons and military support to the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen.Alyn Smith, Scottish National party, StirlingI can assure you that HM Government takes its export control responsibilities very seriously. We assess all applications against the Strategic Export Licensing Criteria, which take into account our obligations under the Arms Trade Treaty and other relevant rules of international law. They provide a thorough risk assessment framework and require us to think hard about the possible impact of providing equipment and its capabilities.

In making our decisions on the exports of arms, we take advice from the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office and the Ministry of Defence.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-17/142081Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalSaudi Arabia, Yemen
16, March, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of President Putin's role in Russian military decisions to attack (1) civilian targets, and (2) nuclear facilities, in Ukraine.Lord Selkirk of Douglas, Conservative, Life peerAs the Supreme Commander-in-Chief, President Putin provides direction and leadership of the Russian Armed Forces and is accountable for their actions.

The targeting of civilians and any civilian objects is not only abhorrent, but also a blatant violation of international law, and should not continue under any circumstances. These allegations only strengthen the need for an International Criminal Court investigation into Russian war crimes and for the world to stand together in defence of International Humanitarian Law.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-16/hl7026Law domestic & International, Protection of CiviliansUkraine, Russia
16, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, whether the Mayor of London has raised concerns directly with her about the support shown for Hezbollah at the annual Al Quds march in London.Dr Matthew Offord, Hendon, Conservative
Hizballah has been proscribed in its entirety in the UK since 2019.

Proscription sends a strong message that the Government considers an organisation to be concerned in terrorism and makes it a criminal offence to be a member or supporter of the organisation, with a maximum penalty of 14 years in prison and/or an unlimited fine. It is also a criminal offence for a person to display or publish an article or item of clothing in such a way or in such circumstances to arouse a reasonable suspicion that they are a member or supporter of a proscribed organisation. This could lead to up to 6 months in prison, and/or a £5000 fine.

The tactics for policing public demonstrations are an operational matter for the police. It would not be appropriate for the Government to comment publicly on these. Whether an offence is committed during a public demonstration is a matter for the police to investigate.

The Home Secretary and Mayor of London routinely discuss a range of issues, including public demonstrations and the impact of these on community tensions.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-16/141182Counter-Terrorism
16, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, whether the Mayor of London has raised concerns directly with her about the support shown for Hezbollah at the annual Al Quds march in London.Dr Matthew Offord, Hendon, Conservative
Hizballah has been proscribed in its entirety in the UK since 2019.

Proscription sends a strong message that the Government considers an organisation to be concerned in terrorism and makes it a criminal offence to be a member or supporter of the organisation, with a maximum penalty of 14 years in prison and/or an unlimited fine. It is also a criminal offence for a person to display or publish an article or item of clothing in such a way or in such circumstances to arouse a reasonable suspicion that they are a member or supporter of a proscribed organisation. This could lead to up to 6 months in prison, and/or a £5000 fine.

The tactics for policing public demonstrations are an operational matter for the police. It would not be appropriate for the Government to comment publicly on these. Whether an offence is committed during a public demonstration is a matter for the police to investigate.

The Home Secretary and Mayor of London routinely discuss a range of issues, including public demonstrations and the impact of these on community tensions.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-16/141182Counter-Terrorism
16, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether she plans to withdraw any arms trading with Saudi Arabia in the context of the recent executions in that country.Rachael Maskell, Labour, York Central
The Government takes its strategic export control responsibilities very seriously. The Government will not grant an export licence if to do so would be inconsistent with the Strategic Export Licensing Criteria, including respect for human rights and international humanitarian law.  All licences are kept under careful and continual review as standard.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-16/141233Law domestic & InternationalSaudi Arabia
15, March, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government whether the absence of a “no fault” tariff in the Armed Forces Compensation Scheme disadvantages the level of payment made under the Scheme in contrast to negligence cases for personal injury; and whether they have considered this in determining future pay-outs from the scheme.Lord Moynihan, Conservative, Expected Hereditary
The Armed Forces Compensation Scheme (AFCS) is a no-fault scheme and is therefore different from awards for damages paid through the courts. If an individual believes they have been injured as a result of negligence, having an AFCS award does not prevent them from bringing a claim through the common law damages route, although an AFCS award would be taken into account in the damages payment (or vice versa). This is in keeping with the longstanding principle that an individual should not be compensated twice for the same injury.

The Ministry of Defence (MOD) works closely with the NHS to ensure smooth transition in medical care when leaving service. In the majority of cases, the NHS are able to meet the need for successful rehabilitation. In cases where more specialist support is needed, bespoke MOD funding packages may be available.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-15/hl6988Law domestic & International
14, March, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of recent reports of the restrictions placed on healthcare services in the West Bank and Gaza, including the distribution of COVID-19 vaccines, resulting from transit restrictions imposed by the government of Israel.Baroness Sheehan, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
The UK regularly raises the issue of freedom of movement and access into and out of the Occupied Palestinian Territories, including for healthcare services, with the Israeli authorities.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-14/hl6947Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
14, March, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of reports that phosphorus munitions have been used in attacks on civilians in Popasna, in the Luhansk region of Ukraine.Lord Alton of Liverpool, Crossbench, Life peer
The UK Government continues to condemn the indiscriminate or disproportionate use of any weapon, including incendiary weapons or those that have an incendiary effect. The targeting of civilians and civilian objects is not only abhorrent, but also a blatant violation of international law, and should not continue under any circumstances. Russia appears to be conducting indiscriminate attacks on Ukrainian civilians. These allegations only strengthen the need for an International Criminal Court investigation into Russian war crimes and for the world to stand together in defence of International Humanitarian Law.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-14/hl6922Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & International
14, March, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they have taken to designate phosphorous as a banned weapon under the Chemical Weapons Convention; and what progress they have made in achieving such a designation.Lord Alton of Liverpool, Crossbench, Life peer
White phosphorus is not a chemical weapon. The UK Government continues to condemn the indiscriminate or disproportionate use of any weapon, including incendiary weapons or those that have an incendiary effect, in contravention of international humanitarian law.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-14/hl6923Law domestic & InternationalUkraine
9, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps her Department is taking to improve the humanitarian situation in Yemen.Mr. David Lammy, Labour, Tottenham
The UK is a leading humanitarian donor in Yemen, contributing over £1 billion in aid since the conflict began. The UK is spending £87 million in aid in Yemen this financial year, which feeds around 240,000 of the most vulnerable Yemenis every month, supports 400 healthcare clinics and provides clean water for 1.6 million people. A negotiated political settlement is the only way to bring long-term stability to Yemen and end the humanitarian suffering. The UK supports fully the efforts of the UN Special Envoy and urges the parties to engage constructively with UN-led efforts towards peace.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-09/137218Protection of CiviliansYemen
9, March, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the state of relations between the UK and Tunisia.Lord Patten, Conservative, Life peer
The UK is committed to our close bilateral relationship with Tunisia. UK engagement with the Tunisian Government covers a wide range of issues, as reflected under the framework of the bilateral Association Agreement, which came into effect on 1 January 2021. We share ambitions to build on our close bilateral partnership, whether related to economic ties, trade partnership, education, taking action on climate change or tackling the threats we each face from terrorism. Her Majesty's Government, including the British Council, is in regular dialogue with the Government of Tunisia.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-09/hl6809Counter-TerrorismTunisia
9, March, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the role, if any, of Tunisia in resisting terrorism along the North African Mediterranean littoral.Lord Patten, Conservative, Life peer
A stable, democratic and prosperous Tunisia is a keystone to resisting terrorism along the North African Mediterranean littoral. The Tunisian authorities have made a great deal of progress, supported by international partners including the UK, in countering the threat from terrorism since the Sousse and Bardot attacks of 2015. But the threat remains, as set out in the UK's travel advice for Tunisia, and members of the Tunisian public and security forces have continued to pay a heavy price, losing lives and livelihoods to terrorism. It is vital that we continue to work together to address the shared challenges of terrorism and extremism, and to support progress towards an open, equitable and just Tunisia which delivers the public services and economic opportunities Tunisians want and deserve.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-09/hl6811Counter-TerrorismTunisia
9, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what the Government's position is on the upcoming UN-backed political declaration on restricting the use of wide area effect explosive weapons in populated areas.Margaret Ferrier, Rutherglen and Hamilton West, Independent
Restricting the use of explosive weapons in urban areas beyond the clear and robust framework that International Humanitarian Law already sets would reduce the UK's ability to operate legitimately and responsibly, potentially putting our operations or personnel at risk. We will continue to be actively involved in the political declaration process and assess the merits of the text once its final form is known.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-09/137343Law domestic & International, Protection of Civilians
9, March, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the use of (1) rape, and (2) the sterilisation, of Tigrayan women, in Tigray; and what evidence, if any, they have collected of such crimes.Lord Alton of Liverpool, Crossbench, Life peerWe are appalled at the prevalence of sexual and gender-based violence in Tigray. The Foreign Secretary has made sexual violence in conflict one of her top priorities. We are working to promote justice for survivors of sexual violence, to provide support to survivors and children born of conflict related sexual violence and to prevent sexual violence from occurring. We deployed one of the UK's Team of Experts to Ethiopia to investigate how to improve health and social services for survivors, identify how access to justice can be strengthened, and scale up the UK's response to conflict-related sexual violence. We are now implementing the expert's recommendations with partners in Ethiopia.

We have supported the Joint Investigation into human rights abuses and violations during the conflict, conducted by the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission and the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, and we welcome the Ethiopian Government's creation of an Inter-Ministerial Taskforce to take forward recommendations of Joint Investigation report. At a special session of the Human Rights Council on 17 December 2021, we backed a resolution that created an International Commission of Experts to investigate allegations of violations in Ethiopia, including those of sexual violence. We urge all parties to engage with this Commission.

We call on all parties to the conflict to act decisively to cease all human rights violations, including the perpetration of conflict-related sexual violence.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-09/hl6784Protection of CiviliansTigray
9, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, in the context of the recent report of the International Committee of the Red Cross outlining the risks to civilians of urban airstrikes, whether she has made an assessment of the potential merits of taking steps to restrict the use of wide area effect explosive weapons in urban areas.Margaret Ferrier, Independent, Rutherglen and Hamilton WestRestricting the use of explosive weapons in urban areas beyond the clear and robust framework that International Humanitarian Law already sets would reduce the UK's ability to operate legitimately and responsibly, potentially putting our operations or personnel at risk. We will continue to be actively involved in the political declaration process and assess the merits of the text once its final form is known.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-09/137344Law domestic & International
8, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what representations she has made to her counterpart in Kazakhstan on the (a) use of force by security forces on people protesting against living standards and (b) repression of peaceful protest.Jim Shannon, Democratic Unionist Party, Strangford
Following the outbreak of violence in Kazakhstan, My Noble Friend the Lord (Tariq) Ahmad of Wimbledon met senior representatives of the Kazakh government, including President Tokayev’s Special Representative. In these contacts, he underlined the need to ensure that law enforcement responses to protests are proportionate, in accordance with Kazakhstan’s international obligations. He also stressed the importance of the investigation into the unrest being conducted urgently, transparently and effectively.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-08/905943Protection of CiviliansKazakhstan
7, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what assessment she has made of the extent to which the Government has used counterterrorism powers in respect of Hamas since 31 January 2020.Mr Kevan Jones, Labour, North Durham
The Government does not routinely comment on intelligence matters.

The Hamas listing was extended to cover the organisation in its entirety in November 2021. This makes being a member of or expressing support for Hamas a criminal offence, which carries up to a 14-year prison sentence and/or an unlimited fine.

Hamas is also subject to an asset freeze under the Counter-Terrorism (International Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations, 2019.

The investigation and prosecution of proscription offences is a matter for the police and Crown Prosecution Service. It would be inappropriate for the Government to comment further on such matters.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-07/135433Counter-Terrorism
7, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what assessment she has made of the extent to which the Government has used counterterrorism powers in respect of Hezbollah since 31 January 2020.Mr Kevan Jones, Labour, North Durham
The Government does not routinely comment on intelligence matters.

Hizballah has been proscribed in its entirety in the UK since 2019, making it a criminal offence to be a member or supporter of the organisation with a maximum penalty of 14 years in prison and/or an unlimited fine. The Government also extended the UK’s financial sanctions designation to cover Hizballah in its entirety in January 2020.

The investigation and prosecution of proscription offences is a matter for the police and Crown Prosecution Service. It would be inappropriate for the Government to comment further on such matters.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-07/135434Counter-Terrorism
7, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment her Department has made of the potential merits of (a) supplying sexual assault forensic evidence kits to the Government of Ukraine, and (b) paying for the processing of those kits to take place in the UK, so as to enable the international prosecution of commanders and service personnel who commit rape as a war crime during the conflict in Ukraine.Drew Hendry, Scottish National Party, Iverness, Nairn, Badenoch and Strathspey
Russia's use of indiscriminate force against innocent civilians, in its illegal and unprovoked invasion of Ukraine, must be investigated and those responsible must be held to account. That is why the UK led efforts to bring together allies on 2 March to expedite an International Criminal Court (ICC) investigation into Russian war crimes in Ukraine. With 37 countries joining the UK, it is the largest referral in the history of the ICC. As a founder member of the ICC, the UK is willing to provide the necessary technical assistance to support successful convictions.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-07/135552Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalUkraine
7, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment she has made of the (a) immediate risk to life of attacks on civilians in the disputed Abyei region, including the towns of (i) Abyei and (ii) Agok, (b) roles of (A) Sudanese Armed Forces, (B) Misseriya militia, (C) Twic Dinka militias, (D) South Sudan People's Defence Forces and (D) Ngok Dinka militias in the ongoing violence; what representations she has made to authorities in the area including the leadership of UNISFA; and what steps she is taking to avoid escalation of that conflict.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
We remain concerned at violence in Abyei. We continue to urge Sudan and South Sudan to reach a resolution on the final status of the region to help end the longstanding conflict and violence between different communities. We also frequently raise our concerns at the UN Security Council and have helped ensure that the UN peacekeeping mission (UNISFA) has a robust protection of civilians mandate. British embassy officials in Juba and Khartoum maintain regular contact with UNISFA, most recently sharing reports of potential violence in order to help understand conflict dynamics, and to prevent or respond to any attacks.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-07/135461Protection of CiviliansSudan
7, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps her Department is taking to support (a) the Ukrainian Government, (b) NATO allies and (c) NGOs to preserve and collect evidence of alleged (i) war crimes and (ii) crimes against humanity to assist the International Criminal Court’s investigation in Ukraine.
Dan Jarvis, Labour, Barnsley Central
Russia's use of indiscriminate force against innocent civilians, in its illegal and unprovoked invasion of Ukraine, is clear for all to see. It must be investigated and those responsible must be held to account. The UK joined 44 partners on 3 March to launch an OSCE mission to investigate violations of human rights and international humanitarian law by Russia in Ukraine. The UK also led efforts to bring together 37 partners on 2 March to expedite an ICC investigation into Russian war crimes in Ukraine. We are willing to provide the necessary technical assistance to support successful convictions.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-07/135505Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalUkraine, Russia
7, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what support the Government is providing to the International Criminal Court to assist with that body's investigation into alleged war crimes and crimes against humanity in Ukraine.Dan Jarvis, Labour, Barnsley Central
Russia's use of indiscriminate force against innocent civilians, in its illegal and unprovoked invasion of Ukraine, is clear for all to see. It must be investigated and those responsible must be held to account. The UK joined 44 partners on 3 March to launch an OSCE mission to investigate violations of human rights and international humanitarian law by Russia in Ukraine. The UK also led efforts to bring together 37 partners on 2 March to expedite an ICC investigation into Russian war crimes in Ukraine. We are willing to provide the necessary technical assistance to support successful convictions.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-07/135506Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalUkraine, Russia
7, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what diplomatic steps she is taking to help ensure the protection of civilians in Ukraine.Dan Jarvis, Labour, Barnsley Central
The Government is working closely with the international community, with Ukraine directly, and across international organisations, to protect the people of Ukraine. The UK has now committed nearly £400 million to support Ukraine during this crisis, including £220 million of life-saving humanitarian assistance. On 7 March, the Prime Minister announced proposals for a new 'International Ukraine Support Group' to coordinate and sustain international support for Ukraine. This Group will capitalise on the unity shown at the UN General Assembly on 2 March in order to maximise sustained political, humanitarian, economic, civil society and civil resilience support. We will continue to work tirelessly with partners to protect Ukrainian civilians and to hold Russia accountable for their actions.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-07/135507Protection of CiviliansUkraine
7, March, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of press reports that teenager Amar Shafiq Abu Afifa was killed near Bethlehem by Israeli forces.Baroness Sheehan, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
We raise the issue of the high numbers of Palestinians killed and injured by Israeli Defence Forces in the West Bank and Gaza with the Israeli authorities, encouraging them to carry out swift, transparent and thorough investigations. Officials from the British Embassy in Tel Aviv raised the case of Ammar Shafiq Abu Afifeh with the Israeli Authorities on 2 March. We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population and urge restraint in the use of live fire.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-07/hl6691Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
7, March, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to ensure that sexual violence in conflict committed against civilians in Ukraine is investigated and prosecuted, including as part of the International Criminal Court’s investigation of crimes against humanity and war crimes in Ukraine.Baroness Helic, Conservative, Life peer
Russia's use of indiscriminate force against innocent civilians, in its illegal and unprovoked invasion of Ukraine, is clear for all to see. It must be investigated and those responsible must be held to account. That is why the UK led 37 partners in referring the situation in Ukraine to the International Criminal Court (ICC). We welcome the decision of the ICC Prosecutor to open an investigation, which includes allegations of sexual violence under Article 7 of the Rome Statute. We stand ready to provide the necessary technical assistance to the ICC to support successful convictions.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-07/hl6664Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalUkraine
7, March, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the report from the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Protection of Civilians Report: 25 January - 7 February 2022, dated 11 February; and in particular, the prevalence of the use of violence in the Occupied Palestinian Territories.Baroness Sheehan, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
We raise the issue of the high numbers of Palestinians killed and injured by Israeli Defence Forces in the West Bank and Gaza with the Israeli authorities, encouraging them to carry out swift, transparent and thorough investigations. Officials from the British Embassy in Tel Aviv raised the case of Ammar Shafiq Abu Afifeh with the Israeli Authorities on 2 March. We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population and urge restraint in the use of live fire.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-07/hl6692Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
4, March, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the report by HonestReporting Help Combat Hamas Terrorism, published on 2 February; and what assessment they have made of the warning within the report by Lloyd's of London against its members doing business with Hamas.Lord Foulkes of Cumnock, Labour, Life peer
The UK has a robust legislative framework which criminalises the financing of terrorism in all its forms. The Government regularly meets with the banking sector, regulators and non-profit organisations to identify, assess and understand the risk of terrorist financing and collaborate to respond to the risks that are identified, including producing appropriate guidance and best practice on risk mitigation measures.

The Home Secretary extended the proscription of Hamas to cover the organisation in its entirety in November 2021. The extension makes all of Hamas’ assets ‘terrorist property’, it also makes it illegal for people to be members or supporters of Hamas, with a maximum sentence of up to 14 years in prison and/or an unlimited fine. Hamas is also subject to an asset freeze under the Counter-Terrorism (International Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019.

The investigation and prosecution of offences is a matter for the police and Crown Prosecution Service. It would be inappropriate for the Government to comment further on such matters
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-04/hl6648Counter-Terrorism
4, March, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the report by HonestReporting Help Combat Hamas Terrorism, published on 2 February; and what assessment they have made of the warning within the report by Lloyd's of London against its members doing business with Hamas.Lord Foulkes of Cumnock, Labour, Life peer
The UK has a robust legislative framework which criminalises the financing of terrorism in all its forms. The Government regularly meets with the banking sector, regulators and non-profit organisations to identify, assess and understand the risk of terrorist financing and collaborate to respond to the risks that are identified, including producing appropriate guidance and best practice on risk mitigation measures.

The Home Secretary extended the proscription of Hamas to cover the organisation in its entirety in November 2021. The extension makes all of Hamas’ assets ‘terrorist property’, it also makes it illegal for people to be members or supporters of Hamas, with a maximum sentence of up to 14 years in prison and/or an unlimited fine. Hamas is also subject to an asset freeze under the Counter-Terrorism (International Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019.

The investigation and prosecution of offences is a matter for the police and Crown Prosecution Service. It would be inappropriate for the Government to comment further on such matters
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-04/hl6648Counter-Terrorism
4, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what support she is offering to the Government of Chad on helping to ensure (a) a full investigation into and (b) accountability for the killing of journalist Evariste Djaï-Loramadji and other civilians on 9 February 2022.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
The UK Government is aware of the death of journalist Evariste Djaï-Loramadji which took place during intercommunal violence in the village of Sandana on 9 February 2022. The UK encourages the Chadian Government to carry out a full investigation into the deaths of Evariste Djaï-Loramadji and civilians, and ensure that those responsible are held to account.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-04/134338Protection of CiviliansChad
3, March, 2022To ask the Attorney General, which of the Crown Prosecution Service's dedicated divisions for (a) international justice and organised crime, (b) special crime and counter terrorism and (c) specialist fraud will be responsible for prosecuting the new offences that will be established in the Economic Crime (Transparency and Enforcement) Bill.Emily Thornberry, Labour, Islington South and Finsbury
In March 2021, the CPS launched its first ever Economic Crime Strategy to ensure we keep pace with the changing nature of crime. It is a high-level strategy which allows the flexibility to respond and adapt to new and emerging threats.

The CPS currently has a dedicated Specialist Fraud Division with specialist prosecutors to ensure it has the right skills and resources to prosecute complex economic crime cases, ranging from the prosecution of bankers and investment scams, to the prosecution of those who seek to defraud the taxpayer of millions of pounds.

With effect from the 1 April 2022, a new Serious Economic, Organised Crime and International Directorate will be launched, merging the Specialist Fraud Division and the International Justice and Organised Crime Division. This new directorate will provide more resilience and will be responsible for prosecuting the new offences established in the Economic Crime (Transparency and Enforcement) Bill.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-03/133962Counter-Terrorism
2, March, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to record details of Russian attacks in Ukraine on (1) civilians, (2) schools, and (3) hospitals; and what steps they will take to ensure that those responsible are prosecuted.Lord Hylton, Crossbench, Expected Hereditary
Ukraine has suffered horrific attacks, including missile and air strikes which have torn through apartment blocks. Innocent people including children have lost their lives. The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights is recording details of Russian attacks in Ukraine.

Russia's use of indiscriminate force against innocent civilians is clear for all to see. It must be investigated and those responsible held to account. The UK joined 44 partners on 3 March to launch an OSCE mission to investigate violations of human rights and international humanitarian law by Russia in Ukraine. The UK led efforts to expedite an ICC investigation into Russian war crimes in Ukraine.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-02/hl6567Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalUkraine, Russia
1, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many of the Army's (a) Challenger tanks, (b) Warrior armoured vehicles and (c) AS90 self-propelled howitzers are serviceable as of 1 March 2022.John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, Labour
The Army is always ready to fulfil the task of protecting the nation and holds various people, units and equipment at various levels of readiness.

Details of the number of vehicles in the UK Armed Forces are published on an annual basis on the Government’s website. The most recent publication can be found here: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/uk-armed-forces-equipment-and-formations-2021 (opens in a new tab)

For reasons of security, we do not break this number down any further.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-01/132161Policy (and Declarations)
1, March, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of whether the government of Russia has targeted civilians, including children, in its invasion of Ukraine.Lord Selkirk of Douglas, Conservative, Life peer
Ukraine has suffered horrific attacks, including missiles and air strikes which have torn through apartment blocks. Innocent people including children have lost their lives. Russia's actions are a clear violation of international law and the UN Charter, and show flagrant disregard for its commitments under the Budapest Memorandum and the Minsk Agreements.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-01/hl6551Policy (and Declarations)Ukraine, Russia
1, March, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the proportionality of the security response by Israeli forces to Palestinians accused of throwing stones.Baroness Janke, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
We stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population, in particular the need to protect children. We encourage Israel to deploy security measures in a way which minimises tensions. We call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and have a regular dialogue with Israel on legal issues relating to the occupation, including the treatment of Palestinian children.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-01/hl6530Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalPalestine/Israel
1, March, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the attacks by Russia on civilians in Ukraine; and what plans they have, if any, to seek to initiate proceedings at the International Criminal Court in respect of those attacks.Lord Selkirk of Douglas, Conservative, Life peerRussia's use of indiscriminate force against innocent civilians, in its illegal and unprovoked invasion of Ukraine, must be investigated and those responsible must be held to account. The UK led efforts to bring together allies on 2 March to expedite an International Criminal Court (ICC) investigation into Russian war crimes in Ukraine. With 37 countries joining the UK, it is the largest referral in the history of the ICC. As a founder member of the International Criminal Court, the UK is willing to provide the necessary technical assistance to support successful convictions.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-01/hl6553Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalUkraine, Russia
1, March, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have made, if any, to the government of Israel regarding the killing of 13-year-old Mohammad Rezq Shehadeh Salah by Israeli forces near Bethlehem.Baroness Sheehan, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
We stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population, in particular the need to protect children. We encourage them to carry out swift, transparent and thorough investigations.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-01/hl6555Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalPalestine/Israel
1, March, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the impact on the human rights of Palestinians of (1) the restrictions placed on Gaza by the government of Israel, and (2) Israeli military activity in Gaza. Baroness Janke, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
The UK will continue to raise the issue of freedom of movement and access into and out of the Occupied Palestinian Territories, including for emergency services, with the Israeli authorities. These restrictions undermine economic development and living standards for ordinary Palestinians in Gaza.  We recognise Israel's legitimate need to deploy security measures and we encourage them to deploy these in a way that minimises tension and uses appropriate force.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-01/hl6532Protection of Civilians
1, March, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had, if any, with the government of Israel regarding reports of detention and abuse of (1) disabled, (2) underage, and (3) vulnerable, Palestinian civilians by Israeli forces.Baroness Janke, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
We call on the Israeli authorities to comply with their obligations under international law and either charge or release detainees. We do this both bilaterally and in co-operation with like-minded diplomatic partners. We have a regular dialogue with Israel on legal issues relating to the occupation and stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-01/hl6529Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & International
1, March, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have made to the government of Israel about incursions by Israeli forces in the Gaza Strip.
Baroness Sheehan, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
We recognise Israel's legitimate need to deploy security measures and we encourage them to deploy these in a way that minimises tension and uses appropriate force. We call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and have a regular dialogue with Israel on legal issues relating to the occupation.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-01/hl6556Protection of Civilians
1, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to his oral contribution of 21 February 2022, Official Report, column 19, what progress officials in his Department have made on revisiting the internal review on the recognition of or compensation for nuclear test veterans and their families; and if he will make a statement on the findings of that review once it has concluded.Peter Grant, Scottish National Party, Glenrothes
In relation to recognition, it is not within the Ministry of Defence's gift to award medallic recognition to the nuclear test veterans (NTVs). The Independent Advisory Military Sub-Committee (AMSC) was re-established in 2019 to offer advice to the Committee on the Grant of Honours Decorations and Medals (the HD Committee) in the Cabinet Office on historic military medals claims, including cases which may not have been previously considered or where new evidence has emerged. The HD Committee is the principal body with responsibility for making recommendations on honours, awards, and medals to Her Majesty The Queen.

The recommendation of the re-established AMSC was made in December 2020 in respect of the case of retrospective medallic recognition for all those who participated in the British Nuclear Test Programme during the period 1952 to 1991. The AMSC has an independent Chair, and independent Membership, and it has considered the case carefully, including submissions from relevant interested external parties. The AMSC's recommendation to the HD Committee was not to award a medal, and the HD Committee has accepted this advice. Any decision to revisit this decision would be a matter for the AMSC.

In relation to compensation, the Department is considering the findings of the final fourth phase of a longitudinal epidemiological study into health effects among nuclear test participants and any potential impacts on compensation policy. It remains the case that NTVs who believe they have suffered ill health due to service have the right to apply for no-fault compensation under the War Pensions Scheme, in respect of illness or injury as a result of service in the Armed Forces before 6 April 2005.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-01/132301Protection of Civilians
1, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many (a) main battle tanks, (b) infantry fighting vehicles and (c) artillery are available for immediate deployment as of 1 March 2022.John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, Labour
The Army is always ready to fulfil the task of protecting the nation and holds various people, units and equipment at various levels of readiness.

Details of the number of vehicles in the UK Armed Forces are published on an annual basis on the Government’s website. The most recent publication can be found here: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/uk-armed-forces-equipment-and-formations-2021 (opens in a new tab)

For reasons of security, we do not break this number down any further.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-01/132162Policy (and Declarations)
1, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to his oral contribution of 21 February 2022, Official Report, column 19, what progress officials in his Department have made on revisiting the internal review on the recognition of or compensation for nuclear test veterans and their families; and if he will make a statement on the findings of that review once it has concluded.
Peter Grant, Scottish National Party, GlenrothesIn relation to recognition, it is not within the Ministry of Defence's gift to award medallic recognition to the nuclear test veterans (NTVs). The Independent Advisory Military Sub-Committee (AMSC) was re-established in 2019 to offer advice to the Committee on the Grant of Honours Decorations and Medals (the HD Committee) in the Cabinet Office on historic military medals claims, including cases which may not have been previously considered or where new evidence has emerged. The HD Committee is the principal body with responsibility for making recommendations on honours, awards, and medals to Her Majesty The Queen.

The recommendation of the re-established AMSC was made in December 2020 in respect of the case of retrospective medallic recognition for all those who participated in the British Nuclear Test Programme during the period 1952 to 1991. The AMSC has an independent Chair, and independent Membership, and it has considered the case carefully, including submissions from relevant interested external parties. The AMSC's recommendation to the HD Committee was not to award a medal, and the HD Committee has accepted this advice. Any decision to revisit this decision would be a matter for the AMSC.

In relation to compensation, the Department is considering the findings of the final fourth phase of a longitudinal epidemiological study into health effects among nuclear test participants and any potential impacts on compensation policy. It remains the case that NTVs who believe they have suffered ill health due to service have the right to apply for no-fault compensation under the War Pensions Scheme, in respect of illness or injury as a result of service in the Armed Forces before 6 April 2005.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-01/132301Policy (and Declarations)
1, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps she is taking to provide humanitarian assistance to countries neighbouring Ukraine in the context of the flow of high numbers of refugees from that country.
Mr Nicholas Brown, Labour, Newcastle upon Tyne East
As of 8 March, 2 million people are known to have fled Ukraine to neighbouring countries, according to UNHCR [link: https://data2.unhcr.org/en/situations/ukraine%5D. These numbers will continue to rise. The UK government has so far pledged £395 million of aid, which includes £220 million of humanitarian assistance, some of which will go to countries neighbouring Ukraine. Our humanitarian support will help partners stand up their responses to the deteriorating humanitarian situation, creating a lifeline for Ukrainians with access to immediate assistance. HMG is also match-funding the public's first £25m of donations to the DEC Ukraine Humanitarian Appeal, our largest ever aid-match contribution.

In addition to the humanitarian assistance already mentioned, the UK has deployed humanitarian experts to Poland, Moldova and Romania to provide logistics, advice and analysis of the refugee situation, and a medical assessment team to Romania and Moldova to assess options for rapidly deploying UK Emergency Medical Team (UKEMT) capabilities.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-01/132169Policy (and Declarations)Ukraine
1, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many (a) serving and (b) former members of HM Forces (i) faced prosecution and (ii) were convicted for offences that took place while serving on Operation Banner.Leo Docherty, Conservative, Aldershot
The requested information is not held by the Ministry of Defence. Operation Banner was the operational name for the deployment of British Armed Forces in relation to the Northern Ireland Troubles from 1969 to 2007, predating both the establishment of the Service Prosecuting Authority and the Military Court Service. Prior to their establishment, prosecutions were the responsibility of either the single Services or the civilian justice system, depending on the nature and location of the alleged offence, and surviving records are neither complete nor held centrally.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-01/132254Law domestic & International
1, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps she is taking to (a) monitor and (b) support the progress of the Independent Investigative Panel on Human Rights Violations by the defunct Special Anti-Robbery Squad in Nigeria.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
The UK Government was deeply concerned by violence during the #EndSARS protests. We continue to monitor progress of the judicial panels of inquiry and have publicly reiterated the importance of transparency and accountability. We have also called for the transparent publication of all reports and stressed the importance of ensuring all alleged incidents of brutality by the security services are investigated fully, and the need for anyone found responsible to be held to account. We continue to call on the Nigerian police to uphold human rights and the rule of law in all operations and the UK Government will continue to follow all developments closely.

We continue to advocate for, and support, security sector reform in Nigeria. I visited Nigeria in February, and discussed the importance of human rights in my meetings with the Federal Government of Nigeria. During the recent UK-Nigeria Security and Defence Partnership (S&DP) Dialogue, we hosted a Human Rights forum, at which the UK agreed future cooperation with Nigeria on topics including: human rights and policing; human rights in conflict, including compliance from security forces; and women, peace and security.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-01/132219Protection of Civilians
1, March, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many (a) Republican paramilitary, (b) Loyalist paramilitary and (c) civilian deaths were HM Forces responsible for during Operation Banner.Dan Jarvis, Labour, Barnsley Central
The Ministry of Defence does not hold this information in the specific format requested.

However, there are a number of authoritative public accounts, and you might be interested in the recent research briefing published by the House of Commons Library, Investigation of former armed forces personnel who served in Northern Ireland.

This states that during Operation Banner the British military were responsible for the deaths of 301 individuals.

The briefing specifies that 210 of these individuals were Republican terrorists, 10 were loyalist terrorists and the remainder were civilians.

The figure for civilians includes the deaths of 10 members of the security forces, including eight members of the Army/Ulster Defence Regiment, and two members of the Royal Ulster Constabulary/RUC Reserve.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-03-01/132255Law domestic & international, Protection of Civilians
28, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, for what reason his Department decided not to undertake a Defence Capability Assessment Register assessment in 2022 as part of its Equipment Plan.Mr Kevan Jones, Labour, North Durham
The Defence Capability Assessment Register (DCAR) provides a long term view of relative capability risks (and strengths) against delivery of the full range of Defence tasks. The policy, priorities and outcomes for Defence changed as a result of the Integrated Review and we had to update the DCAR last year to reflect the new policy which was set out in more detail in the Defence Command Paper.

The DCAR process is being conducted this year against the new policy priorities.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-28/131093Policy (and Declarations)
28, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether he plans to reverse the decision to cut full-time Army personnel to 73,000.Mr Kevan Jones, Labour, North Durham
The 2021 Integrated Review and Defence Command Paper outlines the Government's plan for Defence. It recognised the unprecedented challenges posed by geopolitical shifts, including intensifying competition between states, a widening range of security threats, and rapid technological change.

The Future Soldier publication, published on 25 November 2021, outlines the future restructuring of the Army. The Army will consist of 73,000 full-time personnel and will move to a whole-force strength including fully integrated Reserve of over 100,000 personnel from 2025. The Army will become more agile and designed for permanent and persistent global engagement. The Army will be leaner, lighter, faster to respond, and more effectively matched to current and future threats. It will be integrated across domains, with allies, and ever more globally engaged.

We will continue to ensure we are threat-led and review the capabilities of the Armed Forces accordingly.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-28/131089Policy (and Declarations)
28, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, for what reason his Department decided not to undertake a Defence Capability Assessment Register assessment in 2022 as part of its Equipment Plan.Mr Kevan Jones, Labour, North Durham
The Defence Capability Assessment Register (DCAR) provides a long term view of relative capability risks (and strengths) against delivery of the full range of Defence tasks. The policy, priorities and outcomes for Defence changed as a result of the Integrated Review and we had to update the DCAR last year to reflect the new policy which was set out in more detail in the Defence Command Paper.

The DCAR process is being conducted this year against the new policy priorities.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-28/131093Policy (and Declarations)
28, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether he plans to launch a new recruitment programme for the armed forces in response to the situation in Ukraine.Rachael Maskell, Labour, York Central
The Armed Forces continue to meet all their current commitments, keeping the country and its interests safe, and the Government remains committed to ensuring that this country has the world class Armed Forces that it needs and deserves.

Military workforce levels are set in line with capability requirements, as set out in the Integrated Review/Defence Plan, and are reviewed on this basis. The Integrated Review and subsequent Defence Plan consider a wide range of factors including global geopolitics, intelligence, and future technologies. These levels take into account the time required to recruit and train personnel, as well as the skills that will be required and the technology that will be available. Recruitment targets are subsequently set to ensure Defence recruits the right number of people to fulfil the roles required to deliver Defence outputs as set out in the Defence Plan.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-28/131224Policy (and Declarations)
28, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to page 18 of the National Audit Office's report, The Equipment Plan 2021 to 2031, published on 21 February 2022, for what reason the decision was taken to exclude costs associated with the Future Combat Air System in the previous report.Mr Kevan Jones, Labour, North Durham
Last year we reported that the department faced a £7.3 billion shortfall. The shortfall meant that a number of important capabilities were not affordable within the Defence programme. Future Combat Air System (FCAS) is an early stage programme and in the previous 2020 report only the initial technology initiative was funded. The Integrated Review and the £16.5 billion increase in funding from the 2020 Spending Review have allowed the department to address the shortfall and add equipment to the programme, including the next phase of the FCAS programme. This addresses one of the key capability risks the NAO discussed in their previous 2020 report and the MOD's 2021 equipment plan shows a breakdown of these measures.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-28/131091Policy (and Declarations)
25, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps she is taking to support the Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo in protecting (a) human rights defenders from threats and intimidation, (b) the lives of human rights defenders and (c) the life of human rights defender, Dieudonné Tshimpidimbua.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
The UK Government remains deeply concerned about the human rights situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), including the consistently high number of abuses and violations and the restriction of civil and political rights. We expressed our concerns about repression of journalists, human rights defenders, and civil society actors at the 48th UN Human Rights Council (HRC) in October 2021. We are following the arrest and sentencing of members of Lutte Pour Le Changement (LUCHA) and continue to raise the importance of free, peaceful democratic activism with our counterparts in DRC. The UK supports the work carried out by the UN Peacekeeping Mission MONUSCO, to protect civilians, humanitarian personnel and human rights defenders under imminent threat of physical violence. In 2021/22, the UK will contribute approximately £45 million and three military staff officers to MONUSCO, who contribute to the UN Joint Human Rights Office (UNJHRO). UNJHRO continue to implement protection mechanisms for human rights defenders and journalists. In 2021, 762 cases of threats and human rights violations against beneficiaries were addressed, including 595 human rights defenders.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-25/129796Protection of CiviliansDemocratic Republic of Congo
25, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what support she is offering to the Government of Kenya to tackle violence against women and girls perpetrated by police and state security forces.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
In 2021-22, the UK has allocated £3.1 million (£9 million over the past 3 years) towards delivering accountable security and justice services to Kenyans and reducing conflict, insecurity and violence against women and girls. UK financial support and political lobbying has helped secure: the launch of Kenya's second National Action Plan on UN Security Council Resolution 1325 to strengthen women's agency and participation in the country's peace and security; high-level commitment by the Kenyan police to an integrated Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV) policy framework; and the establishment of a Gender Directorate within the National Police Service.

During my visit to Kenya on 17-18 January I met representatives of women's organisations from across the country to hear about their concerns around the upcoming elections. The UK has supported the National Police Service to develop guidelines to support professional and accountable police practice (including in SGBV management) during elections and trained 310 frontline officers on gender and conflict sensitive police response and public order management. We are also providing additional support for women's access to justice.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-25/129798Protection of CiviliansKenya
25, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent representations she has made to the Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo in relation to the arrest and detention of (a) members of the organisation Lutte Pour Le Changement and (b) other human rights defenders.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
The UK Government remains deeply concerned about the human rights situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), including the consistently high number of abuses and violations and the restriction of civil and political rights. We expressed our concerns about repression of journalists, human rights defenders, and civil society actors at the 48th UN Human Rights Council (HRC) in October 2021. We are following the arrest and sentencing of members of Lutte Pour Le Changement (LUCHA) and continue to raise the importance of free, peaceful democratic activism with our counterparts in DRC. The UK supports the work carried out by the UN Peacekeeping Mission MONUSCO, to protect civilians, humanitarian personnel and human rights defenders under imminent threat of physical violence. In 2021/22, the UK will contribute approximately £45 million and three military staff officers to MONUSCO, who contribute to the UN Joint Human Rights Office (UNJHRO). UNJHRO continue to implement protection mechanisms for human rights defenders and journalists. In 2021, 762 cases of threats and human rights violations against beneficiaries were addressed, including 595 human rights defenders.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-25/129782Protection of CiviliansDemocratic Republic of Congo
25, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps she is taking to mitigate Russian (a) influence in and (b) use of British Overseas Territories which benefit Russian strategic interests.Mr Tanmanjeet Singh Dhesi, Labour, Slough
The FCDO utilises overseas development assistance funding across Eastern Europe and Central Asia directorate in line with the aid strategy to simultaneously limit the ability of malign state actors, to achieve their strategic interests, while also strengthening the resilience of our partners' institutions and communities, which in turn reduces the risks reaching the UK.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-25/129865Policy (and Declarations)Russia
24, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what discussions she has had with Sudanese authorities on the protection of (a) the life of Amiera Osman and (b) other women's rights activists and c) women's rights activists from arbitrary arrested.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
Women were a major driver behind the 2019 protests that fought so bravely for democracy. I met a number of inspirational women leaders, social reformers and entrepreneurs during a visit to Sudan in October 2021. The UK continues to stand with them and are concerned by continued violent repression of Sudanese protesters and civil society, including women. While we are pleased at the news that Amiera Osman has been released, she should not have been detained in the first place. Since the coup, we have consistently called for an end to all arbitrary detentions and human rights violations, and for Sudanese people to be able to protest without fear of violence. This includes statements the Foreign Secretary and I have made, and at UN Human Rights Council, the UN Security Council and G7 Foreign and Development Ministers meeting. With our international partners we will continue to show our support for a return to the democratic transition and maintain pressure on the Sudanese military to deliver people's demands for freedom, peace and justice.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-24/129084Protection of CiviliansSudan
24, February, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the outbreak of hostilities in Ukraine, whether they will review the amount of national resources devoted to defence spending.Lord Empey, Ulster Unionist Party, Life peer
The Government is clear that Defence should be led by our understanding of the threats it needs to counter. The Government's Integrated Review of Security, Defence, Development and Foreign Policy, published last year, sets out how the Department will respond to the threats to the UK and recognises that the 'bulk of the UK's security focus will remain' on the Euro-Atlantic region. This was supported by the Spending Review 2020 settlement of an additional £16.5 billion for Defence which will support modernisation of our Armed Forces.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-24/hl6414Policy (and Declarations)
24, February, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the long term security implications of Russia's invasion of Ukraine; and what amendments they assess are required to the UK's defence posture and capabilities as a consequence.Lord Empey, Ulster Unionist Party, Life peer
Through his reckless actions, President Putin has severely damaged Russia's international reputation for many years to come. The UK's defence posture, deployments, and capabilities will continue to evolve, building on the work already set out in the 2021 Integrated Review. Alongside Allies and partners, we will ensure that we meet the challenges posed by President Putin.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-24/hl6416Policy (and Declarations)Russia/Ukraine
24, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent representations she has made to the Federal Government of Somalia on the treatment by (a) civil and (b) military judicial institutions of children who have been abused as soldiers by militant groups.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
The UK supports child protection services in Somalia through partners such as UNICEF. In 2021, UK funding supported community-based awareness raising for approximately 30,000 people, to strengthen the protective environment for children and women. Through the British Embassy in Mogadishu, the UK has raised its concerns about the vulnerabilities of children in armed conflict in Somalia and, at the UNICEF-led Group of Friends of Children Affected by Armed Conflict (CAAC) meeting in late 2021, underlined the need for a proactive approach towards protection. The UK has also engaged Somalia's Ministry of Education on policy and guidelines for implementation of Somalia's commitment to the Safe Schools Declaration. This policy will soon go to Parliament for ratification, and outlines actions to provide safe spaces where child victims of attacks on schools or recruitment by armed forces can receive legal, medical and psychological support.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-24/129085Protection of CiviliansSomalia
24, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what discussions she has had with Sudanese authorities on the protection of (a) the life of Amiera Osman and (b) other women's rights activists and c) women's rights activists from arbitrary arrested.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
Women were a major driver behind the 2019 protests that fought so bravely for democracy. I met a number of inspirational women leaders, social reformers and entrepreneurs during a visit to Sudan in October 2021. The UK continues to stand with them and are concerned by continued violent repression of Sudanese protesters and civil society, including women. While we are pleased at the news that Amiera Osman has been released, she should not have been detained in the first place. Since the coup, we have consistently called for an end to all arbitrary detentions and human rights violations, and for Sudanese people to be able to protest without fear of violence. This includes statements the Foreign Secretary and I have made, and at UN Human Rights Council, the UN Security Council and G7 Foreign and Development Ministers meeting. With our international partners we will continue to show our support for a return to the democratic transition and maintain pressure on the Sudanese military to deliver people's demands for freedom, peace and justice.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-24/129084Policy (and Declarations)Sudan
24, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps she is taking to ensure the adequacy of support by the UK and partners for peacekeeping operations in the Democratic Republic of Congo to help prevent the involvement of (a) the Wagner Group and (b) other Russian state-backed operations.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West HamThe UK is committed to supporting efforts to build stability and reduce violence in DRC. In 2021/22, the UK will contribute approximately £45 million and three military staff officers to the UN Peacekeeping Mission, MONUSCO. MONUSCO works to protect civilians, humanitarian personnel, and human rights defenders under imminent threat of physical violence and to address conflict for example through stabilisation support and disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration of armed groups. The DRC Government retains ultimate responsibility for security and stability, and we regularly discuss the importance of ensuring coherence, transparency, accountability and protection of civilians in security operations. The UK remains deeply concerned by the destabilising role the Russian mercenary group, Wagner, is playing in Africa. As I have said previously, the Wagner Group is a driver of conflict and capitalises on instability for its own interests, as we have seen in other countries affected by conflict such as Libya and the Central African Republic. Wagner does not offer long-term security answers in Africa.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-24/129088Protection of CiviliansDemocratic Republic of Congo
24, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether her Department plans to take steps at the 49th session of the UN Human Rights Council to press for greater human rights protections and accountability in (a) Ethiopia and (b) Sudan; and if she will make a statement.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
The protection of all civilians needs to be prioritised, human rights respected and those responsible for human rights abuses and violations held to account. At a Special Session of the UN Human Rights Council (HRC) on 17 December 2021, we supported and voted in favour of an EU-led resolution on Ethiopia which created an International Commission of Experts. This included a mandate to investigate allegations of violations and abuses of international human rights law and violations of international humanitarian law and international refugee law committed in Ethiopia, by all parties to the conflict.

We continue to call for justice and accountability for the victims of human rights abuses and violations, including through the International Commission of Experts and the Inter-Ministerial Taskforce set up by the Ethiopian Government. The 49th HRC Session will also hear the initial findings of the UN Expert on Human Rights in Sudan, Adama Dieng, who was mandated to report on the situation in Sudan since the coup, following UK leadership to secure an HRC resolution on Sudan in November 2021. As part of these discussions we will continue to call for accountability for violations and abuses and maintain pressure on the Sudanese military to protect human rights. We will also continue to engage fully in the ongoing UN-facilitated talks to reach a solution that leads to the restoration of civilian-led government, and meet the demands of the people of Sudan for freedom, peace and justice.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-24/129094Protection of CiviliansEthiopia, Sudan
23, Februrary, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what steps he is taking to help ensure that the Royal Navy is suitably resourced to fulfil the role assigned to it by the Integrated Review.Stuart Anderson, Conservative, Wolverhampton South West
To maximise the value from Integrated Review investment in the Maritime domain, the Ministry of Defence attributes resources as efficiently as possible to deliver against operational outputs and the procurement programme.

The Royal Navy (RN) is experimenting with different crewing models to inform the requirements for future classes of ships, and this will in turn guide the overall RN workforce requirement at both sea and shore.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-23/128421Policy (and Declarations)
23, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent assessment she has made of the prevalence of recruitment of child soldiers in Ituri province of the Democratic Republic of Congo.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
The United Nations Joint Human Rights Office reports that in 2021 the recruitment of children into armed conflict was the most documented violation of the rights of the child in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). 210 cases of abduction of children by armed groups were documented in Ituri in 2021, including by the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) and CODECO. According to the DRC Protection Cluster, 376 children associated with armed groups were identified and taken into care in 2021. In reality this is likely to be an underestimate and many hundreds more children are still thought to be associated with armed groups in Ituri province. Association with armed groups has significant negative consequences, including exposure to physical and emotional violence, long-term trauma and lost schooling years. We are working with the Government of the DRC to ensure their approach to community-based disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR) and stabilisation includes a focus on the need to provide tailored support to children associated with armed groups. In addition, UK partners the International Committee of the Red Cross, the United Nations Children's Fund and MONUSCO's Child Protection Section continue to tackle the recruitment of children into armed conflict. To date, 43 commanders of armed groups have officially committed to MONUSCO for the protection of children, through signing a unilateral declaration and roadmap to end the recruitment and use and other serious violations against children.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-23/128216Protection of CiviliansDemocratic Republic of Congo
23, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what his planned timetable is for a decision on the UK’s continued participation as a force contributor in UN MINUSMA.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
Following the announcement that France will withdraw its Counter Terrorism Operation Barkhane from Mali, we are examining the impact on the UK's continued support to the United Nations MINUSMA mission. Some critical enablers for the UK's continuation sit with the French force. We are in discussions with other European allies to consider whether these could be replaced.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-23/128224Counter-TerrorismMali
22, Feburary, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what the Government's priorities are for NATO's 2022 strategic concept.John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, Labour
At the June 2021 NATO Summit, leaders agreed to develop an updated Strategic Concept for the Alliance, to be endorsed at the 2022 Summit in Madrid. They agreed that the next Strategic Concept should refresh the Alliance's approach to its three core tasks of collective defence, crisis management and co-operative security. It should also consider the current strategic environment and guide the ongoing adaptation of the Alliance.

The last Strategic Concept was agreed in 2010, and is the product of a different global context. The next Strategic Concept needs to reflect the new reality of systemic competition, and its implications for the Euro-Atlantic area, as set out in the 2021 Integrated Review. (The Concept needs to ensure that the Alliance:

(i) stays strong and united, focused on keeping our people free and secure, and acting as a pillar for freedom, openness, and the rules-based international order;

(ii) continues its modernisation, with a focus on speedy adoption of advanced technologies;

(iii) strengthens its political and military tools, and better integrates its activity and capabilities;

(iv) continues to develop its resilience, including against hybrid threats;

(v) reinforces Allies' enduring commitment to invest 2% of GDP in defence. The UK has locked in a 0.5% above inflation increase to our defence budget and an additional investment of £16.5 million over the next four years).
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-22/127274Policy (and Declarations)
22, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps she is taking with her international counterparts to provide civilian aid to Afghanistan.Jim Shannon, Democratic Unionist Party, Strangford
In August, the Prime Minister announced that the UK would double its assistance for Afghanistan to £286 million this financial year. This will support over 6.1 million people with life-saving aid. Since April, we have disbursed over £261 million and we are working at pace to allocate the remaining funding. On 31 March, the UK with the UN and Germany will host a pledging conference on Afghanistan to raise funds to scale up essential humanitarian support for the people of Afghanistan.

We are working with the international community to ensure a coordinated approach to Afghanistan - through the UN Security Council, the G20 and G7, and our engagement with countries in the region. The UK government continues to work closely with the UN and NGOs to ensure that UK aid benefits Afghans in need. In addition, the UK is playing a leading role in the international efforts to address the causes of the economic crisis in Afghanistan by working with the World Bank, UN and US to find ways for humanitarian agencies to access currency; and supporting the World Bank to unlock existing funds within the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund to help the Afghan people.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-22/127416Policy (and Declarations)Afghanistan
22, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment he has made of the implications for his policies of the Human Rights Watch report of abuses by Cameroon’s Battalion d'Intervention Rapide published in December 2021.Claudia Webbe, Independent, Leicester East
The UK is committed to working with regional allies in West Africa to tackle violence in the Lake Chad area. We directly work with Cameroonian forces on capacity building to tackle violent extremist groups in the Far North. Our training includes a focus on international human rights standards.

We are aware allegations of abuses attributed to the Battalion d'Intervention Rapide (BIR). We have emgaged with the BIR on this incident. The BIR recently reaffirmed assurances that any forces accused of human rights violations will be investigated and those found guilty will be punished. We will monitor the outcome of any investigation, and we are keeping our security cooperation in the Far North of Cameroon under constant review.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-22/127575Law domestic & international, Protection of CiviliansCameroon
22, February, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon on 21 February (HL6047), whether they will now answer the question put, namely what discussions they have had with Muslim charities who are able to reach those in need in Afghanistan about the provision of aid.Lord Roberts of Llandudno, LD
In August, the Prime Minister announced that the UK would double its assistance for Afghanistan to £286 million this financial year. This will support over 6.1 million people with life-saving aid. Since April, we have disbursed over £261 million and we are working at pace to allocate the remaining funding. On 31 March, the UK with the UN and Germany will host a pledging conference on Afghanistan to raise funds to scale up essential humanitarian support for the people of Afghanistan.

Officials have met frequently with humanitarian NGOs including representatives of Bond, which includes Muslim charities. Our meetings with these organisations form an important part of assessing the changing situation on the ground and how we can address any obstacles to aid getting through.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-22/hl6358Policy (and Declarations)Afghanistan
22, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many programmes have been (a) written off, (b) cancelled or (c) merged with others as a result of the Integrated Review and Defence Command Paper; and if he will provide details of each of those programmes.John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, Labour
On the 21 February we published our annual equipment plan which includes a summary of the changes to the defence programme as a result of the Integrated Review in annex C. Our Annual Report and Accounts, published on 20 January, shows the impact on our financial accounts.

For further information I refer the Rt Hon. Gentleman to my response to the Parliamentary Question UIN 114659 answered on the 3 February.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-22/127273Policy (and Declarations)
21, February, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to prevent a humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan; and in particular, what steps they are taking to protect children in that country.The Marquess of Lothian, Conservative, Life peer
In January, the Foreign Secretary announced £97 million humanitarian assistance, delivering on the UK's promise to double UK aid to Afghanistan to £286 million in 2021-22. We have now disbursed over £176 million to Afghanistan and for Afghan refugees in the region to address the most urgent humanitarian needs. We are working closely with the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) to ensure children have increased access to life-saving health, nutrition and protection services, including supporting over 224,000 children with lifesaving treatment for severe acute malnutrition in Afghanistan.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-21/hl6277Policy (and Declarations)Afghanistan
21, February, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they are making to the government of Israel concerning the reported assault of Ahmad Mteir, a resident of Qalandiya Refugee Camp, by Israeli border police officers.Baroness Sheehan, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
The UK continues to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-21/hl6314Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
21, February, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the data from the Gaza Sub-National Health Cluster and WHO that indicate that (1) in December 2021 Gaza only had 40 per cent of the essential medicines it needs, amounting to just one month's supply, and (2) in some months as many as 50 per cent of permits for treatment outside Gaza are denied or delayed by the Israeli authorities.Baroness Sheehan, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
The UK continues to monitor closely the ongoing humanitarian situation in Gaza. We are a longstanding supporter to the UN Relief and Works Agency, which provides core services, including healthcare to Palestinian refugees in Gaza. The UK Embassy in Tel Aviv regularly raises the importance of access to healthcare with the Israeli authorities.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-21/hl6316Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
21, February, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they are making to the government of Israel concerning reports of Palestinian woman being subjected to intimate body searches by Israeli forces in 2015.Baroness Sheehan, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
We expect any such allegations to be thoroughly investigated by the Israeli authorities. We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-21/hl6260Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
21, February, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of (1) the government of Israel's settlement policy, and (2) the reported harming of civilians protesting against new settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territories.Baroness Sheehan, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
The UK's position on settlements is clear. They are illegal under international law. The former Minister for the Middle East, James Cleverly, raised UK opposition to settlement expansion with the Government of Israel on 9 November. We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-21/hl6315Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
18, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether she has made an assessment of the extent to which Saudi Arabian legislation on (a) counter-terrorism, (b) cybercrime and (c) associations and foundations complies with international human rights standards.Margaret Ferrier, Independent, Rutherglen and Hamilton West
Counter-terrorism (CT) cooperation with Saudi Arabia is important to UK national security. All security cooperation is subject to rigorous Overseas Security and Justice Assessments (OSJA) to ensure compliance with UK and international human rights standards.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-18/125207Policy (and Declarations)Saudi Arabia
18, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether he has plans for the UK to provide (a) defensive electronic warfare capabilities, (b) anti-aircraft missiles together with associated components, (c) defensive naval weapons, (d) modern artillery and (e) reconnaissance systems to the government of Ukraine.
Dave Doogan, Scottish National Party, Angus
The UK remains committed to supporting Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity. We have already provided defensive equipment such as light, anti-armour weapons systems and, body armour.

In light of the increasing threat from Russia, the UK will soon provide a further package of defence support to Ukraine. This package is being designed to enhance existing Ukrainian defence capabilities and complement those being provided by our allies and partners.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-18/125494Policy (and Declarations)Ukraine
18, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether she has made an assessment of the extent to which Saudi Arabian legislation on (a) counter-terrorism, (b) cybercrime and (c) associations and foundations complies with international human rights standards.Margaret Ferrier, Independent, Rutherglen and Hamilton West
Counter-terrorism (CT) cooperation with Saudi Arabia is important to UK national security. All security cooperation is subject to rigorous Overseas Security and Justice Assessments (OSJA) to ensure compliance with UK and international human rights standards.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-18/125207Counter-Terrorism, Policy (and Declarations)Saudi Arabia
10, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 10 February 2022 to Question 119771, if she will make it her policy to ensure that all UK nationals remaining in Afghanistan after the end of Operation Pitting have access to food in that country.Mr Tanmanjeet Singh Dhesi, Labour, Slough
Since 28 August 2021, the British Embassy in Kabul has suspended in-country operations. We encourage all British nationals in Afghanistan to check Travel Advice and confirm their presence using the online registration system. British nationals can continue to access consular assistance by phone on a 24/7 basis. The UK remains fully committed to supporting Afghanistan and its people. We have already announced a doubling of our humanitarian aid and development assistance commitment to Afghanistan, to £286 million. We have now disbursed over £176 million which will support over 6.1 million people in Afghanistan and the region, providing emergency food, health, shelter, water and protection. We are working at pace to allocate the remaining funding in response to the crisis and the new UN Appeal.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-10/122790Policy (and Declarations)Afghanistan
10, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to Written Ministerial Statement HCWS608 on Ukraine Update, made on 10 February 2022, how many items of (a) body armour, (b) helmets, and (c) combat boots will the UK Government supply to Ukraine.John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, Labour
The Defensive Equipment Package announced in the Written Ministerial Statement of 10 February 2022 included: 2,000 sets of body armour; 2,000 helmets; and 2,000 pairs of combat cold weather boots. This package, requested by the Ukrainians, complements the training and capabilities that Ukraine already has and those that are also being provided by the UK and other allies in Europe and the United States.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-10/122590Policy (and Declarations)Ukraine
10, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to the 8 February 2022 Statutory Report of the Police Ombudsman of Northern Ireland, what assessment he has made of the implications for his policies of the finding in that report that weapons stolen from the British Army were used in loyalist paramilitary murders.Claire Hanna, Social Democratic and Labour Party, Belfast South
The Police Ombudsman’s report shed further light on a series of shocking acts of terrorism that took place in the hon. Member’s constituency. The Ministry of Defence fully supported the Ombudsman in the conduct of her investigation into the attacks which took place between 1990 and 1998. It is of profound regret that stolen military weapons and ammunition were used in some of these attacks. Given the report was undertaken by the Police Ombudsman, the findings relate to the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) rather than the military. However, this report demonstrates the importance of information being made available to victims of The Troubles; this remains at the heart of the Government’s approach to legacy issues.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-10/905608Law domestic & international, Counter-TerrorismNorthern Ireland
9, Februrary, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to assist the International Court of Justice to apply, where necessary, the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination; in particular, in Ethiopia and the Tigray region of that country.The Earl of Dundee, Conservative, Excepted HereditaryWe remain deeply concerned about reports of human rights abuses and violations in Ethiopia. The Minister for Africa has raised our concerns about ethnically targeted arrests with Minister Redwan in Addis Ababa on 20 January. The protection of all civilians needs to be prioritised, human rights respected and those responsible for human rights abuses and violations held to account. At a special session of the Human Rights Council on 17 December 2021, we backed a resolution that created an International Commission of Experts to investigate allegations of violations in Ethiopia. We urge all parties to engage with this Commission and allow full access to witnesses and sites of concern.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-09/hl6123Protection of CiviliansEthiopia, Tigray
9, February, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have to reduce and alleviate human suffering in Ethiopia; and in particular, in the Tigray region.
Lord Goldsmith of Richmond Park, Conservative, Life peer
We are deeply concerned by the worsening humanitarian crisis in northern Ethiopia. The conflict is causing appalling suffering to the civilian population, with over 400,000 people in Tigray now living in famine-like conditions and over 25 million in need of urgent humanitarian assistance across the country. The humanitarian response in Tigray is now at standstill owing to the de facto blockade of the region imposed by the Government of Ethiopia since July 2021 and also due to recent military action by Tigrayan Defence Forces along the Tigray-Afar border.

We are working with our international partners and humanitarian agencies so that in the event that access is granted or when there is an easing of the blockade relief can be delivered to Tigray as quickly as possible. UK funding to the crisis in the north has included support to help strengthen humanitarian logistics, to improve the security of the response and to augment civil-military coordination. All parties to the conflict in the north must agree a ceasefire and allow aid to reach people in need.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-09/hl6122Policy (and Declarations)Ethiopia
9, February, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have to support the work of the International Commission of Human Rights Experts, established by the United Nations Human Rights Council, to conduct an investigation into allegations of violations and abuses committed in Ethiopia.The Earl of Dundee, Conservative, Excepted Hereditary
We remain deeply concerned about reports of human rights abuses and violations in Ethiopia. The Minister for Africa has raised our concerns about ethnically targeted arrests with Minister Redwan in Addis Ababa on 20 January. The protection of all civilians needs to be prioritised, human rights respected and those responsible for human rights abuses and violations held to account. At a special session of the Human Rights Council on 17 December 2021, we backed a resolution that created an International Commission of Experts to investigate allegations of violations in Ethiopia. We urge all parties to engage with this Commission and allow full access to witnesses and sites of concern.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-09/hl6126Protection of CiviliansEthiopia
9, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 9 February to Question 117760, how much the UK has spent to support efforts to tackle the drivers of conflict, demobilise armed groups and support dialogue and conflict resolution mechanisms between local communities in Ituri province of the Democratic Republic of Congo in (a) 2021-22, (b) 2020-21 and (c) 2019-20; and whether she has plans to expand such work over the coming year.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
The UK Government is concerned about instability in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), including in the Ituri province. I set out the range of efforts we are making to tackle the drivers of conflict, build stability and reduce violence in eastern DRC in Parliamentary Question 117760. Our current bilateral assistance to DRC is £56.3 million, comprising £30.4 million for humanitarian activities, £17.4 million for health and education; £4.8 million for economic development; and £3.7 million for governance and stabilisation. Since 2019, the UK Government has provided approximately £14.2 million in bilateral support to conflict resolution and prevention in DRC (£2.7 million in 2021/22; £3 million in 2020/21 and £8.5 million in 2019/20). In addition, in 2021/22, the UK has contributed approximately £45 million and three military staff officers to the UN Peacekeeping Mission in DRC, MONUSCO. We remain committed to working with the government and people of DRC, and our international partners, to support peace and stability.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-09/121705Policy (and Declarations)DRC
9, February, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to assist the International Court of Justice to apply, where necessary, the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination; in particular, in Ethiopia and the Tigray region of that country.The Earl of Dundee, Conservative, Excepted Hereditary
We remain deeply concerned about reports of human rights abuses and violations in Ethiopia. The Minister for Africa has raised our concerns about ethnically targeted arrests with Minister Redwan in Addis Ababa on 20 January. The protection of all civilians needs to be prioritised, human rights respected and those responsible for human rights abuses and violations held to account. At a special session of the Human Rights Council on 17 December 2021, we backed a resolution that created an International Commission of Experts to investigate allegations of violations in Ethiopia. We urge all parties to engage with this Commission and allow full access to witnesses and sites of concern.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-09/hl6123Protection of CiviliansEthiopia, Tigray
8, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps she is taking to ensure that UK aid is able pass into Ethiopia and the Tigray State during the current conflict.Mr Berry Sheerman, Labour, Huddersfield
We are deeply concerned by the worsening humanitarian crisis in northern Ethiopia. The humanitarian response in Tigray is now at standstill owing to the de facto blockade of the region imposed by the Government of Ethiopia since July 2021 and also due to recent military action by Tigrayan Defence Forces along the Tigray-Afar border. We are working with our international partners and humanitarian agencies so that in the event that access is granted or when there is an easing of the blockade relief can be delivered to Tigray as quickly as possible. UK funding to the crisis in the north has included support to help strengthen humanitarian logistics, to improve the security of the response and to augment civil-military coordination. The UK's assistance has helped relief agencies to deliver some aid in a highly insecure and complex operating context. In addition to Tigray the UK's support is also benefitting communities in Afar and Amhara regions directly impacted by the conflict.

The conflict is causing appalling suffering to the civilian population, with over 400,000 people in Tigray now living in famine-like conditions and over 25 million in need of urgent humanitarian assistance across the country. All parties to the conflict in the north must agree a ceasefire and allow aid to reach people in need. On 20 January, I met with Prime Minister Abiy and also spoke to State Minister Redwan, stressing the need for rapid and sustained humanitarian access and to lift the blockade on aid to northern Ethiopia. I also met UN Regional Coordinator Daniel Endres to discuss the humanitarian situation. We have been clear at the United Nations Security Council that all parties to the conflict must come to the negotiating table, and uphold their duty to protect civilians, in accordance with their international legal obligations.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-08/120648Policy (and Declarations)Tigray
8, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent discussions she has had with the Government of Ethiopia on the safety of the Tigrayan population living outside of the Tigray region.Ruth Jones, Labour, Newport West
We remain deeply concerned about reports of human rights abuses and violations in Ethiopia. I have raised our concerns about ethnically targeted arrests with Minister Redwan in Addis Ababa on 20 January. The protection of all civilians needs to be prioritised, human rights respected and those responsible for human rights abuses and violations held to account.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-08/120924Protection of CiviliansEthiopia, Tigray
4, February, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the current political and security situation in Burkina Faso, following the military coup which ousted President Kaboré in January.The Marquess of Lothian, Conservative, Life peer
The UK is deeply concerned about the deteriorating security and political situation in Burkina Faso. As the Minister for Africa set out in her statement on 25 January 2022, the UK condemns the coup d'etat by military forces in Burkina Faso, and calls for the immediate, safe and unconditional release of all members of the civilian government who have been detained, including the President of Burkina Faso, Roch Marc Christian Kaboré. It is vital that all parties remain calm and respect human rights, and for Burkina Faso to return to democratic civilian and constitutional rule without delay. We are monitoring the political and security situation closely, and working with partners to encourage a swift, peaceful and constructive resolution to events. Dialogue between all parties is required to tackle insecurity across Burkina Faso, and respond to the needs of the Burkinabe people.

Through our deployment to the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali (MINUSMA), our deployment of Chinook helicopters to the French counter-terrorism mission Barkhane, and our programmatic support for stabilisation and conflict resolution, the UK is working to build long-term peace and stability in the Sahel. We also provide humanitarian aid to the most vulnerable in the region, including in Burkina Faso.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-04/hl5998Counter-TerrorismBurkina Faso
4, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what written assurances her Department has given to international NGOs operating in Gaza that the proscription of Hamas as a terrorist organisation will not adversely affect their work.
Wayne David, Labour, Caerphilly
Hamas’ proscription was extended to cover the organisation in its entirety in November 2021. The US, Canada and the EU also designate the group in its entirety as a terrorist organisation.

The Government is confident that the UK’s counter-terrorism framework, including the proscription power, does not prevent organisations from operating overseas. This includes international non-governmental organisations (INGOs) delivering legitimate humanitarian aid.

In October 2021, the Government published an updated Information Note, primarily for INGOs, on operating within counter-terrorism legislation, sanctions, and export controls. Ministers of the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office have also met with INGOs to discuss Hamas’ extended proscription.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-04/118512Protection of Civilians, Counter-TerrorismPalestine/Israel
4, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what written assurances her Department has given to international NGOs operating in Gaza that the proscription of Hamas as a terrorist organisation will not adversely affect their work.
Wayne David, Labour, Caerphilly
Hamas’ proscription was extended to cover the organisation in its entirety in November 2021. The US, Canada and the EU also designate the group in its entirety as a terrorist organisation.

The Government is confident that the UK’s counter-terrorism framework, including the proscription power, does not prevent organisations from operating overseas. This includes international non-governmental organisations (INGOs) delivering legitimate humanitarian aid.

In October 2021, the Government published an updated Information Note, primarily for INGOs, on operating within counter-terrorism legislation, sanctions, and export controls. Ministers of the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office have also met with INGOs to discuss Hamas’ extended proscription.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-04/118512Protection of Civilians, Counter-TerrorismPalestine/Israel
4, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether military equipment supplied by the UK has been used by Turkey in Syria.Martyn Day, Scottish National Party, Linlithgow and East Falkirk
The UK does not undertake end-use monitoring of controlled items that have been exported. Our current approach is to focus on a rigorous forward looking risk assessment before a licence is issued and to consider whether goods might be used in a way which is inconsistent with the Strategic Export Licensing Criteria.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-04/118590Law domestic & International, Partner Assistance, Policy (and Declarations)
3, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent assessment she has made of the political and humanitarian situation in Myanmar, including reports of continued shelling and bombardment of ethnic minorities in Myanmar by the Myanmar military; and if she will make a statement.Stephen Timms, Labour, East Ham
The coup has plunged the country into a deep political, economic and humanitarian crisis. Over 14 million people are in humanitarian need, mass displacement is increasing, democratic gains have been reversed, and violence is escalating across the country.

The UK Government condemns any attacks against religious minorities in Myanmar. We also strongly condemn the military coup and the violence against the people of Myanmar. We will continue working with partners to call for an end to violence, unhindered humanitarian access, and the importance of respect for human rights and the protection of civilians. The UK also continues to support ASEAN's leadership on the crisis and calls for the full implementation of the Five Point Consensus.

The UK marked the 1 February one-year anniversary of the military coup in Myanmar by coordinating a private meeting of the UN Security Council, where briefings were provided by ASEAN Special Envoy Sokhonn Prak, UN Special Envoy, Noeleen Heyzer, and OCHA Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator, Ramesh Rajasingham. We secured a Security Council press statement on 3 February which called for a cessation of violence, full and unhindered humanitarian access and the protection of minorities. The UK also coordinated a Foreign Minister level joint statement with like-minded countries, condemning serious human rights violations by the military. I laid a Written Ministerial Statement in this House on 1 February to update on the UK's response to the political and humanitarian situation in Myanmar.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-03/117734Protection of CiviliansMyanmar
3, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what plans she has to provide humanitarian assistance to internally displaced peoples along Myanmar’s borders.Stephen Timms, Labour, East Ham
We strongly condemn the military coup and the violence against the people of Myanmar. The coup has plunged the country into a deep political, economic and humanitarian crisis. Over 14 million people are in humanitarian need, mass displacement is increasing, democratic gains have been reversed, and violence is escalating across the country. Since the coup, the UK has spent over £24m supporting humanitarian assistance on the borders with Bangladesh, China, India and Thailand.

We will continue working with partners to call for an end to violence, unhindered humanitarian access, and the importance of respect for human rights and the protection of civilians. The UK also continues to support ASEAN's leadership on the crisis and calls for the full implementation of the Five Point Consensus.

The UK secured a UN Security Council press statement on 3 February which called for a cessation of violence, full and unhindered humanitarian access and the protection of minorities. I [Minister Milling] laid a Written Ministerial Statement in this House on 1 February to update on the UK's response to the political and humanitarian situation in Myanmar.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-03/117733Policy (and Declarations)Myanmar
3, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps she is taking to support the Government of Niger in preventing any possible military coup.
Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
The UK is committed to supporting long-term peace and stability in Niger. Since 2018, we have expanded our diplomatic presence in Niger, with the appointment of the first resident Ambassador in 2020 - a significant step in strengthening our partnership with the Government of Niger. My predecessor visited Niger in July last year, shortly after the democratic transition of power to President Bazoum, which the UK welcomed.

The UK supports Niger through humanitarian, stabilisation, and development assistance, including support to Niger's High Authority for the Consolidation of the Peace, and the UN's Regional Stabilisation Facility in the Diffa region. We work closely with international partners to maximise the collective value of our programmes in strengthening Nigerien capacity to address the security, economic and development challenges facing Niger. We also support stability in the wider region through our deployment of Chinook helicopters to the French counter-terrorism mission Barkhane and our deployment to the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali (MINUSMA). As I stated on 2 February, the UK remains committed to supporting democratic institutions in West Africa and is watching developments in the region closely.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-03/117761Counter-TerrorismNiger
3, February, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what cross-border aid they are providing to vulnerable populations in Myanmar.Baroness Goudie, Labour, Life peer
Meeting humanitarian needs and supporting the resilience of the most vulnerable remains our priority. Since the coup the FCDO has provided £49.4 million in aid to Myanmar. We continue to provide humanitarian assistance through International NGOs, the UN, Red Cross and civil society organisations to those affected by conflict and natural disasters including with food, water, hygiene and sanitation services, shelter, medical equipment, and protection for the most vulnerable especially in displacement camps.

We are closely monitoring the outbreaks of fighting, including on supply routes in border regions, to ensure support reaches those in most need. At present, the UK is funding partners providing assistance on the borders with Thailand and India. As the situation unfolds, we will continue to consider all options to ensure that humanitarian aid can be delivered to those that need it.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-03/hl5925Policy (and Declarations)Myanmar
3, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what plans she has to provide humanitarian assistance to internally displaced peoples along Myanmar’s borders.Stephen Timms, Labour, East Ham
We strongly condemn the military coup and the violence against the people of Myanmar. The coup has plunged the country into a deep political, economic and humanitarian crisis. Over 14 million people are in humanitarian need, mass displacement is increasing, democratic gains have been reversed, and violence is escalating across the country. Since the coup, the UK has spent over £24m supporting humanitarian assistance on the borders with Bangladesh, China, India and Thailand.

We will continue working with partners to call for an end to violence, unhindered humanitarian access, and the importance of respect for human rights and the protection of civilians. The UK also continues to support ASEAN's leadership on the crisis and calls for the full implementation of the Five Point Consensus.

The UK secured a UN Security Council press statement on 3 February which called for a cessation of violence, full and unhindered humanitarian access and the protection of minorities. I [Minister Milling] laid a Written Ministerial Statement in this House on 1 February to update on the UK's response to the political and humanitarian situation in Myanmar.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-03/117733Protection of CiviliansMyanmar
3, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what support she is offering to (a) the Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo, (b) local civil society organisations and (c) humanitarian agencies and NGOs in that country to (i) tackle the drivers of recent violence in Ituri province, (ii) provide security for people in IDP camps and other highly vulnerable groups in Ituri province and (iii) tackle the humanitarian consequences of recent attacks on IDP camps in Ituri province.
Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
The UK has condemned the recent attack on Plaine Savo Internally Displaced People (IDP) site in Ituri, including through a UN Security Council Press Statement. The attack exacerbates an already severe humanitarian situation: due to violent attacks by armed groups, at least 864,000 people were displaced in Ituri in 2021 and over half the province's population suffer from acute food insecurity.

As one of the largest humanitarian donors, the UK has been providing life-saving support to tens of thousands of affected people in Ituri through our funding to UN, NGO and Red Cross partners. This support includes cash transfers, emergency water and sanitation, family tracing and reunification, and sensitising armed actors to their responsibilities under international humanitarian law. We are engaging directly with MONUSCO, the UN peacekeeping mission, on ways to improve the protection of civilians in Ituri province. The UK is also assisting efforts to reduce violence and build stability in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), including by working with civil society, the DRC Government and MONUSCO to address the drivers of conflict, demobilise armed groups and support dialogue and conflict resolution mechanisms between local communities.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-03/117760Protection of CiviliansDemocratic Republic of Congo
3, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, with reference to UK-Nigeria Security and Defence Partnership Inaugural Dialogue Communique, published on 2 February 2022, what estimate she has made the amount of UK funding allocated in (a) 2021-22, (b) 2022-23 and (c) future years to (i) policing reform in Nigeria, (ii) stabilisation, civil-military cooperation and peacebuilding in Nigeria, (iii) training for the Nigerian military on International Humanitarian Law, Sexual Exploitation and Abuse, and the protection of civilians, (iv) training on human rights, and sexual and gender-based violence for the police in North East Nigeria, (v) technical advice and experience sharing in relation to efficiency, fairness and efficacy in justice for victims of conflict and for those accused of terrorism offences, (vi) training and the deployment of specialist advisors in relation to taking into account gender perspectives during security operations, (vii) training and capacity building support for Nigeria’s efforts to address terrorist and other insurgent forces in the North East region, (viii) building maritime capabilities and supporting on port security, (ix) delivery of a new Prevent Pilot programme to address the drivers and enablers of Serious and Organised Crime, (x) delivery of kidnapping management and negotiation courses and sponsoring a National Kidnap Conference in Nigeria, (xi) partnership working to tackle illicit financial flows and strengthening cooperation on asset return and (xii) support and training on aviation security.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
At the inaugural UK-Nigeria Security and Defence dialogue, held between 31st January and 2nd February in London, the UK and Nigeria agreed future cooperation to respond to shared threats, and to support Nigerian efforts to tackle a range of security and human rights challenges. That cooperation and support includes provision of technical assistance, advice, and training, some of which will be provided by in-country UK Government officials, and some delivered through programming.

Our Conflict, Stability and Security Fund (CSSF) Lake Chad Basin programme will support many of the commitments in the dialogue communique, including those on police reform, stabilisation and civil-military cooperation, human rights training for the military and police, including on sexual and gender-based violence, and training and capacity-building support for Nigeria's efforts to respond to terrorism. Our Lake Chad Basin programme is worth £15.65 million between FY 2021 - 22.

The Ministry of Defence, National Crime Agency, Home Office, and Department for Transport will, through their programmes, also support commitments made at the dialogue.

We regularly raise insecurity and human rights in Nigeria with the Nigerian Government. On 1 February, I discussed insecurity with National Security Advisor Monguno, as part of the dialogue. We will continue to urge and support the Nigerian Government to take action to implement long-term solutions that address the root causes of violence.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-03/117762Protection of Civilians, Partner AssistanceNigeria
1, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 1 February to Question 113271, if she will publish the outcome of her Department's assessment of the recent reports of impact of airstrikes on civilians in Yemen.Kenny MacAskill, Alba Party, East Lothian
We are looking into recent reports of impact of airstrikes on civilians in Yemen. We urge all parties to the Yemen conflict to exercise restraint and avoid further civilian impact and suffering. The UK raises regularly the importance of protecting civilians with the Saudi-led Coalition.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-01/116066Protection of CiviliansYemen, Saudi Arabia
1, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment he has made of the risk that the Ukraine defence forces might use UK-supplied anti-tank weapons against civilian targets in the Donbas region of that country.Kenny MacAskill, Alba Party, East Lothian
As with all of our military assistance to Ukraine, the risks associated with training the Ukrainian Armed Forces on the use of these weapons was conducted under the Government's Overseas Justice and Security Assistance guidance. All gifts of UK Government-owned licensable military equipment to an Overseas Government are assessed against the Strategic Export Licensing Criteria and require an end user undertaking before handing over to recipients.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-01/116065Policy (and Declarations)Ukraine
1, Feburary, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps she is taking in response to the finding of the Integrated Review that it is likely that a terrorist group will launch a successful chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear weapon attack by 2030.Layla Moran, Liberal Democrat, Oxford West and Abingdon
The UK monitors closely acquisition and use by states and terrorists of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) materials. We work with our partners to uphold the Chemical Weapons Convention, the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention and the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Security Material. The UK's 2021 Presidency of the Global Partnership Against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction (GP) generated funding and practical support to institutions which counter the CBRN threat. The UK has supported activity under UN Security Council Resolution 1540 on the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction to terrorists and other non-state actors.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-01/116031Policy (and Declarations), Counter-Terrorism
1, Feburary, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment his Department has made of the (a) effectiveness and (b) impact of training provided by UK armed forces to the Cameroon Battalion d’Intervention Rapide (BIR) in the context of allegations from human rights groups of involvement of the BIR in human rights abuses against civilians in Anglophone regions of Cameroon.Claudia Webbe, Independent, Leicester East
The UK military team providing capacity building for the Battalion d'Intervention Rapide (BIR) regularly assess the effectiveness of the training provided. Their assessment is that the BIR is a credible and effective partner force, having a positive effect on containing the spread of violent extremism in the Lake Chad Basin. A Conflict, Stability and Security Fund team visited Cameroon in November 2021 to evaluate the effectiveness of the military assistance provided to the BIR and they concluded that the training provided is effective. The evaluation team also noted allegations concerning past BIR misconduct, most recently dated from 2017 and 2018, and that no evaluators, including human rights observers and Cameroonian civilians, could identify or confirm any recent allegations involving BIR units or personnel trained by the UK.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-01/116085Policy (and Declarations)Cameroon
1, February, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what support they intend to offer, if any, to the COVID-19 vaccination programme for Palestinians in Gaza, given reports of shortages of medical equipment.Baroness Janke, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
Tackling COVID-19 remains a priority for the Government. The UK is one of the largest donors to the COVAX Advance Market Commitment (AMC), which supports access to COVID-19 vaccines for up to 92 low- and middle-income countries. Our £548 million commitment will support the COVAX AMC to deliver up to 1.8 billion doses to these countries by mid-2022. The Occupied Palestinian Territories was one of the first to receive vaccines from this scheme and continues to receive further consignments of COVAX vaccines, most recently on 29 December 2021.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-01/hl5843Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
1, Feburary, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what is the current strength of UK forces in Mali; and what changes, if any, they will make to their military activities in Mali following the announcement by the government of France that it would partially withdraw its forces from that country.The Earl of Sandwich, Crossbench, Expected Hereditary
The UK is committed to building long-term peace and stability in Mali and the wider region. Of the c.14,500 personnel that make up the UN Peacekeeping mission in Mali (MINUSMA), the UK deploys 300 troops. Separately, we also deploy four Chinook helicopters with around 100 troops providing logistical support to the French counter-terrorism operation, Barkhane.

The Minister for Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean has expressed concern about the increasing restrictions on UN Peacekeeping and international forces in Mali, and has urged all partners to continue working together to protect and support a better future for the Malian people. We are in close contact with our French partners about the implications of any decisions they make regarding their military presence in Mali, and we keep our deployment under continual review.

On Thursday 3rd February 2022 the Minister for Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean visited the 2nd Battalion, The Royal Anglian Regiment, where she met with the Commanding Officer, Lt Col Will Meddings, and Soldiers from UK Task Group, recently returned from their six month deployment to Mali. She was impressed to hear first-hand from our service personnel of the work that they had done to help bring peace, stability and normality to remote communities that face extreme violence, as well as the positive relationships that UK forces had built with other members of MINUSMA.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-01/hl5855Counter-TerrorismMali
1, Febraury, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment he has made of the risk that the Ukraine defence forces might use UK-supplied anti-tank weapons against civilian targets in the Donbas region of that country.Kenny MacAskill, Alba Party, East Lothian
As with all of our military assistance to Ukraine, the risks associated with training the Ukrainian Armed Forces on the use of these weapons was conducted under the Government's Overseas Justice and Security Assistance guidance. All gifts of UK Government-owned licensable military equipment to an Overseas Government are assessed against the Strategic Export Licensing Criteria and require an end user undertaking before handing over to recipients.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-01/116065Law domestic & International, Partner Assistance, Protection of Civilians, Policy (and Declarations)Ukraine
1, February, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to the documents publish on 26 January 2022 by Declassified UK, what steps her Department takes to monitor the potential diversion of military units trained by the UK from the Far North region to the Anglophone regions of Cameroon.Alex Cunningham, Labour, Stockton North
UK Defence assistance in Cameroon is not linked to the ongoing Anglophone conflict. All training in the far North of Cameroon is geographically bound to the far North Region only. The training itself emphasises obligations to adhere to strict international human rights standards, and we have also supported the delivery of training on the law of armed conflict and international humanitarian law (IHL), including theory and practical lessons on IHL compliance in operations. Records are kept on all BIR trainees to monitor for any potential diversion of military units. We keep our security cooperation under constant review.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-01/115895Law domestic & InternationalCameroon
1, February, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what is the current strength of UK forces in Mali; and what changes, if any, they will make to their military activities in Mali following the announcement by the government of France that it would partially withdraw its forces from that country.The Earl of Sandwich, Crossbench, Expected Hereditary
The UK is committed to building long-term peace and stability in Mali and the wider region. Of the c.14,500 personnel that make up the UN Peacekeeping mission in Mali (MINUSMA), the UK deploys 300 troops. Separately, we also deploy four Chinook helicopters with around 100 troops providing logistical support to the French counter-terrorism operation, Barkhane.

The Minister for Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean has expressed concern about the increasing restrictions on UN Peacekeeping and international forces in Mali, and has urged all partners to continue working together to protect and support a better future for the Malian people. We are in close contact with our French partners about the implications of any decisions they make regarding their military presence in Mali, and we keep our deployment under continual review.

On Thursday 3rd February 2022 the Minister for Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean visited the 2nd Battalion, The Royal Anglian Regiment, where she met with the Commanding Officer, Lt Col Will Meddings, and Soldiers from UK Task Group, recently returned from their six month deployment to Mali. She was impressed to hear first-hand from our service personnel of the work that they had done to help bring peace, stability and normality to remote communities that face extreme violence, as well as the positive relationships that UK forces had built with other members of MINUSMA.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-02-01/hl5855Counter-Terrorism, Policy (and Declarations)Mali
31, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment he has made of the compatibility of actions taken by Saudi Arabian and UAE forces in the war in Yemen with international law.Kenny MacAskill, Alba Party, East Lothian
As the then Secretary of State for International Trade set out in her written statement of 7 July 2020, as part of the UK's robust export licencing procedure, the Government analyses allegations of International Humanitarian Law (IHL) breaches in Yemen that are assessed as likely to have occurred, by reference to the relevant principles of IHL and in light of all the information available. An evaluation is then made, in respect of each incident, of whether it is possible that it constitutes a breach of IHL, or whether it is unlikely that it represents a breach (or where there is insufficient information to make this evaluation).
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-31/114948Law domestic & International
31, January, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs' Protection of Civilians Report of 11–24 January, what representations they have made to the government of Israel concerning roadblocks and checkpoints placed on Palestinian village entrances and agricultural roads in the West Bank.Baroness Sheehan, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
We continue to raise with the Israeli authorities the impact that restrictions on access and trade have on the living standards of ordinary Palestinians.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-31/hl5812Protection of Civilians
31, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many Royal Air Force personnel are present in Saudi air operations centres involved in the war in Yemen as of 31 January 2022; and what rank those personnel are.Kenny MacAskill, Alba Party, East Lothian
We have a very small number of liaison officers based in the Saudi Air Operations Centre. They come under UK command and control and observe Saudi-led coalition air operations in Yemen to help the UK support Saudi compliance with International Humanitarian Law.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-31/114947Law domestic & International, Partner AssistanceSaudi Arabia
28, January, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of (1) the military takeover in Burkina Faso, and (2) the implications for combating Islamist militancy in the Sahel region.Lord Boateng, Labour, Life peer
The UK is deeply concerned about the deteriorating security and political situation in Burkina Faso. As the Minister for Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean set out in her statement on 25 January 2022, the UK condemns the coup d'etat by military forces in Burkina Faso, and calls for the immediate, safe and unconditional release of all members of the civilian government who have been detained, including the President of Burkina Faso, Roch Marc Christian Kaboré. It is vital that all parties remain calm and respect human rights, and for Burkina Faso to return to democratic civilian and constitutional rule without delay. We are monitoring the political and security situation closely, and are working with partners to encourage a swift, peaceful and constructive resolution to events. Dialogue between all parties is required to tackle insecurity across Burkina Faso, and respond to the needs of the Burkinabe people.

We are concerned about insecurity and the impact of Violent Extremist Organisations in the Sahel. Through our deployment to the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali (MINUSMA), our deployment of Chinook helicopters to the French counter-terrorism mission Barkhane, and our programmatic support for stabilisation and conflict resolution, the UK is working to build long-term peace and stability in the Sahel.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-28/hl5759Counter-TerrorismSahel
28, January, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of (1) the military takeover in Burkina Faso, and (2) the implications for combating Islamist militancy in the Sahel region.Lord Boateng, Labour, Life peer
The UK is deeply concerned about the deteriorating security and political situation in Burkina Faso. As the Minister for Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean set out in her statement on 25 January 2022, the UK condemns the coup d'etat by military forces in Burkina Faso, and calls for the immediate, safe and unconditional release of all members of the civilian government who have been detained, including the President of Burkina Faso, Roch Marc Christian Kaboré. It is vital that all parties remain calm and respect human rights, and for Burkina Faso to return to democratic civilian and constitutional rule without delay. We are monitoring the political and security situation closely, and are working with partners to encourage a swift, peaceful and constructive resolution to events. Dialogue between all parties is required to tackle insecurity across Burkina Faso, and respond to the needs of the Burkinabe people.

We are concerned about insecurity and the impact of Violent Extremist Organisations in the Sahel. Through our deployment to the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali (MINUSMA), our deployment of Chinook helicopters to the French counter-terrorism mission Barkhane, and our programmatic support for stabilisation and conflict resolution, the UK is working to build long-term peace and stability in the Sahel.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-28/hl5759Counter-TerrorismSahel
28, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment his Department has made of the adequacy of compensation provision through Veterans UK, War Pensions and AFCS.Stephanie Peacock, Labour, Barnsley East
The Department is committed to ensuring that the Armed Forces Compensation Scheme (AFCS) and War Pension Scheme (WPS) deliver for those who make a claim, and there are mechanisms of assessment and accountability in place to ensure that this is the case. The Central Advisory Committee on Compensation (CAC) provides an on-going opportunity for Armed Forces charities and representatives to discuss all aspects of compensation.

Veterans UK is the public facing name of Veterans Services provided by Defence Business Services (DBS), an enabling organisation of the Ministry of Defence. The disruption caused by the COVID pandemic impacted the ability of DBS to meet targets for the administration of both AFCS and WPS. However, the return to office working in 2021 significantly increased operational capacity and the implementation of a recovery plan has greatly reduced processing times. AFCS processing now meets the 90-day target and WPS is expected to recover the 127-day target in February 2022. Veterans UK has also embarked on a £40 million programme to digitalise its services which will improve customer experience, speed up processing and reduce cost.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-28/113806Partner Assistance
28, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment his Department has made of the adequacy of compensation provision through Veterans UK, War Pensions and AFCS.Stephanie Peacock, Labour, Barnsley East
The Department is committed to ensuring that the Armed Forces Compensation Scheme (AFCS) and War Pension Scheme (WPS) deliver for those who make a claim, and there are mechanisms of assessment and accountability in place to ensure that this is the case. The Central Advisory Committee on Compensation (CAC) provides an on-going opportunity for Armed Forces charities and representatives to discuss all aspects of compensation.

Veterans UK is the public facing name of Veterans Services provided by Defence Business Services (DBS), an enabling organisation of the Ministry of Defence. The disruption caused by the COVID pandemic impacted the ability of DBS to meet targets for the administration of both AFCS and WPS. However, the return to office working in 2021 significantly increased operational capacity and the implementation of a recovery plan has greatly reduced processing times. AFCS processing now meets the 90-day target and WPS is expected to recover the 127-day target in February 2022. Veterans UK has also embarked on a £40 million programme to digitalise its services which will improve customer experience, speed up processing and reduce cost.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-28/113806Law domestic & International
28, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, on which date her Department most recently reviewed the export of British manufactured equipment to Israeli distributors for the purposes of monitoring any subsequent use in the demolition of homes in the occupied Palestinian territories.Beth Winter, Labour, Cynon Valley
We do not collect this information. The UK is clear that in all but the most exceptional of circumstances, demolitions and evictions are contrary to International Humanitarian Law. On 19 January, I [Minister Cleverly] urged the Government of Israel to stop these practices. The UK regularly raises the issue of demolitions, confiscations and forced evictions of Palestinians from their homes with the Government of Israel, most recently with Israel's Ministry of Defence on 20 January and Ministry of Justice on 27 January.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-28/113286Law domestic & InternationalPalestine/Israel
27, January, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government, with regard to the Joint Analysis of Conflict and Stability: Guidance Note, published in June 2017, when an assessment on Myanmar was last conducted; and what is their assessment of the situation in Myanmar, with particular reference to the alleged mass atrocity crimes committed against the Rohingya people.Baroness Cox, Crossbench, Life peer
The UK condemns the coup and calls for an end to violence and the restoration of democracy. We recognise the particular vulnerability of the Rohingya, and other ethnic and religious minorities, and are monitoring developments closely.

The UK finalised our Joint Analysis of Conflict and Stability in Myanmar in March 2019. The JACS provides a detailed assessment of the situation in Myanmar, including an analysis of the impact of atrocities committed against the Rohingya in 2017. The JACS recognises, in particular, the role that ethno-religious nationalism played in fuelling widespread violence against the Rohingya. These narratives remain, and are perpetuated by the military regime, leading to an ongoing risk of further atrocities against minorities.

Following the coup in Myanmar, the Myanmar JACS is currently being refreshed. The revised JACS will maintain a focus on the situation of the Rohingya, and other ethnic and religious minorities. It will also look to mainstream the UK's developing work on atrocity prevention and identity based violence in Myanmar.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-27/hl5736Policy (and Declarations)Myanmar
27, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps her Department has taken to help advance the two global girls’ education targets since the meeting of the G7 in June 2021.Rachael Maskell, Labour, York CentralWe have built on the momentum of the G7 and UK-hosted Global Education Summit to push forward progress on girls' education. At COP26 we shone a spotlight on the links between education and climate and called for countries to prioritise early learning in their efforts to mitigate climate change. In Afghanistan the UK has called for girls' right to secondary education to be restored, and UK humanitarian funds are helping provide safe spaces for learning for 38,000 displaced children, including 28,000 girls.

As of mid-December, more than 647 million school children were still affected by partial or full school closures. Ministers are pressing national governments to reopen schools as a matter of priority, while our bilateral education programmes and flagship Girls' Education Challenge continue to support children to catch-up on the learning they have lost. On 26 January the UK helped launch a new report by the Global Education Evidence Advisory Panel focused on recovering children's education, as part of our commitment to increase the global evidence base for education reform.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-27/113166Protection of Civilians
27, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if he will make an assessment of whether components from the Raytheon factory in Glenrothes formed part of the missile that hit a detention centre in Sa’adah, Yemen on 21 January 2022.Kenny MacAskill, Alba Party, East Lothian
We are looking into recent reports of impact of airstrikes on civilians in Yemen. We urge all parties to the Yemen conflict to exercise restraint and avoid further civilian impact and suffering. The Government takes its strategic export control responsibilities very seriously. The Government will not grant an export licence if to do so would be inconsistent with the Strategic Export Licensing Criteria, including respect for human rights and international humanitarian law.  All licences are kept under careful and continual review as standard.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-27/113271Protection of CiviliansYemen
27, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, pursuant to the the Answer of 10 January 2022 to Question 100568 on Arms Trade: Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates, how her Department defines the threshold for minimal impact.Ruth Cadbury, Labour, Brentford and Isleworth
The Department for International Trade does not have a definition of the threshold for minimal impact.

In the response I gave to the Hon. Member’s question, UIN:100568(opens in a new tab), we said “We do not expect the revised Strategic Export Licensing Criteria to have a significant impact on the level of arms exports to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates”

There is no special meaning to the phrase “significant impact” as used in our answer.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-27/113132Law domestic & InternationalSaudi Arabia, UAE
27, January, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government, with regard to the Joint Analysis of Conflict and Stability: Guidance Note, published in June 2017, when an assessment on Ethiopia was last conducted; and what is their assessment of the situation in Ethiopia, with particular reference to the mistreatment of the ethnic Tigrayan people.Baroness Cox, Crossbench, Life peer
HMG undertakes regular contextual analysis of the changing situation in Ethiopia, including of the drivers of conflict and the changing political settlement. This analysis, undertaken routinely by our own staff and by a broad range of external experts informs our policy and programmatic approaches.

We are deeply concerned by the growing humanitarian crisis in northern Ethiopia. The humanitarian response in Tigray is now at standstill owing to the de facto blockade of the region imposed by the Government of Ethiopia since July 2021 and also due to recent military action by Tigrinyan defence forces along the Tigray-Afar border disrupting a potential buffer zone to transfer humanitarian deliveries. The Minister for Africa raised our concerns about humanitarian access and ethnically targeted arrests with Minister Redwan in Addis Ababa on 20 January. It is vital that both sides put down their arms and come to the negotiating table. The protection of all civilians needs to be prioritised, human rights respected and those responsible for human rights abuses and violations held to account.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-27/hl5737Protection of CiviliansEthiopia
27, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, what assessment she has made of the implications for her Department’s policies on arms exports to Saudi Arabia following recent attacks on (a) civilians and (b) civilian infrastructure by the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen.Ruth Cadbury, Labour, Brentford and IsleworthHM Government is satisfied that the Strategic Export Licensing Criteria announced in a Written Statement on 8th December 2021 (HCWS449) continue to provide a thorough risk assessment framework for assessing all export licence applications.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-27/113128Law domestic & International, Protection of CiviliansSaudi Arabia, Yemen
27, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps she is taking to ensure that all remaining UK nationals in Afghanistan have access to food and water until they are evacuated.Mr Tanmanjeet Singh Dhesi, Labour, Slough
Since 28 August 2021 the British Embassy in Kabul has suspended in-country operations. FCDO Travel Advice for Afghanistan states that consular assistance can only be provided remotely and is extremely limited. We encourage all British nationals in Afghanistan to check Travel Advice and confirm their presence on the online registration system. British nationals in Afghanistan can continue to access 24 hour consular assistance by phone.

Afghanistan is facing a serious and worsening humanitarian crisis. It is affecting well over half of the population, with 23 million facing acute food insecurity. This is now the world's most severe food security crisis. The UN has this week requested nearly $4.5 billion for 2022, the largest humanitarian appeal on record, reflecting the magnitude of the humanitarian challenge ahead.

The UK remains fully committed to supporting Afghanistan and its people. We have already announced a doubling of our humanitarian aid and development assistance commitment to Afghanistan, to £286 million. We have now disbursed over £163 million which will support over 3.4 million people in Afghanistan and the region, providing emergency food, health, shelter, water and protection. We are working at pace to allocate the remaining funding in response to the crisis and the new UN Appeal.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-27/113244Policy (and Declarations)Afghanistan
27, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what representations she has made to the government of Saudi Arabia regarding the recent escalation in air strikes by the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen.Ruth Cadbury, Labour, Brentford and IsleworthWe urge all parties to the Yemen conflict to exercise restraint and avoid further civilian impact and suffering. The UK continues to raise the importance of protecting civilians and complying with International Humanitarian Law with members of the Saudi-led Coalition. I [Minister Cleverly] discussed the escalating violence in Yemen and the importance of protecting civilians with the Saudi Ambassador to Yemen on 26 January.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-27/113129Law domestic & InternationalSaudi Arabia, Yemen
27, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what his Department's process is for assessing the credibility of reports of civilian harm submitted to it.Stewart Malcolm McDonald, Scottish National Party, Glasgow South
Every care is taken to avoid or minimise civilian casualties. To this end, the UK has robust procedures to ensure that our actions, including airstrikes and subsequent battle damage assessments, are conducted in accordance with UK law and International Humanitarian Law.

However, we accept the possibility that there could be instances of civilian casualties about which we are unaware, despite our best efforts to assess battle damage. For that reason, in 2016, the then Defence Secretary committed that Ministry of Defence officials would work with civil society organisations on this issue. As a result, we always re-examine any new information relating to a potential incident submitted to us by such organisations, where it is possible that UK forces may have been involved.

Parliament will always be informed of any instance where we assess a UK airstrike is responsible for a civilian casualty incident, whether incurred during a new strike, or as a result of re-examining historic strikes using new information.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-27/113162Law domestic & International, Protection of CiviliansSaudi Arabia, Yemen
25, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment she has made of the security and political stability of Burkina Faso following the recent coup in that country.Owen Thompson, Scottish National Party, Midlothian
The UK is deeply concerned about the deteriorating security and political situation in Burkina Faso. As I [Minister Ford] set out in my statement on 25 January 2022, the UK condemns the coup d'etat by military forces in Burkina Faso, and calls for the immediate, safe and unconditional release of all members of the civilian government who have been detained, including the President of Burkina Faso, Roch Marc Christian Kaboré. It is vital that all parties remain calm and respect human rights, and for Burkina Faso to return to democratic civilian and constitutional rule without delay. We are monitoring the political and security situation closely, and working with partners to encourage a swift, peaceful and constructive resolution to events. Dialogue between all parties is required to tackle insecurity across Burkina Faso, and respond to the needs of the Burkinabe people.

Through our deployment to the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali (MINUSMA), our deployment of Chinook helicopters to the French counter-terrorism mission Barkhane, and our programmatic support for stabilisation and conflict resolution, the UK is working to build long-term peace and stability in the Sahel. We also provide humanitarian aid to the most vulnerable in the region, including in Burkina Faso.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-25/111655Counter-TerrorismBurkino Faso
25, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what representations she has made to the government of Saudi Arabia on strengthening the (a) monitoring and investigation of civilian casualties and (b) potential violations of international humanitarian law by the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen.Ian Murray, Labour, Edinburgh SouthThe UK raises regularly the importance of protecting civilians and complying with International Humanitarian Law with members of the Saudi-led Coalition. Most recently, I [Minister Cleverly] discussed the escalating violence in Yemen and the importance of protecting civilians with the Saudi Ambassador to Yemen on 26 January.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-25/111548Law domestic & International, Protection of CiviliansSaudi Arabia
24, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment she has made of the (a) security of the Government of Burkina Faso and (b) impact of recent mutinies on the security situation for Burkinabe civilians and UK nationals in that country; and what steps she is taking to support (i) ECOWAS and (ii) the elected Government of Burkina Faso in preventing coup attempts.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
The UK is deeply concerned about the deteriorating security and political situation in Burkina Faso. As I set out in my statement on 25 January 2022, the UK condemns the coup d'etat by military forces in Burkina Faso, and calls for the immediate, safe and unconditional release of all members of the civilian government who have been detained, including the President of Burkina Faso, Roch Marc Christian Kaboré. It is vital that all parties remain calm and respect human rights, and for Burkina Faso to return to democratic civilian and constitutional rule without delay.

The UK stands with our partners on these developments, including the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the African Union and the G5 Sahel. We continue to update British Nationals through our travel advice. Through our deployment to the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali (MINUSMA), our deployment of Chinook helicopters to the French counter-terrorism mission Barkhane, and our programmatic support for stabilisation and conflict resolution, the UK is working to build long-term peace and stability in the Sahel. We also provide humanitarian aid to the most vulnerable in the region, including in Burkina Faso.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-24/110302Counter-TerrorismBurkino Faso
24, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent assessment she has made of the implications for her policies of the use of air strikes in in Tigray.Dan Carden, Labour, Liverpool, Walton
We are deeply concerned by recent airstrikes in northern Ethiopia. I raised my concerns with Minister Redwan in Addis Ababa 20 January. I also met Prime Minister Abiy in Addis Ababa on 20 January when we discussed the conflict.

As we pursue an end to the violence the protection of civilians is of the utmost importance to our work. We repeat our call for a ceasefire and we request all parties to end hostilities including airstrikes.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-24/110565Protection of CiviliansTigray
24, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, what recent assessment her Department has made of the effectiveness of the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria and its ability to protect countries from violence and human rights abuses.Claire Hanna, Social Democratic and Labour Party, Belfast South
HM Government announced the Strategic Export Licensing Criteria in a Written Statement on 8th December 2021 (HCWS449) and is satisfied that they provide a thorough risk assessment framework for assessing all export licence applications.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-24/110628Law domestic & international, Protection of Civilians
24, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent discussions she has had with her Israeli counterpart on increased Hamas rocket fire towards Israel from Gaza; and if she will make a statement.Caroline Ansell, Conservative, EastbourneOur position on Hamas is clear: we condemn Hamas' continued attacks against civilians which are unacceptable and unjustifiable. We continue to call upon Hamas and other terrorist groups to permanently end their incitement and indiscriminate rocket fire against Israel. Hamas must renounce violence, recognise Israel and accept previously signed agreements.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-24/110479Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
24, January, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what team within the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office is responsible for identifying early warning signs of atrocity crimes; and whether they will publish the criteria they use to make such an assessment.Lord Alton of Liverpool, Crossbench, Life peer
The team leading on atrocity prevention in the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office's United Nations and Multilateral Department shares the following with their geographic departments to help them formulate policy in response to atrocity risks:

Reporting from the United Nations (UN). Non-sensitive reports are available on the internet;
Countries at Risk of Instability (CRI);
US Holocaust Memorial Museum Early Warning Project and other reports available in the public domain from Non-Governmental Organisations;
Analysis and assessments shared between Member States, at the UN and international fora.
The CRI process involves a quantitative and qualitative process to calculate a country's risk of instability by assessing the pressure on a country's government and the resilience of its institutions to withstand further pressures. It uses over 80 indicators including respect for human rights, respect for the law, displacement and political stability. It is an internal document for HMG use and there are no plans to publish the criteria.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-24/hl5603Policy (and Declarations)
24, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether arms sales granted an export licence by the Government have been used by Saudi Arabia and their coalition partners in recent bombings which have resulted in civilian casualties in Yemen.Claire Hanna, Social Democratic and Labour Party, Belfast South
We are looking into recent reports of the impact of airstrikes on civilians in Yemen. We urge all parties to the Yemen conflict to exercise restraint and avoid further civilian impact and suffering. The Government takes its strategic export control responsibilities very seriously. The Government will not grant an export licence if to do so would be inconsistent with the Strategic Export Licensing Criteria, including respect for human rights and international humanitarian law.  All licences are kept under careful and continual review as standard.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-24/110627Law domestic & International, Protection of CiviliansYemen
24, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, with reference to the Written Statement of 8 December 2021, HCWS449, on Trade Policy Update, what recent assessment she has made of the need for businesses to conduct due diligence on supply chains in China to stop exported items being used in internal repression or serious violations of international humanitarian law.Kirsten Oswald, Scottish National Party, East Renfrewshire
The Written Statement of 8 December 2021, HCWS449, sets out the assessment criteria to be applied to licence applications for exports of controlled goods. It announced HM Government’s intention to legislate to expand the scope of control over goods intended for use by the military, police and security forces in an embargoed destination and to add China to the list of embargoed destinations. HM Government supports the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, the international framework which sets out steps to guide businesses on voluntary human rights due diligence to identify, prevent, mitigate and account for impacts on human rights.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-24/110429Law domestic & InternationalChina
24, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether arms sales granted an export licence by the Government have been used by Saudi Arabia and their coalition partners in recent bombings which have resulted in civilian casualties in Yemen.Claire Hanna, Social Democratic and Labour Party, Belfast South
We are looking into recent reports of the impact of airstrikes on civilians in Yemen. We urge all parties to the Yemen conflict to exercise restraint and avoid further civilian impact and suffering. The Government takes its strategic export control responsibilities very seriously. The Government will not grant an export licence if to do so would be inconsistent with the Strategic Export Licensing Criteria, including respect for human rights and international humanitarian law.  All licences are kept under careful and continual review as standard.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-24/110627Law domestic & International, Protection of CiviliansSaudi Arabia, Yemen
24, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what discussions her Department has had with its Saudi counterparts on the recent airstrikes in Yemen.Claire Hanna, Social Democratic and Labour Party, Belfast South
The UK raises regularly the importance of protecting civilians and complying with International Humanitarian Law with members of the Saudi-led Coalition. Most recently, I discussed the escalating violence in Yemen and its impact on civilians with the Saudi Ambassador to Yemen on 26 January. We urge all parties to exercise restraint and avoid further civilian casualties and suffering.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-24/110630Law domestic & InternationalSaudi Arabia, Yemen
24, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, pursuant to the Answer of 24 January 2022 to Question 107529, whether her Department has plans for an appointment of a new UK Special Envoy for the Sahel within the next six months.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
As previously stated in the response to PQ 107529, we have continuously had a Special Envoy for the Sahel since December 2018. A new Envoy was appointed in January this year.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-24/110301Counter-TerrorismSahel
24, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if she will place a copy of her Department’s Memorandums of Understanding with the Palestinian Authority for 2020/21 and 2021/22 in the House of Commons Library.Mr Kevan Jones, Labour, North Durham
In line with our transparency commitments, our 2020/2021 and 2021/2022 Memorandums of Understanding with the Palestinian Authority will be made available on DevTracker shortly.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-24/110270Policy (and Declarations)Palestine
24, January, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government whether continued close partnership with UNAIDS will play a role in their planned international development and global health strategies; and if so, how such a partnership would operate.Baroness Barker, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
The UK remains committed to a strong UNAIDS and we are fully engaged in the UNAIDS Programme Coordinating Board which recently agreed the new Global Aids Strategy 2021-2026. Our partnership with UNAIDS contributes to our goal to end preventable deaths of mothers, new-born babies and children and to ensuring access to services for marginalised and vulnerable groups. Future funding to UNAIDS, beyond our current commitments, will be determined as part of departmental business planning in line with departmental allocations announced in last year's Spending Review.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-24/hl5610Policy (and Declarations)
24, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment she has made of further opportunities for UK-Israel collaboration following the signing of UK-Israel Strategic Partnership.Mr Kevan Jones, Labour, North Durham
The memorandum of understanding, signed on 29 November and accessible here: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/uk-israel-strategic-partnership-memorandum-of-understanding-2021, commits to the development of a new, bespoke UK-Israel Bilateral Roadmap. This Roadmap will define UK-Israel cooperation for the next decade across the breadth of the bilateral relationship.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-24/110269Policy (and Declarations)Israel
21, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, with reference to the gov.uk News story, The conflict is causing untold suffering and must end – Minister for Africa's statement following visit to Ethiopia, published on 20 January 2022, what steps she is taking to ensure that support for (a) health and education and (b) gender-based violence is able to reach every part of Ethiopia.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
On 21 January I announced £14.5 million of new funding to the crisis in Ethiopia, of which £5 million is for health and education services for people affected by the conflict throughout the country.

As the conflict continues children, especially girls, are at increased risk of gender-based violence, child marriage, and sexual exploitation and abuse. We have deployed a Gender Based Violence and Gender Adviser to enhance the integration of gender into humanitarian and human rights initiatives. We are working with partners throughout Ethiopia to implement recommendations from the scoping mission by the Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict Initiative UK Team of Experts in June 2021, including: programming to work with women's rights-focused organisations to enhance support services to survivors of violence and new research into the drivers and dynamics of conflict-related sexual violence. We will continue to identify options for addressing the immediate needs of survivors, preventing further sexual violence and delivering justice and accountability.

We continue to call for respect for international humanitarian law and for an end to targeting of civilians, the cessation of the use of sexual violence within the conflict, as well as unfettered humanitarian access to all areas of the country for humanitarians to deliver lifesaving aid.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-21/109200Policy (and Declarations)Ethiopia
20, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment he has made of the potential effect on defence and security cooperation between the UK and France of his decision to give the Navy primacy in tackling illegal Channel crossings.John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, Labour
The UK and France enjoy a strong defence and security relationship with many areas of shared interest, from operations in the Sahel to tackling the criminal networks behind people trafficking. The decision to give our Navy primacy over countering illegal Channel crossings will contribute to the common goals of both the UK and France to tackle this abhorrent activity.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-20/108459Counter-Terrorism
20, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what additional measures her Department is implementing to ensure that UK arms are not licensed or exported to contexts where they could be used to commit violations of international law.Alyn Smith, Scottish National party, StirlingThe Strategic Export Licensing Criteria provide a thorough risk assessment framework and require us to consider the possible impact of providing equipment and its capabilities.  We examine every application on a case-by-case basis against strict criteria. Risks around human rights and international humanitarian law violations are a key part of our assessment. The Government will not grant a licence for items where we determine there is a clear risk that the items might be used to commit or facilitate internal repression or a serious violation of international humanitarian law.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-20/108617Law domestic & International
20, January, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the effectiveness of UK aid funding for mine action.Baroness Northover, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
The UK is one of the leading supporters of mine action across the world. Our current Global Mine Action Programme (GMAP2, running from 2018-2022) has helped to raise standards across the global demining sector through its effective and innovative approach. Under GMAP2, the UK has cleared and confirmed safe 435.2 million square metres of land, the equivalent of over 60,952 football pitches, and has delivered risk education messages to over 3.7 million people in communities affected by mines. GMAP2 has as a consequence contributed to broader HMG development goals such as stabilisation, education, jobs and food security in poor and fragile countries across the world.

The FCDO is currently working on the design of a new Global Mine Action Programme (GMAP3), which will replace GMAP2 during 2022. We are committed to continually improving the effectiveness of our aid funding for mine action, and are drawing on lessons learned from GMAP2.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-20/hl5586Policy (and Declarations)
20, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent steps her Department has taken to aid Afghanistan’s humanitarian crisis during the winter months.Sir Mark Hendrick, Labour, Preston
The UK has been at the forefront of efforts to address the situation, working with the UN Security Council, the G20, the G7 and countries in the region. The Prime Minister, the Foreign Secretary and other Ministers have all been working extensively with world leaders.

In August 2021, the Prime Minister announced that the UK would double its assistance for Afghanistan to £286 million this financial year, and we have now disbursed over £145 million. That will support over 3.4 million people in Afghanistan and the region, providing emergency food, healthcare, shelter, water and protection. We are working at pace to allocate the remaining funding in response to the crisis and the new UN appeal. I thank the British people for donating to the Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC) appeal launched in December, which has raised a total of £28 million so far, including £10 million provided by the UK Government through the UK Aid Match scheme.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-20/108465Policy (and Declarations)Afghanistan
20, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether she has requested an investigation into the recent attack on water reservoirs in Sa'ada city in Yemen to assess whether UK-licenced weapons were used.Alyn Smith, Scottish National party, Stirling
We are looking into reports of airstrikes affecting water infrastructure in Sa'ada governorate, Yemen, on 11 January. We urge all parties to the Yemen conflict to exercise restraint and avoid further civilian impact and suffering. The Government takes its strategic export control responsibilities very seriously. The Government will not grant an export licence if to do so would be inconsistent with the Strategic Export Licensing Criteria, including respect for human rights and international humanitarian law.  All licences are kept under careful and continual review as standard.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-20/108616Law domestic & International, Protection of CiviliansYemen
19, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, who is the current UK Special Envoy for the Sahel; and when they were appointed to that role.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
The UK has had a Special Envoy for the Sahel since December 2018.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-19/107529Counter-TerrorismSahel
19, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what discussions she has had with her Israeli counterpart on the eviction and demolition of the home of the Salhiye family in Sheikh Jarrah, in Occupied East Jerusalem; and if she will make it her policy to refer the Israeli Government to the International Criminal Court for war crimes of forcible transfer of protected persons and wanton destruction of seized property; and if she will make a statement.Caroline Lucas, Green Party, Brighton, Pavilion
The UK is clear that in all but the most exceptional of circumstances, demolitions and evictions are contrary to International Humanitarian Law. On 19 January, I urged the Government of Israel to stop these practices.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-19/107537Law domestic & InternationalPalestine/Israel
19, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, who is the current UK Special Envoy for the Sahel; and when they were appointed to that role.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
The UK has had a Special Envoy for the Sahel since December 2018.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-19/107529Counter-TerrorismSahel
19, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if her Department will investigate the potential use of British components in the construction of drones used in aerial attacks on civilians in Tigray.Owen Thompson, Scottish National Party, MidlothianThere are no extant Standard Individual or Open Individual Export Licences for controlled items for unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) components for Ethiopia directly or indirectly. The Government takes its strategic export control responsibilities very seriously. We examine every application on a case-by-case basis against strict criteria. Risks around human rights violations are a key part of our assessment. The Government will not grant a licence for items where we determine there is a clear risk that the items might be used to commit or facilitate internal repression, or where we determine there is a clear risk that the items might be used to commit or facilitate a serious violation of international humanitarian law. We can and do respond quickly and flexibly to changing or fluid international situations. All licences are kept under careful and continual review as standard.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-19/107636Law domestic & International, Protection of Civilians, Policy (and Declarations)Tigray
18, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent assessment she has made of the (a) political, (b) security and (c) humanitarian situation in Myanmar.Rachael Maskell, Labour, York Central
Please refer to my previous answer at: https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-10/100690

The UK condemns the coup in Myanmar. We are deeply concerned by the military's actions, the mass displacement of people and the significant, and growing, humanitarian need. The UK is monitoring the recent increase in violence in North West and South East Myanmar closely. We are appalled by reports that the military killed at least 35 people, including four children and two staff of Save the Children, in Kayah State on 24 December. In response, the UK and international partners secured a United Nations Security Council press statement on 29 December condemning the killings and stressing the need to ensure accountability for this act, and calling for an immediate cessation of all violence and the protection of civilians. We continue to support the Independent Investigative Mechanism for Myanmar which investigates, collects, and preserves evidence of serious human rights violations for future prosecution.

As the one-year anniversary of the military coup in Myanmar approaches, we will continue working with partners to call for an end to violence, unhindered humanitarian access, and the importance of respect for human rights and the protection of civilians. The UK also continues to support ASEAN's leadership on the crisis and calls for the full implementation of the Five Point Consensus, and support for the work of the ASEAN Special Envoy.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-18/106774Protection of CiviliansMyanmar
18, January, 2022To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and Minister for the Cabinet Office, with reference to the Written Statement of 15 December 2021, HCWS487 on Conflict, Stability and Security Fund Allocations 2021-22, which of the Conflict, Stability and Security Fund's programmes for the financial year 2021-22 will encompass projects to tackle hate speech; and what the regional locations are of those projects.Sarah Champion, Labour, Rotherham
The CSSF is a unique, cross-government fund that tackles conflict, stability and overseas security challenges. The fund supports programmes to tackle the root causes and drivers of conflict and instability, to improve social cohesion, to prevent harm to minority groups and to enable their inclusion in society. This can include - but is not limited to - activities that aim to tackle hate speech. In the financial year 2021/22, this includes a multi-country ‘Gender, Peace and Security’ programme in India, Lebanon, Malta, Mexico and South Africa that aims to create an early warning system that will flag online violence targeted at women journalists.

The fund also supports the ‘Caught in the Web’ project in Sri Lanka which tackles online gender-based hate targeting women in public life. The fund is also piloting new projects jointly with local law enforcement to enhance and prevent hate speech activity in Poland, France and Spain.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-18/106710Policy (and Declarations)
18, January, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have had with human rights organisations, including EyeWitness, in relation to (1) collecting, and (2) preserving, evidence of atrocity crimes in (a) Nigeria, and (b) elsewhere; if they have had such discussions, what assessment they have made of the findings of those organisations; and if they have not, what plans they have to do so.Lord Alton of Liverpool, Crossbench, Life peer
The UK both supports and funds a number of investigative bodies established by the UN including the International, Impartial and Independent Mechanism (IIIM) in Syria, the UN Investigative Team to Promote Accountability Against Da'esh/ISIL Crimes (UNITAD) in Iraq and the IIM in Myanmar. All of these bodies are charged with collecting and preserving evidence so that accountability can be pursued when the circumstances permit. In the case of Nigeria, this Government will continue to press the Nigerian Government and their security services to uphold human rights and the rule of law; to investigate all incidents of brutality, illegal detentions and the use of excessive force; and to hold those responsible to account. We will continue to engage with civil society, and use our position at the UN, including as a permanent member of the UN Security Council, to raise atrocity situations of concern and to support the deployment of all appropriate tools available to the UN in dealing with potential mass atrocities and conflict. Our focus is always on securing an end to violence and protecting civilians.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-18/hl5467Protection of Civilians
18, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether his Department (a) paid and (b) supplemented the National Directorate of Security in Afghanistan over the last 10 years.Dan Jarvis, Labour, Barnsley CentralUK Armed Forces supported NATO's Resolute Support Mission that provided training, advice and assistance to the Afghan security forces and institutions.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-18/106707Counter-TerrorismAfghanistan
18, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, which private providers were involved in the delivery of training for the National Directorate of Security.Dan Jarvis, Labour, Barnsley Central
UK Armed Forces supported NATO's Resolute Support Mission that provided training, advice and assistance to the Afghan security forces and institutions. I am not aware of any private providers that delivered training to the National Directorate of Security on the Ministry of Defence's behalf.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-18/106706Counter-Terrorism
18, January, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the UK's use of universal jurisdiction to prosecute the crimes of (1) genocide, (2) crimes against humanity, and (3) war crimes.Lord Alton of Liverpool, Crossbench, Life peer
The Counter Terrorism Division within the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) is responsible for prosecuting core international crimes (genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes) and applies the principle of universal jurisdiction when necessary.

Universal jurisdiction helps to ensure that the UK does not provide a safe haven for war criminals or those who commit other serious violations of international law, and the CPS will continue to bring individuals to justice wherever possible. Any decision to prosecute offences of universal jurisdiction in England and Wales is governed by the same principles that apply to any other prosecution and must be in accordance with the Code for Crown Prosecutors
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-18/hl5468Law domestic & International
18, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if she will take steps to empower Counter Terrorism Command SO15 to investigate suspects of crimes against humanity under the International Criminal Court Act 2001 who are neither British residents nor nationals.Owen Thompson, Scottish National Party, Midlothian
The United Kingdom is committed to upholding international law and holding those who commit the most serious crimes accountable for their actions. Under the International Criminal Court Act , crimes against humanity are an offence against the law of England and Wales if committed in England or Wales or outside the United Kingdom by a United Kingdom national or resident or a person subject to UK service jurisdiction. The jurisdiction of the courts in the UK to try crimes is premised on a presumption of territoriality, unless there is express statutory provision to the contrary. It is UK Government policy that the United Kingdom should not provide a safe haven for war criminals or those who commit other serious violations of international law. The UK is committed to helping other countries to prosecute offences that take place within their territory or within their jurisdiction.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-18/106785Law domestic & International
18, January, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the options beyond the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons to address concerns about lethal autonomous weapons systems.Lord Clement-Jones, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
The Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW) remains the appropriate forum to address the challenges associated with the use of autonomy in weapon systems. The CCW Review Conference renewed the mandate of the Group of Government Experts on Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems (LAWS) and the UK will continue to play an active role in it, working with the international community to agree norms and positive obligations to ensure the safe and responsible use of autonomy.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-18/hl5476Law domestic & International
18, January, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the International Committee for the Red Cross’s analysis that a new legally-binding instrument, including prohibitions and positive obligations, is required to regulate autonomous weapons systems.Lord Clement-Jones, Liberal Democrat, Life peerWe regularly engage with a wide range of stakeholders on lethal autonomous weapon systems (LAWS), including those - such as the International Committee of the Red Cross - that believe a new legally binding instrument on LAWS is necessary. The UK does not support calls for a legally binding instrument on LAWS. Our view remains that International Humanitarian Law (IHL) provides a robust, principle-based framework for the regulation of weapons development and use, and we will continue to engage at the UN Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons seeking to clarify the prohibitions and positive obligations around the use of autonomous weapon systems under IHL.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-18/hl5477Law domestic & International
18, January, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the potential impact of increasing autonomy in weapons systems on (1) civilian protection, and (2) compliance with international humanitarian law.Lord Clement-Jones, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
The deployment in armed conflict of any weapon system - including one with autonomous functions - which does not distinguish between combatants and civilians would be contrary to International Humanitarian LAW (IHL) and therefore unlawful. We strongly believe that AI and autonomy within weapon systems can and must be used lawfully and ethically. Autonomous systems have the potential to support the better application of IHL by improving the evidence, analysis and timeliness of decision making.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-18/hl5480Law domestic & International, Protection of Civilians
18, January, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they are helping other countries to prosecute (1) genocide, (2) crimes against humanity, and (3) war crimes, where there is evidence of such crimes; and if not, what is their reason for not doing so.Lord Alton of Liverpool, Crossbench, Life peerAll countries are obliged under both customary and International Humanitarian Law to prosecute these offences. The UK is committed to assisting investigative, prosecuting and judicial authorities in combating international crime and is able to provide a wide range of Mutual Legal Assistance through its central authorities.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-18/hl5469Law domestic & International
17, January, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they are making to the government of Israel concerning reports of the destruction of Palestinian agricultural land for military training purposes.Baroness Janke, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
We are aware of reports of destruction of agricultural land and the UK raises this issue with Israeli counterparts when appropriate. We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-17/hl5443Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
17, January, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what evidence they collect on genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes; and how they process this evidence to assist with prosecutions.Lord Alton of Liverpool, Crossbench, Life peer
The United Kingdom supports various expert bodies that collect evidence of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity. In 2016 the UK co-sponsored a UN General Assembly Resolution which established the UN International Impartial and Independent Mechanism (IIIM). The IIIM seeks to assist in the investigation and prosecution of those responsible for the most serious crimes under international law in Syria since March 2011. On 21 September 2017, the United Nations Security Council voted unanimously to adopt UK-drafted Daesh Accountability Resolution 2379. The resolution called for the UN to establish an Investigative Team to collect preserve and store evidence of Daesh crimes. The Independent Investigative Mechanism for Myanmar, established by the UN Human Rights Council, is mandated to collect evidence of the most serious international crimes and violations of international law and prepare files for criminal prosecution. In collaboration with Germany and Denmark, we led the creation of the independent NGO-led International Accountability Platform for Belarus (IAPB), which launched in March 2021. The IAPB aims to 'collect, consolidate, verify, and preserve evidence of gross human rights violations constituting crimes under international law allegedly committed by Belarusian authorities and others in the run-up to the 2020 presidential election and its aftermath' with a view to enabling those responsible to be held to account in future legal processes through appropriate competent courts.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-17/hl5414Law domestic & International
13, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what proportion of research funded by Overseas Development Assistance is carried out (a) in the UK and (b) overseas.Chi Onwurah, Labour, Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Effective Overseas Development Assistance (ODA) research projects are undertaken in partnerships of two or more organisations. UK-overseas partnerships are common. Information on specific FCDO programmes is provided on the UK's Development Tracker: https://devtracker.fcdo.gov.uk/, with some additional information on funding of organisations available through the d-portal of the International Aid Transparency Initiative: https://d-portal.org/ctrack.html#view=search. However, in light of the way in which individual project budgets are presented it is not practical to aggregate the data to provide the requested breakdown.

UK institutions have strong capability in development research, in which the UK is a global leader. Researchers in these institutions are relatively successful in open competitions for FCDO ODA research funding. Therefore, a substantial proportion of FCDO ODA-funded research is undertaken within the UK.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-13/103548Policy (and Declarations)
12, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent assessment she has made of the additional (a) internally displaced population and (b) need for humanitarian assistance that would be generated in the event that Marib city were taken by the Houthi rebels in Yemen.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
The current Houthi offensive in Marib is worsening the humanitarian crisis and increasing levels of need. Humanitarian agencies have recorded over 60,000 displaced in Marib since September 2021 and a total of more than 200,000 have been displaced around Marib since January 2020. Our partners the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and World Food Programme (WFP) are currently responding in Marib. We are also working with the UN to ensure adequate presence on the ground and updated contingency planning for all potential scenarios. In 2021, the UK contributed £63.5 million to the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), which has provided $40 million to UN agencies for Marib. This is in addition to £87 million in aid that the UK is spending in Yemen for this financial year.

A negotiated political settlement is the only way to bring long-term stability to Yemen. On 10 January, I [Minister Cleverly] hosted UN Special Envoy for Yemen, Hans Grundberg, in London and reiterated UK support for UN led peace efforts to drive forward the political process in Yemen. We urge the parties to engage constructively in negotiations to end the conflict and alleviate the dire humanitarian crisis.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-12/102571Policy (and Declarations)Yemen
11, January, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they will grant refugee status to Afghans who have fled the Taliban and are seeking refuge in the UK.Baroness Goudie, Labour, Life peer
All asylum and human rights claims are carefully considered on their individual facts and merits in accordance with our international obligations under the Refugee Convention and European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR). Those who need protection are normally granted five years’ limited leave, have full access to the labour market and mainstream benefits, and can apply for settlement after five years.

Our country policy and information notes contain an assessment of risk and makes it clear that each case will be considered on its own merits and that no one who is at real risk of persecution or serious harm in Afghanistan will be expected to return there. The country policy guidance for Afghanistan is available on gov.uk.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-11/hl5315Law domestic & InternationalAfghanistan
10, January, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the massacre in Kayah State on 24 December, what plans they have to join the EU in backing an international arms embargo against Myanmar.Baroness Cox, Crossbench, Life peer
The UK is a longstanding supporter of an arms embargo on Myanmar, and we have had a comprehensive embargo in place for many years. The UK helped secure an EU arms embargo on Myanmar following the 2017 Rohingya crisis. Since we left the EU, we have transitioned this into domestic law.

Following the February 2021 coup, we have intensified efforts to stem the international flow of weapons reaching Myanmar, and have encouraged other countries to join this action. On 5 May, the UK secured a G7 Foreign and Development Ministers' Meeting Communiqué that committed G7 members to continue to prevent the supply of arms and technical assistance to the military. On 18 June, the UK worked to secure an unprecedented UN General Assembly Resolution, signed up to by 119 countries, which committed to preventing the flow of arms to Myanmar. On 26 November, in coordination with partners, we released a further statement which committed to preventing the flow of arms, dual-use goods and technical assistance reaching the military. We also have extensive targeted sanctions on the military and its business interests, including on multiple institutions responsible for procuring weapons from abroad. The UK will continue to work with partners, including the EU, to exert pressure on those responsible.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-10/hl5228Law domestic & International, Policy (and Declarations)Myanmar
10, January, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have made to the government of Israel concerning the destruction of Palestinian olive trees and crops in the Occupied Territories by Israeli settlers.Baroness Janke, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
We understand the particular significance of olive trees given their status as a national symbol and the sole source of income for many Palestinian farmers. We have repeatedly raised the issue of incidents of settler violence, including the destruction of olive trees, with the Israeli authorities. We continue to urge them to investigate thoroughly every instance to bring those responsible to justice and of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-10/hl5244Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
10, January, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of recent reports of the detention by Israeli forces of the Palestinian child Muhannad Misk in Hebron on 16 December 2021.
Baroness Janke, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
We repeatedly call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and have a regular dialogue with Israel on legal issues relating to the occupation, including the treatment of Palestinian children. We remain committed to working with Israel to secure improvements to the practices surrounding children in detention and regularly raise this with the Israeli Ministry of Justice. We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population, in particular the need to protect children.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-10/hl5243Protection of Civilians, Law domestic & InternationalPalestine/Israel
10, January, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have made to the government of Israel concerning the increasing number of injuries to Palestinians by Israeli settlers supported by Israeli forces.Baroness Janke, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
The UK regularly raises the issue of settler violence with the Government of Israel, most recently with Israel's Ministry of Defence on 4 January. We welcome discussion by the Israeli authorities' on how to address this issue, and urge Israel to bring those responsible to justice and end the culture of impunity. We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-10/hl5242Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
10, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent assessment she has made of the (a) political and (b) security situation in Myanmar.
Ruth Jones, Labour, Newport West
The UK condemns the coup in Myanmar. We are deeply concerned by the military's actions, the mass displacement of people and the significant, and growing, humanitarian need. The UK is monitoring the recent increase in violence in North West and South East Myanmar closely. We are appalled by reports that the military killed at least 35 people, including four children and two staff of Save the Children, in Kayah State on 24 December. In response, the UK and international partners secured a UNSC press statement on 29 December condemning the killings and stressing the need to ensure accountability for this act, and calling for an immediate cessation of all violence and the protection of civilians. We continue to support the Independent Investigative Mechanism for Myanmar which investigates, collects, and preserves evidence of serious human rights violations for future prosecution.

As the one-year anniversary of the military coup in Myanmar approaches, we will continue working with partners to call for an end to violence, unhindered humanitarian access, and the importance of respect for human rights and the protection of civilians. The UK also continues to support ASEAN's leadership on the crisis and calls for the full implementation of the Five Point Consensus, and support for the work of the ASEAN Special Envoy.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-10/100690Protection of CiviliansMyanmar
10, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what role RAF Croughton has in facilitating US drone operations in the Middle East; and how that base is linked to the US military facility at Camp Lemonnier in Djibouti.Kenny MacAskill, Alba Party, East Lothian
RAF Crougton is part of a worldwide US Defence Communications network, and the base supports a variety of communications activity. For operational security reasons and as a matter of policy, neither the Ministry of Defence nor the US Department of Defense publicly discuss specifics concerning military operations or classified communications regardless of unit, platform or asset.

US Forces maintain robust civilian and military cooperation with the United Kingdom and manage all base activities in accordance with the agreements made between the Unites States and Her Majesty's Government.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-10/100701Protection of CiviliansU.S.A.
10, January, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of recent reports that 2021 saw the highest number of Palestinians killed by Israeli forces since 2014; and that demolitions by Israeli forces reached a five-year high, making nearly 900 Palestinians homeless.Baroness Sheehan, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
We raise the issue of the high numbers of Palestinians killed and injured by Israeli Defence Forces in the West Bank and Gaza with the Israeli authorities, encouraging them to carry out swift, transparent and thorough investigations. We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population and urge restraint in the use of live fire. The UK also raises the issue of demolitions, confiscations and forced evictions of Palestinians from their homes with the Government of Israel, most recently with Israel's Ministry of Foreign Affairs on 9 December.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-10/hl5265Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
10, January, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of recent reports that 2021 saw the highest number of Palestinians killed by Israeli forces since 2014; and that demolitions by Israeli forces reached a five-year high, making nearly 900 Palestinians homeless.Baroness Sheehan, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
We raise the issue of the high numbers of Palestinians killed and injured by Israeli Defence Forces in the West Bank and Gaza with the Israeli authorities, encouraging them to carry out swift, transparent and thorough investigations. We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population and urge restraint in the use of live fire. The UK also raises the issue of demolitions, confiscations and forced evictions of Palestinians from their homes with the Government of Israel, most recently with Israel's Ministry of Foreign Affairs on 9 December.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-10/hl5265Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
10, January, 2022To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have made to the government of Israel concerning the treatment of Palestinians and their property during night raids by Israeli forces.Baroness Sheehan, Liberal Democrat, Life peer
While we recognise Israel's legitimate need to deploy security measures, we encourage them to deploy these in a way which minimises tension. We repeatedly call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and have a regular dialogue with Israel on legal issues relating to the occupation. We continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-10/hl5266Protection of CiviliansPalestine/Israel
10, January, 2022To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, with reference to the Written Statement of 8 December 2021, HCWS449 on Trade Policy Update, what assessment her Department made of the potential effect of those changes on levels of arms exports to (a) Saudi Arabia and (b) United Arab Emirates.Ruth Cadbury, Labour, Brentford and IsleworthWe do not expect the revised Strategic Export Licensing Criteria to have a significant impact on the level of arms exports to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. Risks in relation to human rights and international humanitarian law remain key parts of our assessment.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-10/100568Law domestic & InternationalSaudi Arabia
10, February, 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government whether UK citizens are permitted (1) to act as mercenaries, and (2) to train with foreign militaries; and if so, (a) under what legislative or other framework such activity is permitted, and (b) in what countries they permit such activity.Baroness Tonge, Non-affiliated, Life Peer
The UK government notes Article 47 of Additional Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions, of which the UK is a party, which sets out the definition of a mercenary. There is no licensing system or permission process in UK law for a UK citizen who intends to act as a mercenary to follow. UK law focusses on the activities of UK citizens abroad, which may be prosecuted in the UK where UK law makes such provision. For example, under the International Criminal Courts Acts of 2001, UK courts have jurisdiction to prosecute acts of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by UK nationals either inside or outside of the United Kingdom, and offences of murder committed outside the jurisdiction may be prosecuted in the UK. Additionally, the direct or indirect provision of armed personnel, where it enables or facilitates the conduct of armed hostilities, may constitute an offence under UK sanctions regimes. This legislation enables the UK to prosecute a UK citizen accused of committing such crimes overseas as a mercenary or whilst working for a private security company.

We draw a clear distinction between mercenaries and private security companies (PSCs). We promote high standards for PSCs internationally through voluntary regulation of the sector and played a leading role in the drafting of the International Code of Conduct for Private Security Service Providers (2010), which sets out principles for security providers, and related standards, governance, and oversight mechanisms, and the launch of its oversight mechanism to monitor compliance with the Code, the International Code of Conduct Association (ICoCA) (2013).

Members of UK Armed Forces regularly undertake training and engage in exercises with a wide range of international partners in that professional capacity, where this best supports the development of UK military capability, contributes to the development of international defence relationships and supports wider government objectives.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-02-10/hl13286Law domestic & International
28 Februrary 2018To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the answers by Lord Ahmad of Wimbeldon on 28 February, whether their current assessment of the ability of Iraqi legal capacity and expertise indicates that prosecuting Daesh fighters in their courts will be possible soon; and whether they are considering the possibility of UN-sanctioned regional tribunals, in the territories of Iraq and Syria, in order to prosecute Daesh fighters. Lord Alton of Liverpool, Liberal DemocratDaesh must be held accountable for their crimes. Daesh fighters – regardless of their nationality – should be brought to justice according to legal due process.

The Investigative Team established under UN Security Council Resolution 2379 will gather evidence of Daesh crimes, beginning in Iraq. The Terms of Reference for the UN Investigative Team have been agreed and I look forward to its deployment. The UK has contributed £1 million to support the establishment of this team. We are encouraging other States to contribute to it. The UK is funding a project that builds Iraqi organisations' capacity to document and present evidence of gender-based violence.

The Investigative Team will collect evidence of acts that may amount to war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide to the highest standards and ensure the broadest possible use of evidence. Iraq will be the primary intended recipient of the evidence, but it can be used to support prosecutions elsewhere. It may be that some form of international or hybrid justice mechanism may be appropriate in the future, but it is too early – and not for the UK alone – to pre-determine that.

We are working with the Iraqi judiciary to build their capacity. The Resolution calls on member states to provide similar support. The UN will soon deploy a 'Needs Assessment Mission' to Iraq to determine where member states and the UN should target their capacity building.
http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-question/Lords/2018-02-28/HL5931due processIraq
10 January 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what role RAF Croughton has in facilitating US drone operations in the Middle East; and how that base is linked to the US military facility at Camp Lemonnier in Djibouti.Kenny MacAskill, Alba Party, East Lothianhttps://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-10/100701Partner Assistance
7 January 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment she has made of the implications for her policies of reports of the killing of at least 35 people by Myanmar’s military regime on Christmas Eve; and what steps she is taking with international partners in response to those reports.Carla Lockhart, Democratic Unionist Party, Upper Bann
The UK is deeply concerned by the increasing levels of violence across Myanmar. We are appalled by reports that the military killed at least 35 people, including four children and two staff of Save the Children, in Kayah State on 24 December. In response, the UK and international partners secured a United Nations Security Council press statement on 29 December condemning the killings and stressing the need to ensure accountability for this act, and calling for an immediate cessation of all violence and the protection of civilians. We continue to support the Independent Investigative Mechanism for Myanmar which investigates, collects, and preserves evidence of serious human rights violations for future prosecution.

The UK also remains committed to helping those most in need. Since the coup we have provided £18 million in humanitarian assistance in Myanmar. We will continue to provide humanitarian support to the most vulnerable and conflict-affected populations.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-07/99413Protection of Civilians
7 January 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether it is the Government's policy to support a legally binding instrument on lethal autonomous weapons; and what assessment he has made of the implications for his policies of the UN 6th review Conference of the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons held in December 2021.Jonathan Edwards, Independent, Carmarthen East Dinefwr
The UK does not support calls for a specific legally binding instrument on lethal autonomous weapons systems (LAWS). International Humanitarian Law already provides a robust, principle-based framework for the regulation of weapons development and use.

The UN Group of Governmental Experts on LAWS remains the appropriate forum to address the challenges associated with the use of autonomy in weapons systems - we were pleased that the Review Conference renewed its mandate. The UK will continue to play an active role in it, working with the international community to agree norms and positive obligations to ensure the safe and responsible use of autonomy.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-07/99321Technology, Law
5 January 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps she is taking to support (a) the African Union and (b) civil society groups in Chad in (i) ensuring that civilian organisations are able to participate in the forthcoming National Dialogue process and (ii) ensuring that a timely timetable for free, fair, and inclusive elections is set as part of the National Dialogue process.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West Ham
The Government continues to follow the situation in Chad, including through our first resident Ambassador in N'Djamena, appointed in April 2021. The UK supports the African Union's conclusions on the transition back to civilian and constitutional rule in Chad, including the holding of democratic elections by October 2022. We have expressed this position to Chadian partners regularly through our diplomatic engagement, including in a visit from our Sahel Envoy in November 2021.

The UK supports freedom of expression and the rights of Chadians, like all peoples, to freedom of assembly and peaceful protest. Through the UN Development Programme, we are providing financial support for the inclusion of women and youth in Chad's national dialogue on the transition, which is due to begin on 15 February 2022.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-05/98245Counter-TerrorismChad
5 January 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what discussions her Department has had with international counterparts to help (a) secure protections under international treaties ​and (b) facilitate the release and return of any Armenian prisoners of war and detained civilians.Jim Shannon, Democratic Unionist Party, Strangford
In her meetings with the Azerbaijani and Armenian Foreign Ministers, on 4 and 17 November 2021 respectively, the former Minister for Europe and Americas, Wendy Morton MP, raised the importance of the return of all prisoners of war and detainees. The UK Government will continue to reinforce these points in its contacts with the parties and in other fora, as well as to support the efforts of the OSCE Minsk Group Co-Chairs to settle all outstanding matters related to the conflict.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-05/98289Protection of Civilians
5 January 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent assessment her Department has made of the potential occurrence of war crimes and serious human rights violations within the Nagorno-Karabakh region.
Jim Shannon, Strangford, DUP
The UK Government remains deeply concerned by the allegations that war crimes and human rights violations and abuses were committed during and after the conflict in 2020. We continue to encourage the Armenian and Azerbaijani Government, including through our Embassies in Yerevan and Baku, to thoroughly investigate all allegations that prisoners of war and detainees were mistreated during and after the conflict.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-05/98288Law domestic & International
4 January 2022To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to the changes to the Afghan Relocations and Assistance Policy published on 14 December 2021, whether UK development programmes and activities funded under the Conflict, Stability and Security Fund will be included as a criterion for furthering the UK's military and national security objectives; and if she will make a statement.Caroline Lucas, Green Party, Brighton, Pavilion
The MOD-administered Afghan Relocations and Assistance Policy (ARAP) scheme was established to support former Locally Employed Staff (LES) and their dependants who are assessed to be at serious risk of threat to life as a result of having been directly employed by the UK Government in Afghanistan. There is also some discretion within the rules to consider, on a case-by-case and exceptional basis, those who worked in meaningful and prominent enabling roles alongside HMG and whose responsible HMG unit builds a credible case for consideration under the scheme. Approval in such cases is dependent upon the extent of the individual's relationship with HMG, the scale of their contribution to our mission, and an assessment of the risks they face.

We owe a debt of gratitude to all Afghan nationals who risked their lives working alongside UK forces. As such, the ARAP Scheme has been one of the most generous relocation programmes in the world. It is not time-limited and will endure, facilitating the relocation of eligible Afghans and their families, from third countries if possible.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2022-01-04/96841Policy (and Declarations)
15 December 2021To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, with reference to the Written Statement of 8 December 2021, HCWS449, on Trade Policy Update, what assessment her Department has made of the effectiveness of new arms licensing criteria in preventing (a) internal repression and (b) the commission of violations of international humanitarian law.Alyn Smith, Scottish National party, StirlingThe revised Criteria announced in the Written Statement of 8 December 2021, HCWS449, reflect the UK’s policy considerations and take into account a full range of factors including our international legal obligations including the Arms Trade Treaty. HM Government is satisfied that the Strategic Export Licensing Criteria provides a thorough risk assessment framework for assessing all export licence applications. With regard to internal repression and the commission of violations of international humanitarian law, the key tests are Criterion 2a and Criterion 2c. These criteria have not substantially changed; indeed they have been made stronger by the addition of “facilitation” within their scope.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-12-15/93899Partner Assistance
13 December 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps she is taking to ensure that no UK-origin arms are being used to abuse human rights in Ethiopia.Ms Lyn Brown MP, Labour, West HamWe are extremely concerned by reports of widespread human rights violations and abuses in Ethiopia committed by all sides to the conflict and I raised our concerns with Ethiopian State Minister Redwan on 18 November and the Ethiopian Minister of Justice, Gedion, on 6 December. All those responsible for human rights violations and abuses should be held to account. I encourage all parties to implement the joint investigation's recommendations and ensure that victims have access to support. Our Ambassador in Addis Ababa and I continue to raise human rights issues in our discussions with all parties to the conflict, and more broadly we have reminded all warring parties of their obligations under international humanitarian law and international human rights law. Our priority is to ensure that Ethiopians, irrespective of ethnicity, religion and political affiliation, receive life-saving aid and that humanitarian access to areas affected by conflict and insecurity is restored.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-12-13/91895International Law, Partner AssistanceEthiopia
7 December 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment he has made of the level of need for international agreement on the limits on the development of AI weapons systems, including AI decision-making over the use of nuclear weapons.Jonathan Edwards, Independent, Carmarthen East DinefwrThe UK’s focus is on setting clear international norms for the safe and responsible development and use of AI, to ensure compliance with International Humanitarian Law through meaningful and context-appropriate levels of human control. We engage extensively with the international community and NGOs on this issue including through discussions at the UN Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons. More broadly, the UK is at the forefront of work internationally to champion strategic risk reduction, reduce the risk of nuclear conflict and enhance mutual trust and security. We will continue to promote and engage with international dialogue aimed at identifying and addressing strategic risks, including any risks that might arise from the incorporation of AI in strategic systems. In terms of UK strategic systems, we will ensure that human political control of nuclear weapons is maintained at all times.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-12-07/88688Technology
19 November 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment she has made of the implications for her policies of the development of Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems; and whether her Department will support a global ban on the development of Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems at the meeting of the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons on 2 December 2021.Alyn Smith, Scottish National party, StirlingThe UK - alongside many other states - is unconvinced of the utility of a global ban on the development of Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems. Existing International Humanitarian Law provides a robust, principle-based framework ideally suited to the regulation of new technologies. The UK believes that efforts within the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons are better focused on the establishment of a set of positive obligations to ensure autonomy is used responsibly, ethically and in compliance with international law.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-11-19/78502Technology
17 November 2021To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, what steps her Department is taking to ensure that British manufacturers that make products for Israeli distributors are not being used to demolish homes in the occupied Palestinian territories.Neil Coyle, Labour, Bermondsey and Old SouthwarkFor items that are subject to an export licence, HM Government takes its strategic export responsibilities seriously and will continue to assess all export licences in accordance with the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria (the ‘Consolidated Criteria’). HM Government will not grant a licence authorising the supply of controlled items anywhere in the world, if to do so would be inconsistent with the Consolidated Criteria, including if there is a clear risk that the items might be used for internal repression. We continue to monitor the situation in Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories closely, and we will take action to suspend, refuse or revoke licences – in line with the Consolidated Criteria – if circumstances require.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-11-17/76707Civilian ProtectionPalestine
9 November 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment she has made of whether arms and equipment provided by the UK to the Saudi and Emirati Governments may have been acquired by Sudan’s Rapid Support Forces; and if she will make a statement.Chi OnwurahThe UK takes its export control responsibilities and obligations extremely seriously. We assess all export licence applications in accordance with strict licensing criteria. These criteria include prohibitions under arms embargoes and an assessment on the risk of diversion. We work closely with Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates on Sudan and, along with the US, issued a Sudan Quad statement on 3 November calling for the full and immediate restoration of Sudan's civilian-led transitional government following the military coup on 25 October.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-11-09/72419Civilian Protection, Partner AssistanceSudan
21 October 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment he has made of the difference between the mechanisms the US use and the mechanisms his Department uses, to monitor and investigate instances of possible civilian harm from airstrikes with the US-led Coalition in Iraq and Syria.Lloyd Russel-Moyle, Brighton, KemptownThe UK follows robust procedures and uses all available evidence when conducting battle damage assessments. Parliament will always be informed of any instance where we assess a UK airstrike is responsible for a civilian casualty incident, whether incurred during a new strike, or as a result of re-examining historic strikes using new information. Specifically under Operation SHADER, the UK's contribution to the US-led Coalition, Operation INHERENT RESOLVE, the UK has conducted airstrikes against Daesh in Iraq and Syria. The UK has accepted responsibility for one civilian casualty that occurred during an airstrike on Daesh fighters in eastern Syria on 26 March 2018. This incident was subject to a Written Ministerial Statement on 2 May 2018. However, we accept the possibility that there could be other instances of civilian casualties about which we are unaware, despite our best efforts to assess battle damage. For that reason, in 2016, the then Defence Secretary committed that MOD officials would work with civil society organisations on this issue. As a result, we always re-examine any new information relating to a potential incident submitted to us by such organisations, where it is possible that UK forces may have been involved.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-10-21/60497Civilian Protection, Partner AssistanceIraq & Syria
21 October 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what estimate he has made of the number of civilian casualties as a result of British airstrikes against ISIS as part of the US-led Coalition in Iraq and Syria.Lloyd Russel-Moyle, Labour, Brighton, KemptownThe UK follows robust procedures and uses all available evidence when conducting battle damage assessments. Parliament will always be informed of any instance where we assess a UK airstrike is responsible for a civilian casualty incident, whether incurred during a new strike, or as a result of re-examining historic strikes using new information. Specifically under Operation SHADER, the UK's contribution to the US-led Coalition, Operation INHERENT RESOLVE, the UK has conducted airstrikes against Daesh in Iraq and Syria. The UK has accepted responsibility for one civilian casualty that occurred during an airstrike on Daesh fighters in eastern Syria on 26 March 2018. This incident was subject to a Written Ministerial Statement on 2 May 2018. However, we accept the possibility that there could be other instances of civilian casualties about which we are unaware, despite our best efforts to assess battle damage. For that reason, in 2016, the then Defence Secretary committed that MOD officials would work with civil society organisations on this issue. As a result, we always re-examine any new information relating to a potential incident submitted to us by such organisations, where it is possible that UK forces may have been involved.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-10-21/60494Protection of Civlians, Remote warfareIraq & Syria
21 October 2021To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, what accountability standards and reporting mechanisms for civilian harm the UK requires of Saudi Arabia for the exports of arms and military equipment; and what the evidence basis is for those requirements.Lloyd Russell-Moyle, Labour, BrightonLicence applications for the export of arms and military equipment are rigorously assessed against the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria (the ‘Consolidated Criteria’). A key test for licensing in these circumstances is Criterion 2c of the Consolidated Criteria, which considers whether there is a clear risk that the items to be exported might be used in the commission of a serious violation of international humanitarian law. These assessments take into account all relevant sources of information, and the then Secretary of State for International Trade’s written statement of 7th July 2020 (HCWS339(opens in a new tab)) set out the methodology that is applied to credible incidents of concern in detail.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-10-21/60498Partner AssistanceSaudi Arabia
21 October 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, if his Department will make an assessment of the potential merits of investigating, and reinvestigating where necessary, specific instances of possible civilian harm resulting from UK airstrikes as part of the US-led Coalition in Iraq and Syria flagged by monitoring organisations; and if he will publish the results of those investigations.Lloyd Russell-Moyle, Labour, BrightonThe UK follows robust procedures and uses all available evidence when conducting battle damage assessments. Parliament will always be informed of any instance where we assess a UK airstrike is responsible for a civilian casualty incident, whether incurred during a new strike, or as a result of re-examining historic strikes using new information. Specifically under Operation SHADER, the UK's contribution to the US-led Coalition, Operation INHERENT RESOLVE, the UK has conducted airstrikes against Daesh in Iraq and Syria. The UK has accepted responsibility for one civilian casualty that occurred during an airstrike on Daesh fighters in eastern Syria on 26 March 2018. This incident was subject to a Written Ministerial Statement on 2 May 2018. However, we accept the possibility that there could be other instances of civilian casualties about which we are unaware, despite our best efforts to assess battle damage. For that reason, in 2016, the then Defence Secretary committed that MOD officials would work with civil society organisations on this issue. As a result, we always re-examine any new information relating to a potential incident submitted to us by such organisations, where it is possible that UK forces may have been involved.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-10-21/60496Protection of Civlians
21 October 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, if he will make an assessment of the potential merits of using open source data and other information from monitoring organisations to support investigations into possible civilian harm incidences from UK airstrikes.Lloyd Russell-Moyle, Labour, BrightonThe UK follows robust procedures and uses all available evidence when conducting battle damage assessments. Parliament will always be informed of any instance where we assess a UK airstrike is responsible for a civilian casualty incident, whether incurred during a new strike, or as a result of re-examining historic strikes using new information. Specifically under Operation SHADER, the UK's contribution to the US-led Coalition, Operation INHERENT RESOLVE, the UK has conducted airstrikes against Daesh in Iraq and Syria. The UK has accepted responsibility for one civilian casualty that occurred during an airstrike on Daesh fighters in eastern Syria on 26 March 2018. This incident was subject to a Written Ministerial Statement on 2 May 2018. However, we accept the possibility that there could be other instances of civilian casualties about which we are unaware, despite our best efforts to assess battle damage. For that reason, in 2016, the then Defence Secretary committed that MOD officials would work with civil society organisations on this issue. As a result, we always re-examine any new information relating to a potential incident submitted to us by such organisations, where it is possible that UK forces may have been involved.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-10-21/60495Protection of Civlians
15 October 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many civilians have been injured by British airstrikes against ISIS-K as part of the US-led coalition in Iraq and Syria, including the number of (a) children and (b) identifying family groups.Kim Leadbeater, Labor, Batley and SpenThe UK has not conducted any airstrikes against ISIS-K under Operation HERRICK or Operation TORAL. Under Operation SHADER, the UK's contribution to the US-led Coalition, Operation INHERENT RESOLVE, the UK has conducted airstrikes against Daesh in Iraq and Syria. The UK has accepted responsibility for one Civilian Casualty that occurred during an airstrike on Daesh fighters in eastern Syria on the 26th March 2018. This incident was subject to a Written Ministerial Statement on 2 May 2018.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-10-15/56690Protection of Civlians, Remote warfareIraq & Syria
15 October 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what steps he is taking to help ensure that there is oversight and accountability of the UK's military partnerships and that key policies and processes governing those relationships involve Parliament.Fabian Hamilton, Labour, Leeds North EastMOD Ministers are committed to their accountability responsibilities to Parliament on key policies and processes regarding our relationships with our international partners. The Department makes regular announcements on defence activity to ensure Parliament is kept up to date and we also ratify legally binding instruments through Parliament to ensure proper oversight and accountability of these agreements. Parliament holds the Department to account through monthly Defence questions, regular Parliamentary Questions, requests for information through Ministerial Correspondence, Ministerial Statements and announcements, and Select Committee inquiries.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-10-15/56590Law domestic & International
22 September 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to the report by the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Democracy and Human Rights in the Gulf, entitled The cost of repression, published on 6 July 2021, what assessment the Government has made of the implications for its policies of the findings of that report that the Royal Saudi Air Force and the Joint Incident Assessment Team, beneficiaries of the Gulf Strategy Fund (GSF), have been accused of perpetrating illegal drone strikes against civilians in Yemen and conducting inadequate investigations into potential war crimes in Yemen; and if the Government will suspend GSF programmes pending an independent inquiry into their human rights implications.Mr Alistair Carmichael, Orkney and Shetland, LDAll training and assistance to both the Royal Saudi Air Force (RSAF) and the Joint Incident Assessment Team (JIAT) - as well as any programmes funded by the Gulf Strategy Fund (GSF) - are subject to an Overseas Security Justice and Assistance Assessment (OSJA). These OSJAs consider human rights concerns about the institution/unit that will receive the assistance, are refreshed on a yearly basis, and are endorsed by Ministers.

GSF funded assistance to the Royal Saudi Land Forces is intended to support Saudi Arabia's efforts to protect their national security while improving their compliance with international humanitarian law.

https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-09-16/50625deployments; IHL; IHL violations; war crimes; investigations into war crimes; principle of distinction; UK complicity
22 September 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of the effectiveness of the UK’s contribution to the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUSCO) in fulfilling their stated objective to take all necessary measures to ensure rapid, dynamic and integrated effective protection of civilians under threat of physical violence in the provinces where the Mission is currently deployed; and if he will make a statement.Caroline Lucas, Brighton, Pavilion, Green PartyThe UK is deeply concerned about violence and instability in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), especially in the east. We are committed to promoting stability and supporting peacebuilding in DRC, both bilaterally and through the multilateral system. In 2020/21 we provided approximately £52 million and three military staff officers to support the UN peacekeeping mission, MONUSCO. Protecting communities in the DRC from violence is an immediate priority, which is why the UK, alongside other UN Security Council members, has ensured that it remains central to the mandate of MONUSCO. We also mandated MONUSCO to reinforce its troops in Beni, North Kivu during the Mission's last mandate renewal.

We are working with MONUSCO and international partners to support more effective operations against armed groups, in particular through reforms to the Force Intervention Brigade (FIB). Enhanced Quick Reaction Forces, an adequately manned HQ and enhanced in-theatre intelligence capabilities should allow the FIB to be more robust in tackling the continued threat of armed groups in North Kivu and Ituri. We expect tangible progress and results by the end of 2021. We continue to urge the DRC Government and the UN to work together to better protect civilians.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-09-14/49089deployments; UN peacekeeping mission
20 September 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment he has made of the desertion rates among Mali’s (a) police and (b) military.Kenny MacAskill, East Lothian, Alba PartyDesertion rates amongst Mali's defence and security forces were high in late 2019, but subsequently appear to have improved. Given the role of the UK Armed Forces in Mali as part of the UN Mission, there we keep the security situation under regular review.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-09-14/49287deployments; UK troops in Mali
16 September 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to the report by the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Democracy and Human Rights in the Gulf, entitled The cost of repression, published on 6 July 2021, what assessment the Government has made of the implications for its policies of the findings of that report that the Royal Saudi Air Force and the Joint Incident Assessment Team, beneficiaries of the Gulf Strategy Fund (GSF), have been accused of perpetrating illegal drone strikes against civilians in Yemen and conducting inadequate investigations into potential war crimes in Yemen; and if the Government will suspend GSF programmes pending an independent inquiry into their human rights implications.Mr Alistair Carmichael, Orkney and Shetland, LDAll training and assistance to both the Royal Saudi Air Force (RSAF) and the Joint Incident Assessment Team (JIAT) - as well as any programmes funded by the Gulf Strategy Fund (GSF) - are subject to an Overseas Security Justice and Assistance Assessment (OSJA). These OSJAs consider human rights concerns about the institution/unit that will receive the assistance, are refreshed on a yearly basis, and are endorsed by Ministers.

GSF funded assistance to the Royal Saudi Land Forces is intended to support Saudi Arabia's efforts to protect their national security while improving their compliance with international humanitarian law.

https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-09-16/50625IHL violations; IHL; investigations into IHL violations; IHRL
16 September 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to the report by the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Democracy and Human Rights in the Gulf, entitled The cost of repression, published on 6 July 2021, what assessment the Government has made of the implications for its policies of the findings of that report that the Royal Saudi Air Force and the Joint Incident Assessment Team, beneficiaries of the Gulf Strategy Fund (GSF), have been accused of perpetrating illegal drone strikes against civilians in Yemen and conducting inadequate investigations into potential war crimes in Yemen; and if the Government will suspend GSF programmes pending an independent inquiry into their human rights implications.Mr Alistair Carmichael MP, Liberal Democrat, Orkney and ShetlandAll training and assistance to both the Royal Saudi Air Force (RSAF) and the Joint Incident Assessment Team (JIAT) - as well as any programmes funded by the Gulf Strategy Fund (GSF) - are subject to an Overseas Security Justice and Assistance Assessment (OSJA). These OSJAs consider human rights concerns about the institution/unit that will receive the assistance, are refreshed on a yearly basis, and are endorsed by Ministers. GSF funded assistance to the Royal Saudi Land Forces is intended to support Saudi Arabia's efforts to protect their national security while improving their compliance with international humanitarian law.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-09-16/50625Partner AssistanceSaudi Arabia
15 September 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment she has made of the implications for her policies of recent reports that the Turkish army attacked a refugee camp in the Zaxo region of Northern Iraq on 30 August 2021 housing Yazidi refugees displaced during the ISIS genocide.John McDonnell, Lab, Hayes and HarlingtonWe are aware of reports of an explosion in a refugee camp in Zaxo in Northern Iraq on 30 August. Allegations of attacks against refugee camps are deeply concerning. We continue to reiterate the importance of dialogue and cooperation between Iraq and Turkey to combat terrorism, ensure regional security and protect civilians. We welcome discussions between Iraqi and Turkish Defence Ministers regarding Ankara's military operations against the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), a proscribed terrorist group, in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. The Foreign Secretary discussed the stability of Iraq and the KRI with the President of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, President Nechirvan Barzani, during his visit to London on the 15-17 September.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-09-15/49942Counter-terrorism; partner assistance.
14 September 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of the effectiveness of the UK’s contribution to the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUSCO) in fulfilling their stated objective to take all necessary measures to ensure rapid, dynamic and integrated effective protection of civilians under threat of physical violence in the provinces where the Mission is currently deployed; and if he will make a statement.Caroline Lucas, Green Party, BrightonThe UK is deeply concerned about violence and instability in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), especially in the east. We are committed to promoting stability and supporting peacebuilding in DRC, both bilaterally and through the multilateral system. In 2020/21 we provided approximately £52 million and three military staff officers to support the UN peacekeeping mission, MONUSCO. Protecting communities in the DRC from violence is an immediate priority, which is why the UK, alongside other UN Security Council members, has ensured that it remains central to the mandate of MONUSCO. We also mandated MONUSCO to reinforce its troops in Beni, North Kivu during the Mission's last mandate renewal. We are working with MONUSCO and international partners to support more effective operations against armed groups, in particular through reforms to the Force Intervention Brigade (FIB). Enhanced Quick Reaction Forces, an adequately manned HQ and enhanced in-theatre intelligence capabilities should allow the FIB to be more robust in tackling the continued threat of armed groups in North Kivu and Ituri. We expect tangible progress and results by the end of 2021. We continue to urge the DRC Government and the UN to work together to better protect civilians.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-09-14/49089Assests and DeploymentsDemocratic Republic of Congo
13 September 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, how many members of Mali's security forces the UK has helped to train since 2013; and what the cost of that training has been.Kenny MacAskill, East Lothian, Alba PartyThe UK is committed to long-term peace and security in Mali and the wider region, including through training of Mali's security and defence forces. Our training is focussed on gender sensitisation, compliance of international humanitarian law, and protection of civilians. We also support the reduction in threats from serious and organised crime and corruption, including through capacity building of security forces. Following the military coups in August 2020 and May 2021 we temporarily suspended training of the security forces. We do not have easy access to figures from 2013. We did not have a UK diplomatic presence in Mali until 2015, with our conflict, stability and security programming starting shortly after. Since Financial Year 2018/19 we have trained around 150 security personnel at a cost of circa £850k.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-09-08/45277deployments; UK troops in Mali
13 September 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what military equipment, if any, was left behind during the recent evacuation of British forces from Afghanistan.Mr Mark Francois, Rayleigh and Wickford, ConservativeDuring Operation PITTING and the withdrawal of the UK military from Afghanistan spare capacity was used on flights to return as much equipment to the UK as possible. However, people were prioritised over equipment at all times to evacuate UK nationals and eligible persons under the Afghan Relocation and Assistance Policy (ARAP). Consequently, a small amount of equipment was left behind or gifted to partner nations.

All sensitive equipment and anything considered attractive to criminal and terrorist organisations was recovered during withdrawal.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-09-03/41725assets and deployments
13 September 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if his Department will make an estimate of the number of armed conflicts currently occurring across the international community.Dr Matthew Offord, Hendon, ConservativeThe FCDO monitors a range of armed conflicts around the world. We draw on a number of data sources to do this. Each of these sources has different definitions and thresholds of armed conflict.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-09-07/44306international law; threshold of armed conflict; use of force
10 September 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether he has received any representations on the reported use of internationally prohibited ammunition by the Israeli Defence Force in Beita.Louise Haigh, Sheffield, Heeley, LabourAccording to UN OCHA (United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs), since the beginning of May, seven Palestinians, including two children, have been killed around Beita as a result of live fire from Israeli Security Forces. On 5 August the British Consul General and Heads of Mission and representatives from a number of likeminded countries visited Beita.

In instances where there have been accusations of excessive use of force, we urge the Government of Israel to conduct swift and transparent investigations. We also continue to stress the importance of the Israeli security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population, in particular the need to protect children, and urge restraint in the use of live fire.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-07-21/37522use of force; IHL; IHL violations; principle of distinction
9 September 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how long his Department plans for the RAF to continue to be deployed in Afghanistan after military troops are withdrawn.

Jim Shannon, Strangford, DUPRAF assets have all now been withdrawn from Afghanistan.

https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-07-21/37470deployments; RAF
8 September 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have (1) to develop, and (2) to build support for, a regional counter-terrorism programme in Central Asia; from where they will seek to build support for any such programme; and what assessment they have made of their ability to build any such support in the absence of cooperation with the Taliban to counter international terrorist threats from (a) Al-Qaida, (b) ISIS, and (c) related splinter groups.Baroness D'Souza, Life peerWe must prevent Afghanistan from again becoming a haven for terrorism, including from Al-Qaida and ISIS, and an exporter of instability.

We will continue to convene partners both bilaterally and through the G7, the UN Security Council, and NATO and we expect that NATO will continue to have a role in fighting terrorism. We will work with our partners to use all levers at our disposal to disrupt terrorist groups' access to resources. This will include leading an international approach to prevent and deter Foreign Terrorist Fighters travelling to Afghanistan and effective implementation of counter-terrorism focused sanctions against terrorists in Afghanistan.

We will engage regional governments, in particular India and Pakistan, to work to prevent Afghanistan becoming a haven for terrorism. I visited Uzbekistan on 14 September, after visiting Uzbekistan and Tajikistan the week of 30 August for discussions on Afghanistan. The former Foreign Secretary also visited Islamabad to address the issue of terrorism and discussed it with the Pakistani and Indian foreign ministers. We will build regional resilience to prevent any spread of instability/extremist and to counter radicalising narratives.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-09-08/hl2538Counter-terrorism; partner assistance; policy.
8 September 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, how many members of Mali's security forces the UK has helped to train since 2013; and what the cost of that training has been.Kenny MacAskill, East Lothian, Alba PartyThe UK is committed to long-term peace and security in Mali and the wider region, including through training of Mali's security and defence forces. Our training is focussed on gender sensitisation, compliance of international humanitarian law, and protection of civilians. We also support the reduction in threats from serious and organised crime and corruption, including through capacity building of security forces. Following the military coups in August 2020 and May 2021 we temporarily suspended training of the security forces. We do not have easy access to figures from 2013. We did not have a UK diplomatic presence in Mali until 2015, with our conflict, stability and security programming starting shortly after. Since Financial Year 2018/19 we have trained around 150 security personnel at a cost of circa £850k.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-09-08/45277UK troops in Mali; deployment; IHL
8 September 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what steps the Government has taken to provide safe passage to the UK for Afghan special forces.John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, LabourWe owe a debt of gratitude to those who put their lives at risk working alongside UK forces in Afghanistan, and believe that nobody's life should be put at risk because they supported the UK Government. For this reason, the ARAP scheme will remain open for those who worked with the UK in Afghanistan, including Afghan special forces, and we will facilitate relocation, from third countries if possible, for those eligible.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-09-03/41646deployments; special forces
8 September 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent assessment he has made of the (a) political and (b) security situation in Mali.Ruth Jones, Newport West, LabourI [Minister Duddrdige] condemned the coup in May 2021, including the forced resignation and detention of government figures. In country and at the UN Security Council we continue to urge the transitional authorities to respect the conditions set by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). We have also called for progress on the Peace Process and a renewed commitment to tackling impunity for human rights abuses and violations. I [Minister Duddridge] welcomed the lifting of all restrictions on the former President and Prime Minister in August 2021, and called for the release of all others who remain detained without charge following events in May.

The UK is concerned about the deteriorating security situation in Mali, and condemns all attacks against civilians, and national, regional and international forces. Through our recent deployment to the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali (MINUSMA), and our programmatic support for stabilisation and conflict resolution, the UK is committed to building long-term peace and stability in the Sahel. We also use our humanitarian assistance to support those worst affected by conflict.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-07-21/37580deployments; UK tropps in Mali; UN peacekeeping missions
8 September 2021To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, pursuant to the Answer of 22 July 2021 to Question 35571, whether the state-sanctioned use of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading punishment will remain an act that could lead to the variation or suspension of a nation’s preferential treatment under her new Developing Countries Trading Scheme.

Emily Thornberry, Islington South and Finsbury, LabourDecisions on the Developing Countries Trading Scheme have not yet been taken, given the ongoing public consultation. When considering the conditions that could lead to varying or suspending preferences, HM Government will give due consideration to the views expressed through the consultation.

https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-07-22/38175torture; arms sales; arms licences; war crimes; IHL violations
7 September 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has been made of the effectiveness of Police Scotland's training programme in Sri Lanka in reducing instances of torture and human rights violations.Sam Tarry, Ilford South, LabourThe UK's police training programme has focused on developing community policing, supporting women in the Sri Lankan police service, and improving the response to sexual and gender-based violence. The UK's programme work in Sri Lanka is subject to regular and robust Overseas Security and Justice Assistance (OSJA) assessments that analyse the potential human rights, international humanitarian law, political and reputational risks of any proposed assistance to ensure that it supports our values and is consistent with our domestic and international human rights obligations. The Conflict, Stability and Security Fund (CSSF) programme in Sri Lanka is also subject to an annual review, which can be found by visiting https://devtracker.fcdo.gov.uk/projects/GB-GOV-3-CSSF-09-000003/documentshttps://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-09-07/44476IHL; IHL violations; IHRL; deployments
7 September 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether the humanitarian principles of humanity, neutrality, impartiality and independence set out in the Government’s 2017 Humanitarian Reform Policy are the guiding principles of his Department's humanitarian work.Preet Kaur Gill, Birmingham, Edgbaston, LabourThe Government's Integrated Review of Security, Defence, Development and Foreign Policy sets out the UK's continued commitment to principled humanitarian action and championing International Humanitarian Law and humanitarian access. The UK will maintain its role as a force for good at times of crisis, focusing on those countries where the need is greatest, for example, those most affected by risk of famine, and responding rapidly to unanticipated events.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-09-07/44426IHL
7 September 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many Afghan armed forces soldiers were evacuated from Afghanistan to the UK since the start of Operation Pitting on 13 August 2021.John Healey, Wentworth and Dearne, LabourThroughout the 14 days of Operation Pitting, over 100 RAF flights relocated many thousands of people to the UK, including Afghan nationals who were employed by Her Majesty's Government to work alongside UK forces in Afghanistan. These individuals and their families were eligible for relocation to the UK under the Afghan Relocations and Assistance Policy (ARAP).

Regrettably, we were not able to evacuate all those we wanted to. We owe a debt of gratitude to all Afghan armed forces soldiers who put their lives at risk working alongside UK forces in Afghanistan, and recognise the threat they may now face from the Taliban due to their ties to the UK. For this reason, the Home Office is working quickly to establish the details of the Afghan Citizens' Resettlement Scheme (ACRS). This scheme will provide protection for those identified as most at risk, such as women and girls. The Government has committed to take around 5,000 refugees in the first year and up to 20,000 over the coming years.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-09-03/41650deployments; RAF
6 September 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what the estimated cost is of upgrading the A400M fleet with additional equipment to replace the C-130J Hercules in the special forces transport role.Mr Mark Francois, Rayleigh and Wickford, ConservativeIt is longstanding policy not to comment on Special Forces equipment and capabilities.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-08-18/40702deployments; special forces
6 September 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, how many Overseas Security and Justice Assistance assessments were logged with his Department by (a) the Ministry of Defence, (b) the Home Office and (c) other departments and agencies, in relation to overseas requests for case-specific assistance in (i) 2015-16, (ii) 2016-17, (iii) 2017-18, (iv) 2018-19, (v) 2019-20 and (vi) 2020-21.Emily Thornberry MP, Labour, Islington South and FinsburyThe Overseas Security and Justice Assistance Guidance sets out which human rights and international humanitarian law (IHL) risks must be considered prior to providing justice or security sector assistance. It specifies that an assessment must be made of the potential impact of any proposed assistance on those risks, as well as on reputational or political risk, prior to the provision of any assistance. The Guidance applies to both case specific assistance and broader, often longer term capacity building assistance. While the FCDO is responsible for updating and maintaining the Guidance, responsibility for completing and filing the assessment sits with the department or agency delivering the assistance. An estimate of the number of OSJAs completed each year is published in the Annual Human Rights Report.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-09-06/43450Policy Declaration, International Law
18 August 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent discussions he has had with his international counterparts on diplomatic steps to help ensure that (a) charity, (b) NGO and (c) humanitarian work can continue in Afghanistan following the Taliban offensive in August 2021.Sarah Owen, Luton North, LabourOne of the UK's immediate priorities is to work with international partners to ensure that life-saving humanitarian aid can reach those who need it most. The UN is seeking commitments from the Taliban to enable humanitarian work to continue. These must include respect for humanitarian principles, humanitarian access, international humanitarian law and guarantees for female aid workers.

The UK led work on the recent UN Security Council resolution, demonstrating our commitment to holding the Taliban to account on human rights, humanitarian access, safe passage and preventing terror.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-08-18/41309IHL; international human rights law
28 July 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the possibility of designating the destruction of cultural heritage as an early warning sign of atrocity crimes, in line with the requirements of the UN Framework of Analysis for Atrocity Crimes; and what plans they have to support (1) the preservation of the cultural heritage, and (2) the protection of places of worship, of endangered (a) ethnic, and (b) religious, communities in (i) Iraq, and (ii) Syria.Lord Alton of LiverpoolThe UK remains active and committed in this field. The UK was a penholder on UN Security Council Resolution 2347, which treats protection of cultural heritage as an issue of key importance to international peace with implications for national security. In Iraq and Syria, UK support for cultural heritage protection has ranged from providing psycho-social support to Yazidi women trafficked by Daesh, to addressing illegal antiquities trafficking through the flagship Cultural Protection Fund. The UK government is considering further work in both Iraq and Syria through the next round of the Cultural Protection Fund.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-07-14/hl1989international law; war crimes; Iraq; Syria
28 July 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assistance his Department has provided to the Kurdish people to help tackle terrorist groups affecting those people.Jim Shannon, Strangford, DUPThe UK continues to support the Kurdish people at multiple levels to combat the Daesh threat in Iraq and Syria.

In Iraq, the Kurdish Peshmerga have played a leading role in the Global Coalition's successful campaign against Daesh. As a key partner, the UK has trained more than 9,100 Peshmerga fighters and supplied them with technical and military support to enhance their capacity and capability to tackle the threat from Daesh. Furthermore, the UK has gifted over 2,000 tonnes of lethal and non-lethal aid to Kurdish and Iraqi security forces (ammunition, body armour, first aid equipment etc) to support them in their fight against Daesh.

Whilst in Syria, the UK has consistently provided tactical support and funding through the Global Coalition to assist the Syrian Democratic Forces in their efforts to prevent the resurgence of Daesh in the region.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-07-20/36632assets and deployments
23 July 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to part 3.1 of the policy paper Global Britain in a Competitive Age, the Integrated Review of Security, Defence, Development and Foreign Policy, published on 16 March, what "doctrinal threats" they believe would warrant a nuclear response.The Lord Bishop of St AlbansI can assure the Rt. Rev Prelate the Lord Bishop that the UK would consider using nuclear weapons only in the most extreme circumstances of self-defence, including the defence of our NATO Allies. While our resolve and capability to do so if necessary is beyond doubt, to avoid simplifying the calculations of potential adversaries, we will remain deliberately ambiguous about precisely when, how and at what scale we would contemplate the use of our nuclear weapons.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-07-12/hl1918IHL; self-defence
22 July 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of the presence of Somali troops fighting alongside Eritrean forces in Tigray, Ethiopia; and if he will make a statement.

Neil Coyle, Bermondsey and Old Southwark, LabourWe have not received corroboration of reports of Somali troops being present in Tigray. The continued presence of Eritrean forces fuels insecurity. These forces must leave Ethiopia immediately. The UK has consistently urged for an end to the conflict in Tigray. There can be no military solution. We continue to urge all parties to the conflict to protect civilians and respect international humanitarian law.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-07-22/38277IHL; UK troops in Mali; deployments
22 July 2021
To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, with reference to his Department's Human Rights and Democracy report published on 8 July 2021, whether his Department conducted a review of 124 open torture cases in December 2020.
Tulip Siddiq, Hampstead and kilburn, LabourI can confirm that, as reported in our Human Rights and Democracy report for 2020, we reviewed a total of 124 open cases of torture and mistreatment in December 2020. This report is available here: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/human-rights-and-democracy-report-2020(opens in a new tab).https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-07-19/35807torture; international human rights law; IHL violations
20 July 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of the effect of the 2016 coup d'etat attempt on the level of Turkish support for (a) the Muslim Brotherhood and (b) other extremist Islamist groups.
Andrew Rosindell, Con, RomfordWe are aware that the Turkish government regards the Muslim Brotherhood as a political movement, not a terrorist organisation; and that Muslim Brotherhood figures have lived in Turkey, and associated media outlets have operated there, for many years. We continue to take concerns about the Muslim Brotherhood seriously. Turkey takes the fight against all forms of terrorism, including Daesh and ISIS, extremely seriously and we work in close cooperation on those issues bilaterally and in international fora such as the Counter Daesh coalition.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-07-20/36566Counter-terrorism; partner assistance; policy.
20 July 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have made to the government of Israel about the confiscation by Israeli forces of a prefabricated building which served as a clinic in the South Hebron Hills.Baroness Sheehan, LDThe UK regularly raises the issue of demolitions and forced evictions of Palestinians from their homes with the Government of Israel. The Foreign Secretary raised ongoing evictions, demolitions and settlement activity with the Israeli Authorities during his visit to the region on 26 May. The UK is clear that in all but the most exceptional of circumstances, demolitions and evictions are contrary to International Humanitarian Law.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-07-20/hl2239IHL; violations of IHL; principle of distinction
20 July 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what his planned timetable is for the A400M aircraft to replace the C-130J Hercules aircraft in the special forces transport role; and what estimate he has made of the cost of converting the A400M aircraft to undertake the role previously performed by the C-130J Hercules aircraft.Mr Mark Francois, Rayleigh and Wickford, ConservativeIt has been the longstanding position of successive Governments not to comment on the capabilities of the UK special forces, as to do so would put personnel and operations at risk.

Capability performance is assessed against the contribution it will make to counter the threats we face, now and into the future. The A400M, as the successor to the C-130J, is a highly capable modern aircraft, offering many advantages over the current C-130J capability, including a greater range and payload capacity.

https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-07-20/36550deployments; special forces
20 July 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what reviews his Department has conducted into torture and rendition since December 2019.Tulip Siddiq, Hampstead and kilburn, LabourThe UK unreservedly condemns the use of torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment as well as rendition. We do not participate in, solicit, encourage or condone such practices for any purpose. The UK supports torture prevention initiatives globally and partners with the Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO) Association for the Prevention of Torture to fund projects such as monitoring the first hours of detention and police custody in Brazil, Mexico, Panama, the Philippines and Rwanda. More information can be found in the FCDO's Human Rights & Democracy report for 2020: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/999607/Human_Rights_and_Democracy_the_2020_Foreign__Commonwealth___Development_Office_report.pdfhttps://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-07-15/33997torture; war crimes; international human rights law; IHL violations
19 July 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of reports this month that the Israeli military blocked the UN from delivering aid to Palestinians whose homes had been demolished in the Jordan Valley.Baroness Janke, LDWe are aware of these reports. The UK regularly raises the issue of demolitions and forced evictions of Palestinians from their homes with the Government of Israel, most recently on 12 July. The Foreign Secretary raised ongoing evictions, demolitions and settlement activity with the Israeli Authorities during his visit to the region on 26 May. We repeatedly call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and are clear that in all but the most exceptional of circumstances, evictions are contrary to International Humanitarian Law.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-07-19/hl2151IHL; violations of iHL
19 July 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of the accuracy of reports by Human Rights Watch that torture is being practised at a Saudi-run prison camp at Al-Ghaydah airport in Yemen.Kenny MacAskill, East Lothian, Alba PartyThe UK condemns all alleged human rights violations in Yemen and urges the parties to the conflict to exercise restraint and uphold their responsibilities under relevant international law.

We regularly raise the importance of complying with International Humanitarian Law (IHL) with the Saudi Arabian Government and other members of the Coalition, including requesting investigations into alleged incidents of concern. The Foreign Secretary raised IHL with Saudi National Security Advisor al-Aiban during his visit to Saudi Arabia on 7 June.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-07-13/32522IHL; IHL violations; international human rights law; arms sales
19 July 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of the accuracy of reports by Human Rights Watch that torture is being practised at a Saudi-run prison camp at Al-Ghaydah airport in Yemen.

Kenny MacAskill, East Lothian, Alba PartyThe UK condemns all alleged human rights violations in Yemen and urges the parties to the conflict to exercise restraint and uphold their responsibilities under relevant international law.

We regularly raise the importance of complying with International Humanitarian Law (IHL) with the Saudi Arabian Government and other members of the Coalition, including requesting investigations into alleged incidents of concern. The Foreign Secretary raised IHL with Saudi National Security Advisor al-Aiban during his visit to Saudi Arabia on 7 June.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-07-13/32522torture; IHL; iHL violations; arms sales; arms licences; investigation into IHL violations; UK complicity
13 July 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of the accuracy of reports by Human Rights Watch that torture is being practised at a Saudi-run prison camp at Al-Ghaydah airport in Yemen.Kenny MacAskill, East Lothian, Alba PartyThe UK condemns all alleged human rights violations in Yemen and urges the parties to the conflict to exercise restraint and uphold their responsibilities under relevant international law.

We regularly raise the importance of complying with International Humanitarian Law (IHL) with the Saudi Arabian Government and other members of the Coalition, including requesting investigations into alleged incidents of concern. The Foreign Secretary raised IHL with Saudi National Security Advisor al-Aiban during his visit to Saudi Arabia on 7 June.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-07-13/32522international human rights law; IHL; IHL violations; arms sales
13 July 2021To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, what the value was of exports of arms and military equipment to (a) Iraq, (b) Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories, (c) Libya, (d) Mali, (e) Myanmar, (f) Nicaragua, (g) Pakistan, (h) Russia, (i) Saudi Arabia, (j) Somalia, (k) South Sudan, (l) Sri Lanka, (m) Sudan, (n) Syria, (o) Turkmenistan, (p) Uzbekistan, (q) Venezuela, (r) Yemen and (s) Zimbabwe in 2020.Alyn Smith, Stirling, SNPSuch exports require an export licence, which are assessed against the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria (the “Consolidated Criteria”).

HM Government publishes Official Statistics (on a quarterly and annual basis) on export licences granted, refused and revoked to all destinations on GOV.UK containing detailed information including the overall value, type (e.g. Military, Other) and a summary of the items covered by these licences. The most recent publication was on 13th July 2021.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-07-08/29903arms sales; arms licences
12 July 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what discussions he has had with the Secretary of State for Defence on the potential merits of deploying RAF coordinated airdrops of food and other essentials into the Tigray Region in Ethiopia.Mr Andrew Mitchell, Sutton Coldfield, ConservativeThe UK Government is deeply concerned about the grave humanitarian situation in Ethiopia and shares the concerns outlined in the report on 24 June by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Ensuring assistance gets to those who need it most remains our priority in Tigray. We continue to explore all options with partners to expand humanitarian access by both air and land including the possibility of air bridges into Tigray. At this point the FCDO assess that airdrops would not be a viable response to the current situation.

On 14 June I [Minister Duddridge] announced that the UK will allocate a further £16.7 million to the crisis in Tigray. This will support civil-military coordination to help aid get to those in need and address famine risk through the provision of healthcare, sanitation, and nutritional support. This allocation is on top of the existing £27 million in 2020-21 already directed to the response, and an additional £4 million allocated to support nutrition and vaccinations in Tigray. This brings UK total funding to support response to the crisis to £47.7 million. We continue to urge all parties to the conflict to protect civilians and respect international humanitarian law.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-07-12/31320deployments; IHL
12 July 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent representations he has made to the Saudi and Emirati led coalition on ensuring the protection of children during the conflict in Yemen.Wayne David, Caerphilly, LabourWe regularly raise the importance of complying with International Humanitarian Law (IHL) with the Saudi Arabian Government and other members of the Coalition, including requesting investigations into alleged incidents of concern. The Foreign Secretary raised IHL with Saudi National Security Advisor al-Aiban on 7 June. The UK is committed to ending the recruitment and use of child soldiers and protecting all children in armed conflict. We condemn in the strongest terms all grave violations and abuses committed against children in Yemen and urge all parties to the conflict to immediately cease all violations of applicable international law, respect human rights and exercise restraint. We continue to press all parties to engage constructively with UN-led peace efforts, which is the only way to end the cycle of violence.

https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-07-12/31323IHL; violatons of IHL; international human rights law; principle of distinction
12 July 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the use by the government of Israel of semi-autonomous machine-gun robots to guard the border with Gaza.Baroness Sheehan, LDWe have not made an assessment of these reports. We repeatedly call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and have a regular dialogue with Israel on legal issues relating to the occupation. All countries, including Israel, have a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend their citizens from attack. In doing so, it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and make every effort to avoid civilian casualties.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-06-28/hl1497IHL; violations of IHL; principle of distinction
12 July 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they will publish a list of the 39 countries that were classified as "not free" by Freedom House to which the UK exported arms in the last 10 years.Lord Roberts of Llandudno, LDThe UK operates one of the most robust export licensing systems in the world. We publish quarterly and annual statistics on all our export licensing decisions, including details of export licences granted, refused and revoked. Data on licences issued since 2008, including end user destinations, are published as official statistics on GOV.UK.

Her Majesty's Government takes its strategic export control responsibilities very seriously. We will not grant an export licence if to do so would be inconsistent with the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria, including respect for human rights and international humanitarian law.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-06-28/hl1493arms sales; arms licences; IHL
12 July 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon on 21 June (HL766), whether they will now answer the question put, namely, what assessment they have made of the proportionality of the government of Israel's recent military actions in Gaza.Baroness Janke, LDWe repeatedly call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and have a regular dialogue with Israel on legal issues relating to the occupation. All countries, including Israel, have a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend their citizens from attack. In doing so, it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and make every effort to avoid civilian casualties. We call on Israel to adhere to the principles of necessity and proportionality when defending its legitimate security interest.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-06-28/hl1471principle of proportionality; self-defence; IHL
12 July 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to the Consolidated Guidance to Service Personnel on overseas detention and reports by Human Rights Watch of torture being practised by Saudi forces at al-Ghaydah airport, what assessment he has made of the compliance with that guidance of the deployment of UK military personnel to Al-Ghaydah airport in Yemen.

Kenny MacAskill, East Lothian, Alba PartyI am aware of speculation in the media regarding UK military personnel operating in Yemen. The UK is not a member of the Saudi-led Coalition. Since the conflict in Yemen began, the then Defence Attache accompanied the then Foreign Secretary on his trip to Aden in March 2019. In 2020 the UK attached a military officer to the office of the UN Special Envoy in an advisory capacity. This military officer has visited Yemen several times in this role. Overseas operational deployments of military personnel are notified to Parliament in line with the longstanding convention of successive Governments.

Separately, the UK Government does not participate in, solicit, encourage or condone unlawful killing, the use of torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment (“CIDT”), or extraordinary rendition.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-07-06/28336deployments; torture; IHL violations; war crime
12 July 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether UK military personnel have reported any concerns on torture or mistreatment at Al-Ghaydah airport in Yemen in the last 12 months.Kenny MacAskill, East Lothian, Alba PartyI am aware of speculation in the media regarding UK military personnel operating in Yemen. The UK is not a member of the Saudi-led Coalition. Since the conflict in Yemen began, the then Defence Attache accompanied the then Foreign Secretary on his trip to Aden in March 2019. In 2020 the UK attached a military officer to the office of the UN Special Envoy in an advisory capacity. This military officer has visited Yemen several times in this role. Overseas operational deployments of military personnel are notified to Parliament in line with the longstanding convention of successive Governments.

Separately, the UK Government does not participate in, solicit, encourage or condone unlawful killing, the use of torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment (“CIDT”), or extraordinary rendition.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-07-06/28334deployments; torture; IHL violations; war crime
12 July 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what his policy is on updating the House on the deployment of British military personnel in Yemen.Kenny MacAskill, East Lothian, Alba PartyI am aware of speculation in the media regarding UK military personnel operating in Yemen. The UK is not a member of the Saudi-led Coalition. Since the conflict in Yemen began, the then Defence Attache accompanied the then Foreign Secretary on his trip to Aden in March 2019. In 2020 the UK attached a military officer to the office of the UN Special Envoy in an advisory capacity. This military officer has visited Yemen several times in this role. Overseas operational deployments of military personnel are notified to Parliament in line with the longstanding convention of successive Governments.

Separately, the UK Government does not participate in, solicit, encourage or condone unlawful killing, the use of torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment (“CIDT”), or extraordinary rendition.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-07-06/28333deployments; Yemen; torture
12 July 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many British military personnel have operated from Al-Ghaydah airport in Yemen in the last 12 months; what their role has been; and what regiment they serve in.Kenny MacAskill, East Lothian, Alba PartyI am aware of speculation in the media regarding UK military personnel operating in Yemen. The UK is not a member of the Saudi-led Coalition. Since the conflict in Yemen began, the then Defence Attache accompanied the then Foreign Secretary on his trip to Aden in March 2019. In 2020 the UK attached a military officer to the office of the UN Special Envoy in an advisory capacity. This military officer has visited Yemen several times in this role. Overseas operational deployments of military personnel are notified to Parliament in line with the longstanding convention of successive Governments.

Separately, the UK Government does not participate in, solicit, encourage or condone unlawful killing, the use of torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment (“CIDT”), or extraordinary rendition.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-07-06/28332deployments; Yemen; torture
9 July 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent steps he has taken to ensure (a) an investigation into and (b) accountability for potential violations of international law in the context of Israel’s May 2021 military offensive on Gaza.Margaret Ferrier, Rutherglen and Hamilton West, IndependentIsrael has a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend its citizens from attack. In doing so, it is vital that Israel ensures its actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and that it makes every effort to avoid civilian casualties. We repeatedly call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and have a regular dialogue with Israel on legal issues relating to the occupation, including raising concern about Israel's actions when warranted.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-07-09/30365IHL; self-defence; violations of IHL
7 July 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to ensure that British personnel working on (1) UN, (2) EU, and (3) African Union, (a) military, (b) humanitarian, and (c) hybrid missions, are supported in reporting (i) observations, and (ii) allegations, of human rights abuses, including the use of child labour; and what steps they take to ensure that any such reports are passed to the highest levels of the relevant international oversight bodies.Lord MoonieWe work bilaterally to raise specific cases of concern as appropriate and take regular action on the international stage, including through the Human Rights Council to press countries to improve their record on human rights. The UK Government also has an Overseas Security and Justice Assistance (OSJA) policy, which provides a rigorous assessment framework to assess whether UK engagement may directly or significantly contribute to a violation of human rights or international humanitarian law, prior to any justice or security sector assistance being provided.

In UN peacekeeping, training on human rights is central to preventing violations and abuses, and should remain an essential prerequisite by field missions and at UN Headquarters level. In this regard, the UK ensures British military and police personnel deployed to the UN receive training on all core UN modules, including identifying human rights violations and abuses, actions to take if human rights abuse and violations are observed, and their duties as peacekeepers to protect and promote the rights of children.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-06-23/hl1355deployments; UN peacekeeping missions; international human rights law; IHL; IHL violations; embedded personnel
5 July 2021What contribution [are] UK armed forces making to counter-Daesh operations in Syria and Iraq[?]Mr Marcus Fysh, Conservative, Yeovil; Royston Smith, Conservative, SouthamptonOur armed forces continue to provide support to the Iraqi Government in tackling the threat posed by Daesh. The RAF has flown more than 8,700 sorties and released more than 4,300 precision weapons to target Daesh in Iraq and Syria. On the ground, we have trained in excess of 120,000 Iraqi and Kurdish personnel in everything from engineering to countering improvised explosive devices. We remain wholly committed to the coalition and supporting our ally Iraq in countering Daesh.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Commons/2021-07-05/debates/67346738-849E-429E-8A2D-DC39742F0F33/Counter-DaeshOperationsSyriaAndIraq?highlight=operation%20shader#contribution-796F8EE6-2595-4C41-9355-A017CF9D2CEFassets and deployments; UK Troops in Iraq; UK Troops in Syria; RAF
5 July 2021What conclusions have our Ministers and strategists drawn from our use of military force from outside the borders of states such as Syria and Iraq that might help to prevent the re-emergence of Afghanistan as a base and a launchpad for international terrorism campaigns like those of Daesh and al-Qaeda following the withdrawal of NATO troops from Afghanistan?Dr Julian Lewis, Conservative, New Forest EastMy right hon. Friend knows from our previous exchanges on this matter that we have absolutely reserved the right to counter terrorist threats to the United Kingdom that may re-emerge in Afghanistan. He is absolutely right to point us towards an outside-in model such as that prosecuted from Cyprus in support of Operation Shader. That is very much in the thoughts of those who are planning for that eventuality in Afghanistanhttps://hansard.parliament.uk/Commons/2021-07-05/debates/67346738-849E-429E-8A2D-DC39742F0F33/Counter-DaeshOperationsSyriaAndIraq?highlight=operation%20shader#contribution-796F8EE6-2595-4C41-9355-A017CF9D2CEFOperation Shader; assets and deployments; UK troops in Afghanistan
2 July 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if he will call on the Government of Israel to investigate the firing of two missiles at a two-storey home in Gaza City’s Al-Manara neighbourhood on 11 May 2021.Andy Slaughter, Labour, HammersmithIsrael has a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend its citizens from attack. In doing so, it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and make every effort to avoid civilian casualties. We repeatedly call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and have a regular dialogue with Israel on legal issues relating to the occupation.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-06-23/21166violations of IHL; Self-defence; IHL; principle of distinction; UK definition of 'self-defence'
2 July 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if he will call on the Government of Israel to investigate the firing of two missiles at a two-storey home in Gaza City’s Al-Manara neighbourhood on 11 May 2021.Andy Slaughter, Hammersmith, LabourIsrael has a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend its citizens from attack. In doing so, it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and make every effort to avoid civilian casualties. We repeatedly call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and have a regular dialogue with Israel on legal issues relating to the occupation.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-06-23/21166IHL violations; IHL; definition of self-defence; principle of distinction; principle of proportionality
28 June 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what recent representations he has made to the (a) African Union and (b) United Nations on humanitarian access, food insecurity and allegations of serious human rights abuses and atrocities in EthiopiaFeryal Clark, Labour, Enfield NorthI have discussed the situation in Tigray with the African Union's Peace and Security Commissioner Bankole on several occasions. I also expressed my concerns about Tigray to the speaker of the Ethiopian House of Peoples Representatives when we met in Zambia last week. We are supporting the African Union Commission for Human and Peoples' Rights Inquiry into Tigray and are calling on the Government of Ethiopia to allow the Inquiry's access to the Tigray region.

The UK has made clear at the UN Security Council our concerns over the continued lack of progress with humanitarian access, and ongoing human rights abuses and violations. We are seeking a full discussion of Tigray at the Security Council. We are supporting a joint investigation of the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNOHCHR) and the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission (EHRC) into human rights violations and abuses in Tigray to ensure the investigation is independent, transparent and impartial. The UK is also working with partners to raise the situation in Tigray at the Human Rights Council. The Government of Ethiopia has announced a unilateral humanitarian ceasefire in Tigray. We welcome this and continue to call for all parties to respect international humanitarian law and prevent their forces from doing anything to hinder the critical work of the UN and Non Governmental Organisations (NGOs).
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-06-28/23380IHL; violations of IHL
24 June 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of the effect on child safety of the UN Secretary-General’s exclusion of (a) the Saudi and Emirati-led Coalition and (b) the Israeli security forces in his annual list of perpetrators of grave violations against children.Caroline Lucas, Green, Brighton, PavilionThe UK continues to call on the UN Secretary General for greater transparency on listing decisions. The UK condemns in the strongest terms all grave violations and abuses committed against children in Yemen, and we urge the parties to the conflict to uphold their human rights obligations under applicable international law. While Israel has a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend its citizens from attack, it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and make every effort to avoid civilian casualties. We are gravely concerned by UN reports that medical installations, schools, and houses in Gaza have been destroyed or damaged. The UK is providing £3.2 million of new UK aid to the UN agency for Palestine refugees.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-06-24/21868self-defence; IHL; violations of IHL; Israel; Palestine
23 June 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking to ensure that British personnel working on (1) UN, (2) EU, and (3) African Union, (a) military, (b) humanitarian, and (c) hybrid missions, are supported in reporting (i) observations, and (ii) allegations, of human rights abuses, including the use of child labour; and what steps they take to ensure that any such reports are passed to the highest levels of the relevant international oversight bodies.Lord MoonieWe work bilaterally to raise specific cases of concern as appropriate and take regular action on the international stage, including through the Human Rights Council to press countries to improve their record on human rights. The UK Government also has an Overseas Security and Justice Assistance (OSJA) policy, which provides a rigorous assessment framework to assess whether UK engagement may directly or significantly contribute to a violation of human rights or international humanitarian law, prior to any justice or security sector assistance being provided.

In UN peacekeeping, training on human rights is central to preventing violations and abuses, and should remain an essential prerequisite by field missions and at UN Headquarters level. In this regard, the UK ensures British military and police personnel deployed to the UN receive training on all core UN modules, including identifying human rights violations and abuses, actions to take if human rights abuse and violations are observed, and their duties as peacekeepers to protect and promote the rights of children.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-06-23/hl1355assets and deployments; UK forces abroad; international law; violations of international law; violations of international humanitarian law; IHL
21 June 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the proportionality of the government of Israel's recent military actions in Gaza.Baroness JankeThe UK welcomed the announcement of a ceasefire in Israel and Gaza on 20 May, which is an important step to ending the cycle of violence and loss of civilian life. All countries, including Israel, have a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend their citizens from attack. In doing so, it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and make every effort to avoid civilian casualties.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-06-07/hl766Self-defence; IHL; violations of IHL; Israel; Palestine; principle of proportionality
16 June 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, which Minister in his Department is responsible for the implementation of the UK Government’s Protection of Civilians policy.Alyn Smith, SNP, StirlingWithin the Ministry of Defence, the Protection of Civilians policy is the responsibility of the Minister for the Armed Forces. This forms an important part of the Department's Human Security policy.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-06-16/16958Protection of civilians
14 June 2021The British Government must assess, in line with all our obligations, the use of exported arms and equipment in the recent conflict. We need a report to Parliament setting out whether any licences for exports could be used to commit acts of internal repression, external aggression or violations of international law.Wayne David, Caerphilly, LabourThe Government take their export control responsibilities very seriously, and operate one of the most robust arms export control regimes in the world. We consider all export applications thoroughly against a strict risk assessment framework. We continue to monitor the situation in Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories to keep all licences under careful and continual review as standard. We continue to urge all parties to work together to reduce the tensions in the west bank, including East Jerusalem, so that, hopefully, we will not see images as we saw during May.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Commons/2021-06-14/debates/1DA741DA-7D79-4FB1-A769-6B81320154BC/IsraelAndPalestine?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-647E8835-B4AD-4B2B-8EC4-E0E6D80277C0arms sales; arms licences; IHL; IHL violations
14 June 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to Exercise Falcon Strike 2021, what assessment he has made of the implications for his policy on joint training with the Israeli air force of that air force's recent bombing of the Associated Press office in Gaza.Kenny MacAskill, East Lothian, Alba PartyEx Falcon Strike is a joint multinational exercise with participants from the United States working with Italy, Israel and the United Kingdom. Cooperation of this kind helps significantly to prepare our armed forces to tackle threats to the UK.

The UK military does not engage with the Israeli Defence Force in matters relating to public order and internal security activity in the Occupied Palestinian Territories. The UK is a staunch defender of media freedom and proponent that journalists must be able to operate safely. We are concerned by reports that Hamas is again using civilian infrastructure and populations as cover for its military operations. All Israeli military action taken must be necessary, proportionate and in line with international humanitarian law.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-06-08/12308IHL violations; IHL; deployment; UK complicity
14 June 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, with reference to the joint communication issued by nine UN Special Rapporteurs on the recent hostilities in Gaza which found that potential war crimes had been committed in that conflict, what steps he is taking to ensure accountability for violations of international law in the Occupied Palestinian Territories.Tommy Sheppard, Edinburgh East, SNPThe UK is a steadfast supporter of international justice and does not hold back from voicing or raising concern about Israel's actions when warranted. However, Israel has a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend its citizens from attack. In doing so, it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and make every effort to avoid civilian casualties. We repeatedly call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and have a regular dialogue with Israel on legal issues relating to the occupation.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-06-08/12189war crimes; IHL
11 June 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what steps he is taking to support the armed forces of (a) Mali, (b) Chad, (c) Mauritania, (d) Niger and (e) Burkina Faso in preventing attacks by militants.Mark Pritchard, The Wrekin, ConservativeThe UK provides a range of support for partner forces in the Sahel, focused on increasing their capacity and resilience, and preventing conflict, violent extremism and instability across the region.

In Mali, we have provided assistance through the funding of a small number of professional development courses for Malian personnel. However, following the coup in June 2021, we have adjusted this limited support to focus on broader stabilisation programmes such as reducing community-level violence, improving the conditions for political settlement, enhancing the understanding of International Humanitarian Law and improving the effectiveness of stabilisation efforts.

In Chad, the UK’s capacity building programme is delivered through the Multi National Joint Task Force, supporting operations against violent extremists in the Lake Chad Basin. The programme is primarily designed to tackle the threat from Improved Explosive Devices, but also provides training on operational planning and strategic communications.

The UK is not currently providing assistance to the Mauritanian armed forces, but has previously worked with them on maritime security, specifically improving their capability to protect their Exclusive Economic Zone.

In Niger and Burkina Faso, we have supported places on a small number of professional development courses. We have also helped the regional counter terrorism force, the G5 Sahel Joint Force, to improve its strategic communications capacity as a way of building trust with local populations.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-06-07/11513UK troops in Mali; deployment; IHL
8 June 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, with reference to the joint communication issued by nine UN Special Rapporteurs on the recent hostilities in Gaza which found that potential war crimes had been committed in that conflict, what steps he is taking to ensure accountability for violations of international law in the Occupied Palestinian Territories.Tommy Sheppard, SNP, Edinburgh EastThe UK is a steadfast supporter of international justice and does not hold back from voicing or raising concern about Israel's actions when warranted. However, Israel has a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend its citizens from attack. In doing so, it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and make every effort to avoid civilian casualties. We repeatedly call on Israel to abide by its obligations under international law and have a regular dialogue with Israel on legal issues relating to the occupation.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-06-08/12189self-defence; IHL; violations of IHL
8 June 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to Exercise Falcon Strike 2021, what assessment he has made of the implications for his policy on joint training with the Israeli air force of that air force's recent bombing of the Associated Press office in Gaza.Kenny MacAskill, Alba Party, East LothianEx Falcon Strike is a joint multinational exercise with participants from the United States working with Italy, Israel and the United Kingdom. Cooperation of this kind helps significantly to prepare our armed forces to tackle threats to the UK.

The UK military does not engage with the Israeli Defence Force in matters relating to public order and internal security activity in the Occupied Palestinian Territories. The UK is a staunch defender of media freedom and proponent that journalists must be able to operate safely. We are concerned by reports that Hamas is again using civilian infrastructure and populations as cover for its military operations. All Israeli military action taken must be necessary, proportionate and in line with international humanitarian law.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-06-08/12308principle of distinction; self-defence; violations of IHL; assets and deployment; IHL
7 June 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what steps he is taking to support the armed forces of (a) Mali, (b) Chad, (c) Mauritania, (d) Niger and (e) Burkina Faso in preventing attacks by militants.Mark Pritchard, Conservative, The WrekinThe UK provides a range of support for partner forces in the Sahel, focused on increasing their capacity and resilience, and preventing conflict, violent extremism and instability across the region.

In Mali, we have provided assistance through the funding of a small number of professional development courses for Malian personnel. However, following the coup in June 2021, we have adjusted this limited support to focus on broader stabilisation programmes such as reducing community-level violence, improving the conditions for political settlement, enhancing the understanding of International Humanitarian Law and improving the effectiveness of stabilisation efforts.

In Chad, the UK’s capacity building programme is delivered through the Multi National Joint Task Force, supporting operations against violent extremists in the Lake Chad Basin. The programme is primarily designed to tackle the threat from Improved Explosive Devices, but also provides training on operational planning and strategic communications.

The UK is not currently providing assistance to the Mauritanian armed forces, but has previously worked with them on maritime security, specifically improving their capability to protect their Exclusive Economic Zone.

In Niger and Burkina Faso, we have supported places on a small number of professional development courses. We have also helped the regional counter terrorism force, the G5 Sahel Joint Force, to improve its strategic communications capacity as a way of building trust with local populations.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-06-07/11513assets and deployment; personnel embedded with partners; UK troops in Mali; UN peacekeeping
7 June 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what countries UK Reaper drones have launched strikes in, without parliamentary approval, since 2015.Lord Coaker, LabourOn 21 August 2015 an RAF Reaper RPAS precision airstrike was conducted in Syria and Parliament were notified of this operation on 7 September 2015 by the then Prime Minister, David Cameron. This strike preceded the Parliamentary vote of 2 December 2015 which saw Parliament support a motion to extend the UK's support to the global-coalition's counter-Daesh operations into Syria. We will continue to ensure that Parliament is kept informed of significant major operations and deployments of the Armed Forces

https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-05-24/hl473deployments; RAF; drones
2 June 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have, if any, to make a statement that the Palestinians under occupation are entitled to security and self-defence.Baroness Sheehan, LDThe recent violence across Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories demonstrates the urgent need to make progress towards peace. The UK worked actively to urge the parties to work with mediators towards an immediate ceasefire. We also fully supported Egyptian, Qatari and UN efforts to that end, working closely with the US. The UK welcomes the announcement of a ceasefire in Israel and Gaza on 20 May, which is an important step to ending the cycle of violence and loss of civilian life.

We agree with President Biden's recent remarks that Palestinians and Israelis equally deserve to live safely and securely and to enjoy equal measures of freedom, prosperity, and democracy. Our long-standing objective is a negotiated two-state solution which will allow Palestinians and Israelis to live in peace, lessening the likelihood of politically driven violence and incitement to violence. We continue to believe that the best way to advance a two state solution is through dialogue. We therefore urge all sides to show maximum restraint and refrain from taking actions which endanger civilians and make peace more difficult.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-05-17/hl311self-defence; IHL
2 June 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the importance of accountability for war crimes.Baroness Janke, LDThe UK is committed to the principle that there should be no impunity for those who perpetrate the most serious crimes of international concern, including war crimes. This commitment underpins our support for international criminal justice and accountability as a global Force for Good.

The UK has always been, and remains, a strong supporter of an effective International Criminal Court (ICC), alongside other international tribunals. In addition, we provide political, financial and practical support for accountability mechanisms such as the Independent Impartial Investigative Mechanism to assist in the investigation and prosecution of those responsible for the most serious crimes under international law committed in Syria since March 2011. We also provide support to the United Nations Investigative Team to promote accountability for crimes committed by Da'esh.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-05-18/hl354war crimes; IHL; international law
27 May 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of whether British arms exported to Israel were used in recent air strikes on Gaza.Layla Moran, Liberal Democrat, Oxford West and AbingdonHM Government takes its export control responsibilities very seriously and operates one of the most robust arms export control regimes in the world. We consider all export applications thoroughly against a strict risk assessment framework and keep all licences under careful and continual review as standard. HM Government will not grant an export licence if to do so would be inconsistent with the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-05-27/900776Partner Assistance
27 May 2021While we ask the Minister to speed up the route to justice for perpetrators of genocide, may I seek an assurance that effort will also be given to finding ways to intervene and stop genocide while it is actually taking place, and so save and protect precious lives?The Lord Bishop of BlackburnI assure all noble Lords that we work quite systematically on this important agenda, from early warning mechanisms to diplomatic engagement and development programme support, as well as defence: we use all those to strengthen the international system. They are all part of our approach to ensure that it is not just waiting; it is about acting early and quickly. As set out in our integrated review, we are committed to a more integrated approach to our work on conflict and instability, placing greater emphasis on addressing the underlying causes and strengthening the resilience, particularly of fragile countries, to external influence.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Lords/2021-05-27/debates/7537BE2B-5FD4-44BB-A59B-2130A42F5F96/GenocideBringingPerpetratorsToJustice?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-7549B1AB-5452-476C-9FC4-1A50897CCCE4
27 May 2021I commend the Government on its proactive work on UN Resolution 2379, establishing an investigative body on Daesh’s atrocities in Iraq, and for the good work that has been done collecting and preserving evidence for future prosecutions. However, similar steps need to be taken in the case of the atrocities in Xinjiang; I urge Her Majesty’s Government to create a mechanism that will collect and preserve the evidence of the atrocities against the Uighurs for future prosecutions. I acknowledge that while China has the P5 veto, the Security Council may not be the right vehicle for such a mechanism, but I urge my noble friend the Minister to examine the proposals put forward by the noble Lord, Lord Alton.

If we want to ensure that justice is done in future, we must ensure that evidence is not destroyed and witnesses are not pressurised into silence. However, we must be consistent. After the atrocities of the genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda in 1994, the perpetrators, including high-level government officials and other key figures, fled to Europe and North America. Some returned home to Rwanda to be tried. Others were extradited back to Rwanda or prosecuted in domestic courts of the country of their residence under the principle of universal jurisdiction—but, sadly and embarrassingly, not here in the UK.

Since 2006, efforts to extradite the five known Rwandan suspects alleged to have been involved in the genocide against the Tutsi have failed, as have efforts to try them here in the UK. The newly constituted All-Party Parliamentary Group on War Crimes is campaigning hard to urge Her Majesty’s Government to do the right thing. Five suspects accused of heinous crimes against humanity are living peacefully on our shores. I ask my noble friend the Minister: what is the point of campaigning for justice abroad if we fail to deliver justice at home?

Lord Polak, ConservativeI also accept the premise rightly raised by many noble Lords, including my noble friend Lord Polak, on Rwanda and those who seek to be or are currently in the UK. While that case is under way, it would be remiss of me to comment too deeply, but I assure my noble friend that this was the direct purpose of a conversation that I had with President Kagame while I was in Rwanda, to give him the assurance that he needed of our commitment to ensuring that all perpetrators are held to account.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Lords/2021-05-27/debates/7537BE2B-5FD4-44BB-A59B-2130A42F5F96/GenocideBringingPerpetratorsToJustice?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-7549B1AB-5452-476C-9FC4-1A50897CCCE4
27 May 2021My Lords, I personally went through two traumatising experiences of genocide in the 1990s when I was Britain’s representative on the UN Security Council: Rwanda in 1994 and Srebrenica in 1995. That is why I strongly support and welcome my noble friend Lord Alton’s debate today. If proof was needed that the lack of any enforcement provisions in the 1948 convention against genocide left a wide-open door to that most reprehensible of crimes, that was it.

Since then, attempts have been made to remedy that lacuna, with the establishment of regional courts and then the International Criminal Court, and with the endorsement by the 2005 UN summit of the emerging norm of the responsibility to protect. But, as the evidence before us of genocide committed against Iraq’s Yazidis and Myanmar’s Rohingya, and of the threats to the Uighurs of Xinjiang and the Tigrayans of Ethiopia, demonstrates, these attempts have fallen short of what is needed. So, what should be done to bring perpetrators of genocide to justice and thus strengthen the deterrent effect which the 1948 convention was intended to have?
Lord Hannay of Chiswickhttps://hansard.parliament.uk/Lords/2021-05-27/debates/7537BE2B-5FD4-44BB-A59B-2130A42F5F96/GenocideBringingPerpetratorsToJustice?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-7549B1AB-5452-476C-9FC4-1A50897CCCE4
27 May 2021Three images come to my mind when I think of bringing perpetrators to justice. The rows of senior Nazis at Nuremberg is the first; the other two feature Radovan Karadzic. One is of him smiling with Ratko Mladić—the butcher of Srebrenica, to which the noble Lord, Lord Hannay, referred—both of them assuming that they would never be brought to justice. The third image is again of Karadzic, this time at The Hague as the judgment was delivered. There was no smile then. But Xi Jinping must be smiling today because, while we debate, the Uighurs die. While we agonise over their genocide, they suffer the agony of despair. Time is of the essence, but will we act before it is too late?Lord Shinkwin, ConservativeRegarding situations elsewhere in the world and bringing perpetrators to account, my noble friend Lord Shinkwin rightly raised issues of justice and time. But we should be heartened that in 2016, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia found Radovan Karadzic guilty of genocide, crimes against humanity, and violations of the laws or customs of war, committed during the conflict in and around Bosnia and Herzegovina. This conviction brought accountability for some of the horrors of the Yugoslav wars and, following a request to the UK from the successor body to the tribunal, Radovan Karadzic will be transferred to a prison in the UK to serve his sentence. I hope that this underlines that no matter when such a crime takes place, we will continue to pursue international criminals, uphold the rule of law and ensure that perpetrators are brought to justice.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Lords/2021-05-27/debates/7537BE2B-5FD4-44BB-A59B-2130A42F5F96/GenocideBringingPerpetratorsToJustice?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-7549B1AB-5452-476C-9FC4-1A50897CCCE4
27 May 2021My question to the Government, borne out of the frustration of the ineffectiveness of the UN in this regard, is that, since the Security Council is incapable of consensus on these matters, will they work with like-minded countries such as those in the Accountability, Coherence and Transparency Group, to establish a risk register to monitor the slow burn of genocide so that human rights violations in a given country that point in the direction of genocide can be monitored? The international community can then use responsibility to protect and other measures in coalitions of the willing to take the necessary actions that they may need to before the act occurs.Baroness Falkner of MargravineThe issue of preventing atrocities was raised by the right reverend Prelate, my noble friend Lord Shinkwin and the noble Baroness, Lady Falkner. I assure all noble Lords that we work quite systematically on this important agenda, from early warning mechanisms to diplomatic engagement and development programme support, as well as defence: we use all those to strengthen the international system. They are all part of our approach to ensure that it is not just waiting; it is about acting early and quickly. As set out in our integrated review, we are committed to a more integrated approach to our work on conflict and instability, placing greater emphasis on addressing the underlying causes and strengthening the resilience, particularly of fragile countries, to external influence.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Lords/2021-05-27/debates/7537BE2B-5FD4-44BB-A59B-2130A42F5F96/GenocideBringingPerpetratorsToJustice?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-7549B1AB-5452-476C-9FC4-1A50897CCCE4
27 May 2021My Lords, the Minister can be in no doubt of the feeling of Members of your Lordships’ House about the question of genocide. My noble friend—I do call him a friend—the noble Lord, Lord Alton, has on so many occasions raised the issue of genocide. Many of these issues that we have talked about this evening have been rehearsed again and again. The Government in the integrated review and in the gracious Speech stressed that they want to play an important role in the world and be a beacon of democracy and human rights. To do that, we need also to be able to take a stand on genocide, upholding our own commitments under the genocide convention of 1948, and finding a way to hold regimes to account when there are cases of genocide.

On so many occasions, as the noble Lord, Lord Forsyth, and others pointed out, the Government have claimed that decisions need to be made by a court, and yet the nature of the UN Security Council and the vetoes of the P5 countries, when we know that China and Russia and the US under Donald Trump would not accept any moves on genocide, mean that we need to look again. Can the Minister tell us whether there has been any thought in the Government about taking up the French idea of the veto not being used in cases of genocide? Can the Minister tell us when we are likely to see the joint parliamentary committee, so that Parliament can begin to take a stand on genocide and hold the Government to account in their decisions and actions in this area as well?
Baroness Smith of Newnham, LDThe noble Baronesses, Lady Smith and Lady Goudie, my noble friend Lord Forsyth, and the noble Lord, Lord Alton, rightly raised the progress being made to create the promised mechanism of a parliamentary committee to examine allegations of genocide. The provisions relating to trade agreements and genocide within the Trade Act will commence from 30 June 2021. The relevant commencement order has now been made. I will write to noble Lords, in the interest of time, on what the processes will be thereafter.

https://hansard.parliament.uk/Lords/2021-05-27/debates/7537BE2B-5FD4-44BB-A59B-2130A42F5F96/GenocideBringingPerpetratorsToJustice?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-7549B1AB-5452-476C-9FC4-1A50897CCCE4
27 May 2021My Lords, I very much welcome the continued focus on issues of genocide from the noble Lord, Lord Alton. Sadly, however, there is too often a gap between what Ministers say and what they do. Despite the Gambia putting forward a case to the International Court of Justice, as my noble friend Lady Nye highlighted, in which Myanmar stands accused of genocide, the UK has so far been unprepared to support the case. Why?Lord Collins of Highbury, LabourThe noble Baroness, Lady Nye, the noble Lord, Lord Collins, and others, raised the action of the Gambia at the ICJ. We are supportive of that. There are various dates, including the right of Myanmar to respond to the initial report. I assure noble Lords that we continue to consider where we would consider, at the appropriate time, the formal support of a UK intervention in this respect.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Lords/2021-05-27/debates/7537BE2B-5FD4-44BB-A59B-2130A42F5F96/GenocideBringingPerpetratorsToJustice?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-7549B1AB-5452-476C-9FC4-1A50897CCCE4
26 May 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what discussions he has had with his Israeli counterpart on the UK's policy on Israel's right to self-defence.Andrew Rosindell, Romford, ConservativeThe Foreign Secretary delivered a message of de-escalation in his calls to Israeli Foreign Minister Ashkenazi on 11 and 16 May, and with Palestinian Prime Minister Shtayyeh on 12 May. I spoke to the Israeli Ambassador, and to the Palestinian Head of Mission in London on 19 May, to urge them to de-escalate and restore calm. The UK is clear that Israel has a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend its citizens from attack. In doing so, it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and make every effort to avoid civilian casualties. The UK welcomes the announcement of a ceasefire in Israel and Gaza on 20 May, which is an important step to ending the cycle of violence and loss of civilian life.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-05-18/2906definition of self-defence; international law; IHL; violations of IHL; distinction of proportionality
26 May 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what discussions he has had with his Israeli counterpart on the UK's policy on Israel's right to self-defence.

Andrew Rosindell, Romford, ConservativeThe Foreign Secretary delivered a message of de-escalation in his calls to Israeli Foreign Minister Ashkenazi on 11 and 16 May, and with Palestinian Prime Minister Shtayyeh on 12 May. I spoke to the Israeli Ambassador, and to the Palestinian Head of Mission in London on 19 May, to urge them to de-escalate and restore calm. The UK is clear that Israel has a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend its citizens from attack. In doing so, it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and make every effort to avoid civilian casualties. The UK welcomes the announcement of a ceasefire in Israel and Gaza on 20 May, which is an important step to ending the cycle of violence and loss of civilian life.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-05-18/2906self-defence; IHL
24 May 2021I welcome recent reports that the RAF contributed to an important 10-day operation in April, clearing Daesh terrorists from the Makhmur mountain region, which is a Daesh stronghold in northern Iraq. With approximately 10,000 Daesh terrorists still at large across Syria, will my right hon. Friend confirm that the UK remains committed to Operation Shader?Aaron Bell, Conservative, Newcastle-under-LymeThe Government are committed to Operation Shader and will continue to be so. The threat of ISIS has not gone away. Indeed, throughout her deployment, the carrier will also potentially take part in operations to support it. It is very important that we continue to degrade ISIS capability, because of its destabilising effect in Iraq and the threat it poses directly to ushttps://hansard.parliament.uk/Commons/2021-05-24/debates/34FEBE2C-E7F2-4D79-B248-398AC2200050/TopicalQuestions?highlight=operation%20shader#contribution-488106BA-FB6C-49E5-B4D1-061A540B1EA0RAF; Operation Shader; assets and deployment
19 May 2021To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, what assessment she has made of the similarities between (a) active export licences for Israel and (b) the twelve licences that the Department for Business identified as being for components which could be part of equipment used by the Israel Defence Forces in Gaza on 12 August 2014.Kenny MacAskill, Allba Party, East LothianOn 12th August 2014, HM Government said it was concerned that, in the event of a resumption of significant hostilities, it would not be able to clarify if the export licence criteria were being met and, accordingly, would suspend the twelve licences identified.Today, HM Government is satisfied that we are able to assess extant licences and new applications against the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria (‘the Consolidated Criteria’).We continue to monitor the situation in Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories closely and keep relevant licences under review. We will take action to suspend, refuse or revoke licences – in line with the Consolidated Criteria – if circumstances require. HM Government will not grant an export licence if to do so would be inconsistent with the Consolidated Criteria.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-05-19/4043Partner AssistanceIsrael; Gaza
19 May 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what estimate he has made of the number of deaths of (a) children, (b) non-combatant adults and (c) combatant adults in Gaza following military action by Israel beginning on 11 May 2021.Ms Lyn Brown, West Ham, LabourThe ongoing violence across Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories is deeply concerning. Civilian deaths, both in Israel and Gaza are a tragedy. As the Prime Minister and Foreign Secretary have made clear, this cycle of violence must stop, and every effort must be made to avoid loss of life, especially that of children.

The UK condemns the firing of rockets at civilian populations and we urge all parties to de-escalate immediately. Any attacks targeted against civilians are unlawful and unjustifiable. All countries, including Israel, have a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend their citizens from attack. In doing so, it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and are calibrated to avoid civilian casualties.

https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-05-12/656IHL; violations of iHL; principle of distinction
19 May 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, with reference to the remarks of Sri Lanka's Minister of Community Police Services, Dilum Amunugama, on Sri Lanka's president acting like Adolf Hitler on 12 April 2021, what assessment he has made of the appropriateness of the UK providing Sri Lanka with community policing training.Kenny MacAskill, East Lothian, Alba PartyAll UK police assistance in Sri Lanka is subject to robust Overseas Security and Justice Assistance (OSJA) assessments that analyse the potential human rights, international humanitarian law, political and reputational risks of any proposed assistance to ensure that it supports our values and is consistent with our domestic and international human rights obligations.

The UK's current police training in Sri Lanka is focused on prevention and investigation of Sexual and Gender Based Violence, and promoting gender equality and women's representation in the Sri Lankan police service. Due to Covid-19, many of the training activities have been paused, with the exception of work at the local level to support victims of sexual and gender-based violence and domestic violence.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-05-11/460deployments and assets; IHL; IHRL
18 May 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the possibility of independent (1) reporting, and (2) monitoring, of human rights during the current conflict in Israel and Palestine.Baroness Janke, Liberal DemocratWe have not made this assessment. However, the UK continues to engage with the Israeli government on human rights issues in the context of the occupation. Israel has a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend its citizens from attack. In doing so, it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and make every effort to avoid civilian casualties. The situation on the ground demonstrates the urgent need to make progress towards peace. We will continue to support human rights scrutiny in Israel and the OPTs, and support Palestinian self-determination.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-05-18/hl355self-defence; IHL; violations of IHL; investigation into IHL violations
18 May 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what discussions he has had with his Israeli counterpart on the UK's policy on Israel's right to self-defence.Andrew Rosindell, Conservative, RomfordThe Foreign Secretary delivered a message of de-escalation in his calls to Israeli Foreign Minister Ashkenazi on 11 and 16 May, and with Palestinian Prime Minister Shtayyeh on 12 May. I spoke to the Israeli Ambassador, and to the Palestinian Head of Mission in London on 19 May, to urge them to de-escalate and restore calm. The UK is clear that Israel has a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend its citizens from attack. In doing so, it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and make every effort to avoid civilian casualties. The UK welcomes the announcement of a ceasefire in Israel and Gaza on 20 May, which is an important step to ending the cycle of violence and loss of civilian life.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-05-18/2906UK's definition of self-defence; self-defence; IHL; principle of proportionality
17 May 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what estimate he has made of the number of British nationals associated with ISIS detained in north-east Syria in areas under the control of the Kurdish authorities; and how many of those British nationals are children.Tulip Siddiq, Labour, Hampstead and Kilburn.We will continue to convene partners both bilaterally and through the G7, the UN Security Council, and NATO and we expect that NATO will continue to have a role in fighting terrorism. We will work with our partners to use all levers at our disposal to disrupt terrorist groups' access to resources. This will include leading an international approach to prevent and deter Foreign Terrorist Fighters travelling to Afghanistan and effective implementation of counter-terrorism focused sanctions against terrorists in Afghanistan.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-05-17/2385Counter-terrorism; partner assistance; policy.
17 May 2021To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, what risk assessment measures are used in the Government's ongoing monitoring of arms exports to Israel.Claire Hanna, Social Democratic and Labour Party, Belfast SouthHM Government publishes Official Statistics (on a quarterly and annual basis) on export licences granted, refused and revoked to all destinations on GOV.UK containing detailed information including the overall value, type (e.g. Military, Other) and a summary of the items covered by these licences. This information is available at: GOV.UK(opens in a new tab) and the most recent publication was on 13th April 2021, covering the period 1st October – 31st December 2020. Information covering 1st January – 31st March 2021 will be published on 13th July 2021.HM Government continues to monitor closely the situation in Israel. We have procedures in place to review licences – and suspend or revoke as necessary – when circumstances require. HM Government takes its export responsibilities seriously and will continue to assess all export licences in accordance with the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria (the ‘Consolidated Criteria’). HM Government will not grant an export licence if to do so would be inconsistent with the Consolidated Criteria.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-05-17/2479Partner AssistanceIsrael
17 May 2021To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, what arms have been exported from the UK to Israel in (a) 2018, (b) 2019, (c) 2020 and (d) 2021 to date.Claire Hanna, Social Democratic and Labour Party, Belfast SouthHM Government publishes Official Statistics (on a quarterly and annual basis) on export licences granted, refused and revoked to all destinations on GOV.UK containing detailed information including the overall value, type (e.g. Military, Other) and a summary of the items covered by these licences. This information is available at: GOV.UK(opens in a new tab) and the most recent publication was on 13th April 2021, covering the period 1st October – 31st December 2020. Information covering 1st January – 31st March 2021 will be published on 13th July 2021.HM Government continues to monitor closely the situation in Israel. We have procedures in place to review licences – and suspend or revoke as necessary – when circumstances require. HM Government takes its export responsibilities seriously and will continue to assess all export licences in accordance with the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria (the ‘Consolidated Criteria’). HM Government will not grant an export licence if to do so would be inconsistent with the Consolidated Criteria.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-05-17/2478Partner AssistanceIsrael
17 May 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether Israeli F-35 aircrafts, of which each plane includes a 15 per cent UK work share, are being used in the air strikes on Gaza; and what steps he has taken to determine whether planes being used in the air strikes in Gaza include UK components.Layla Moran, Oxford West and Abingdon, LDThe ongoing violence across Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories is deeply concerning and must stop. We urge all parties to de-escalate. Israel has a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend its citizens from attack. In doing so, it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and make every effort to avoid civilian casualties.

All UK arms export licences are assessed thoroughly against a strict risk assessment framework and we keep all licences under careful and continual review as standard.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-05-11/426IHL; principle of proportionality; principle of distinction; IHL violations; arms sales; arms licences
17 May 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether Israeli F-35 aircrafts, of which each plane includes a 15 per cent UK work share, are being used in the air strikes on Gaza; and what steps he has taken to determine whether planes being used in the air strikes in Gaza include UK components.Layla Moran, Oxford West and Abingdon, LDThe ongoing violence across Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories is deeply concerning and must stop. We urge all parties to de-escalate. Israel has a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend its citizens from attack. In doing so, it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and make every effort to avoid civilian casualties.

All UK arms export licences are assessed thoroughly against a strict risk assessment framework and we keep all licences under careful and continual review as standard.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-05-11/426deployments; assets and deployments; UK complicity; arms licences; IHL
17 May 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, with reference to the conclusions of the UNITAD investigations led by Karim Khan QC, if the Government will use the term genocide in connection with atrocities perpetrated by ISIL against Yazidis and other minorities in Northern Iraq and Syria.Ms Nusrat Ghani, Wealden, ConservativeThe UK Government's long standing policy is that any determination of genocide should only be made by competent courts, rather than for governments or non-judicial bodies.

In order to support the prosecution of Daesh crimes in Iraq, the UK has contributed nearly £2 million to the UN Investigative Team for the Accountability of Daesh (UNITAD) and is encouraging close co-operation between UNITAD and the Government of Iraq to achieve justice for Daesh's victims.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-05-11/331international law; genocide; war crimes
13 May 2021can my noble friend name one country on earth that would be expected to tolerate the incessant attacks on innocent civilians by Hamas, the Iran-backed terror organisation committed to its annihilation?Lord Polak, ConservativeThe UK remains resolute in its commitment to Israel’s security. We utterly condemn Hamas’s indiscriminate and abhorrent rocket attacks, as I say. Israel has a legitimate right to self-defence. In using it, it is vital that all actions it takes are proportionate, are in line with international humanitarian law and avoid civilian casualties.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Lords/2021-05-13/debates/A379DE7A-F5FD-4BC9-B8BE-D7E2DBB7ECB5/ViolenceInIsraelAndPalestine?highlight=self-defence#contribution-B1FA26D8-E16C-4DF3-88C9-AB3200E718C5Self-defence; proportionality; IHL
13 May 2021My Lords, how can terrorists import thousands of Iranian rockets but Israel be blamed for a lack of food or medicine? How can anyone believe that Hamas wants peace when it is committed to Israel’s destruction, with no regard whatever for innocent life? Hamas is exploiting the PA’s weakness after it cancelled elections, a century-old legal dispute about four houses, and violence in Jerusalem to provoke this crisis. Does the Minister agree that there is no equivalence between terrorists raining down rockets on civilians and a legitimate, democratic Government defending itself?Lord Austin of DudleyHamas’s military wing, as the noble Lord will know, has been proscribed as a terrorist organisation by the UK since 2001. The UK retains a policy of no contact with Hamas in its entirety. The UK unequivocally and strongly condemns the firing of rockets into Israel. We want them to stop, and we want a permanent end to this incitement and rocket fire, and a de-escalation of the situation today.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Lords/2021-05-13/debates/A379DE7A-F5FD-4BC9-B8BE-D7E2DBB7ECB5/ViolenceInIsraelAndPalestine?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-B1FA26D8-E16C-4DF3-88C9-AB3200E718C5definition of self-defence; principle of distinction; indiscriminate bombing; iHL violations; IHL
13 May 2021Our integrated review said:

“we will increase our efforts to protect open societies and democratic values where they are being undermined.”

In that spirit, can my noble friend name one country on earth that would be expected to tolerate the incessant attacks on innocent civilians by Hamas, the Iran-backed terror organisation committed to its annihilation?
Lord Polak, ConservativeThe UK remains resolute in its commitment to Israel’s security. We utterly condemn Hamas’s indiscriminate and abhorrent rocket attacks, as I say. Israel has a legitimate right to self-defence. In using it, it is vital that all actions it takes are proportionate, are in line with international humanitarian law and avoid civilian casualties.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Lords/2021-05-13/debates/A379DE7A-F5FD-4BC9-B8BE-D7E2DBB7ECB5/ViolenceInIsraelAndPalestine?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-B1FA26D8-E16C-4DF3-88C9-AB3200E718C5definition of self-defence; principle of distinction; principle of proportionality; IHL
12 May 2021Yasmin Qureshi, Lab, Bolton South Easthttps://hansard.parliament.uk/Commons/2021-05-12/debates/5CB9BFF2-D70C-44FB-988B-425CDC0FEA6B/ViolenceInIsraelAndPalestine?highlight=indiscriminate%20attack#contribution-BA57B36B-7151-464F-BB19-2D177562B881indiscriminate attacks; IHL; IHL violations; Israel; Palestine
12 May 2021can the Minister tell me whether he thinks it appropriate that the UK grants arms licences that see UK weapons being used in these indiscriminate Israeli attacks on civilians, including children?Gavin Newlands, SNP, Paisley and Renfrewshire NorthJustice and accountability for detainees is a central issue for the UN-led political process and we fully support the UN Syria Envoy's efforts to work for the release of detainees, as a vital step towards a political settlement to end the conflict. Additionally we continue to pursue sanctions as a policy tool to hold the Syrian regime to account and to bring about a peaceful solution to the conflict.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Commons/2021-05-12/debates/5CB9BFF2-D70C-44FB-988B-425CDC0FEA6B/ViolenceInIsraelAndPalestine?highlight=indiscriminate%20attack#contribution-BA57B36B-7151-464F-BB19-2D177562B881indiscriminate attacks; UK assets; IHL violations; UK complicity; Israel; Palestine
12 May 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what estimate he has made of the number of deaths of (a) children, (b) non-combatant adults and (c) combatant adults in Gaza following military action by Israel beginning on 11 May 2021.Ms Lyn Brown, Labour, West HamThe ongoing violence across Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories is deeply concerning. Civilian deaths, both in Israel and Gaza are a tragedy. As the Prime Minister and Foreign Secretary have made clear, this cycle of violence must stop, and every effort must be made to avoid loss of life, especially that of children.

The UK condemns the firing of rockets at civilian populations and we urge all parties to de-escalate immediately. Any attacks targeted against civilians are unlawful and unjustifiable. All countries, including Israel, have a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend their citizens from attack. In doing so, it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and are calibrated to avoid civilian casualties.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-05-12/656principle of distinction; self-defence; violations of IHL;
12 May 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether he plans to make representations to his Israeli counterpart on holding criminal investigations into the reported death of children as a result of Israeli police and military personnel actions.Mr Clive Betts, Labour, Sheffield South EastThe UK has been clear that we need an immediate de-escalation on all sides, and an end to targeting of civilian populations. The UK offers our condolences to the families of those civilians killed. Civilian deaths, both in Israel and Gaza are a tragedy.

Israel has a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend its citizens from attack. In doing so, it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and make every effort to avoid civilian casualties. We call on all sides to reduce tensions, restore calm and avoid provocation.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-05-12/615principle of distinction; self-defence; IHL; violations of IHL
12 May 2021Will my right hon. Friend confirm today that the Government will ask Israel to cease immediately any further illegal evictions from East Jerusalem and to respect the sanctity of mosques, for without both of these steps surely an already fragile situation can only deteriorate further?Richard Graham, Gloucester, ConservativeOn the holy sites in Jerusalem, which is the home of some of the holiest sites for all three Abrahamic religions, our position is that the status quo must be maintained and those religious sites must be respected. Obviously, many people have been very distressed by the images we have seen from the region. We will continue to speak directly with our contacts in the Israeli Government about evictions and settlements. As I say, our position on that has been long-standing, and I have spoken about that issue from the Dispatch Box. We call upon Hamas to immediately cease its indiscriminate rocket attacks into Israel, and we call upon all actors in this to bring about peace so that we do not see any more fatalities and casualties.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Commons/2021-05-12/debates/5CB9BFF2-D70C-44FB-988B-425CDC0FEA6B/ViolenceInIsraelAndPalestine?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-D772E513-9C92-49D1-8758-17829378F75Cprinciple of distinction; IHL violations; IHL
11 May 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether Israeli F-35 aircrafts, of which each plane includes a 15 per cent UK work share, are being used in the air strikes on Gaza; and what steps he has taken to determine whether planes being used in the air strikes in Gaza include UK components.Layla Moran, Liberal Democrat, Oxford West and AbingdonThe ongoing violence across Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories is deeply concerning and must stop. We urge all parties to de-escalate. Israel has a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend its citizens from attack. In doing so, it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and make every effort to avoid civilian casualties. All UK arms export licences are assessed thoroughly against a strict risk assessment framework and we keep all licences under careful and continual review as standard.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-05-11/426Partner AssistanceIsrael; Gaza
11 May 2021To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, what recent assessment she has made of the use of UK arms exported to Israel; and whether she plans to review the licensing of such exports.Hilary Benn, Labour, Leeds CentralHM Government continues to monitor closely the situation in Israel. We have procedures in place to review licences – and suspend or revoke as necessary – when circumstances require. We consider all our export applications thoroughly against a strict risk assessment framework and keep all licences under careful and continual review as standard procedure.HM Government takes its export responsibilities seriously and will continue to assess all export licences in accordance with the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria (the ‘Consolidated Criteria’). HM Government will not grant an export licence if to do so would be inconsistent with the Consolidated Criteria.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-05-11/66Partner Assistance
11 May 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they will take to protect unarmed Palestinian children living in territory occupied by Israel from being injured or killed by Israeli security forces.Baroness Sheehan, Liberal DemocratThe UK has been clear that we need an immediate de-escalation on all sides, and an end to targeting of civilian populations. The UK offers our condolences to the families of those civilians killed. Civilian deaths, both in Israel and Gaza are a tragedy. Every effort must be made to avoid loss of life, especially that of children.

Israel has a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend its citizens from attack. In doing so, it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and make every effort to avoid civilian casualties. We call on all sides to reduce tensions, restore calm and avoid provocation.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-05-11/hl100UK's definition of self-defence; self-defence; IHL; principle of proportionality
11 May 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if he will condemn the storming of the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound by Israeli forces, including (a) the attack on worshippers and (b) threatened evictions of Palestinians from their homes in Sheikh Jarrah.Sam Tarry, Labour, Iford SouthViolence against worshippers of whatever faith is unacceptable. It is important that policing is particularly sensitive around religious holy sites in Jerusalem, and particularly so during religious festivals like the holy month of Ramadan.

We remain concerned over tensions in Jerusalem linked to the threatened eviction of Palestinian families from their homes in Sheikh Jarrah. We continue to urge Israel to cease such actions, which in all but the most exceptional cases are contrary to International Humanitarian Law.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-05-11/525international humanitarian law; IHL; violations of IHL
11 May 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether Israeli F-35 aircrafts, of which each plane includes a 15 per cent UK work share, are being used in the air strikes on Gaza; and what steps he has taken to determine whether planes being used in the air strikes in Gaza include UK components.Layla Moran, Liberal Democrat, Oxford West and AbingdonThe ongoing violence across Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories is deeply concerning and must stop. We urge all parties to de-escalate. Israel has a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend its citizens from attack. In doing so, it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and make every effort to avoid civilian casualties. All UK arms export licences are assessed thoroughly against a strict risk assessment framework and we keep all licences under careful and continual review as standard.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-05-11/426self-defence; IHL; violations of IHL; UK arms export licences; assets and deployments
28 April 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government whether the training provided to 120,000 soldiers in Iraq has extended to contributing arms and equipment from companies in the British defence industry; and, if not, whether it will in the future.Lord Chidgey, LDSince September 2014, the UK alongside allies has been supporting Iraqi Security Forces in their fight against Daesh, as part of a coalition and at the invitation of the Government of Iraq. In addition to training, the UK supports the Iraqi Security Forces with supplies of military equipment. As a result, the UK, has gifted equipment to Iraq.

The equipment to the Iraqi Security Forces has been gifted either directly from the UK MOD, using stock surpluses or through procuring equipment from British Defence Industry. For instance, in 2015 the UK MOD gifted C-IED equipment from surplus stock and more recently the UK gifted outdoor clothing, personal load carriage and chest rig equipment, which was procured from a British Defence Company.

Future provision of support to Iraq will be determined by many factors including the type of equipment required and its availability. Any request for such equipment is judged on a case-by-case basis.

For further details on the equipment gifted to Iraq, please refer to the UK Strategic Export Controls Annual Reports available on gov.uk.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-04-15/hl14960arms licences; arms sales; assets and deployments; Iraq
27 April 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if he will publish the human rights risk assessments undertaken for the Conflict, Stability and Security Fund in the Maldives in relation to the Government’s policy on Overseas Security and Justice Assistance.Sam Tarry, Ilford South, LabourUK assistance in Maldives is subject to robust Overseas Security and Justice Assistance (OSJA) assessments that analyse the potential human rights, international humanitarian law, political and reputational risks of any proposed assistance to ensure that it supports our values and is consistent with our domestic and international human rights obligations. OSJAs are not published as they are internal documents which include a sensitive UK assessment of the human rights situation in a country at a given time. Disclosure could prejudice the UK's relations with foreign states, as well as its interests and ability to promote those interests. To be useful, OSJA assessments must be honest and remain relevant. In some cases, assessments may draw on material that is not publicly available and has been provided to the UK "in confidence". Disclosure could affect provision of such information in the future and compromise the ability to make sound OSJA assessments going forward.

https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-04-20/184570IHL; IHL violations; deployments; international human rights law
22 April 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what steps they are taking within appropriate multilateral institutions to develop a strategic response to the proliferation of cruise missiles (1) to foster maximum transparency, and (2) to develop a coherent safeguarding approach within arms control arrangements.Lord Judd, LabourThe UK is a member of relevant multilateral export control regimes, such as the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) and the Wassenaar Arrangement. The MTCR seeks to prevent the proliferation of sensitive missile systems and technologies, including cruise missiles, to countries and end users of concern. The Wassenaar Arrangement in turn seeks to prevent the regional destabilising accumulation of conventional weapons, including cruise missile systems. The UK plays an active role in both regimes and through them the UK promotes transparency, the control and greater responsibility in transfers of all missiles types, as well as conventional weapons and related dual-use technologies. In addition, the UK is a State Party to the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) which establishes common international standards for regulating the international trade in conventional arms, which includes cruise missile systems. The ATT requires annual reporting on transfers to reinforce transparency among State Parties.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-03-22/hl14447Partner Assistance
22 April 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, with reference to the finding by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs of a more than doubling of the donor-funded aid items targeted for demolition or confiscation by the Israeli authorities in the first quarter of 2021, compared with the monthly average in 2020, what additional steps he will take to deter further demolitions and confiscations of humanitarian aid in the West Bank.Mr Clive Betts, Labour, Sheffield South EastThe UK regularly raises the demolition of Palestinian property with the Government of Israel, including over the repeated confiscation and demolition of donor-funded assistance and structures. The Fourth Geneva Convention, which applies to all occupied territories, prohibits demolitions or forced evictions absent military necessity. The UK is clear that in all but the most exceptional of circumstances, demolitions are contrary to International Humanitarian Law. The practice causes unnecessary suffering to Palestinians and is harmful to efforts to promote peace.

The UK urged the Government of Israel to end demolitions of property in the West Bank at the UN Security council on 25 March 2021. On the same day, the British Ambassador in Tel Aviv raised ongoing demolitions with the Israeli authorities in a meeting alongside like-minded partners. I called on Israel to stop demolitions on 5 February 2021 and raised my concerns about the demolitions of Palestinian homes and structures with the Israeli Ambassador on 29 October 2020. UK officials from the British Consulate in Jerusalem have made regular visits to areas at risk of demolition and eviction to reiterate UK support for those communities.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-04-22/185797international humanitarian law; IHL; violations of IHL
22 April 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have to draw the personnel for the new Ranger Regiment from all Infantry units of the British Army; what assessment they have made of the additional training resources required for that regiment to be able to operate in complex and high risk environments; and what assessment they have made of the impact on the establishment of such a regiment on (1) extended overseas deployments, and (2) any additional training and advisory agreements made with other nations consequent upon these deployments.Lord Chidgey, LDThe new Ranger Regiment is part of an Army Special Operations Brigade and will receive a share of a £120 million investment over the next four years. It will initially be seeded from the four Specialised Infantry Battalions and in time will become all-arms units capable of supporting and conducting special operations in high-risk environments.

Under the transformation announced by the Secretary of State for Defence, the Army will be more actively and persistently engaged overseas. This does not mean that all deployments will be lengthy and the impact on individuals and their families will be carefully managed under policy designed to ensure that they are not over-stretched. To complement the Army Special Operations Brigade, a Security Force Assistance (SFA) Brigade will also be established and this will form the foundation of the Army's contribution to persistent engagement overseas.

The Army will use spring and early summer 2021 to refine and test the designs, capabilities and structure of its units before making more detailed announcements later this year.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-04-15/hl14961deployments; deployments and assets
21 April 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of the implications for his policies of the targeting of 58 Palestinian structures and subsequent displacement of 81 people, including 42 children, by the Israeli authorities in March 2021.Caroline Lucas, Green, Brighton, PavilionThe UK regularly raises the demolition of Palestinian property with the Government of Israel. The Fourth Geneva Convention, which applies to all occupied territories, prohibits demolitions or forced evictions absent military necessity. The UK is clear that in all but the most exceptional of circumstances, demolitions are contrary to International Humanitarian Law. The practice causes unnecessary suffering to Palestinians and is harmful to efforts to promote peace.

I continue to maintain an active dialogue with regional partners on the matter of demolitions, and frequently raise our objections in bilateral conversations with my Israeli counterparts. The UK urged the Government of Israel to end demolitions of property in the West Bank at the UN Security council on 25 March 2021. On the same day, the British Ambassador in Tel Aviv raised ongoing demolitions with the Israeli authorities in a meeting alongside like-minded partners. I called on Israel to stop demolitions on 5 February 2021 and raised my concerns about the demolitions of Palestinian homes and structures with the Israeli Ambassador on 29 October 2020. UK officials from the British Consulate in Jerusalem have made regular visits to areas at risk of demolition and eviction to reiterate UK support for those communities.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-04-21/185339IHL; violations of IHL; principle of distinction
16 April 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what estimate he has made of the number of British nationals associated with ISIS detained in north-east Syria in areas under the control of the Kurdish authorities; and how many of those British nationals are children.
Tulip Siddiq, Labour, Hampstead and Kilburn.We are aware that British nationals, including children, are located in IDP camps in north east Syria. Due to the shifting circumstances on the ground we are not in a position currently to make an accurate estimate of their number.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-04-16/182073Counter-terrorism; partner assistance; policy.
15 April 2021The Yemeni community in Liverpool would like to know how the Minister can possibly justify the decision of his Department to increase its sales of bombs and missiles for use in Yemen to new record highs, while his friends at the Foreign Office are simultaneously cutting the amount of humanitarian aid going to starving Yemeni children. Does he accept that this is not just wrong, but downright immoral?Kim Johnson, Liverpool, Riverside, LabourNot only are Her Majesty’s Government one of the biggest donors of aid around the world, including to Yemen, but as was set out in the Secretary of State’s written statement, we have devised a clear and revised methodology to make sure we will only license such products if they are consistent with the consolidated criteria.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Commons/2021-04-15/debates/8CC7DC13-81CD-48B3-B9CC-C5E6F9D33DEC/ArmsExportsInternationalHumanitarianLaw?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-802EE3C6-1AA7-480B-92AE-F20CA2984FA4arms sales; arms licences; IHL
15 April 2021What steps she is taking with Cabinet colleagues to ensure that arms exported from the UK are not deployed in contravention of international humanitarian law.Kim Johnson, Liverpool, Riverside, LabourAll arms exports require an export licence. I can assure the House that we take our export control responsibilities very seriously. We rigorously assess every application on a case-by-case basis against the consolidated EU and national arms export licensing criteria, taking advice from the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office and the Ministry of Defence. We will not issue an export licence where to do so would be inconsistent with the consolidated criteria, including where there is a clear risk that the items might be used for a serious violation of international humanitarian law.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Commons/2021-04-15/debates/8CC7DC13-81CD-48B3-B9CC-C5E6F9D33DEC/ArmsExportsInternationalHumanitarianLaw?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-802EE3C6-1AA7-480B-92AE-F20CA2984FA4arms sales; arms licences; IHL violationsl IHL
12 April 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what recent assessment he has made of the increased threat from ISIS in Africa.Andrew Rosindell, Con, RomfordWe are concerned about the continuing threat posed by Daesh and its affiliates in Africa. In the recent Defence Command Paper, we committed to working closely with others to tackle the threat and strengthen stabilisation. In the Sahel, we are contributing UK military assets both to the French counter-terrorism operations and to the UN mission in Mali (MINUSMA). In the Lake Chad Basin, we are working with our Nigerian and Cameroonian partners to develop their counter-terrorism capabilities. We are also continuing to contribute actively to the work of the Global Coalition Against Daesh. In East Africa, we are focusing on the countering the terrorist threat posed by Al Shabaab.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-04-12/178890Counter-terrorism; partner assistance; policy.
12 April 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment he has made of the potential effect on the UK's security of the decision to reduce the number of troops in the Army; and if he will make that decision subject to a vote in the House.Charlotte Nichols, Labour, Warrington NorthThe protection of our people, homeland, and democracy is the first duty of any government and so we are investing over £24 billion to reform and renew our Armed Forces for this age of global and systemic competition, modernising and integrating our forces across sea, land, air, space, and cyberspace like never before. In an era of robotics and artificial intelligence, we need to stop thinking about the strength of the Army simply in terms of numbers and focus on how successfully it can achieve what we ask of it. We have therefore designed a force that is more balanced, and ultimately more effectively matched to the threat, now and in the future. The Army will be better connected, faster, and pound-for-pound more lethal than ever before. It will be integrated across domains, with allies in NATO, and beyond.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-04-12/179632Technology; Assets and Deployment
12 April 2021
24 March 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, with reference to the oral contribution of the Prime Minister of 3 March 2021, Official Report, column 242, what the UK's role is in the Saudi-led coalition's participation in conflict in Yemen.Anna McMorrin, Labour, Cardiff NorthThe UK is not a member of the Saudi-led coalition. We have an ongoing relationship with Saudi Arabia which includes sharing advice and guidance to support the Saudi military's compliance with International Humanitarian Law and efforts to protect their national security. The UK continues to use all our diplomatic and humanitarian expertise to support UN-led peace efforts to end the conflict and alleviate the humanitarian situation in Yemen.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-03-24/174947UK complicity; Yemen; IHL; violations of IHL
22 March 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps he has taken to press for international access to monitor the conditions of Syrian detainees held by (a) the Assad regime, (b) ISIS, and (c) the Syrian Democratic Forces.Stephen Timms, Lab, East HamThe latest UN report from the Commission of Inquiry is a shocking reminder of why Syria remains one of the worst human rights crises in the world. The UK has repeatedly condemned the use of illegal detention. We support the UN's request to the Asad regime and Syrian armed groups to allow humanitarian actors and medical teams unhindered access to prisons. We have raised the plight of detainees held by the Asad regime, affiliated militias and proscribed terrorist organisations at the UN Security Council, most recently during our national statement on 15 March and through our leadership at the Human Rights Council, where this month we are hosting a side event to discuss next steps for accountability. We expect all parties to the Syrian conflict to respect their obligations and responsibilities towards civilians under the applicable international law regimes that apply, including international humanitarian law - this includes providing the necessary access for humanitarian organisations to reach those in need.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-03-22/172852Counter-terrorism; partner assistance; policy; law.
17 March 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what was his Department's planned R&D spend for the next four years (a) before the November 2020 uplift, and (a) now, by year.Kevan Jones, Labour, North DurhamThe 2020 Spending Review (SR) Settlement sets out a new ringfence for defence R&D amounting to at least £6.6 billion over four years from 2021-22. This funding will support next generation capabilities from satellites and automation to AI and novel weapons. Detailed investment plans for the SR period are currently being agreed in advance of next financial year so annual breakdown are not available. However, R&D investment is expected to uplift the Ministry of Defence's planned spend in R&D by over £1.5 billion in the four year SR period.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-03-17/170559Technology
16 March 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what his Department policy is on the use of drone strikes outside of recognised war zones; and what support the Government provides to victims of such strikes.Janet Daby, Lewisham East, LabourAs the Government has stated previously there is no separate policy on the use of force outside of an armed conflict. Rather it has a policy to defend the UK and its citizens against both armed attacks and imminent threats of armed attack; in extremis, lethal force could be used where there is no other effective option. Every situation would be considered on its merits and the appropriate course of action would depend on the circumstances prevailing at that time.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-03-10/166556extrajudicial killing; IHRL; IHL; use of force; compensation for victims
11 March 2021Turning to the main event, so to speak, which is the Clause 12 duty to consider derogation from the convention through a new Section 14A of the Human Rights Act, my noble and learned friend Lord Falconer, the noble and learned Lord, Lord Hope, and the noble Lord, Lord Thomas of Gresford, have described the question marks over this clause very well. Is it necessary? Is it wise? What is it trying to achieve? Is it, as my noble and learned friend Lord Falconer put it so pithily, just phony human-rights bashing for political purposes, because this Bill is so much about signal sending?Baroness Chakrabarti, LabourI reassure the noble Baroness, Lady Chakrabarti, of how mindful of our obligations we are. The issue of extraterritorial jurisdiction under the ECHR has been the subject of complex legal debate, and it continues to be addressed and developed through European Court of Human Rights case law. This case law has led to some uncertainty about the ECHR’s application and has extended the territorial scope of convention obligations beyond what was understood when the ECHR was originally drafted.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Lords/2021-03-11/debates/9D68F2AD-CE5F-41E6-8F50-9BDAC0A91C37/OverseasOperations(ServicePersonnelAndVeterans)Bill?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-F9094E0F-A31A-45D1-98FC-71F8C3CD98FCoverseas operation bill; ECHR; international human rights law
11 March 2021As the noble Lord, Lord Thomas, indicated, given that this Bill in general works so hard to suggest in various places what considerations and tests should be applied by courts, prosecutors and other decision-makers, it must be worthy of note that the new Section 14A of the Human Rights Act proposed by Clause 12 does not replicate the test for derogation under Article 15. Why is that the case? Why does it appear to create this duty to constantly consider derogating but not set out the strict tests that derogation requires? It must be that the derogation would be strictly necessary in time of war or other public emergency threatening the life of the nation, which, of course, is going to be far from the case in many covert or overt operations in the modern world—some short, some longer, some peacekeeping. Why has the Article 15 test not been replicated? Is it again, as happened with other legislation, such as the Internal Market Bill, an attempt to create tension, a collision course or a divergence between domestic law and international law duties? That would be very worrying indeed.Baroness Chakrabarti, LabourThe clause merely ensures that all future Governments will be compelled to consider derogating from the ECHR for the purpose of a specific military operation. There is no sinister or malign agenda here, as was implied by the noble Baroness, Lady Chakrabarti. This does not create new law in relation to the ECHR or the procedures for designating a derogation order. In effect, it puts the intent of the 2016 Written Ministerial Statement on to a statutory footing and it will ensure that operational effectiveness can be maintained, for example, by enabling detention where appropriate for imperative reasons of security in a time of war or other public emergency threatening the life of the nations.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Lords/2021-03-11/debates/9D68F2AD-CE5F-41E6-8F50-9BDAC0A91C37/OverseasOperations(ServicePersonnelAndVeterans)Bill?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-F9094E0F-A31A-45D1-98FC-71F8C3CD98FCoverseas operation bill; ECHR; international human rights law
11 March 2021Some severe issues are raised by this clause, in part about what message we are sending internationally. The United Kingdom left the European Union last year. We have said that, as a country, we still respect human rights and the rule of law and that we wish to play a global role. We are still an active player in NATO and in the United Nations, but what message are we sending if we say, “We might want to derogate from the European Convention on Human Rights”? Do we really want to derogate from human rights laws? Is this not a siren call? Is there not a danger that this is trying to speak to a domestic audience? I know that the Minister does not like the concept of lawfare and that she does not care for the term. However, in some ways, the clause as it stands and the amendment tabled by the noble and learned Lord, Lord Garnier, and the noble Lord, Lord Faulks, seem to suggest that this is about speaking to an audience that wants to say, “We should not be too worried about human rights. Let us strike down some of these rules.” Surely our role in the international arena should be precisely that of supporting human rights. We will not do that by derogating from the European Convention on Human Rights.Baroness Smith of Newnham, LDIt is worth reflecting on the procedure that attends a derogation from the ECHR. If such a decision is ever made, the Human Rights Act requires that the Secretary of State must make an order designating any derogation by the UK from an article or a protocol of the ECHR. The Secretary of State must also make an order amending Schedule 3 to the Human Rights Act to reflect the designation order or any amendment to, replacement of or withdrawal from that order. Crucially, for those concerned that Parliament does not have a say in the process, I would remind noble Lords of the procedures that are already in place. A designation order to derogate ceases to have effect—it evaporates effectively—if a resolution approving the order is not passed by each House of Parliament within 40 days of the order being made. This means that both Houses will always be able to approve or reject any derogation order within 40 days of a decision. That is the process and these are the procedures.

In addition to the requirements laid out in the Human Rights Act 1998, the Government must also communicate a decision to derogate to the Secretary-General of the Council of Europe. This should include details of the measures taken and the reasons for taking them. The Secretary-General should also be informed when derogations have ceased. These existing measures provide for the appropriate level of parliamentary debate and approval of a decision to derogate.
https://hansard.parliament.uk/Lords/2021-03-11/debates/9D68F2AD-CE5F-41E6-8F50-9BDAC0A91C37/OverseasOperations(ServicePersonnelAndVeterans)Bill?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-F9094E0F-A31A-45D1-98FC-71F8C3CD98FCoverseas operation bill; ECHR; international human rights law
9 March 2021Elizabeth Wilmshurst, the former deputy legal adviser at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, says that the Bill calls into question the UK’s commitment to a “rules-based international system”. As of today, nearly a dozen United Nations human rights special rapporteurs and experts have declared that the Bill will violate the

“UK’s obligations under international humanitarian law, human rights law and international criminal law”.

The Equality and Human Rights Commission says that it is

“profoundly concerned by the risk to human rights that this Bill poses.”

The Judge Advocate General of the Armed Forces says that the Bill risks bringing

“the UK armed forces into disrepute”.

How can the Minister justify sticking his fingers in his ears in the face of such grave concerns voiced by legal, defence and human rights experts? Why is this legislation so out of step with the similar legislation of allied countries such as the US and Canada?
Nadia Whittome, Nottingham East, LabourThe Bill is more than just a manifesto commitment; it is a necessary and overdue strengthening of the legal framework for dealing with the vexatious claims and repeated investigations that have arisen from recent overseas military operations. There have been many inaccurate and wild accusations about the measures in the Bill. It does not prevent armed forces personnel from being prosecuted for crimes they may have committed. It does not remove prosecutors’ independence or ability to prosecute on the basis of any new or compelling evidence of any crime at any time. It does not undermine the UK’s adherence to the UN convention against torture, its commitment to international law or its willingness to investigate and prosecute any alleged criminal offences. As such, it does not increase the likelihood of International Criminal Court prosecutions.

But do not take my word for it; take the words of the former Attorney General for Northern Ireland, John Larkin QC, probably the lawyer most experienced in dealing with legacy military and security investigations across the United Kingdom, who said in a paper published this September that

“the Bill does not create, or come close to creating, ‘de facto immunity’ for serving or former service personnel in respect of serious crimes.”

However, the Bill does raise the threshold for prosecution, thereby reducing the likelihood of investigations being repeatedly reopened without new and compelling evidence. It does ensure recognition of the unique circumstances of overseas operations, including the constant threat to life and repeated exposure to traumatic events. It does take into consideration the public interest in criminal and civil cases’ being brought to a timely resolution, so that the courts can assess them while memories are fresh and evidence is more readily available. That is entirely in line with the principles of the ECHR. In short, the measures do provide greater protection from the likes of Phil Shiner Solicitors, whose motivations were not justice but money.

https://hansard.parliament.uk/Commons/2020-11-03/debates/FB4C7182-567C-49B9-A7DE-EFE9EC75B9B4/OverseasOperations(ServicePersonnelAndVeterans)Bill?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-7D7F6D2D-9D51-411D-B0A8-E03E7988B7CCinternational human rights law; ECHR; overseas operation bill
9 March 2021My Lords, before I start my remarks about the Bill, I would like to say that nothing I say over the next few days in any way impugns the integrity of the Minister. I have every respect for her, but I think that the Bill is a terrible piece of legislation—worse than terrible. It is actually quite shocking. It is the international version of the “spy cops” Bill, which granted broad legal immunity to state agents who commit criminal acts. How can that be right? The Government are now introducing, or trying to introduce, a messy exception for military personnel from the law that the innocent should be found innocent and the guilty found guilty. We do not care if they were guilty as long as their offending happened five years ago. That is absolutely appalling—we cannot say that about any crimes. It is another attempt by the Government to put our often brutal military history in the past, suppressing those who speak the truth and insisting that only patriotic narratives are allowed to prevail. The noble and learned Lord, Lord Morris of Aberavon, said that no person should be above the law. The Government do not seem to agree with that anymore—and this is from the party of law and order. Have they sort of slipped those bonds of law and order? Your Lordships’ House must not be complicit in this denial of justice and rewriting of history. We must do whatever we can to scrap this Bill.Baroness Jones of MoulsecoombSo the purpose of the measures in Part 1 is quite simply to give service personnel and veterans greater tangible reassurance and demonstrable certainty that the unique pressures of overseas operations—and they are unique—will be taken into account when decisions are made about whether to prosecute for alleged historical offences. Let me be clear: this does not mean that the Government consider the Armed Forces to be above the law. Whenever they embark on operations overseas, they must abide by the criminal law of England and Wales, as well as international humanitarian law, including that set out in the Geneva conventions.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Lords/2021-03-09/debates/B82D5065-8436-4DC1-8360-ADC61B9B8A05/OverseasOperations(ServicePersonnelAndVeterans)Bill?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-4140996D-F0A6-4A2C-80E0-219E42971CC8
9 March 2021First, this will create a special category of defence. It will in effect lead to there being a special category of criminal offences for which there is a presumption against prosecution. John Healey in another place put it very well when he said:

“Let us just step back a moment from the technical detail. This is the Government of Great Britain bringing in a legal presumption against prosecution for torture, for war crimes and for crimes against humanity. This is the Government of Great Britain saying sexual crimes are so serious they will be excluded from this presumption, but placing crimes outlawed by the Geneva convention on a less serious level and downgrading our unequivocal commitment to upholding international law that we in Britain ourselves, after the Second World War, helped to establish.”—[Official Report, Commons, 23/9/20; cols. 997-98.]

We should not be doing what John Healey described. We should be doing what the noble Lord, Lord Lancaster, hopes we should be doing. Let us do it in a direct and effective way rather than in this oblique, obscure and ineffective way.

The second reason why the presumption does not work is that it may be illegal. I would very much like to hear what the noble Baroness, Lady Goldie, has to say about the points made in the Joint Committee on Human Rights’ ninth report of this Session, which says that it offends against Articles 2 and 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights, the United Nations Convention against Torture, the Rome Statute, and customary international law. The report is basically saying that, if you could have a presumption against prosecution where there is evidence that would justify a prosecution and the public interest favours it, why is that not contrary to the five commitments that the country has made legally?

The third point is the involvement of the International Criminal Court. We as a country ought to be prosecuting these offences, not the ICC. The noble Baroness, Lady Goldie, will know that the ICC’s chief prosecutor Fatou Bensouda said last week in a letter to the British Government that the presumption against prosecution could

“render such cases admissible before the ICC.”

How have the Government reached such a different conclusion to that of the ICC’s chief prosecutor? Does the noble Baroness, Lady Goldie, believe that the ICC has misunderstood the Bill? Is she confident that the consequence of the Bill will not be to replace one uncertainty with another, namely that our military personnel may well face long investigations and then long prosecutions in the ICC, which nobody wants? I believe it is incredibly important that our justice system and in particular our military justice system produces an answer to the problem that this part of the Bill seeks to address, but I am anxious that it will be ineffective in doing that, it will send out a signal that we are not complying with international law, and it will lead to more prosecutions in the ICC.

Lord Falconer of Thoroton, LabourHowever, in response to the noble and learned Lord, I say that the presumption is also necessary. That is because, again for the reassurance of our service personnel, we owe it to them to explain that we understand the unusual nature of what they are asked to do and that only they are asked to do it, and that we recognise the difficulties that confront them, as my noble friend Lord Lancaster so eloquently explained, in conflict in overseas operations. That is why the effect of Clause 2 will be that when a prosecutor considers whether criminal proceedings should be brought or continued in relevant cases, there will be a presumption against prosecution and the threshold for rebutting that presumption will be high, though not insuperable. It is right that prosecutors identify and assess “exceptional” circumstances and we are confident that they will. It is for them to make that identification, and similar terms are used frequently in existing prosecutorial guidance.

We anticipate that the presumption will operate alongside the public interest assessment as part of the prosecutor’s consideration of the full prosecutorial code test. However, it does not create an absolute bar either to investigations, as I have said, or to prosecutions. It is not acting as a statute of limitations or an amnesty because the presumption is rebuttable, with the prosecutor retaining the discretion to prosecute. Where they determine that it would be appropriate to do so, prosecution is what would follow. Importantly, that could include cases where there is evidence that a serious offence has been committed, as the severity of the crime and the circumstances in which it was allegedly committed will always be factors in a prosecutor’s consideration of a case.

Therefore, I do not share the reservations of some that this presumption is unworkable, that it is a charter for lawbreaking with impunity or that it puts a foot on the accelerator of referrals to the International Criminal Court. My noble friend Lord Faulks spoke very powerfully about that; in fact, he comprehensively slew the dragon of the spectre of referrals to the ICC.

I think that the noble and learned Lord, Lord Falconer of Thoroton, quoted the chief prosecutor, but he certainly quoted the International Criminal Court as saying that as a result of the Bill we could see referrals to the court. If we neglected our duties—if prosecutors, faced with evidence of a justiciable case and satisfied that a serious crime had been committed, omitted to take that prosecution forward—that indeed would be the risk but, as my noble friend Lord Faulks indicated, why would a prosecutor, or the UK, want that to be the outcome? If a wrong has been committed and it merits prosecution, the filters applied under subsections (2) and (3) will ensure that the prosecutor can use his discretion and proceed with a prosecution.

Clause 3 sets out the matters to which a prosecutor must give particular weight when coming to a decision whether or not to prosecute. I accept that prosecutors may already take these matters into account as part of the public interest assessment, but Clause 3 ensures that such consideration is put on a statutory footing. Again, that will provide what I have referred to as a tangible reassurance to our service personnel that the unique context of overseas operations will always be given particular and appropriate weight in the prosecutor’s deliberations.

Clause 3 also requires a prosecutor to give particular weight to the exceptional demands and stresses of overseas operations and their adverse effect on service personnel. Those factors are not empty rhetoric or imagined challenges. They are intended to ensure that prosecutors give full recognition to the marked difference in the circumstances surrounding an alleged offence committed on an overseas operation, in contrast with situations where the alleged criminal conduct occurs in a domestic civilian setting. The application of Clause 3 alongside all the other considerations still leaves the prosecutor with discretion to determine that a case should be prosecuted, even in cases where there is no compelling new evidence; it is for the prosecutor to make that judgment.

Clause 5 covers the requirement to seek the consent of the Attorney-General of England and Wales or the Advocate-General for Northern Ireland when deciding to bring a prosecution in respect of alleged offences that occurred more than five years earlier. I clarify that the consent function in the Bill does not extend to Scotland. That is because all prosecution decisions in Scotland are already taken in the public interest by or on behalf of the Lord Advocate, the senior Scottish law officer. We have introduced the consent function in Clause 5 because, again, we believe it is important for service personnel and veterans to be confident that in the context of historical allegations their case will be considered carefully and at the highest levels of our justice system.

Clause 6 defines a “relevant offence” to which the statutory presumption, the matters to be given particular weight and the requirement for Attorney-General consent for a prosecution apply. It also details those offences that are excluded, which are set out in Schedule 1. In addition, Clause 6 enables the Secretary of State to amend Schedule 1, on “excluded offences”, by way of a statutory instrument, and sets out the requirement for any such statutory instrument to be laid before and approved by both Houses of Parliament.

I have endeavoured to explain to the House and tried to illustrate how these different sections are interwoven and interconnected. It is important that that provides the Bill with the necessary coherence. I will pay more attention to, and spend more time on, the excluded offences listed in Schedule 1, which, of course, are sexual offences, reflecting the Government’s strong belief that the use of sexual violence or sexual exploitation during overseas operations is never acceptable in any circumstances.
https://hansard.parliament.uk/Lords/2021-03-09/debates/B82D5065-8436-4DC1-8360-ADC61B9B8A05/OverseasOperations(ServicePersonnelAndVeterans)Bill?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-4140996D-F0A6-4A2C-80E0-219E42971CC8
8 March 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans, if any, they have to ban all arms exports to countries that are not part of NATO or in a formal alliance with the UK.Lord Judd, LabourHM Government takes its export responsibilities seriously and will continue to assess all export licences in accordance with the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria (the ‘Consolidated Criteria’). HM Government will not grant an export licence if to do so would be inconsistent with the Consolidated Criteria, including if there is a clear risk that the items might be used in the commission of a serious violation of international humanitarian law.In addition, HM Government is able to review licences – and suspend or revoke as necessary – when circumstances require, and this is done in line with the Consolidated Criteria.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-03-08/hl13977Partner Assistance
8 March 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans, if any, they have to ban all arms exports to countries that are not part of NATO or in a formal alliance with the UK.Lord Judd, LabourHM Government takes its export responsibilities seriously and will continue to assess all export licences in accordance with the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria (the ‘Consolidated Criteria’). HM Government will not grant an export licence if to do so would be inconsistent with the Consolidated Criteria, including if there is a clear risk that the items might be used in the commission of a serious violation of international humanitarian law.

In addition, HM Government is able to review licences – and suspend or revoke as necessary – when circumstances require, and this is done in line with the Consolidated Criteria.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-03-08/hl13977assets and deployment; UK arms exports; UK export licences; IHL; violations of IHL
4 March 2021Yesterday, 10 rockets targeted an Iraqi military base—the Al Asad airbase hosting coalition troops. One contractor, sadly, died in the attack and 10 British personnel were, thankfully, unharmed. What discussions have the Government had about this incident and what assessment has the Foreign Secretary made of the ongoing threat to British and coalition forces [deployed in Iraq]?Lisa Nandy, Labour, WiganIt is worth noting that the School Inspection Service, which previously undertook inspections of some independent schools, has now closed and that there is now only one independent inspectorate, ISI. As such, and given the new directions issued on 4 November 2019, HMCI should no longer have regard to the matters in the February 2015 directions, which were the subject of the 6 November 2018 letter.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Commons/2021-03-04/debates/DC3BD59C-F7E3-41B3-885B-5932C6EDD817/Counter-DaeshUpdate?highlight=operation%20shader#contribution-5D6EA4D5-7825-4411-B98E-EDEC61CD42CFassets and deployment; UK troops in Iraq; personnel embedded with partners
4 March 2021I know my right hon. Friend will join me in congratulating Karim Khan on his appointment as chief prosecutor at the International Criminal Court, but he will also know the painstaking work he was doing through UNITAD—the Investigative Team to Promote Accountability for Crimes Committed by Daesh/ISIL—in Iraq in bringing to trial the war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity perpetrated by Daesh against, specifically, the Yazidis. Could he say what support his Department [FOC] continues to provide to UNITAD in its work in this regard?Laura Farris, Conservative, NewburyWe will engage regional governments, in particular India and Pakistan, to work to prevent Afghanistan becoming a haven for terrorism. I visited Uzbekistan on 14 September, after visiting Uzbekistan and Tajikistan the week of 30 August for discussions on Afghanistan. The former Foreign Secretary also visited Islamabad to address the issue of terrorism and discussed it with the Pakistani and Indian foreign ministers. We will build regional resilience to prevent any spread of instability/extremist and to counter radicalising narratives.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Commons/2021-03-04/debates/DC3BD59C-F7E3-41B3-885B-5932C6EDD817/Counter-DaeshUpdate?highlight=operation%20shader#contribution-5D6EA4D5-7825-4411-B98E-EDEC61CD42CFInternational Humanitarian Law; war crimes; investigations into IHL violations; Iraq
4 March 2021To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, whether current licences for components for bombs issued on 4 August 2020 include contracts for Raytheon Systems UK to deliver Paveway IVs or components thereof to Saudi Arabia; and whether she has made an assessment of the effect of the the US and Italian Government's decisions to suspend or revoke certain sales and export licences to Saudi Arabia on the UK export of aerial ground-attack munitions and their components to Saudi Arabia.Zarah Sultana, Labour, Coventry SouthHM Government will continue to take its export responsibilities seriously and assess all export licences in accordance with the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria (the ‘Consolidated Criteria’). The decisions of other countries are matters for them. Disclosure of information relating to private contracts between businesses would be inappropriate.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-03-04/163319Partner AssistanceSaudi Arabia
4 March 2021I thank the Foreign Secretary for his statement and I associate myself with the comments made about the excellent work of our armed forces in keeping us safe. Does my right hon. Friend agree that operations against Daesh, including Operation Shader, represent the best of international co-operation?Mr Gagan Mohindra, Conservative, South West HertfordshireMy hon. Friend is absolutely right, and it is important that we have a team effort in the struggle against Daesh, partly because of the severity of the threat that it poses and partly because of the amorphous nature in which it can appear. It is therefore important to have cohesive international collaboration and this is a very good example of that.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Commons/2021-03-04/debates/DC3BD59C-F7E3-41B3-885B-5932C6EDD817/Counter-DaeshUpdate?highlight=operation%20shader#contribution-340335F8-9A61-4101-84CD-B580A4D21C73Operation Shader; assets and deployment
3 March 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what discussions he has had on using an International Political Declaration to restrict the use of explosive weapons in populated areas.Fabian Hamilton, Labour, Leeds North EastThe final version of the Political Declaration has not yet been published.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-03-03/162518Protection of civilians
3 March 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what representations he has received on the draft text of an International Political Declaration to restrict the use of explosive weapons in populated areas.Fabian Hamilton, Labour, Leeds North EastThe final version of the Political Declaration has not yet been publishedhttps://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-03-03/162519Protection of civilians
2 March 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what the Government's policy is on endorsing an international Political Declaration to avoid the use of explosive weapons in populated areas.Tony Lloyd, Labour, RochdaleThe final version of the Political Declaration has not yet been published.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-03-02/161677Protection of civilians
2 March 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps the UK Government is taking to tackle the humanitarian harm caused by the use of explosive weapons in populated areas.Tony Lloyd, Labour, RochdaleIn August 2020 HMG published the UK's approach to the protection of civilians in armed conflict. The paper summarises the UK's Protection of Civilians activity in seven UK commitment areas including: ensuring respect for International Humanitarian Law in UK military operations; political engagement; strengthening accountability; and humanitarian action.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-03-02/161678Protection of civilians
2 March 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps the UK Government is taking to tackle the humanitarian harm caused by the use of explosive weapons in populated areas.Tony Lloyd, Labour, RochdaleIn August 2020 HMG published the UK's approach to the protection of civilians in armed conflict. The paper summarises the UK's Protection of Civilians activity in seven UK commitment areas including: ensuring respect for International Humanitarian Law in UK military operations; political engagement; strengthening accountability; and humanitarian action.

https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-03-02/161678IHL; prohibition of weapons
1 March 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government why moral considerations are not included in the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria used to assess arms export licence applications.Lord Roberts, Liberal DemocratThe Consolidated Criteria provide a thorough risk assessment framework and require us to consider the possible impact of providing equipment and its capabilities. HM Government will not grant an export licence if to do so would be inconsistent with the Consolidated Criteria.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-03-01/hl13767Partner Assistance
1 March 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment his Department has made of whether war crimes are being committed in Yemen.Dr Matthew Offord, Hendon, ConservativeThe UK is aware of these reports and takes alleged violations of International Humanitarian Law (IHL) extremely seriously. It has been the Government's long-standing policy that any determination of war crimes should only be made by a competent court, rather than by a government or non-judicial body. The UK calls on all the parties to the conflict to cease and investigate such attacks on civilians, respect human rights and comply with their obligations under IHL.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-02-19/154999IHL; IHL violations; war crimes
1 March 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment his Department has made of the accuracy of reports of children being shot by snipers in Yemen.Dr Matthew Offord, Hendon, ConservativeThe UK is aware of these reports and takes alleged violations of International Humanitarian Law (IHL) extremely seriously. It has been the Government's long-standing policy that any determination of war crimes should only be made by a competent court, rather than by a government or non-judicial body. The UK calls on all the parties to the conflict to cease and investigate such attacks on civilians, respect human rights and comply with their obligations under IHL.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-02-19/154998IHL; IHL violations; war crimes; principle of distinction
26 February 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with the recent escalation of Taliban activity, what assessment he has made of the adequacy of (a) the size of the UK's military presence in Afghanistan as part of NATO's Resolute Support Mission and (b) its rules of engagement.Mark Pritchard, The Wrekin, ConservativeThe UK's contribution to the non-combat NATO Resolute Support mission in Afghanistan is kept under regular review to ensure it remains suited to the needs of the mission. For operational and personnel security reasons we do not comment on specific rules of engagement.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-02-22/156313deployments; rules of engagement
26 February 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with the recent escalation of Taliban activity, what assessment he has made of the adequacy of (a) the size of the UK's military presence in Afghanistan as part of NATO's Resolute Support Mission and (b) its rules of engagement.Mark Pritchard, The Wrekin, ConservativeThe UK's contribution to the non-combat NATO Resolute Support mission in Afghanistan is kept under regular review to ensure it remains suited to the needs of the mission. For operational and personnel security reasons we do not comment on specific rules of engagement.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-02-22/156313deployments; rules of engagement
25 February 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what steps he is taking (a) to mitigate the effects of war on women and children and (b) to safeguard vulnerable people in places of war.Barry Sheerman, Labour, HuddersfieldThe UK is committed to reducing the disproportional impact of conflict on women and children through championing the crucial role they can play in conflict prevention and resolution, and building on the commitments made through the Call to Action on Protection from Gender-based Violence in Emergencies. The UK is a world leader on Women, Peace and Security (WPS), including at the UN Security Council, and on tackling sexual violence in conflict through the Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict Initiative (PSVI). The UK's fourth National Action Plan on Women, Peace and Security recognises the specific impacts of conflict on women and girls and outlines the UK's approach to support women and girls to exercise their human rights. For example, in Yemen the UK has supported the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) and the United Nations Fund for Population Activities' (UNFPA) Global Programme to End Child Marriage until the end of 2020, providing 5,000 adolescent girls in Yemen, with life skills training and services for psychosocial support. The UK is an active member of the UN Security Council Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict, which leads the international response to violations committed against children in conflict.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-02-25/158856Protection of civilians
25 February 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs,what steps he is taking to advocate for the protection of civilians in dangerous parts of Yemen.Barry Sheerman, Labour, HuddersfieldThe UK calls on all the parties to the conflict to respect human rights and comply with their obligations under International Humanitarian Law (IHL). All parties to the conflict must stop and investigate any attacks on civilians and civilian infrastructure.The UK fully supports UN Special Envoy Martin Griffiths' efforts to bring the parties to the table to negotiate a lasting peace agreement. The only sustainable way to protect civilians and bring long-term stability to Yemen is an inclusive political settlement and an end to the conflict.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-02-25/158858Protection of civilians; LawYemen
23 February 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the international political declaration to avoid the use of explosive weapons in populated areas; and whether they plan to endorse it.Baroness Hodgson, ConservativeThe political declaration can best protect civilians through the promotion of International Humanitarian Law and the sharing of best practice. The UK will continue to engage fully with the process and will take a view on endorsement as well as the merit of making representations to other governments once the declaration's final form is known.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-02-23/hl13590Protection of civilians
23 February 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they plan to make representations to other governments to encourage them to sign the international political declaration to avoid the use of explosive weapons in populated areas.Baroness Hodgson, ConservativeThe political declaration can best protect civilians through the promotion of International Humanitarian Law and the sharing of best practice. The UK will continue to engage fully with the process and will take a view on endorsement as well as the merit of making representations to other governments once the declaration's final form is known.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-02-23/hl13591Protection of civilians
23 February 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they plan to make representations to other governments to encourage them to sign the international political declaration to avoid the use of explosive weapons in populated areas.Baroness Hodgson of Abinger, ConservativeThe political declaration can best protect civilians through the promotion of International Humanitarian Law and the sharing of best practice. The UK will continue to engage fully with the process and will take a view on endorsement as well as the merit of making representations to other governments once the declaration's final form is known.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-02-23/hl13591IHL; prohibition of weapons
22 February 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have to stop granting export licences for the sale of arms to Saudi Arabia.Lord Judd, LabourHM Government takes its export responsibilities seriously and will continue to assess all export licences in accordance with the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria (the ‘Consolidated Criteria’). HM Government will not grant an export licence if to do so would be inconsistent with the Consolidated Criteria, including if there is a clear risk that the items might be used in the commission of a serious violation of international humanitarian law.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-02-22/hl13457Partner AssistanceSaudi Arabia
22 February 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the suspension in arms sales to Saudi Arabia for offensive use in Yemen by the government of the United States; and what plans they have to implement a similar suspension in arms sales.Lord Berkeley, LabourThe US announced it would end support to Saudi-led offensive operations in Yemen, including relevant defence exports. This is entirely a matter for the US Government.Our position on arms exports to Saudi Arabia – as with all countries – is that such exports require an export licence and that all export licence applications are carefully assessed against the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria (the “Consolidated Criteria”) on a case-by-case basis. A licence would not be granted if to do so would be inconsistent with the Consolidated Criteria.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-02-22/hl13362Partner AssistanceSaudi Arabia; Yemen
22 February 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of the effect of granting UK Export licenses for arms sales to Saudi Arabia on the UK's development goals in Yemen.Kate Osamor, Labour, EdmontonThe Government takes its export control responsibilities extremely seriously. All applications for export licences are assessed against the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria. This is a rigorous assessment process which incorporates expertise from several Government Departments and takes into account a wide range of information from a variety of sources, including the UN and NGOs. The UK is one of the largest humanitarian donors to Yemen, providing over £1 billion in UK aid since the conflict began. This has helped to make sure millions of vulnerable Yemenis have access to food and sanitation.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-02-22/156486Partner AssistanceSaudi Arabia; Yemen
22 February 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment his Department has made of the potential effect of restricting arms sales to Saudi Arabia on the humanitarian crisis in Yemen.Kate Osamor, Labour, EdmontonThe Government takes its export control responsibilities extremely seriously. All applications for export licences are assessed against the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria. This is a rigorous assessment process which incorporates expertise from several Government Departments and takes into account a wide range of information from a variety of sources, including the UN and NGOs. The UK is one of the largest humanitarian donors to Yemen, providing over £1 billion in UK aid since the conflict began. This has helped to make sure millions of vulnerable Yemenis have access to food and sanitation.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-02-22/156485Partner AssistanceSaudi Arabia; Yemen
22 February 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment his Department has made of the effect of the export of air-to-air refuelling equipment from the UK to Saudi Arabia on the war in Yemen.Kate Osamor, Labour, EdmontonThe Government takes its export control responsibilities extremely seriously. All applications for export licences are assessed against the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria. This is a rigorous assessment process which incorporates expertise from several Government Departments and takes into account a wide range of information from a variety of sources, including the UN and NGOs. The UK is one of the largest humanitarian donors to Yemen, providing over £1 billion in UK aid since the conflict began. This has helped to make sure millions of vulnerable Yemenis have access to food and sanitation.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-02-22/156483Partner AssistanceSaudi Arabia; Yemen
22 February 2021To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, whether arms sales granted an export license by the Government have been used by Saudi Arabia and their coalition partners in combat missions which have resulted in civilian casualties.Kate Osamor, Labour, EdmontonThe United Kingdom has a robust export controls regime. All export licence applications are assessed on a case-by-case basis against the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria (the “Consolidated Criteria”). We have been clear that equipment manufactured in the United Kingdom is used all over the world, and we are equally clear that a licence will not be granted if to do so would be inconsistent with the Consolidated Criteria.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-02-22/156484Partner AssistanceSaudi Arabia
22 February 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many (a) flying hours and (b) air strikes have been conducted by British armed forces against Daesh in (a) Iraq and (b) Syria in each of the last 12 months.James Wild, North West Norfolk, ConservativeThere have been 37 Weapon Release Events in the past 12 months (37 in Iraq and zero in Syria). The combined flying hours of Reaper and Typhoon during this period were 15,192 (Reaper: 7,799; and Typhoon: 7,393). As the data concern operational activity, figures may be updated in future.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-02-10/152662deployments and assets; RAF
19 February 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment his Department has made of whether war crimes are being committed in Yemen.Dr Matthew Offord, Conservative, HendonThe UK is aware of these reports and takes alleged violations of International Humanitarian Law (IHL) extremely seriously. It has been the Government's long-standing policy that any determination of war crimes should only be made by a competent court, rather than by a government or non-judicial body. The UK calls on all the parties to the conflict to cease and investigate such attacks on civilians, respect human rights and comply with their obligations under IHL.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-02-19/154999violations of IHL; IHL jurisdiction; war crimes; Yemen; investigations into violations of IHL
11 February 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of people in Saudi Arabia receiving repeated public lashings for asserting their atheism; and whether they consider that such punishments contravene the UN Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.Lord Alton of LiverpoolThe UK strongly supports the right to freedom of religion or belief (FoRB), which is restricted in Saudi Arabia. Ministers and our Ambassador in Saudi Arabia regularly raise and discuss freedom of religion or belief. Whilst Saudi Arabia ended flogging as a form of corporal punishment in 2020, this change does not apply to some Hudud crimes, for which the Quran prescribes punishments.The UK will encourage further human rights reform in Saudi Arabia.

On 20 December 2020, the Prime Minister reaffirmed his commitment to FoRB by appointing Fiona Bruce, MP for Congleton, as his Special Envoy for FoRB. Mrs Bruce will work with ministers, officials and others to deliver the Government's goal of seeing everyone, everywhere able to have and practise a faith, belief, or not to do so, in accordance with their conscience.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-02-01/hl12752war crimes; torture
10 February 2021The Minister will be aware that arms sales to Saudi Arabia amount to approximately 40% of the volume of all UK arms sales. Does he agree that UK arms sales and technical support are sustaining the war in Yemen and that we should use the US decision to suspend arms sales to Saudi Arabia as an opportunity to pursue peace talks?Baroness Clark of Kilwinning, LabourMy Lords, I have already given the Government’s position on arms sales, but I agree with the noble Baroness; we will work very closely with the US and other allies, and through the UN, to ensure that we can bring about peace in Yemen. However, that requires the participation of all parties to the conflict.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Lords/2021-02-10/debates/C9DAD2EF-F922-49FF-99CF-3C256CB2DFCD/Yemen?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-7073A45A-B64A-4099-B690-D1B8F7A0197Earms sales; arms licences; Yemen; IHL violations; forces assisted by the UK
10 February 2021My Lords, at a time when the United States and President Biden have shown such a magnificent stand on the principles on which foreign policy should be based, in their reversal of the existing policy on arms to Yemen, is the obstinacy of the British Government, refusing to budge on this, really the hallmark of what they want to be seen as global Britain?Lord Judd, LabourMy Lords, the objective of Her Majesty’s Government is to bring about peace in Yemen. As I have already indicated, this engages us on several fronts. We are second only to the US in the humanitarian support we provide to Yemen. We have engaged quite directly as penholders at the UN Security Council and will continue to do so. I believe I have made our position on arms control and exports very clear on a number of occasions, and again today. However, I assure the noble Lord that we will work very closely with the new Administration in the United States, who have clearly signalled the importance and priority they attach to this issue, in pursuit of the objective—peace in Yemen.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Lords/2021-02-10/debates/C9DAD2EF-F922-49FF-99CF-3C256CB2DFCD/Yemen?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-7073A45A-B64A-4099-B690-D1B8F7A0197Earms sales; arms licences; Yemen; IHL violations; forces assisted by the UK
10 February 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many armed forces personnel from (a) Ghana, (b) Uganda, (c) Ethiopia, (d) Tanzania, (e) Somalia, (f) Nigeria, (g) South Africa and (h) Mali trained at a defence establishment in the UK in each of the last three years, broken down by (i) institution and (jii) branch of service.Stephen Doughty, Cardiff South and Penarth, LabourWe are proud of the UK’s record of assisting African militaries to improve professional standards, fight terrorism, contribute to UN peacekeeping missions, and promote democratic accountability.

Since 2017-2018 we have provided a total of 372 training places to military personnel from Ethiopia, Ghana, Mali, Nigeria, Somalia, South Africa, Tanzania, and Uganda. Of these 372 training places, 271 were provided by the British Army, 25 by the Royal Air Force, and 76 by the Royal Navy. Of the 372 training places, 21 were provided by the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, 24 by the Royal College of Defence Studies, 13 by RAF Cranwell, 68 by the Defence Academy, and 10 by the Britannia Royal Naval College Dartmouth.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-02-05/149770UN peacekeeping missions
9 February 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the decision by the government of the United States to end arms sales to Saudi Arabia; and what plans they have to do the same.Lord Roberts, Liberal DemocratThe US announced it would end support to Saudi-led offensive operations in Yemen, including relevant defence exports. This is entirely a matter for the US Government.Our position on arms exports to Saudi Arabia – as with all countries – is that such exports require an export licence and that all export licence applications are carefully assessed against the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria (the “Consolidated Criteria”) on a case-by-case basis. A licence would not be granted if to do so would be inconsistent with the Consolidated Criteria.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-02-09/hl13203Partner AssistanceSaudi Arabia; United States
8 February 2021The Liberal Democrats have long called for arms sales to Saudi Arabia to be suspended in response to its consistent targeting of civilians in Yemen, in clear breach of international law. The humanitarian impact of this conflict is hard to put into words. At least one child dies every 10 minutes because of preventable disease, and 100,000 children are on the brink of starving to death. On the issue of arms sales, the Minister rightly says that the US’s decision to stop selling arms was a matter for it. The matter for this House is whether we continue to sell arms, so I ask him to answer plainly: will the Government follow the example of our ally and finally stop all arms sales supporting this horrific war—yes or no?Layla Moran, LibDem, Oxford West and AbingdonThe United Kingdom takes its arms export licensing responsibilities very seriously. We will not issue any export licences for items where there is a clear risk that the items might be used in the commission of a serious violation of international humanitarian law. Every licence application is rigorously assessed against the consolidated EU and national arms export licensing criteria.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Commons/2021-02-08/debates/DD75DAB2-90FB-42FF-B3EC-095A91F0C49B/Yemen?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-53FD67C3-F1F8-4AC0-9D1A-CADD67C3C27DIHL; breaches of IL; UK complicity; Yemen
8 February 2021This year will mark the seventh anniversary of the start of the war in Yemen, which has led to the largest humanitarian crisis in the world. UNICEF has described Yemen as “a living hell”. Last week, the US pledged to stop support for offensive Saudi operations in the country; does the Minister agree that it is now time for the UK to follow suit and commit to go that extra mile so that we can stop this horrific war?Gill Furniss, Sheffield, Brightside and Hillsborough, LabourThe thing that will stop the war is if the Houthis respect and reciprocate the Saudi-led coalition’s unilateral ceasefire that we saw last year. Unfortunately, we see through things such as the attack on the Yemeni Government at Aden airport, the drone attacks on Yemen and the other attacks raised by right hon. and hon. Members in this House that at the moment the Houthis are not reciprocating the overtures towards peace. We strongly encourage them to do so. We will work with the international community to support meaningful peace efforts and we will do what we can to alleviate the humanitarian situation caused by the conflict. That is our commitment to the people of Yemen, and that commitment is enduring.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Commons/2021-02-08/debates/DD75DAB2-90FB-42FF-B3EC-095A91F0C49B/Yemen?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-02F357B6-F1D6-4F08-AB8D-59E168E8CCE4arms sales; IHL
8 February 2021I heard what the Minister said about the rigorous nature of British arms licences, but I am afraid that it just sounds like whataboutery while innocent people are being killed by British-made arms. The Biden Administration have made absolutely the right call on this, so can the Minister explain to the House how our selling arms to Saudi Arabia will assist the UN special envoy for Yemen in his diplomatic efforts in trying to secure a negotiated political solution to this dreadful conflict?Andrew Gwynne, Denton and Reddish, LabourThe ability of a nation state to defend itself is widely recognised as legitimate. The UK’s work, both bilaterally with the Government of Yemen and also through Martin Griffiths and the United Nations, is a completely separate issue. We are working very hard, and we will continue to do so, to alleviate the humanitarian situation until a sustainable peace is brought about. We will work just as hard to support Martin Griffiths and the United Nations and the regional players to bring that peace about.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Commons/2021-02-08/debates/DD75DAB2-90FB-42FF-B3EC-095A91F0C49B/Yemen?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-02F357B6-F1D6-4F08-AB8D-59E168E8CCE4arms sales; arms licences; IHL violations; principle of distinction
8 February 2021What role can the UK play to ensure that all partners in the region are working actively to end the war in Yemen?Dehenna Davison, Bishop Auckland, ConservativeI thank my hon. Friend for making that point. She is right to highlight the diplomatic work that is necessary in this. The UK plays a very active role: as a humanitarian donor in our own right; in encouraging other countries around the world and the region to support the humanitarian effort; and in encouraging active engagement both within Yemen and beyond Yemeni borders to bring about a coalition of the willing to drive forward the peace agenda. We will continue to act as humanitarian supporters, and as the convener and encourager of the diplomatic efforts to bring about peace.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Commons/2021-02-08/debates/DD75DAB2-90FB-42FF-B3EC-095A91F0C49B/Yemen?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-02F357B6-F1D6-4F08-AB8D-59E168E8CCE4IHL; UK partners
8 February 2021This is a complex conflict, on which any sensible Government would not take sides. There is clearly evil on all sides, and the Houthis are some of the worst of all of them. But the UK has repeatedly sided with Saudi Arabia, its coalition partners and even its proxy terrorist group, al-Qaeda in Yemen. The Government have been found guilty by British courts of illegally approving arms sales, and even broke UK court orders to prevent further arms sales last year and had to apologise to the courts. Surely now is the right time to stop the rhetoric and mistruths that we have the strongest arms control in the world—we do not—and to follow the US lead, stop British complicity, stop the arms licences being approved, and revoke those that continue to be extant. Will the Minister just do the right thing?Lloyd Russell-Moyle, Brighton, Kemptown, LabourThe hon. Gentleman’s comments equate the activities of regional players as equal—I am sorry, but it is almost beyond credible. His deployment of the word “evil” betrays his prejudices, rather than any flaw in UK Government policy. We will continue to pursue peace in the region and to support humanitarian efforts until that peace is brought about.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Commons/2021-02-08/debates/DD75DAB2-90FB-42FF-B3EC-095A91F0C49B/Yemen?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-02F357B6-F1D6-4F08-AB8D-59E168E8CCE4arms sales; IHL violations
8 February 2021Despite the UK Government’s claims that they provide training to the Saudi-led coalition to avoid civilian casualties and prevent Saudi Arabia from breaching international humanitarian law, there is no sign that that has reduced the deadly toll of the air raids. How can the Government justify not only profiting from the crisis in Yemen through arms deals, but spending £2.4 million of taxpayers’ money since 2016 via secretive funds to bolster the Saudi forces as well?Patricia Gibson, North Ayrshire and Arran, SNPThe UK is proud of the role that we have taken in trying to uphold international humanitarian law, working with countries around the region to try to improve and support their institutions. That is part of our ongoing agenda of being a force for good in the world, and we are proud of that role.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Commons/2021-02-08/debates/DD75DAB2-90FB-42FF-B3EC-095A91F0C49B/Yemen?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-02F357B6-F1D6-4F08-AB8D-59E168E8CCE4arms sales; IHL; IHL violations; principle of distinction; UK complicity; assets and deployments
8 February 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon on 19 January (HL11788), whether they consider the reported bombing of a paediatric hospital in Gaza on 26 December 2020 to be part of government of Israel's "legitimate right to self-defence"; if so, how; and what assessment they have made of what constitutes legitimate self-defence for those living in territory occupied by that government.

Baroness TongeWe continue to stress the importance of the Israel security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population and to conduct prompt transparent investigations into any claims of IDF misconduct. Officials from the British Embassy in Tel Aviv raised the issue with the IDF on 20 January and will continue to follow the IDF internal investigation. The UK is clear that it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and are calibrated to avoid civilian casualties. Any attacks targeted against civilians are unlawful and unjustifiable.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-25/hl12564definition of self-defence; international law; IHL; violations of IHL; principle of distinction
5 February 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what the purpose is of his Department’s technical support to the Peshmerga Ministry in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.Alicia Kearns, Rutland and Melton, ConservativeWe continue to provide the Kurdish Peshmerga with technical and military support to enhance their capacity and capability to tackle the threat from Daesh. To date, the UK has trained over 9,100 Peshmerga fighters. During my (Minister Cleverly's) visit to Erbil in December, I discussed the need to continue supporting Peshmerga reform with the Kurdistan Regional Government, in order to ensure a unified and modernised Peshmerga. To this aim, the UK and other multi-national partners are, in concert with the global Coalition and the Kurdistan Regional Government, working closely on a Peshmerga Reform Programme.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-28/145173assets and deployments
3 February 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of the extent to which UK-made arms are being used in activities which are in breach of international law; and if he will make a statement.Stephen Timms, Labour, East HamThe Government takes its export control responsibilities seriously and every licence application is rigorously assessed on a case-by-case basis against the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria. We draw on a range of sources in making assessments, including NGOs and international organisations, our diplomatic posts and reports from our overseas networks. We continue to monitor developments closely, and are able to respond quickly to changing situations. We will not issue any export licences when to do so would be inconsistent with these Criteria.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-02-03/148674Law, Partner Assistance
2 February 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if he will immediately suspend all arms sales to Saudi Arabia.

Claudia Webbe, Leicester East, IndependentThe UK Government takes its arms licensing responsibilities seriously, and assesses all export licences in accordance with strict licensing criteria. Criterion 2c of the Consolidated Criteria prohibits the granting of export licences where there is a clear risk that the items to be exported might be used in the commission of a serious violation of International Humanitarian Law (IHL). The protection of civilians during armed conflict is a cornerstone of IHL. We will not issue any export licences where there is a clear risk that the items might be used in the commission of a serious IHL violation.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-25/143164arms sales; arms licences; IHL; IHL violations
2 February 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether the Government takes into account the potential risk of harm to civilians in Yemen in assessing whether or not to grant arms export licenses.Claudia Webbe, Leicester East, IndependentThe UK Government takes its arms licensing responsibilities seriously, and assesses all export licences in accordance with strict licensing criteria. Criterion 2c of the Consolidated Criteria prohibits the granting of export licences where there is a clear risk that the items to be exported might be used in the commission of a serious violation of International Humanitarian Law (IHL). The protection of civilians during armed conflict is a cornerstone of IHL. We will not issue any export licences where there is a clear risk that the items might be used in the commission of a serious IHL violation.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-25/143162principle of distinction; arms sales; arms licences; IHL; IHL violations
1 February 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what discussions he has had with his counterparts in the new US Administration on the cessation of arms sales to Saudi Arabia.Patrick Grady, SNP, Glasgow NorthMinisters have not yet discussed with the Biden Administration the reported US suspension of arms sales to Saudi Arabia. The UK takes its export control responsibilities extremely seriously and we assess all export licenses in accordance with strict licensing criteria.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-02-01/146916Partner Assistance
1 February 2021The Biden Administration have halted the sale of arms to Saudi Arabia, with many Democrats citing the killing of civilians, including children, by Saudi forces in Yemen. A freedom of information request by The Guardian revealed that the Government provided training on UK soil for Saudi military. Will the Minister ensure that the Government expose the widely documented crimes committed by Saudi personnel with US counterparts as they undertake this review? Will he take a leaf out of the American book and reassess whether we should be enabling the Saudi regime, given the awful crimes it has committed?John NicolsonThe hon. Gentleman will know from the many parliamentary questions that have been asked on this that much of the information relating to licensing is subject to ongoing legal proceedings, but our defence relationship with Saudi Arabia on training includes courses, advice and guidance. This supports the efforts of Saudi Arabia to protect national and regional security, as well as its military’s compliance with international humanitarian law. The UK is not a member of the Saudi-led coalition and we played no role in setting Saudi-led coalition policy.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Commons/2021-02-01/debates/F1D0A6DE-B38B-4C53-8E02-53D8951471A1/MilitaryTrainingOverseasArmedForces?highlight=international%20humanitarian%20law#contribution-ECB5DF98-8444-457B-BFB0-5B2E19480EA3arms sales; arms licences; IHL violations
28 January 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what support the Government is providing to the Government of Mozambique to help tackle serious insecurity and attacks by ISIS-affiliated groups in the north of that country.
28 January 2021To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, how many applications for licences for export of arms to Saudi Arabia have been rejected on the grounds that they were inconsistent with the EU and National Arms Export Consolidated Criteria since the outbreak of war in Yemen in late 2014.Tommy Sheppard, SNP, Edingburgh EastHM Government publishes Official Statistics (on a quarterly and annual basis) on export licences granted, refused and revoked to all destinations on GOV.UK containing detailed information including the overall value, type (e.g. Military, Other) and a summary of the items covered by these licences. This information is available at: gov.uk/government/collections/strategic-export-controls-licensing-data(opens in a new tab) and the most recent publication was on 13th October 2020, covering the period 1st April – 30th June 2020. Whilst no Standard Individual Export Licences (SIELs) have been refused since 2015, 11 Open Individual Export Licences (OIELs) have been rejected for military rated exports to Saudi Arabia.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-28/145053Partner AssistanceSaudi Arabia; Yemen
26 January 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether his Department holds data on military bases with missiles that are within range of Israeli territory.Jim Shannon, Strangford, DUPIsrael is an important strategic partner for the UK and we collaborate frequently on issues of defence and security. Our commitment to the security of Israel is unwavering. All countries, including Israel, have a legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend their citizens from attack. However we cannot comment on intelligence and security matters.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-18/138982IHL; deployments and assets
25 January 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what steps he has taken to ensure that (a) all technology developed under and (b) the end product of the LANCA uncrewed air vehicle programme is ITAR-free.Kevan Jones, Labour, North DurhamThe LANCA concept is fully Ministry of Defence owned. Generation and retention of UK intellectual property were key criteria in the assessment of industry bids for the recently-announced Mosquito flight demonstrator. Whilst some ITAR controlled technology may be used in the Mosquito demonstrator, no ITAR restrictions are currently applicable to the LANCA concept. The terms of the Mosquito contract provide UK full rights to the knowledge produced for the purposes of informing the FCAS LANCA concept.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-25/142815Technology; Remote Warfare; Law;
25 January 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, if he will immediately suspend all arms sales to Saudi Arabia.Claudia Webbe, Independent, Leicester EastThe UK Government takes its arms licensing responsibilities seriously, and assesses all export licences in accordance with strict licensing criteria. Criterion 2c of the Consolidated Criteria prohibits the granting of export licences where there is a clear risk that the items to be exported might be used in the commission of a serious violation of International Humanitarian Law (IHL). The protection of civilians during armed conflict is a cornerstone of IHL. We will not issue any export licences where there is a clear risk that the items might be used in the commission of a serious IHL violation.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-25/143164Partner AssistanceSaudi Arabia
25 January 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether the Government takes into account the potential risk of harm to civilians in Yemen in assessing whether or not to grant arms export licenses.Claudia Webbe, Independent, Leicester EastThe UK Government takes its arms licensing responsibilities seriously, and assesses all export licences in accordance with strict licensing criteria. Criterion 2c of the Consolidated Criteria prohibits the granting of export licences where there is a clear risk that the items to be exported might be used in the commission of a serious violation of International Humanitarian Law (IHL). The protection of civilians during armed conflict is a cornerstone of IHL. We will not issue any export licences where there is a clear risk that the items might be used in the commission of a serious IHL violation.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-25/143162Protection of civilians; Law; Partner AssistanceYemen
25 January 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether applications for arms export licences to Saudi Arabia have been deniedClaudia Webbe, Independent, Leicester EastHM Government publishes Official Statistics (on a quarterly and annual basis) on export licences granted, refused and revoked to all destinations on GOV.UK containing detailed information including the overall value, type (e.g. Military, Other) and a summary of the items covered by these licences. This information is available at http://www.gov.uk/government/collections/strategic-export-controls-licensing-data, and the most recent publication was on 13th October 2020, covering the period 1st April - 30th June 2020.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-25/143166Partner AssistanceSaudi Arabia
25 January 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether new open arms export licences to Saudi Arabia have been issued; and whether new companies have been registered to use open licences.Claudia Webbe, Independent, Leicester EastHM Government publishes Official Statistics (on a quarterly and annual basis) on export licences granted, refused and revoked to all destinations on GOV.UK containing detailed information including the overall value, type (e.g. Military, Other) and a summary of the items covered by these licences. This information is available at http://www.gov.uk/government/collections/strategic-export-controls-licensing-data, and the most recent publication was on 13th October 2020, covering the period 1st April - 30th June 2020.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-25/143165Partner Assistance
25 January 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, how many arms exports licences issued to Saudi Arabia are in military list categories (a) ML4 and (b) ML10; and what is the value of those licences.Claudia Webbe, Independent, Leicester EastHM Government publishes Official Statistics (on a quarterly and annual basis) on export licences granted, refused and revoked to all destinations on GOV.UK containing detailed information including the overall value, type (e.g. Military, Other) and a summary of the items covered by these licences. This information is available at http://www.gov.uk/government/collections/strategic-export-controls-licensing-data, and the most recent publication was on 13th October 2020, covering the period 1st April - 30th June 2020https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-25/143161Partner AssistanceSaudi Arabia
25 January 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what the value is of arms exports licenses for weapons sold to Saudi Arabia (a) over the last 12 months and (b) since 2014.Claudia Webbe, Independent, Leicester EastHM Government publishes Official Statistics (on a quarterly and annual basis) on export licences granted, refused and revoked to all destinations on GOV.UK containing detailed information including the overall value, type (e.g. Military, Other) and a summary of the items covered by these licences. This information is available at http://www.gov.uk/government/collections/strategic-export-controls-licensing-data, and the most recent publication was on 13th October 2020, covering the period 1st April - 30th June 2020.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-25/143160Partner AssistanceSaudi Arabia
25 January 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have to suspend (1) the granting of arms export licences, and (2) military support, to Saudi Arabia and its coalition partners involved in operations in Yemen.Lord Judd, LabourHM Government takes its export responsibilities seriously and will continue to assess all export licences in accordance with the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria (the ‘Consolidated Criteria’). HM Government will not grant an export licence if to do so would be inconsistent with the Consolidated Criteria, including if there is a clear risk that the items might be used in the commission of a serious violation of international humanitarian law.In addition, HM Government is able to review licences – and suspend or revoke as necessary – when circumstances require, and this is done in line with the Consolidated Criteria. The United Kingdom has an ongoing defence relationship with Saudi Arabia, including training courses, advice and guidance, which support Saudi Arabia’s efforts to protect its national security. This also supports the Saudi military’s compliance with international humanitarian law.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-25/hl12517Partner AssistanceSaudi Arabia; Yemen
25 January 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Ahmad of Wimbledon on 19 January (HL11788), whether they consider the reported bombing of a paediatric hospital in Gaza on 26 December 2020 to be part of government of Israel's "legitimate right to self-defence"; if so, how; and what assessment they have made of what constitutes legitimate self-defence for those living in territory occupied by that government.Baroness TongeWe continue to stress the importance of the Israel security forces providing appropriate protection to the Palestinian civilian population and to conduct prompt transparent investigations into any claims of IDF misconduct. Officials from the British Embassy in Tel Aviv raised the issue with the IDF on 20 January and will continue to follow the IDF internal investigation. The UK is clear that it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and are calibrated to avoid civilian casualties. Any attacks targeted against civilians are unlawful and unjustifiable.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-25/hl12564self-defence; UK's definition of self-defence; IHL; violations of IHL
25 January 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, whether the Government takes into account the potential risk of harm to civilians in Yemen in assessing whether or not to grant arms export licenses.Claudia Webbe, Independent, Leicester EastThe UK Government takes its arms licensing responsibilities seriously, and assesses all export licences in accordance with strict licensing criteria. Criterion 2c of the Consolidated Criteria prohibits the granting of export licences where there is a clear risk that the items to be exported might be used in the commission of a serious violation of International Humanitarian Law (IHL). The protection of civilians during armed conflict is a cornerstone of IHL. We will not issue any export licences where there is a clear risk that the items might be used in the commission of a serious IHL violation.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-25/143162IHL; UK export licences; violations of IHL
25 January 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have to suspend (1) the granting of arms export licences, and (2) military support, to Saudi Arabia and its coalition partners involved in operations in Yemen.Lord Judd, LabourHM Government takes its export responsibilities seriously and will continue to assess all export licences in accordance with the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria (the ‘Consolidated Criteria’). HM Government will not grant an export licence if to do so would be inconsistent with the Consolidated Criteria, including if there is a clear risk that the items might be used in the commission of a serious violation of international humanitarian law. In addition, HM Government is able to review licences – and suspend or revoke as necessary – when circumstances require, and this is done in line with the Consolidated Criteria

The United Kingdom has an ongoing defence relationship with Saudi Arabia, including training courses, advice and guidance, which support Saudi Arabia’s efforts to protect its national security. This also supports the Saudi military’s compliance with international humanitarian law.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-25/hl12517IHL; UK export licences; violations of IHL; assets and deployments
21 January 2021 While not wishing to be fixed in any particular mission, can my noble friend the Minister reassure us that the overall recent increase in support to UN missions will persist?Lord Lancaster of Kimbolton, Conservative I can reassure my noble friend and the noble Baroness, Lady Smith of Newnham, that humanitarian response and United Nation peacekeeping will continue to be an important component of the MoD’s engagement activity. As my noble friend is right to point out, the integrated review proposes a transformation in the Armed Forces to increase our presence and engagement across the world. Two important components of this will be agility and persistence. It is vital that the Armed Forces are flexibly deployed into the situations where they can deliver the greatest value, whether this be supporting United Nations peacekeeping and French counterterrorism operations in Mali, or delivering humanitarian aid to the Caribbean. https://hansard.parliament.uk/Lords/2021-01-21/debates/BEC8CEA7-4D62-4782-9F45-98F981B1F811/BritishArmedForcesGlobalBritain?highlight=deployed%20belize#contribution-3E703A07-251D-4B78-9EE0-ECA50D52C649assets and deployments; UN Peacekeeping Missions; stabilisation units
21 January 2021Does the Minister agree that our Armed Forces should continue to build closer links, with joint exercises and exchanges of personnel, with other countries...? Lord Bilimoria...over the festive period alone, more than 6,000 military personnel were deployed on 39 operations in 46 countries. That eloquently underpins the concept of global Britain. As global competition deepens, as the challenges of Covid-19 put strain on the international system, as nations seek to find an edge—through fair means and foul—we face an unprecedented and accelerating challenge. While the Armed Forces already make an indispensable contribution to our security, prosperity and values, and to global Britain, we can and will do more. We shall be more globally engaged: actively competing and collaborating to defeat and deter our adversaries, working ever more closely with allies old and new, extending our reach to new theatres and domains, and tackling global challenges to our safety and prosperity. That is why the Prime Minister announced more than £24 billion for next-generation military capability, cementing our place as a leader in NATO, defending our people from new and evolving threats, operating globally, protecting the world’s most vulnerable, and bringing jobs and prosperity to every part of the United Kingdom. That is something of which we can all be proud; it means that global Britain is not some empty piece of rhetoric but a very solid concept. The MoD and our Armed Forces are certainly demonstrating —dramatically—just how solid a concept that is and how valuable it is to the rest of the world.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Lords/2021-01-21/debates/BEC8CEA7-4D62-4782-9F45-98F981B1F811/BritishArmedForcesGlobalBritain?highlight=special%20forces#contribution-1ED98203-1C58-4DD0-B8AF-8F662507BD7Aassets and deployment; personnel embedded with partners
21 January 2021We already have a military presence on 145 sites in 45 countries. If other members of our so-called Security Council were to follow our example, our fragile world would become even more dangerously unstable. Does the Minister agree with the words of former Prime Minister Theresa May that we should stop acting as the world’s policeman?Lord MountevansThis deployment [of the UK's HMS "Queen Elizabeth" aircraft across Asia] embodies the strength of our bilateral ties and reflects the depth and breadth of this vital defence security partnership. It will include the Indo-Pacific region working together with allies to send a clear signal of our commitment to the region. But this will not be a flash-in-the-pan activity, as some of your Lordships, particularly the noble Baroness, Lady Smith, were concerned about; it is all part of a coherent approach. The deployment supports the UK’s deep and enduring defence relationships, such as the vital Five Eyes partnership, our ongoing commitment to supporting United Nations operations in the region and our desire to advance bilateral security co-operation with ASEAN nations.https://hansard.parliament.uk/Lords/2021-01-21/debates/BEC8CEA7-4D62-4782-9F45-98F981B1F811/BritishArmedForcesGlobalBritain?highlight=special%20forces#contribution-1ED98203-1C58-4DD0-B8AF-8F662507BD7Aassets and deployment; UN peacekeeping;
19 January 2021To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, what conditions on arms use her Department has placed on Saudi Arabia.Alyn Smith, SNP, StirlingArms exports require an export licence, and all export licence applications are assessed against the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria (the “Consolidated Criteria”). HM Government publishes Official Statistics (on a quarterly and annual basis) on export licences granted, refused and revoked to all destinations on GOV.UK containing detailed information including the overall value, type (e.g. Military, Other) and a summary of the items covered by these licences. This information is available at: gov.uk/government/collections/strategic-export-controls-licensing-data (opens in a new tab)and the most recent publication was on 13th October 2020, covering the period 1st April – 30th June 2020. We are able to place conditions on how goods are used in situations where goods remain under an exporter’s control following export, such as temporary exports. We rigorously examine all applications on a case-by-case basis against the Consolidated Criteria, which takes into account our obligations under the Arms Trade Treaty and other relevant rules of international law. Whilst no Standard Individual Export Licences (SIELs) have been refused since 2015, 11 Open Individual Export Licences (OIELs) have been rejected for arms exports to Saudi Arabia. This shows the Consolidated Criteria provide a thorough risk assessment framework and require us to think hard about the possible impact of both providing equipment and its capabilities.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-19/140267Partner AssistanceSaudi Arabia
19 January 2021To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, how many licences for arms exports to Saudi Arabia have been denied since 2015.Alyn Smith, SNP, StirlingArms exports require an export licence, and all export licence applications are assessed against the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria (the “Consolidated Criteria”). HM Government publishes Official Statistics (on a quarterly and annual basis) on export licences granted, refused and revoked to all destinations on GOV.UK containing detailed information including the overall value, type (e.g. Military, Other) and a summary of the items covered by these licences. This information is available at: gov.uk/government/collections/strategic-export-controls-licensing-data (opens in a new tab)and the most recent publication was on 13th October 2020, covering the period 1st April – 30th June 2020. We are able to place conditions on how goods are used in situations where goods remain under an exporter’s control following export, such as temporary exports. We rigorously examine all applications on a case-by-case basis against the Consolidated Criteria, which takes into account our obligations under the Arms Trade Treaty and other relevant rules of international law. Whilst no Standard Individual Export Licences (SIELs) have been refused since 2015, 11 Open Individual Export Licences (OIELs) have been rejected for arms exports to Saudi Arabia. This shows the Consolidated Criteria provide a thorough risk assessment framework and require us to think hard about the possible impact of both providing equipment and its capabilities.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-19/140266Partner AssistanceSaudi Arabia
19 January 2021To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, what armaments the UK exported from January 2018 to January 2021.Janet Daby, Labour, Lewisham EastHM Government publishes Official Statistics (on a quarterly and annual basis) on export licences granted, refused and revoked to all destinations on GOV.UK containing detailed information including the overall value, type (e.g. Military, Other) and a summary of the items covered by these licences. This information is available at: gov.uk/government/collections/strategic-export-controls-licensing-data(opens in a new tab) and the most recent publication was on 13th October 2020, covering the period 1st April – 30th June 2020. Information covering 1st July – 30th September 2020 will be published on 9th February 2021 and information covering 1st October 2020 – 31st December 2020 will be published on 13th April 2021.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-19/140251Partner Assistance
19 January 2021To ask the Secretary of State for International Trade, what recent amendments her Department has made to export controls in the context of the potential provision of armaments to the Israeli Government.Janet Daby, Labour, Lewisham EastThe Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria (the “Consolidated Criteria”) remains the policy for assessing all licence applications on a case-by-case basis.The Consolidated Criteria has long provided a thorough risk assessment framework and requires us to assess the impact of licensing equipment and its capabilities. HM Government will not grant an export licence if to do so would be inconsistent with the Consolidated Criteriahttps://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-19/140254Partner AssistanceIsrael
19 January 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment he has made of the completeness of his Department's database of alleged breaches of international humanitarian law in Yemen.Alyn Smith, SNP, StirlingI am unable to answer the hon. Member's question due to ongoing legal proceedings.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-19/140269IHL; violations of IHL; investigations into violations of IHL; transparency
19 January 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what support, if any, the Royal Air Force provides to British soldiers assigned to operations in Mali.Lord Touhig, LabourThe UK supports two separate and distinct operations in Mali. We provide support to Operation BARKHANE, the French counter-terrorism operation, and MINUSMA, the UN peacekeeping mission to Mali.

UK forces deployed to MINUSMA have access to a range of UN air assets which enable movement and logistics operations. At present, there are no Royal Air Force assets assigned to MINUSMA. A small number of RAF personnel are embedded within the UK's MINUSMA deployment.

Three Royal Air Force Chinook helicopters are deployed to Mali in support of Operation BARKHANE.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-11/hl12023deplyoments; UK troops in Mali; UN peacekeeping missions; RAF
12 January 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Affairs, what assessment he has made of the implications for Government policy on arms sales to Saudi Arabia of President-elect Biden’s pledge to end US support for the Saudi-led War in Yemen.Virendra Sharma, Labour, Ealing SouthallThe UK takes its export control responsibilities and obligations under the Arms Trade Treaty extremely seriously and regularly calls on states which have not yet implemented various arms control instruments to accede to these instruments as soon as possible. We assess all export licences in accordance with strict licensing criteria. The UK regularly raises, at senior level, the importance of complying with International Humanitarian Law and of conducting thorough and conclusive investigations into alleged violations with Saudi Arabia. The Prime Minister spoke to President-elect Biden on 10 November to congratulate him. They discussed the close and longstanding relationship between our countries and committed to building on this partnership in the years ahead.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-12/136475Partner AssistanceSaudi Arabia; Yemen
11 January 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what type of robots the Government plans to deploy 30,000 of in the British Army by 2030.Kevan Jones, Labour, North DurhamThe British Army is transforming land capability through increasingly expansive use of technology, including Robotics and Autonomous Systems employed across all areas of operations. Explosive Ordnance Disposal robots and uncrewed ground and air systems, used for reconnaissance and surveillance, are already in service. The final number and composition of robots to be utilised throughout the British Army and their in-service dates have not yet been confirmed.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-11/135838Technology; Assets and Deployment
11 January 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, if he will review the effectiveness of steps taken by his Department to ensure that UK training programmes provided for foreign armed forces do not contribute to the internal suppression of civilians in those countries.Owen Thompson, SNP, MidlothianAll assistance we provide to foreign armed forces is conducted in accordance with an Overseas Security and Justice Assessment of the country concerned which assesses risks, including those relating to human rights and international humanitarian law, and considers what measures might be necessary to mitigate any such risk.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-11/136004IHL; violations of IHL; assets and deployment
11 January 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, what assessment he has made of whether the Government was involved in acts of rendition in Iraq from 2003 to 2009.Andy Slaughter, Hammersmith, LabourThe UK Government does not participate in, solicit, encourage or condone unlawful killing, the use of torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment (“CIDT”), or extraordinary rendition. In no circumstance will UK personnel be authorised to take action amounting to torture, unlawful killing, extraordinary rendition, or CIDT. UK military action is conducted in line with the UK’s Human Rights obligations and International Humanitarian Law.

The UK Government supports the rule of law, and opposes any form of unlawful deprivation of liberty that places a detained person outside the protection of the law, including so-called extraordinary rendition. Any request for the transit of foreign flights through the UK or overseas territories is considered on a case-by-case basis and are granted only when the purpose of the transit complies with international law.

There were two previously declared incidents relating to the US in 2002, where British Territory had been used for this purpose. The transition of two detainees through Diego Garcia was reported to Parliament by the then Foreign Secretary in February 2008. Since those events in 2002 the UK are not aware of any other instances of other countries holding or moving any detainees through the territorial land, air or seas of the UK or our overseas territories.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2020-12-30/132800deployments; torture; war crimes; IHL; violations of IHL
11 January 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to the December 2020 International Criminal Court report entitled Situation in Iraq/UK, whether he plans to compensate in accordance with international law victims of torture perpetrated by British forces during detention and interrogation in Iraq between 2003 and 2009.Andy Slaughter, Hammersmith, LabourThe International Criminal Court (ICC)’s report entitled “Situation in Iraq/UK”, published on 9 December 2020, brings to an end its long running examination into allegations of war crimes by UK personnel in Iraq, with the finding that there is no basis on which to proceed to a full investigation.

The UK Government maintains a clear policy framework governing detention, interrogation and the passing and receipt of intelligence relating to detainees. It does not participate in, solicit, encourage or condone, and in no circumstance will UK personnel ever be authorised to take action amounting to, unlawful killing, the use of torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment (“CIDT”), or extraordinary rendition.

Joint Doctrine Publication (JDP) 1-10, Captured Persons, is the capstone doctrine publication for all Captured Persons activities. It provides detailed direction and guidance to UK Armed Forces involved in planning, training for or conducting captured persons activities. Importantly, it also reflects the UK Government’s policy and guidance resulting from recent operations.

Complimenting JDP 1-10 are The Principles Relating to the Detention and Interviewing of Detainees Overseas and the Passing and Receipt of Intelligence Relating to Detainees. These follow a thorough review of existing guidance to be as clear as possible about the standards under which the intelligence agencies and our Armed Forces operate.

The use of approved verbal and non-physical techniques remains vital if we are to retain the ability to secure swiftly in appropriate circumstances intelligence that can save lives. These techniques are non-threatening and do not cause physical harm.

However, the prohibition on the ‘five techniques’, introduced in 1972, remains in force, as set out in JDP 1-10. The prohibited techniques were redefined following the 2010 Baha Mousa public inquiry as: Stress positions; Hooding; Subjection to noise; Deprivation of sleep and rest; and, Deprivation of food and water. These techniques must never be used for any purpose.

The UK takes all alleged incidents of this kind very seriously, and allegations against UK personnel are investigated. Regrettably, as previously acknowledged, for example in the Baha Mousa Inquiry published in 2011, unauthorised use of the ‘five techniques’ were used by elements of UK forces in Iraq.

With regard to compensation, as a matter of policy, when claims are received, they are investigated and considered on the basis of whether the MOD has a legal liability; and where there is such a liability, compensation is paid.

https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2020-12-30/132799war crimes; deployments; torture; compensation of victims; international law; IHL; IHL violations
11 January 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, with reference to the December 2020 International Criminal Court report entitled Situation in Iraq/UK, if he will make an assessment of the implications for his policies of the reported flawed guidance in interrogation procedures used in Iraq between 2003 and 2009.Andy Slaughter, Hammersmith, LabourThe International Criminal Court (ICC)’s report entitled “Situation in Iraq/UK”, published on 9 December 2020, brings to an end its long running examination into allegations of war crimes by UK personnel in Iraq, with the finding that there is no basis on which to proceed to a full investigation.

The UK Government maintains a clear policy framework governing detention, interrogation and the passing and receipt of intelligence relating to detainees. It does not participate in, solicit, encourage or condone, and in no circumstance will UK personnel ever be authorised to take action amounting to, unlawful killing, the use of torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment (“CIDT”), or extraordinary rendition.

Joint Doctrine Publication (JDP) 1-10, Captured Persons, is the capstone doctrine publication for all Captured Persons activities. It provides detailed direction and guidance to UK Armed Forces involved in planning, training for or conducting captured persons activities. Importantly, it also reflects the UK Government’s policy and guidance resulting from recent operations.

Complimenting JDP 1-10 are The Principles Relating to the Detention and Interviewing of Detainees Overseas and the Passing and Receipt of Intelligence Relating to Detainees. These follow a thorough review of existing guidance to be as clear as possible about the standards under which the intelligence agencies and our Armed Forces operate.

The use of approved verbal and non-physical techniques remains vital if we are to retain the ability to secure swiftly in appropriate circumstances intelligence that can save lives. These techniques are non-threatening and do not cause physical harm.

However, the prohibition on the ‘five techniques’, introduced in 1972, remains in force, as set out in JDP 1-10. The prohibited techniques were redefined following the 2010 Baha Mousa public inquiry as: Stress positions; Hooding; Subjection to noise; Deprivation of sleep and rest; and, Deprivation of food and water. These techniques must never be used for any purpose.

The UK takes all alleged incidents of this kind very seriously, and allegations against UK personnel are investigated. Regrettably, as previously acknowledged, for example in the Baha Mousa Inquiry published in 2011, unauthorised use of the ‘five techniques’ were used by elements of UK forces in Iraq.

With regard to compensation, as a matter of policy, when claims are received, they are investigated and considered on the basis of whether the MOD has a legal liability; and where there is such a liability, compensation is paid.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2020-12-30/132798torture; deployments; IHL; IHL violations; war crime; MOD flawed policy
11 January 2021To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, whether (a) the five techniques and (b) harshing were employed during interrogations in Iraq between 2003 and 2009.Andy Slaughter, Hammersmith, LabourThe International Criminal Court (ICC)’s report entitled “Situation in Iraq/UK”, published on 9 December 2020, brings to an end its long running examination into allegations of war crimes by UK personnel in Iraq, with the finding that there is no basis on which to proceed to a full investigation.

The UK Government maintains a clear policy framework governing detention, interrogation and the passing and receipt of intelligence relating to detainees. It does not participate in, solicit, encourage or condone, and in no circumstance will UK personnel ever be authorised to take action amounting to, unlawful killing, the use of torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment (“CIDT”), or extraordinary rendition.

Joint Doctrine Publication (JDP) 1-10, Captured Persons, is the capstone doctrine publication for all Captured Persons activities. It provides detailed direction and guidance to UK Armed Forces involved in planning, training for or conducting captured persons activities. Importantly, it also reflects the UK Government’s policy and guidance resulting from recent operations.

Complimenting JDP 1-10 are The Principles Relating to the Detention and Interviewing of Detainees Overseas and the Passing and Receipt of Intelligence Relating to Detainees. These follow a thorough review of existing guidance to be as clear as possible about the standards under which the intelligence agencies and our Armed Forces operate.

The use of approved verbal and non-physical techniques remains vital if we are to retain the ability to secure swiftly in appropriate circumstances intelligence that can save lives. These techniques are non-threatening and do not cause physical harm.

However, the prohibition on the ‘five techniques’, introduced in 1972, remains in force, as set out in JDP 1-10. The prohibited techniques were redefined following the 2010 Baha Mousa public inquiry as: Stress positions; Hooding; Subjection to noise; Deprivation of sleep and rest; and, Deprivation of food and water. These techniques must never be used for any purpose.

The UK takes all alleged incidents of this kind very seriously, and allegations against UK personnel are investigated. Regrettably, as previously acknowledged, for example in the Baha Mousa Inquiry published in 2011, unauthorised use of the ‘five techniques’ were used by elements of UK forces in Iraq.

With regard to compensation, as a matter of policy, when claims are received, they are investigated and considered on the basis of whether the MOD has a legal liability; and where there is such a liability, compensation is paid.
https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2020-12-30/132797torture; war crimes; IHL violations; IHL; deployments
8 January 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have to ensure that any existing unlimited-value open licences for the export of military equipment do not permit any governments considered to have human rights concerns to receive weapons or ammunition without sufficient scrutiny and end-use verification; and what plans they have to cease the issue of such licences to such countries.Lord Hylton, CrossbenchAll export licence applications are assessed on a case-by-case basis against the Consolidated EU and National Arms Export Licensing Criteria (the ‘Consolidated Criteria’). In reaching a decision, the Department for International Trade (DIT) receives advice from a number of Departments including the Ministry of Defence (MoD) and the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO). Together, we draw on all available information, including reports from Non-Government Organisations (NGOs) and our diplomatic missions. The Consolidated Criteria provides a thorough risk assessment framework and requires us to think hard about the impact of exporting any items. A licence will not be issued if to do so would be inconsistent with the Consolidated Criteria, including where there is a clear risk that the proposed export might be used for internal repression. We are able to review licences – and suspend or revoke as necessary – when circumstances require, in line with the Consolidated Criteria.We have no plans to cease the issue of open licences.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-08/hl11931Partner Assistance
8 January 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of reports that EDO MBM Technology Ltd supplied Hornet bomb-racks and fuel pumps for the Bayraktar TB2 drones used by the government of Turkey in the Nagorno-Karabakh region; and if so, what action they have taken in response to such reports.Lord Hylton, CrossbenchWe consider all our export applications thoroughly against a strict risk assessment framework and keep all licences under careful and continual review as standard. The UK complies with the OSCE arms embargo relating to the NagornoKarabakh region, which is considered as part of our export licensing process, and HMG has not issued licences contrary to the arms embargo.https://questions-statements.parliament.uk/written-questions/detail/2021-01-08/hl11932Partner AssistanceNagorno-Karabakh
8 January 2021To ask Her Majesty's Government what plans they have to investigate reports that the government of Turkey has used drones against Turkish citizens in 11 regions of that country since 2016; and what representations they have made to the government of Turkey to request an explanation for the deaths of Zehra Berkel, Hebun Mele Xelil and Amina Waysi in June 2020.Lord HyltonWe regularly discuss with the Turkish Government the need to respect human rights and avoid civilian casualties during military activities within Turkey. Regarding reports of Turkish military operations causing civilian casualties in Kobane in Syria, where the three named individuals died in June 2020, we expect all sides to the Syrian conflict to respect their obligations towards civilians under international humanitarian law. We will continue to engage with Turkey on this important issue.